That this General Synod approve as a high priority for the next three years, the development of our Church as an inclusive multicultural community, and that the National Executive Council be requested to commission a sociological study of the challenge to our Church of being part of a multicultural nation and world. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 158
That in view of the opportunities and problems of multiculturalism, a request be made to the Program Committee and its working group on Congregational Development to explore pertinent issues, and its Human Rights Unit to address the issue of racism as one of the concerns of multiculturalism. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 82
The Executive Director of Program reviewed his report and presented the wording of a resolution to complete the process of the 1986 Canadian Partners in Mission.
That this National Executive Council, recalling our Church's participation in the third Canadian PIM and in particular the consultation held in March 1986, confirm our commitment to express in our priorities for this period leading up to General Synod 1989 the following:
1. That we give stronger support to, and expression of, baptismal ministry which involves the whole people of God;
2. That we hold together and strengthen our ministries of evangelism and justice;
3. That we seek ways of breaking out of our Anglo-Saxon ethnocentricity to include the full participation of Native people, francophones, and other cultural communities;
4. That we review our ecumenical partnerships and make clear commitments for an appropriate period of time;
5. That we commit ourselves to renewal of worship and prayer going beyond and deeper than the introduction of a new Book;
6. That we seek further ways of sharing mission with our Canadian and global partners and that committees and councils be asked to reflect on this and report back to the National Executive Council by May 1988. CARRIED #06-05-87
The Primate invited the Rev. Dr. Roland Kawano to speak. Dr. Kawano introduced Ms. Beverley Oda, Mrs. Elizabeth Loweth, Rev. John Park, Rev. Kenneth Fung, Rev. Peter Bishop and the Ven. Oscar Agard.
Dr. Kawano reported on two symposiums which have been sponsored by the Church. The Anglican Church of Canada, as part of the world-wide communion has had, and continues to have, a unique opportunity for cross-cultural experiences. The Eucharist is the common bond between peoples of all races and languages.
Ms. Oda noted that the Citizenship Act of Canada is celebrating its 40th anniversary. The Act us to be changed with the introduction of a Multi-Culturalism Act at the federal level and will promote equality in people participation. In the past the retention of various cultures and languages has been encouraged, but in the future there will be a need to integrate immigrants into the mainstream of the country which will benefit society culturally, socially and economically. The Charter of Rights and Freedom declares that the government may take action over and above fairness in order to redress an inequitable situation.
Concern was expressed that there was no Anglo-Saxon representation on multicultural groups. Concern was also expressed for Native people upon whom western culture has been imprinted.
1. That this National Executive Council receive with appreciation the report of the second national Multi-Cultural Symposium.
2. That this National Executive Council approve in principle a three-year multi-cultural program:
- to raise the consciousness of our Church to the varied gifts of its members and to the possibilities of a richer expression of our common life, and
- to achieve changes which will increase the participation of our many communities in the councils of the Church at every level, and
- authorizes an application for funding to the Secretary of State, the Hon. David Crombie.
3. That this National Executive Council requests the Executive Director of Program to supervise the implementation of the program and requests the Program Committee to provide guidance and review. CARRIED #32-05-87
That this General Synod call on Anglican Church members in all parts of Canada to become more aware of all that is involved in French/English relationships, and to initiate, and give increasing support to, programs which foster dialogue and understanding among all Canadians. CARRIED ACT 88
[Text of report found on pages 142-143 of the 1980 General Synod Journal of Proceedings]
PROJECT IN FRENCH-ENGLISH RELATIONS
To the Most Reverend, the Primate and Members of General Synod:
This Project began in 1977 with three main objectives, (1) to help the Anglican Church throughout Quebec to adapt to the new "French Look" in the Province and so to become better equipped to develop its own Christian witness among all the people of Quebec: (2) to foster closer relationships with the Francophone Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches in Quebec and with their National and Provincial organizations" and (3) to interpret to the Church across Canada what is happening in Quebec and in the French Canadian Community at large outside Quebec. Canon R.M. Turpin of Montreal was appointed to serve as Project Officer on a part time basis.
