"The question of state aid to mothers of families in destitute circumstances has been attracting such attention of late, both in Canada and the United States, that the Editorial Board of the Council for Social Service deem it expedient to devote one of the Bulletins now being issued by it to a consideration of the subject. In doing so, it will be well to point out that this Bulletin follows logically upon Bulletin 6, which dealt with the work of Children's Aid Societies in Canada, and should be considered in conjunction with it, as the two problems are really one and the same, namely, the provision of the best means for the training of children to take their place as worthy members of society". -- [Introduction], p. 3.
Contents: Publications of the Council for Social Service of the Church of England in Canada -- [Introduction] -- Mothers' Pensions.
"A Mothers' Pension is a sum of money granted from the public treasury to a mother of a family in indigent circumstances who, by reason of the death, imprisonment or incapacity of her husband is unable to bring up her family under conditions which will conduce towards good citizenship in children in after life, without extraneous assistance. The system seeks to strike at the root of so much that is utterly deleterious to young life, the break up or degradation through poverty of the home. In a word `to keep the home fires burning' is the aim and object of the system, the home being considered the unit of normal existence, and under proper conditions, the greatest factor for the training of youth in good citizenship. In fact, if the theory of mothers' pensions can be described in one phrase, it is the preservation of the home (pp. 3-4)".
Contents divided into sub-sections: The Theory of Mothers' Pensions -- The Preservation of the Home -- Form of Relief Given -- The Economic View of the Question -- Other Criticisms of the System -- The Manufacture of Dependents -- The Other Side of the Question -- The System in Canada -- Appendix -- Bibliography.