"The episcopacy should be about thinking, dreaming, praying ... and leadership," says the soon-to-be Rt. Rev. Michael Bedford-Jones on the eve of his consecration, February 12, as suffragan bishop in the Diocese of Toronto. Among the gifts he expects to bring to his new leadership role are "a growing love for the life of prayer, spiritual guidance and friendship.
"One of my real fears," he adds, "is that all I'll be asked to do is manage."
Bishop-elect Bedford-Jones, who was ordained to the Anglican priesthood in 1968, identifies three key issues with which he believes the church must grapple in the next few years:
- the need to develop different models for congregational life as the present parish structures seem to be becoming financially unsustainable;
- questions of sexuality within the church, particularly related to same-sex relationships;
- ministry in an increasingly multicultural society for a church that has been a traditional bastion of British ethnicity.
"We are asking parishes to do things they no longer have the resources to do," he explains. "We can't just pour money in to help them, because there isn't any money, there aren't any rescuers. But I believe that God can call any one of us into visualizing new structures that will further the reign of God. We will need to explore together some different ways that congregations can reshape themselves to become faithful communities of witness once again."
Regarding the issues of sexuality in the church, and particularly of same-sex relationships, he notes there are lots of strongly-held and well-articulated positions, but "we are not at the point of consensus that will allow us to move." Of primary importance now, he says, is that the lay people in the parishes address the question themselves.
Multiculturalism is especially an issue in the York-Scarborough Region of the diocese (basically Metro Toronto, east of the Don Valley), which will be the new bishop's designated area. "There are many difference cultures in the church here," he explains, "including several congregations that are designated for one particular cultural base. It's exciting and it's daunting. But it's a given and it's one that we should experience joyfully because it brings a richness to our Anglican tradition."
After three years as rector of St. George's Cathedral in Kingston, Dean Bedford-Jones will bring to his new role as bishop, some significant experience in dealing with the aftermath of sexual abuse in the church. Before his arrival, the congregation and the diocese had been rocked by revelations of ongoing sexual abuse of a number of adolescent choir boys by the cathedral's choir director.
"The experience in Kingston was so formative -- it will be what I bring to the episcopacy. In no way am I an expert; I'm terribly conscious of what I don't know. But I'm not as naive as I once was; I will be aware of abuse issues as they arise. I think that my experience will be useful in the House of Bishops."
For Bishop Bedford-Jones, the chance to work with the first woman bishop in Canada is exciting. "Victoria will make a wonderful addition to the episcopal leadership of the diocese and the whole church," he says. "I admire her integrity and her depth of prayer, I'm really pleased."
Bishop Bedford-Jones, 51, has served most of his ordained ministry in the diocese of Toronto, including positions as incumbent of St. Aidan's Church in Toronto and the Church of the Epiphany in Scarborough, on the staff at St. James' Cathedral, and as executive assistant to the Bishop of Toronto. Just prior to his own election as bishop he served as Dean of Ontario and Rector of St. George's Cathedral in Kingston. Bishop Bedford-Jones was married in 1967. His spouse, Jeanne Soules, is a high school teacher at Havergal College in Toronto.
The Rev. J. Boyles reviewed the proposal for an expanded French/English Relations Project and the Rev. Canon R. Turpin was invited to address the Council.
That the National Executive Council approve the project on condition that funds are available from the Johnson Bequest or the Anglican Foundation for 1980; otherwise implementation be delayed until January, 1981 and the Program Committee be asked to include funds in its 1981 budget. CARRIED
Canon Reg Turpin presented a verbal report in which he remarked that although a few pieces of material have now been published the National office must speed up translation of needed material. He named those groups who are now moving into bilingual type meetings, and stated that now more than ever the French/English project needs to have a greater emphasis.
1. That the project on French/English relations be continued to
a) provide liaison
i) to help the Anglican Church of Canada (L'Eglise Episcopale du Canada) throughout Quebec to adapt to the new "French Look" in the Province;
ii) to continue to promote closer relationships with the Francophone Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches in Quebec and with their National and Provincial organizations;
iii) to interpret to the Church across Canada what is happening in Quebec and in the French Canadian community at large outside Quebec
that a budget and structure be provided as follows:
i) that support for a liaison officer continue for an additional year at a level similar to that in 1978 - $7,500 stipend and expenses;
ii) that the liaison officer continue to be responsible to the Primate who shall consult with the six bishops with jurisdiction in the Province of Quebec.
b) allow for development
i) of a bilingual capacity in the Church to permit it to minister in French;
ii) to permit production of suitable "tools" such as language training, liturgies, educational materials, etc.;
iii) of an innovative program of mission and evangelism looking eventually to the establishment of new Francophone congregations;
and that a budget and structure be provided as follows:
i) that a block grant of $12,500 be provided;
ii) that it be administered by a Committee of the six bishops with the jurisdiction in the Province of Quebec.