Initially, a Support Group was set up to cooperate with the Project Officer, being representatives of the Dioceses of Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa, Moosonee, the Arctic, and of the Parish of Temiscamingue attached to Algoma. In November 1978 the structure was changed, disbanding the Support Group and putting responsibility for production of materials, the promotion of language training, and the encouragement of ministry in French directly in the hands of the Quebec Bishops. Since General Synod 1977, although just a beginning, much has been done in the putting together of pamphlets and liturgies, and in the training of clergy to speak French. Ministry in the Diocese of Ottawa, Montreal, and Quebec, and occasional bilingual Services are becoming more common generally. A long term goal is the addition of an indigenous francophone Anglican Church in Quebec led by Quebec francophones. Steps are now being taken to provide some theological education in French for ordinands. Gradually core groups of clergy and laity, all bilingual, are taking the lead in responding constructively to the "francization" process visible throughout Quebec.
In 1978 history was made when the Primate and the Quebec Anglican Bishops met for the first time with Cardinal Roy and a number of French Roman Catholic Bishops. A second meeting was held in 1979 for a discussion of mutual concerns related to Quebec and the mission of the Church generally. The Project Officer also keeps in touch with various individuals and groups associated with French work and ministry in the United and Presbyterian Churches. All the Dioceses report increasing contacts between parish clergy, program officers, and bishops with counterparts in the Quebec Roman Catholic Church. These efforts are supported through the Project Officer's role with the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, the Quebec Assembly of Roman Catholic Bishops, and with the Canadian Centre for Ecumenism. Related liaison work takes place with and through the Canadian Council of Churches.
Outside Quebec, apart from regular consultation with the National Office, the pressure of time has limited visits to other parts of Canada. Most prominent are those to areas where there are large French minorities, such as the Dioceses of Rupert's Land and Fredericton. Other liaison work has been done by letter and telephone. An important element of the Project Officer's activity relates to research, the obtaining of up to date information, the preparation of data reflecting some of the current developments in the French Church and Community.
Another aspect of the Project is the growing contact with the Francophone parts of the Anglican Communion, such as Haiti, the Dioceses in Zaire, in the Indian Ocean, etc. This was made plainer at the National Partners in Mission Consultation held in Ottawa in 1979. Some of their students now come to Canada for theological training: at the same time, responding to their requests, some of the French materials produced through the Quebec Anglican Church have been sent to them.
At its meeting in November 1979 the National Executive Council expressed an interest in expanding the Project to allow for more work outside Quebec. In March 1980 it approved a proposal to make possible such an expansion by providing for the employment of a full time Officer, to begin either in September 1980 or January 1981. This proposal, adopted by the Council, while affirming the objectives of the original mandate concerning work in Quebec and relations with the French Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches, includes as specific goals for 1980-83 --
- (1) To help Church members in all parts of Canada become more aware of the moral and theological implications of all that is involved in the Quebec-Canada debate.
- (2) To initiate and support programs which will foster dialogue and understanding among French and English people.
Respectfully submitted, Reginald M. Turpin, Project Officer.
That General Synod commend and encourage the work of the Project on French/English Relations, both in its project officer and advisory group, and express its hope that consultation among the Anglican diocese in the Province of Quebec will continue so that Christians may engage creatively in the issues confronting both French and English people. CARRIED ACT 66
[Text of report as found on page 143 of the General Synod Journal]
PROJECT IN FRENCH-ENGLISH RELATIONS
November 15th, 1976 is likely to join the list of the "most important dates" in Canadian history. It was the day that the Parti-Quebecois came into power. It is a coincidence, but nevertheless a significant coincidence, that about the same time the National Executive Council of the Anglican Church of Canada approved the setting up of a Project in French-English Relations.
The immediate proposal came through a resolution in the Inter-Church Relations Committee endorsing the "appointment of a person to assist the Anglican Church of Canada to understand and involve itself at all levels in the cultural and religious content of Quebec, and French-Canada". Suggestions for such an initiative, going back many years to various individuals and groups, drew support from the experience of General Synod meeting in Quebec City in 1975. Canon R.M. Turpin of Montreal was appointed, on a part-time basis effective January 1st, 1977, to act as the Primate's representative in French-English relations and to work closely with the Bishops having jurisdiction in Quebec. It was agreed that these Dioceses -- Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa, Moosonee, Arctic and Algoma -- should appoint representatives as a Support Group to help Canon Turpin.
In talking to French-speaking Roman Catholics and to Anglicans in Quebec, it has become apparent that this Project must involve far more than what is currently understood by "ecumenical relations". On the one hand, the temper of the times makes the subject of Canadian unity of great consequence to Anglicans all across Canada. On the other hand, the Anglican Church in Quebec has been brought face to face with the challenge of how best to witness and to minister in the rapidly changing Quebec.
