The Officers of the General Synod, prior to this meeting, had reviewed the Acts directed to the National Executive Council. Suggestions as to appropriate action are shown on Document #027-02-89-10.
The Acts were discussed by the National Executive Council, as follows:
Act 140 - Program Purpose and Goals for 1989-1995
No action was required.
Act 154 - Relations Between General Synod and Independent Mission Societies
Action to be taken by Partners-In-Mission and Program Committee and to be brought back to a future meeting of the National Executive Council
Act 37 - Confidentiality
Action to be taken by the House of Bishops and the Doctrine and Worship Committee. This will be discussed at the December 1989 meeting of Chancellors and Metropolitans
Act 38 - Compensation Policies and Practices
The Stipend Committee will be asked to gather responses, for placing before the National Executive Council
Act 88 - Funding Theological Education
Action to be taken by the Program, Ministry, and Stewardship and Financial Development Committees; then to be brought back to the National Executive Council
See also motion #47-10-89 (page 37).
Act 158 - Multiculturalism
See motion #46-10-89 (on page 37).
Act 97 - The Book of Alternative Services
See motion #37-10-89 (page 31).
Act 156 - Planning the Development of a New Hymn Book
The Doctrine and Worship Committee will be requested to regularly include, in its report to the National Executive Council, information on how it is dealing with this resolution
Act 112 - Surrogate Parenting
It was agreed that this resolution should be conveyed to the federal government now; and reiterated when it becomes a public issue
Act 139 - Anglican Journal Review
See Report #030-01-89-10 to the National Executive Council.
That this National Executive Council approve the referrals proposed by the Officers and the action, as discussed at this meeting, regarding the disposition of the acts of the General Synod referred to this Council. CARRIED #32-10-89
That the National Executive Council set up a Task Force to prepare a model for the sociological study of "the challenge of our church in being part of a multicultural nation and world", as requested by the General Synod; and
that the Task Force membership include persons from the Multicultural Steering Committee and the Congregational Development Task Force.
A vote on the above motion was deferred until later in the meeting. (Page 37).
The motion deferred (see page 14) was brought forward, reworded as follows:
That this National Executive Council request the Program Committee to consult with the Multicultural Steering Committee to explore the establishment of a task force, including financial implications, to respond to Act 163 of the General Synod regarding a sociological study of "the challenge to our church of being part of a multicultural nation and world;" and to report to the National Executive Council in May 1990, if possible. CARRIED #46-10-89
Moved by: Rev. Dr. S. Moxley
Seconded by: Mr. Justice D.H. Wright
That this National Executive Council ask the Committee on Ministry to provide an "Educational Event" for the National Executive Council in May 1990, which would include the problems of bursary funding and, if possible, propose a strategy. CARRIED #47-10-89
That the General Secretary ask each Diocese to encourage its parishes to give an intentional emphasis on a renewed understanding of Baptismal Ministry and undertake at least one project each year that relates the implications of Baptismal Ministry to issues raised in the Long Range Planning report (such as multiculturalism, day care, leadership, and environmental concerns), or one of the many other areas of ministry that Baptismal Ministry can entail, and
That the Program Committee and the Doctrine and Worship Committee be directed to prepare and make available educational and liturgical materials that will support imaginative ways for the expression of Baptismal Ministries in the lives of individuals, groups, parishes and dioceses. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 139
That this General Synod approve as a high priority for the next three years, the development of our Church as an inclusive multicultural community, and that the National Executive Council be requested to commission a sociological study of the challenge to our Church of being part of a multicultural nation and world. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 158
That in view of the opportunities and problems of multiculturalism, a request be made to the Program Committee and its working group on Congregational Development to explore pertinent issues, and its Human Rights Unit to address the issue of racism as one of the concerns of multiculturalism. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 82
The Executive Director of Program reviewed his report and presented the wording of a resolution to complete the process of the 1986 Canadian Partners in Mission.