2. That a budget of $5,000 be provided to allow certain National documents, press releases and other National Church correspondence to be translated into the French language. CARRIED
A request was made that there be liaison with the Diocese of Fredericton in the area of bilingualism.
That National Executive Council endorse in principle the proposal regarding the appointment of a person to assist the Anglican Church of Canada to understand and involve itself at all levels in the cultural and religious content of Quebec and French-Canada, and request the Primate to consult with the Administration and Finance Committee and the Dioceses concerned regarding its implementation. CARRIED
The Anglican Church of Canada has just completed a through-going self-criticism in the presence of third world critics. A four day "Partners in Mission" consultation wound up on Tuesday, May 29 at the University of Toronto.
The concept of Partners in Mission is an accepted one in the Anglican Communion throughout the world. It involves one of the twenty-seven independent, self-governing churches which constitute the Anglican Communion, in a process of critical examination of its programmes, life, structures and priorities in the presence of "Partners" from other countries, churches and cultures. Canadian Anglicans have acted as Partners in such consultations in several African churches and in Ireland, the USA, the Caribbean, South America and Asia.
During the past week more than a hundred Canadian Anglicans, representing the Church's thirty dioceses from Newfoundland to Vancouver Island, and north beyond the Arctic Circle, gathered in the nation's Capital. They were joined by Partners from Burundi, West Africa, the Sudan and South Africa, from the West Indies, New Zealand, Ireland and England, the USA and Asia. There were also representatives from the Lutheran and Roman Catholic Churches in Canada.
In their final report to the consultation, these Partners said, "We have come from continents which have experienced poverty, despair, effects of nuclear holocaust, inhuman racist regimes, military dictatorships, trampling of human rights and division of nations on ideological grounds. We have come too, from countries which are rich and affluent, and from sectors in the Third World which share in those riches and those who do not. In these situations we have experienced sufferings of all kinds - the rat-race of consuming more and more, of being bored, lonely and fearful. Yet we know that through these sufferings we also experience hope for we worship the crucified and risen Lord. In this spirit we share four examples of challenges we see based upon what we have seen and heard at this Consultation."
Their four areas of challenge were the Natives of Canada, the French Fact, the Ministry of the Laity and the Ecumenical Dimension.
The Partners observed, "The Natives of Canada have suffered through hundreds of years of genocide. Entire tribes and people have vanished from the face of the earth. Many of them today live in poverty, illness, early death rates and little or no education. To correct these wrongs requires a change in attitude, a death to the old ways and a rebirth under God." They agreed that they "must commend the Anglican Church of Canada for its long history of ministry to the Native People," but questioned whether native people have been trained for or allowed to assume positions of leadership in the church's structures.
They declared that "lumping the Native problem with the white rural or white isolated area problem will not work." The Partners had all travelled fairly extensively in Canada prior to the Consultation. From that experience and from their discussions in Ottawa, they concluded that there is a "strong undercurrent of prejudice against the Native People in Canada." They acknowledged that there are no simplistic answers, but urged the creation of a more adequately staffed Native "desk or portfolio" on a national basis.
The Partners described the French Fact as, "A people under the threat of losing its identity, its right to live according to its culture, can hardly act as a partner and may become, as a consequence, a burden to the country instead of taking its place as an enriching part of the cultural mosaic of Canada." They continued, "In a word, a whole mentality must be surrendered in order to communicate within the new milieu," and urged that "The Church must study this matter in the spirit of Christ, that is, in a spirit of love, detachment and sharing."
They added, "while fighting for the rights of this or that group, we must not forget that rights are first and foremost human rights; they are not French, they are not English; they are human, but they apply to French or English or Indians or West Indians."
An "inherited clericalism...which is still accepted as the norm" came under sharp criticism in the section of the Partners' report on the Ministry of the Laity. "The real participation of the laity in the mission of the church may pose a threat to the clergy" but that participation must not be "considered a privilege, a temporal innovation or a concession to the spirit of modern times." "A multitude of habits, ready-made judgements and reactions need to be stripped away from us before we can expect to progress very far in dealing with the key issue of the ministry of the laity."