In these first months of the Project Canon Turpin has been attending a variety of events where the French Roman Catholic Church is involved in the life of Quebec, and has listened to many views about what is happening in society at large. With the Support Group reporting the different concerns of the Anglicans throughout Quebec, urban and rural, north and south, it is now possible to define a number of practical measures for inter-diocesan cooperation. A summary of these thoughts and activities was presented at the May meeting of the National Executive Council. It is planned that these interrelated subjects of English-French relations and of the Anglican Church's ministry in Quebec will form part of the agenda when General Synod meets in Calgary in August .
That the dioceses be strongly urged to promote "People-Visits and Exchanges" between parishes outside and within the Province of Quebec; that the Program Committee be directed to give assistance to this end; and
that they communicate to the appropriate authorities of the Roman Catholic Church in Quebec our desire to encourage such exchanges. CARRIED ACT 68
That the Motion be amended by changing Section 1 to read:
"Recognizes the imperative to search for a true Canadian unity which recognizes both the needs of major cultural groupings to exist within our nation and the rights of minority groups within these cultures. CARRIED
The Motion as amended now reads
That the twenty-eighth Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada, meeting in session:
1) Recognize the imperative to search for a true Canadian unity which recognizes both the needs of major cultural groupings to exist within our nation and the rights of minority groups within these cultures;
2) Convey a message to the Prime Minister of Canada and the First Ministers of the Provinces and Territories, declaring our concern that the just language cultural and identity rights of all citizens be recognized throughout the country;
3) Appoint a task force to continue consideration and clarification of the ways by which the Anglican Church of Canada can contribute to national unity.
That this House of Bishops, sharing with the people of the church our experience at the Lambeth Conference of 1988, in which we lived in, and participated in, a multicultural community, propose the following motion to General Synod:
`That this General Synod approves as a high priority for the next three years the development of our church as an inclusive multicultural community,
That National Executive Council be requested to commission a sociological study of the challenge to our church of being part of a multicultural communion, nation and world.
The purpose of such a study is to develop a strategy for evangelism for welcoming people of different cultures, and for developing appropriate forms of ministry.' CARRIED
That the National Executive Council authorize the publication during the centennial period of a series of thoughtful essays to provide a Christian perspective on such current issues as the environment, bio-ethics, family relationships, multiculturalism and Canada's indigenous people. CARRIED #08-11-91
NEC was advised that a small group is working on a volume of essays. The Anglican Foundation has agreed to accept an application for funding of this volume in the year in which it is to be printed.
That NEC endorse the principle that membership on C/C/B's [i.e. committees, councils and boards] be generally reflective of the following set of eligibility criteria (in order of importance):
3) gender parity
4) minority ethno-cultural representation
5) interest group representation
Moved by: Mrs. M. McKeith
Seconded by: Miss M. Baker
That the phrase (in order of importance) be deleted. CARRIED #36-11-91
That the above motion, as amended, be referred to the Organization Committee for report back in March 1992. CARRIED #37-11-91
The Rev. John Barton reminded NEC that it had formally adopted the WCC "Guidelines for Sharing", which call for 50:50 men:women and 20 percent youth on all church committees and councils. This should have a bearing on NEC's eligibility criteria for C/C/B's. It was agreed that this matter would be referred to the Organization Committee as it gives further consideration to #36-11-91 (above).
Moved by Ven. J. Boyles, seconded by Mr. D. Reeves,
That the NEC support the proposed amendment to Section 41 of the Constitution and forward it to the General Synod for action.
41. Standing Committees
a) There shall be the following Standing Committees of the General Synod:
i) Doctrine and Worship Committee
ii) Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee
iii) Committee on Ministry
iv) Organization Committee
v) Program Committee
vi) Stewardship and Financial Development Committee
vii) Administration and Finance Committee
viii) Pension Committee
ix) Anglican Book Centre Committee
x) Board of Trustees of the Anglican Journal/Journal Anglican
xi) Archives Committee
b) Unless otherwise provided by the Constitution or by Canon, each of the Standing Committees of the General Synod shall consist of 15 members:
i) 12 of the members shall be elected by the General Synod
ii) 9 of the 12 members who are elected by the General Synod shall be members of the General Synod
iii) 2 of the 9 members shall be members of the National Executive Council
iv) 3 of the members shall be appointed by the Primate.