That this National Executive Council, recalling our Church's participation in the third Canadian PIM and in particular the consultation held in March 1986, confirm our commitment to express in our priorities for this period leading up to General Synod 1989 the following:
1. That we give stronger support to, and expression of, baptismal ministry which involves the whole people of God;
2. That we hold together and strengthen our ministries of evangelism and justice;
3. That we seek ways of breaking out of our Anglo-Saxon ethnocentricity to include the full participation of Native people, francophones, and other cultural communities;
4. That we review our ecumenical partnerships and make clear commitments for an appropriate period of time;
5. That we commit ourselves to renewal of worship and prayer going beyond and deeper than the introduction of a new Book;
6. That we seek further ways of sharing mission with our Canadian and global partners and that committees and councils be asked to reflect on this and report back to the National Executive Council by May 1988. CARRIED #06-05-87
The Primate invited the Rev. Dr. Roland Kawano to speak. Dr. Kawano introduced Ms. Beverley Oda, Mrs. Elizabeth Loweth, Rev. John Park, Rev. Kenneth Fung, Rev. Peter Bishop and the Ven. Oscar Agard.
Dr. Kawano reported on two symposiums which have been sponsored by the Church. The Anglican Church of Canada, as part of the world-wide communion has had, and continues to have, a unique opportunity for cross-cultural experiences. The Eucharist is the common bond between peoples of all races and languages.
Ms. Oda noted that the Citizenship Act of Canada is celebrating its 40th anniversary. The Act us to be changed with the introduction of a Multi-Culturalism Act at the federal level and will promote equality in people participation. In the past the retention of various cultures and languages has been encouraged, but in the future there will be a need to integrate immigrants into the mainstream of the country which will benefit society culturally, socially and economically. The Charter of Rights and Freedom declares that the government may take action over and above fairness in order to redress an inequitable situation.
Concern was expressed that there was no Anglo-Saxon representation on multicultural groups. Concern was also expressed for Native people upon whom western culture has been imprinted.
1. That this National Executive Council receive with appreciation the report of the second national Multi-Cultural Symposium.
2. That this National Executive Council approve in principle a three-year multi-cultural program:
- to raise the consciousness of our Church to the varied gifts of its members and to the possibilities of a richer expression of our common life, and
- to achieve changes which will increase the participation of our many communities in the councils of the Church at every level, and
- authorizes an application for funding to the Secretary of State, the Hon. David Crombie.
3. That this National Executive Council requests the Executive Director of Program to supervise the implementation of the program and requests the Program Committee to provide guidance and review. CARRIED #32-05-87
That this Council of General Synod approve 'A Charter For Racial Justice in The Anglican Church of Canada' (attached) as a guide [for] the General Synod’s ongoing work on racial justice. CARRIED #09-03-07
A CHARTER FOR RACIAL JUSTICE in the Anglican Church of Canada
A working document of General Synod
The following was received by the Council of General Synod in March 2004 as a working document and a basis for further education with the committees, councils, and boards of General Synod. The Anti-Racism Working Group has modified it slightly since. It is intended to complement a more detailed policy for employees and members of General Synod, its committees, councils, and boards.
RACISM is the belief, reinforced by power and privilege, that one race is innately superior to other races. Systemic racism occurs when the power and privilege of one racial group results in the exclusion, oppression or exploitation of other groups of different racial origin. Racism also manifests itself in individuals in the form of racial harassment when a person or persons belonging to a privileged group behaves in ways that intimidate, demean, or undermine the dignity of others on the basis of their race. A consequence for victims is that racism becomes internalized as deeply engrained feelings of self-hatred and low self-esteem.
AS MEMBERS OF THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF CANADA, we strive continuously to be faithful to our life in Jesus Christ that we embraced at our baptism. We are learning that one of our strengths as a church lies in our diversity and in our commitment to eliminate systemic and individual racism, whether intended or not. We are called to be a church where people will have the assurance that they will be treated with dignity and respect, and where they will find a community that is determined to be free of racism.
BECAUSE WE BELIEVE that…
God created the world and saw that it was good, and created human beings in God’s own image.
Jesus in his life and teaching actively sought to be in loving, right relationship with others, embracing those who were pushed out by society, while challenging the structures of his day that separated one group from another.
God’s Holy Spirit breathes and gives life to all humanity, and moves within God’s people to overcome separation and sin.
In baptism we are given a new life of grace, a life of mutuality and community; and are incorporated into the Body of Christ, one body with many parts. In accepting the new life in Christ, we affirm that divisions of race have been put aside and that all come before God as equals.
In our baptismal covenant, we promise to “persevere in resisting evil”, and whenever we sin, “to repent and return to the Lord”, and thereby commit ourselves to make a new beginning when we discover that we have offended God or injured others.
Our struggle for racial justice requires new attitudes, new understandings and new relationships, and these must be reflected in the policies, structures, and practices of the church, as well as in the laws and institutions of society.