In discussing the Ecumenical Dimensions, the Partners declared, "The general impression given is that the Anglican Church of Canada is self-sufficient and does not naturally look outside itself, whether to other churches in Canada or to other Anglican churches around the world, for working partners in the process of developing the issues which face them in their common service of the Mission of Christ to the world."
Although in principle the Anglican Church of Canada is committed to the "Lund Declaration" (that churches should not do separately what it is possible from them to do ecumenically), the Partners suggested that should mean "looking first to see what things can be done together and not regarding ecumenical cooperation as an optional extra."
The over-all report from the total membership of the Consultation is wide-ranging and lengthy. The discussions gradually crystallized into eight areas in the life of the church today:
- Mission: Theology and Practice
- Christian Lifestyle
- Commitment and Stewardship
- Ministry: Lay/Clergy
- Social Justice and Action
- Ethnic, Cultural and Linguistic Groups
- Communications and Structures
In each section there was a thorough evaluation of the present situation in the Anglican Church of Canada and an attempt to discover strengths and weaknesses in its life. Strategies for the future were also developed.
These reports will now receive wide distribution in the Dioceses and Ecclesiastical Provinces of the Church and in various national committees of General Synod, for study and discussion. They will have a major influence on the Church's National Programme Committee and National Executive Council when they meet this fall, and on the General Synod of the Church which will be held at the University of Trent in Peterborough in June 1980.
- 30 -
For copies of the reports or further information, please contact:
A bilingual Anglican priest who was raised in the United Church and was for two years a member of the Ecumenical Commission of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Valleyfield in Quebec -- certainly appropriate background for someone given national responsibility for the ecumenical relations of the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada.
The Rev. Brian Prideaux, currently Rector of St. Martin's Church in Otterburn Park, Quebec, has been appointed Ecumenical Officer of the Anglican Church of Canada, effective January 1, 1982.
The thirty-eight year old priest was born in London, England but grew up in Montreal. He is a graduate of Sir George Williams University and also has a Bachelor of Divinity and Master of Arts from McGill. He studied theology at Montreal Diocesan (Anglican) Theological College. Father Prideaux is married and has four children.
In addition to his responsibility for national Anglican participation in inter-church bodies and activities, the National Executive Council of the church recently requested that the Ecumenical Officer initiate and encourage inter-faith dialogue with non-Christian bodies.
The General Secretary of the Anglican Church, Archdeacon Harry Hilchey, stated that in making this appointment great emphasis was placed on finding a person who is bilingual, as much of the current ecumenical dialogue, particularly between Roman Catholic and other denominations, is conducted in both French and English.
Father Prideaux is particularly excited about the possibilities of extending to the national scene the warm ecumenical relationships he has enjoyed at the local level. He hopes the national work can help the grass roots encounters to happen and to flourish. "There's a new climate now," he says, "Especially in relations with Roman Catholics. They know it is now officially 'OK' to enter wholeheartedly into ecumenical contacts, and great things are happening."
The Ecumenical Officer is based at the church's National Office in Toronto.
1. To accept its proper share of responsibility, in keeping with this country's size and affluence, in providing financial and technical assistance to the developing nations and in the welcoming of immigrants to Canada;
2. To incorporate a Bill of Rights into the Constitution so that these rights will be uniform for all Canadians.
B. We urge our church membership:
1. To take seriously the recommendations of the Anglican Brief presented to the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism which urged Anglicans to recognize the "French fact" as an inherent and essential aspect of Canadian life and culture, and to make a deliberate effort to understand and enter into communication with their French-speaking compatriots;
2. Accept responsibility for keeping informed about international affairs through reading, and through radio and television programs; seeing that provision is made in the parish for the display and sale of pertinent paper backs; through membership in such organizations as the local United Nations Association, World Federalists, the Provincial Association for Human Rights, and the International Institute for International Affairs, etc. CARRIED in both Houses.
That this Synod, representing the Anglican Church of Canada, is deeply appreciative of the contributions made by the French speaking peoples of Canada to the cultural and spiritual heritage of our country, and looks forward to a growth in loving co-operation in which all Canadians will participate to the Glory of God and the well-being of our Nation.