c) The Program Committee shall consist of 18 members:
i) 15 of the members shall be elected by the General Synod
ii) 12 of the 15 members who are elected by the General Synod shall be members of the General Synod
iii) 2 of the 12 General Synod members shall be members of the National Executive Council
d) The Board of Trustees of the Anglican Journal/Journal Anglican shall consist of 14 members:
i) 10 of the Trustees shall be elected by the General Synod from amongst its members
ii) 2 of the 10 elected Trustees shall be members of the Order of Bishops
iii) 4 of the 10 elected Trustees shall be members of the Order of Clergy
iv) 4 of the 10 elected Trustees shall be members of the Order of Laity
v) 4 of the Trustees shall be appointed by the Primate.
e) In the nomination of persons to be elected or appointed to Standing Committees, primary consideration shall be given to geographical representation and the expertise requirements of the specific committee. Consideration shall also be given to gender parity and minority ethno-cultural representation.
f) Except in unusual circumstances, the length of service on a Standing Committee shall not exceed two terms of three years.
g) Unless the terms of reference of a Standing Committee of the General Synod are established by Canon, the terms of reference:
i) shall be established by resolution of the General Synod
ii) shall be printed in the Appendices to the Handbook of the General Synod; and
iii) may be amended by resolution of the National Executive Council subject to the confirmation of such amendment by the General Synod at the regular session following the amendment.
h) At least thirty days prior to a regular session of the General Synod, each Standing Committee shall submit to the General Synod Nominating Committee the names of up to six persons to be considered for nomination for membership to the committee for its next term.
i) The Standing Committees shall report to the General Synod and regularly to the National Executive Council.
That section e) be replaced by the existing criteria presently appearing in the Handbook, and
that the term "Native Peoples" be replaced by the phrase "minority ethno-cultural representation". CARRIED #32-03-92
The Organization Committee was requested to edit this motion (regarding the criteria and numbers) before submission to the General Synod.
The original motion was then put and CARRIED #33-03-92.
The revised paragraph e) now reads:
e) In the nomination of persons to be elected or appointed to Standing Committees, consideration will also be given to age, gender, order, minority ethno-cultural representation and continuity of membership.
That this General Synod endorse the policy statement on Multiculturalism presented by the Program Committee and commend it to dioceses. CARRIED Act 86
Theology: "No Longer Strangers"
The Anglican Church of Canada, as part of the one, holy , catholic and apostolic church with a divine commission to proclaim the gospel of God in Christ, embraces in its mission and ministry peoples of every race and culture. In faithfulness to its calling it recognizes, affirms, and celebrates the gifts and graces of persons of all cultures, and welcomes all persons into the household of God.
The lessons of the first council of Jerusalem and the Book of the Acts of the Apostles speak to our contemporary situation. They teach us that it is God who calls people of all races, languages and cultures into a community of faith where there is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female.
As a consequence of Anglican missionary enterprise and contemporary migrations to Canada, we now see Anglicanism embodied in a variety of races and cultures. But many of our sisters and brothers have experienced rejection in society at large and also within the church. These experiences reflect the wounds and sin of the world.
To this end this General Synod endorses the following principles:
1. That in the activities pertaining to partnership in mission:
1.1 our connections with the world-wide Anglican communion be used to promote the multicultural nature of our church at both local and global levels
1.2 connections be made between the call to partnership with Anglicans overseas and the call to partnership with these same people when they emigrate to Canada
2. That in the activities pertaining to evangelism and social action in Canadian society:
2.1 we actively invite and welcome people from all cultures and races into our church fellowships
2.2 we encourage cross cultural learning and relationships within congregations
2.3 we address issues that divide and oppress people due to cultural misunderstanding or racism in both church and society
3. That we actively promote an identity which is culturally rich, diverse and inclusive:
3.1 by seeking ways to honour the gifts and the heritage of ethnically distinct congregations and to encourage their sharing with the wider church
3.2 by encouraging worship which is expressive in its music, words and symbols of the activity of God in many cultures
3.3 by seeking leaders, both lay and clergy, who collectively represent the cultural diversity of our church and bring gifts that will enhance the church's life
3.4 by ensuring that educational resources, continuing education programs, and educators promote sensitivity to the multicultural nature of the ACC [Anglican Church of Canada] and Canadian society
3.5 by encouraging theological schools to address issues of ethnocentrism and racism.