WE THEREFORE COMMIT OURSELVES
1. to eliminate racism and all forms of discrimination by identifying and removing the barriers based on race, and transforming the structures of power and privilege that favour White people and prevent others from full participation in the life and work of the Anglican Church of Canada.
2. to ensure that the policies, procedures and practices of the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada reflect the principle of equity for all.
3. to educate ourselves and receive training in anti-racism practices and find ways of modeling these to the wider church and society.
4. to increase awareness of and appreciation for the diversity of race, colour, and culture within the Anglican Church of Canada and in Canadian society.
5. to support and participate in the world-wide struggle for racial justice in church and society, as advocates and activists.
6. to monitor our progress by listening to the evaluative comments of people oppressed by systemic and individual racism.
7. to endeavour to ensure that human and financial resources are allocated to enable these commitments to be fulfilled.
HISTORY and CONTEXT
From the onset of colonialism, racism has been manifest throughout Canadian history and continues into the present. The assumption of racial difference and inequality was the basis of much of Canada’s social legislation. For example, as a result of the Indian Act, First Nations people were confined to their reserves and their lands, and made susceptible to exploitation and take over. Immigration policies restricted Black, Asian and Jewish immigrants. Canadians of Japanese and Ukrainian descent were rounded up and interned during World War Two. Labour legislation dictated who could and couldn't work for whom, and who could do what kind of work. At moments in Canada’s history, certain groups of people were denied access to professions, higher education, vote, or secure citizenship because of their racial origin. Racism was explicit in the theory of Social Darwinism, which was commonly taught and accepted until the 1960’s; racism was implicit in science, art and literature; and racism shaped our demography, history and national self-image.
The consequences of such racist beliefs are with us in the present. Systems of power and privilege still favour White Canadians more than others. In times of public fear or perceived scarcity, restrictions on economic and social mobility, or immigration on the basis of race, are still commonly accepted. Practices of immigration and certification of professionals still screen out people along racial lines. Some Indigenous peoples are still dispossessed. Other peoples still live with the cumulative effects of centuries of discrimination and exploitation.
Racism has been and continues to be no less present in the Anglican Church of Canada. Aboriginal and other non-White congregations in our urban centres are more likely to be resisted or marginalized than to be welcomed and supported to become full and equal partners in a multicultural parish. Church governance systems of decision-making and power do not reflect the diversity of Anglicans in our synods and parishes. The struggle to build a new relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples is teaching Anglicans how our church has been complicit in Canada’s history of racism and how we have to change.
As an institution, we are committed to advocate for and comply with human rights and other legislation aimed at eliminating racism among people and in organizations, within Canada and globally. As people of faith, our prayer is to see God’s Spirit moving in our church, public institutions, and society, finding expression in a growing desire to eliminate racist structures and behaviours.
APPENDIX A: WORKING DEFINITIONS:
- Prejudice is a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation.
- Discrimination is unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice.
- Racial prejudice and discrimination is the partiality and unfair treatment or a person or group on the basis of race.
- Racism is the belief, reinforced by power and privilege, that one race is innately superior to other races.
- Systemic racism occurs when one racial group misuses its power, privilege or discriminatory attitudes to exclude, oppress or exploit another racial group.
- White privilege refers to the benefit or advantage given to or enjoyed by White persons beyond the common advantage given to all others.
[Footnote 1] The concept of “race” is a social construct. But racism, which evolves from the construct, does exist and is real. It is our belief and assumption that there is only one race: the human race.
That this General Synod endorse the policy statement on Multiculturalism presented by the Program Committee and commend it to dioceses. CARRIED Act 86
Theology: "No Longer Strangers"
The Anglican Church of Canada, as part of the one, holy , catholic and apostolic church with a divine commission to proclaim the gospel of God in Christ, embraces in its mission and ministry peoples of every race and culture. In faithfulness to its calling it recognizes, affirms, and celebrates the gifts and graces of persons of all cultures, and welcomes all persons into the household of God.
The lessons of the first council of Jerusalem and the Book of the Acts of the Apostles speak to our contemporary situation. They teach us that it is God who calls people of all races, languages and cultures into a community of faith where there is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female.
As a consequence of Anglican missionary enterprise and contemporary migrations to Canada, we now see Anglicanism embodied in a variety of races and cultures. But many of our sisters and brothers have experienced rejection in society at large and also within the church. These experiences reflect the wounds and sin of the world.