That copies of this resolution be sent to the Prime Minister of Canada, the Right Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau, and His Eminence Cardinal Roy, of Quebec.
The mover and seconder agreed to change the phrase "the French speaking peoples of Canada," to "Canadians of French origin." CARRIED in both Houses.
Be it resolved that this Synod urges each Diocese to encourage its people to work, through dialogue and planned co-operation, towards a deeper understanding of our French speaking fellow Canadians. CARRIED in both Houses.
Whereas the new immigration law, as its procedures develop, will open doors for immigrants to come from countries from which there has been little or no immigration in the past; and
Whereas many of these immigrants will be bringing different cultures and religions, and many will have no religious affiliation at all,
This General Synod Urges the Anglican Church of Canada and each diocesan synod and each local parish to make a matter of high priority the evaluation of their respective situations immediately and continuously in the carrying out of our heavy responsibility to all ethnic peoples, and the initiation of adequate programs and social services to these groups. CARRIED in both Houses.
The Chairman commended the work and leadership of Canon Wilkinson in this Department.
Having Recorded on various occasions our clear-cut opposition to any form of racial discrimination anywhere in the world,
And Having Presented to the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism a Brief which concludes with the sentence, "We need to speak a language which we use all too seldom, the language of love",
And Recognizing that racial and cultural conflict anywhere affects human relationships everywhere,
This General Synod of The Anglican Church of Canada Calls upon all Canadians to recognize this principle of racial and cultural interdependence and to accept the consequent personal and group responsibility for promoting racial and cultural harmony,
And Specifically Calls upon Federal, Provincial, and Municipal Governments to:
1. Examine their legislation, programmes and administration for any evidence of discrimination or other causes of cultural conflict,
2. Develop effective means of enforcing anti-discrimination legislation,
3. Develop effective programmes of cultural exchange and dialogue between the various racial and cultural groups within their jurisdictions, and
4. By all such means and other actions to maintain the unity and integrity of Canada as a whole;
And Further Specifically Calls upon the Church in its General Synod, Diocesan and Parochial structures and organizations to:
1. Recognize racial and cultural exchange and dialogue as a legitimate area of concern for Christian mission,
2. Develop and implement detailed and specific plans of education and action to meet and get to know their immediate neighbours of different cultures, colours and languages. CARRIED in both Houses.
That the General Synod, recognizing the many advantages to Canada of a large population, and alive to the serious plight of the homeless and displaced peoples of European lands, welcomes the increased immigration movement of the past year, and expresses the hope that this phase of public policy will be continued with due consideration given at all times to employment possibilities and the availability of housing accommodation for new settlers:
The Synod, concerned because of the limited and disproportionate numbers of immigrants of Anglo-Saxon extraction, appeals to the Government of Canada to provide such generous encouragement as will augment the flow of British families and individuals to this country:
That, on compassionate no less than on national grounds, our church people in all parts of Canada be petitioned to extend the most friendly assistance possible to all immigrant groups and individuals. CARRIED in both Houses.
That this General Synod, recognizing the increasingly multi-racial character of our Canadian population, and welcoming the variety of nationalities and cultures represented among our citizens; and aware of the movement of our own Indian and Eskimo people into the industrial and social life of our larger centres of population: Call our Church people to a deeper awareness of their Christian responsibilities of friendship, brotherly concern and hospitality towards our fellow citizens of all races.
That the Lower House concurs (p.109). CARRIED Message L-41.
THAT this General Synod advise the Provincial Synod of Rupert's Land that the Eskimo delegates reported the feelings of the Eskimo people of the Diocese of the Arctic were that when the new Bishop is elected he should be a person able to speak the Eskimo language, and conversant with the culture and customs of the Eskimo people.
London, England - The Anglican Church, with some forty-five million members spread around the globe, has no constitution, but shares a great deal in common. One common feature is that each of the twenty or more member Churches of the family is autonomous. The very real affinity and common life within this diverse family owes much to a habit of consultation.
For a century, Lambeth Conferences have been the characteristic major consultation. That Conference meets only once in ten years and is of Bishops only.
According to the Rt. Rev. J.W.A. Howe, Executive Officer of the Anglican Communion here, something more nimble and available is needed in a world of comtemporary pace and pressure. He says in 1968 the Lambeth Conference itself, proposed what we hope will be the answer: The Anglican Consultative Council. In 1971, from February 23rd to March 5th, the new Consultative Council meets for the first time.