To this end this General Synod endorses the following principles:
1. That in the activities pertaining to partnership in mission:
1.1 our connections with the world-wide Anglican communion be used to promote the multicultural nature of our church at both local and global levels
1.2 connections be made between the call to partnership with Anglicans overseas and the call to partnership with these same people when they emigrate to Canada
2. That in the activities pertaining to evangelism and social action in Canadian society:
2.1 we actively invite and welcome people from all cultures and races into our church fellowships
2.2 we encourage cross cultural learning and relationships within congregations
2.3 we address issues that divide and oppress people due to cultural misunderstanding or racism in both church and society
3. That we actively promote an identity which is culturally rich, diverse and inclusive:
3.1 by seeking ways to honour the gifts and the heritage of ethnically distinct congregations and to encourage their sharing with the wider church
3.2 by encouraging worship which is expressive in its music, words and symbols of the activity of God in many cultures
3.3 by seeking leaders, both lay and clergy, who collectively represent the cultural diversity of our church and bring gifts that will enhance the church's life
3.4 by ensuring that educational resources, continuing education programs, and educators promote sensitivity to the multicultural nature of the ACC [Anglican Church of Canada] and Canadian society
3.5 by encouraging theological schools to address issues of ethnocentrism and racism.
That this General Synod request the Program Committee to consider providing appropriate resources, including staff support, for acting upon those principles in the policy statement on multiculturalism which are best pursued at the national level. CARRIED Act 87
That this General Synod request the convening of a national consultation on multiculturalism, in partnership with dioceses, in the next triennium. This consultation would examine progress in implementing the recommendations of the report and policy statement, study future directions and propose new initiatives. CARRIED Act 88
That this General Synod refer the remaining 21 resolutions to the National Executive Council, without recommendation.
Resolution A-83 - Terms of Reference, Committee on Ministry
That Section 4f) of Appendix B of the Handbook be repealed, and replaced by:
f) recommend policy to the General Synod on human resources development, particularly in the areas of employment, appointment and support of lay or ordained persons engaged in ministry in the Church.
Resolution B-12 - Family
That, in light of the 1988 Lambeth Conference document "The Truth Shall Make You Free - Living Together in Families," this General Synod request the Program Committee of the Anglican Church of Canada to continue to facilitate and build a network that will enjoin dioceses and parish churches in Canada to develop and implement significant family ministry in the routine life and work of the Church.
Resolution B-13 - Sexual Molestation and Abuse
That General Synod recognize that sexual molestation and abuse of young persons by some church personnel while administering church programs has occurred and deeply regrets that the pastoral needs of some victims and their families have not been met; and furthermore
that General Synod direct the Program Committee to examine this issue and produce a comprehensive protocol for responding to reports of sexual molestation and abuse of young persons by some church personnel and that this protocol be circulated to all dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Resolution B-19A - Support of Theological Education
That this General Synod approve in principle that financial support of training for all forms of ministry is the responsibility of the national church (in partnership with other levels of the church); and ask the National Executive Council to seek ways and means of implementing this responsibility.
Resolution C-10 - Constitutional Accord
That this General Synod encourage the leaders of our Federal, Provincial and Territorial governments to continue working together in a spirit of consultation, openness and consensus towards a new society, expressed in a constitutional accord, that recognizes the aspirations of the Province of Quebec and of the aboriginal peoples.
Resolution C-12 - Inter-Anglican Information Network
That this General Synod direct the National Executive Council to request the Program Committee to make funds available for the next three years for the development of telecommunications within the Anglican Church of Canada to connect all National and Diocesan offices and provide support for (IAIN) the Inter-Anglican Information Network.
Resolution C-13 - Vancouver School of Theology/Native Ministries Consortium Funding
That this General Synod:
a) commend the initiative taken by the Native Ministries Consortium and the Vancouver School of Theology for providing a Master of Divinity degree by extension for persons engaged in native ministry; and
b) direct the National Executive Council to work with the Native Ministries Consortium and the Vancouver School of Theology to ensure that adequate long term funding for this program is established.
Resolution C-14 - Income Tax Deductions
1) petition the Federal Government to make appropriate changes to the Canadian Income Tax Act which would allow credit for Charitable Donations equal to credit for Political Party Donations, i.e. 50% of first $250 and 75% thereafter up to 20% of net income;
2) request dioceses to submit similar petitions to the Federal Government;
3) encourage parishes and individual members to write to their Members of Parliament concerning this resolution requesting their support.
Resolution C-18 - General Synod Elections
That this General Synod direct the National Executive Council to request the Organization Committee to consider:
i) scheduling elections at General Synod toward the end of the session; and
ii) methods by which photographs and information about candidates might be made available to the members of Synod prior to the elections.
Resolution C-20 - Search for Healing Video
That this General Synod commend to the church the video "Search for Healing" and accompanying study guide; and encourage dioceses to make copies available for use in parishes.
Resolution C-21 - Ministere Francophone
Ressolu que ce Synode General de L'Eglise Anglicane du Canada affirme son apui pour le ministre actuel des francophones dans l'eglise et dirige le conseil executif de l'eglise national de consulter les communautes et paroisses francophones de notre eglise au sujet de nom francais de notre eglise et des autres moyens d'encourager davantage leur travail et de presenter une rapport de cette consultation au Synode General de 1995.
Be it resolved that this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada affirm its support for our French speaking congregations and parishes and direct the National Executive Council to consult them on the subject of the name of the church in French and other means of assisting their ministry and that a report of this consultation be presented to the 1995 General Synod.
Resolution C-22 - NEC Membership
That the following proposal be referred to the Organization Committee for consideration and recommendation to the next session of General Synod; namely:
to amend Section 35a) of the Constitution of General Synod by deleting the items numbered vi) and viii) [there being no number vii)] and replacing them by:
vi) one bishop (or bishop-elect), clerical member or lay member from each diocese, but no less than six in total from each ecclesiastical province, elected by the members of the Orders of Bishops, Clergy and Laity from each ecclesiastical province meeting together, provided that the members from each province shall select two bishops and, as nearly as possible, equal numbers of clerical and lay members.
vii) additional clerical and lay members elected at large by the General Synod so that the total number of clerical and lay members elected under subsections vi) and vii) shall be sixteen of each order.
Resolution C-23 - Abolition of the Long Range Planning Committee
That subsection 35b) of the Constitution of General Synod be amended by deleting from the list of committee chairpersons, the words "Long Range Planning Committee."
Resolution C-24 - Hunger and Poverty in Canada
That this General Synod commend to the Church at all levels the goal of committing a minimum of 10% of budgets to implement the mandate of our Lord to care for the least of our brothers and sisters.
Resolution C-25 - Hunger and Poverty in Canada
That this General Synod call upon the Government of Canada to:
a) remove the limitations on the Canada Assistance Plan in the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario;
b) eliminate child hunger by the year 1996 and adopt the goal of eradicating child and family poverty by the year 2000; and
c) establish an all party committee dedicated to developing ways and means of eliminating hunger in Canada.
Resolution C-26 - Hunger and Poverty in Canada
That this General Synod direct the National Executive Council to request Program Committee to:
a) develop ways of monitoring the depth of poverty and hunger in each of the dioceses of Canada, so that people of commitment and faith can reflect on social injustice and plan ways by which injustices can be rectified;
b) develop programs designed to assist the Church at all levels in making an effective response toward eliminating poverty and hunger; and to
c) develop a parish partner system for the purpose of working toward a relationship of trust and reconciliation between suburban and inner city parishes, urban and rural parishes and parishes with different resources, so that each may learn of the other's realities.
Resolution C-27 - Use of Official and Other Languages
i) affirm and encourage the continued use of both English and French, as well as other represented languages as appropriate, in the worship and business of General Synod, with translation into English provided where English is not the language chosen for use; and
ii) direct the National Executive Council to ensure that, beginning with the 34th General Synod, printed forms of worship include English and French as well as other languages selected for use.
Resolution C-28 - Disposition of Frozen Human Embryos
1) Refer the Interim Report on the Disposition of Frozen Human Embryos, which was requested by Act 75 of General Synod 1989 and presented at the Doctrine and Worship Information Dialogue, to the Doctrine and Worship Committee for review and presentation to the National Executive Council, so that it might be made available to the church and the wider community; and
2) Direct the National Executive Council, in consultation with the Doctrine and Worship Committee, to appoint a working group to examine the recommendations of the Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies.
Resolution C-29 - Standing Committee Terms
That section 41f) of the Constitution of the General Synod be amended by:
i) deleting the words "except in unusual circumstances", and
ii) changing the word "two" to "three."