The Council will meet in Limuru, Kenya. This in itself is significant. The meetings are not a Lambeth or London fixture, and will be held in different countries over the years. This helps to make it clear that membershipof the very international, inter-racial Anglican family is shared by everybody on equal terms. Nominations for the Council are not yet quite complete, but it is clear that half the individual members will be European and the other half "non-Europeans." The fifty-five members are not only Bishops. There will also be clergy and lay people and each Church will choose its own member. The Archbishop of Canterbury is a member of the Council in his own right and its President.
The Council will meet every other year and its elected Standing Committee in the intervening years. According to Bishop Howe, this should provide a continuity in the affairs and thinking of the Anglican Communion which previously has been lacking, and which can be of the first importance.
Bishop Howe says some apprehension has been expressed that the creation of the Council might indicate that the Anglican Communion is increasingly pre-occupied with itself at a time when ecumenicity should be in the forefront. He says this would be a disaster, but the danger is not great. Of the stated functions of the Council, three out of eight are ecumenical. Other Churches, it is hoped, will be grateful for an Anglican Church that can respond to their questions more quickly. Among the observers at Limuru will be representatives of the World Council of Churches and the Vatican Secretariate for Unity, and on the Agenda the title of Committee 1 is "Unity and Ecumenical Affairs."
Subjects that are virtually certain to be on the Agenda include the major re-appraisal of mission in the Anglican Communion called for in the Lambeth Conference Resolution...union negotiations and ecumenical policies, women priests...racism, the Church and society, the size of Dioceses, world poverty, marriage discipline and finance.
So, in February 1971, the members will gather from the corners of the globe in Limuru, Kenya, for the first meeting of the Anglican Consultative Council. Limuru is rather remote, which should make it work easier. It is too near the equator to know whether it's in front or behind, and is 7000 feet up, which may or may not have any significance!
Montreal - The National Board of Anglican Church Women goes bilingual this month when it arrives in la Belle Province de Quebec. The Diocese of Montreal ACW will be hostesses for the Board's four-day Meeting which will be held in Granby, Quebec, November 18th to 22nd. The invitation, programme, and greetings were written in French, and several social occasions will include close contact with French-speaking people.
Some of the highlights will include: a Civic Reception by the Mayor of Granby including a tour of City Hall; a visit to the Abbey of St. Benoit du Lac which will include a lecture by Father Vidal and attendance at Vespers; a visit to French-speaking schools and industries; an invitation by members of l'Association Culturelle des Femmes de Granby into their homes for Saturday night dinner with their families, after which they will attend a special showing of "Act of the Heart" with Genevieve Bujold. There will be a reception following the theatre for the delegates and their hosts by the Diocese of Montreal. On Sunday morning, the women go to Montreal to attend the only French-speaking Church service in Canada. This takes place at L'Eglise du Redempteur (1869 Sherbrooke St. East) and the Eucharist will be celebrated in French by the Rev. Lionel Temple-Hill. The Bishop of Montreal, the Rt. Rev. R.K. Maguire, will entertain the members for luncheon at Bishopscourt.
The ACW of the Diocese of Montreal feels that this is an excellent opportunity to show our visitors the bilingual and bicultural aspect of our work within the church and in the communities at large. In spite of the recent publicity in Montreal, we hope to show the positive and rewarding side of living in French and English speaking Quebec.
Archdeacon Donald Whitbread, a 22-year veteran in the Arctic, wants the Anglican Church of Canada to strengthen and support training of Indian and Eskimo peoples for the ministry.
It is likely the church will, because of a plea he made yesterday before the National Executive Council of the General Synod. The council's committee on ministry is charged with developing a plan for co-ordination and supervision.
"In the past 10 years 10 Eskimo priests have been ordained, and in the past 25 years about 25 Indians have been ordained in the whole of Canada," he said.
"That's nowhere good enough. I'm convinced that the program we are doing in the Diocese of the Arctic is badly needed in other parts of Canada among Indian peoples."
The Arctic operates a training school for Eskimos at Pangnirtung, 200 miles north of Frobisher and 10 miles south of the Arctic Circle. But it is not doing it alone. Two other dioceses, south of the Arctic but north of main population areas, are operating a school for Indian candidates - and doing it independently.
"There should be some coordination," he said. No diocese can afford to go it alone on projects like this, in this age of sharing our experiences, sharing our needs and sharing our problems."
"Hopefully," he said, "the church will develop an inter-diocesan group to co-ordinate studies and, perhaps, act as an accrediting board for the standards of native clergy training schools.",
In the Diocese of the Arctic, which stretches across the roof of Canada from the Yukon to the North Atlantic, 95 percent of the Anglican population are Eskimo-speaking. It's a standard that all clergy have to be bilingual to serve both the native people and the English-speaking communities. Of the 14,000 Eskimos, 10-11,000 are Anglican.
At Pangnirtung, nearly all lectures are given in Eskimo. The exceptions are couched in simple English.
"Bringing them south to college likely wouldn't work at this stage," he said. "The schools of theology are moving more and more to graduate work, and it would be too difficult for people with little formal education."
"They don't speak technically but, being adults, they can think very deeply in their own tongue. Theology and doctrine must be related to the everyday situations the person will meet, and church history must be meaningful from the person's culture and viewpoint."
Archdeacon Whitbread, who used to travel 2,000 miles a years by dogsled "to get around my parish," still flies 1,600 miles south to Montreal periodically to visit parishioners in hospital and bring the news from home.
The Anglican Consultative Council reports that 65.4 million people in the world profess to be Anglican (or Episcopalian) and 2,877,000 of them live in Canada.
The total number of Anglicans is growing about one million a year. One in four of its members is a communicant. They are served by 560 bishops and more than 40,000 clergymen. The Anglican communion is a world-wide family which includes 22 autonomous "national" churches in which 93 principal countries are represented. Each member of this catholic church makes its own rules and appoints its own officers. In 1971-72, for the first time, the number of Anglicans outside England (32.9 million) was greater than the number in England (32.5 million).
As the proportion of English Anglicans decreases that of African Anglicans increases.
This international and inter-racial family shares common attitudes and inherited traditions, has a mutual recognition of ministers and a "mutual responsibility and interdependence in the Body of Christ."
The Anglican Church of Canada's general policy states that "the church is the Body of Christ and as such is concerned with the totality of human existence and man's eternal destiny. It is called to proclaim the Gospel of God's redeeming love through Christ, and deliverance from sin and from all that mars human life."
The habit of family consultation was started over 100 years ago with bishops meeting at Lambeth Conferences every 10 years. During the 1960's it was recognized that in the fast-changing world there was need for more frequent discussion and exchange of information.
This resulted in the formation of the Anglican Consultative Council, a non-legislative body which brings clerical and lay delegates from each member church together. Its first meeting was in Limuru, Kenya in 1971. It meets for the second time this year, in Dublin, Ireland.
Secretary-General of the Council and formerly Executive Officer of the Anglican Communion, Rt. Rev. John W.A. Howe, says, "We live is a world where social and political situations can and do tear apart families and separate friends." He sees the Council as continuing the tradition of consultation which is of the essence of Anglican cohesion and the Anglican life style and serves as "an instrument of common action."
The two basic units of the Anglican Communion are the diocese and the parish. In the beginning, probably only one church existed in a city under the direction and control of a Bishop, seen as the successor to the Apostles. The Bishop was assisted by a number of presbyters (or priests) and deacons. The latter were chiefly concerned with works of charity. As the church spread out, and more than one church was established in a city, the Bishop left priests in charge of various congregations. When a congregation was small, two or more churches came under the care of one priest. This unit was called a parish. The parish then became a geographical area consisting of one or more churches. A diocese looked after by a Bishop is an area consisting of a number of parishes. Each diocese is in some ways, though not entirely, autonomous. Several dioceses are grouped together to form an ecclesiastical province which is in the care of an Archbishop known as a Metropolitan.
Dioceses, provinces and national churches all have their synods. In almost all cases, bishops, clergy and laity consult together in the interests of the church. The Bishop works in partnership with the people of his diocese (clergy and lay) and the priest works in partnership with his congregation, always conscious of Christ's dictum: "He who would be greatest among you must be as one that serves."
ANGLICAN CHURCH OF CANADA
5 Archbishops - The Primate and the 4 Metropolitans
Parish membership - 1.2 million
4 ecclesiastical provinces - Canada, which covers the maritime region, Montreal and part of Quebec; Rupert's Land, including northern Quebec, northern Ontario, the prairies and the Arctic; Ontario, covers parts of Ontario and Quebec; British Columbia (and the Yukon)
28 dioceses and an additional area known as the "episcopal district" of Mackenzie.