Resolution C-30 - Video Coverage of General Synod
That this General Synod request the National Executive Council to undertake an evaluation of the effectiveness of the video and television coverage of this General Synod.
Resolution C-31 - Licencing of Clergy
That this General Synod request the Organization Committee to continue its study of licencing.
The Rev. J. Boyles reviewed the proposal for an expanded French/English Relations Project and the Rev. Canon R. Turpin was invited to address the Council.
That the National Executive Council approve the project on condition that funds are available from the Johnson Bequest or the Anglican Foundation for 1980; otherwise implementation be delayed until January, 1981 and the Program Committee be asked to include funds in its 1981 budget. CARRIED
Canon Reg Turpin presented a verbal report in which he remarked that although a few pieces of material have now been published the National office must speed up translation of needed material. He named those groups who are now moving into bilingual type meetings, and stated that now more than ever the French/English project needs to have a greater emphasis.
1. That the project on French/English relations be continued to
a) provide liaison
i) to help the Anglican Church of Canada (L'Eglise Episcopale du Canada) throughout Quebec to adapt to the new "French Look" in the Province;
ii) to continue to promote closer relationships with the Francophone Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches in Quebec and with their National and Provincial organizations;
iii) to interpret to the Church across Canada what is happening in Quebec and in the French Canadian community at large outside Quebec
that a budget and structure be provided as follows:
i) that support for a liaison officer continue for an additional year at a level similar to that in 1978 - $7,500 stipend and expenses;
ii) that the liaison officer continue to be responsible to the Primate who shall consult with the six bishops with jurisdiction in the Province of Quebec.
b) allow for development
i) of a bilingual capacity in the Church to permit it to minister in French;
ii) to permit production of suitable "tools" such as language training, liturgies, educational materials, etc.;
iii) of an innovative program of mission and evangelism looking eventually to the establishment of new Francophone congregations;
and that a budget and structure be provided as follows:
i) that a block grant of $12,500 be provided;
ii) that it be administered by a Committee of the six bishops with the jurisdiction in the Province of Quebec.
2. That a budget of $5,000 be provided to allow certain National documents, press releases and other National Church correspondence to be translated into the French language. CARRIED
A request was made that there be liaison with the Diocese of Fredericton in the area of bilingualism.
That National Executive Council endorse in principle the proposal regarding the appointment of a person to assist the Anglican Church of Canada to understand and involve itself at all levels in the cultural and religious content of Quebec and French-Canada, and request the Primate to consult with the Administration and Finance Committee and the Dioceses concerned regarding its implementation. CARRIED
Whereas the new immigration law, as its procedures develop, will open doors for immigrants to come from countries from which there has been little or no immigration in the past; and
Whereas many of these immigrants will be bringing different cultures and religions, and many will have no religious affiliation at all,
This General Synod Urges the Anglican Church of Canada and each diocesan synod and each local parish to make a matter of high priority the evaluation of their respective situations immediately and continuously in the carrying out of our heavy responsibility to all ethnic peoples, and the initiation of adequate programs and social services to these groups. CARRIED in both Houses.
The Chairman commended the work and leadership of Canon Wilkinson in this Department.
Having Recorded on various occasions our clear-cut opposition to any form of racial discrimination anywhere in the world,
And Having Presented to the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism a Brief which concludes with the sentence, "We need to speak a language which we use all too seldom, the language of love",
And Recognizing that racial and cultural conflict anywhere affects human relationships everywhere,
This General Synod of The Anglican Church of Canada Calls upon all Canadians to recognize this principle of racial and cultural interdependence and to accept the consequent personal and group responsibility for promoting racial and cultural harmony,
And Specifically Calls upon Federal, Provincial, and Municipal Governments to:
1. Examine their legislation, programmes and administration for any evidence of discrimination or other causes of cultural conflict,
2. Develop effective means of enforcing anti-discrimination legislation,
3. Develop effective programmes of cultural exchange and dialogue between the various racial and cultural groups within their jurisdictions, and
4. By all such means and other actions to maintain the unity and integrity of Canada as a whole;
And Further Specifically Calls upon the Church in its General Synod, Diocesan and Parochial structures and organizations to:
1. Recognize racial and cultural exchange and dialogue as a legitimate area of concern for Christian mission,
2. Develop and implement detailed and specific plans of education and action to meet and get to know their immediate neighbours of different cultures, colours and languages. CARRIED in both Houses.