"A contribution to the Anglican-United Church Dialogue by the Bishop of Huron".
Introduction dated "Whitsunday, 1967".
"I have written many pages on many subjects but not task have I found more difficult than this one, attempting to explain Bishops to our United Church neighbours. The job came to me unsought in a request from our Primate, Archbishop H.H. Clark. A Pacific Coast Presbytery had posed some questions and asked for some answers. Our Primate turned to two of us, and I proved to be the only one available at the time. I hasten to say that my answers are personal and unofficial, and my brother-bishops are in no way responsible for them. It is true that I read an early draft of the booklet to them at our autumn meeting in 1966, and they seemed to think that the answers had some merit and might even be worth some circulation. Incidentally they helped me with quite a few suggestions and clarifications. Yet still I alone am responsible for the opinions expressed". -- Intro., p. 3.
"That we receive this Canon with thanks to the Committee and request further consideration with amendments in the light of the suggestions made, together with any further suggestions that any bishops may care to offer the Committee."
The inability to devote sufficient time to consideration of the above report resulted in the following action.
"That the Primate and the Secretaries arrange for a full discussion of those fundamental questions relating to the office and work of a bishop which underlie this Canon at an early meeting of the House of Bishops, if necessary a special one, the expenses of this to be met from the Appleford Bequest."
II. That, using accepted guidelines, each diocesan bishop, in consultation with his clergy and church wardens, prepare and share with the national personnel office, a description of every assignment within his diocese, and an evaluation of the qualifications and skills of every minister within his diocese by June, 1970. CARRIED in both Houses.
"The Upper House shall consist of the Primate and Bishops of the Anglican Church of Canada (holding Sees therein), or (b) discharging the functions of the episcopate as Coadjutor, Suffragan, Assistant Bishop or Bishop Ordinary to the Armed Forces, or (c) Missionary Bishops appointed by the Church in Canada to any Diocese outside of Canada under the provisions of any Canon of this Synod; and (d) any such Bishops who having resigned their Sees are residing in Canada and are not engaged in any work, other than episcopal; but Bishops who have resigned their jurisdiction shall not have the right to vote in the Upper House." CARRIED in both Houses.
That the Memorial from the Executive Committee of the Provincial Synod of British Columbia reading as follows, be considered in Joint Session:
Re The Diocese of Yukon
"1. That the office of the Bishop of Yukon be preserved and continued and that the election of a successor take place at the earliest possible opportunity in accordance with the Canons of the Provincial Synod of British Columbia.
2. That a Committee be appointed, to begin immediately an examination of the necessity, or otherwise, of the re-alignment of the boundaries of the dioceses of the Province of British Columbia and to bring in a preliminary report at the next meeting of the Provincial Synod Executive to be held not later than December 31, 1967." (see page 83)
That we concur in Message U24. CARRIED Message L-29.
London, England - Canadians are playing a prominent role in developing contemporary statements of the Anglican Communion, as bishops throughout the world gather here at the Lambeth Conference to re-assess the church's work and set new goals.
Eight bishops from Canada, including Most Rev. Howard H. Clark, Primate of the Canadian church, have been placed in critical positions on the Conference's committee to draft statements relating to doctrine, new theology, secularism, current church union schemes and the role of women in the church.
Archbishop Clark is Chairman of the commission dealing with renewal of the church's faith, the first of the three major commissions. This section is responsible for studying vital areas of concern to the church in a secular and technological society and the effects of theological debate about the existence of God.
Another key figure in the Conference is its Episcopal Secretary, Rt. Rev. Ralph S. Dean, Bishop of Cariboo, in British Columbia. Other bishops from Nova Scotia to Vancouver are among the Conference's leaders.
Rt. Rev. W.W. Davis, Bishop of Nova Scotia, is Chairman of a committee which has unanimously recommended ordination of women to the Anglican priesthood.
The Bishop of Montreal, Rt. Rev. R.K. Maguire, is vice-chairman of the committee dealing with relations with the Eastern Orthodox church. It will suggest to the Conference that Anglicans and Orthodox work more closely in social and moral issues and investigate means to strengthen worship.
Rt. Rev. E.S. Reed, Bishop of Ottawa, is Chairman of the committee on Christian appraisal of secular society. Part of the discussion deals with poverty, mass media, scientific discovery, nuclear and chemical warfare.
Rt. Rev. K.C. Evans of the Diocese of Ontario and Rt. Rev. S.C. Steer, Bishop of Saskatoon, are both Chairmen on committees discussing theological language and the debate about God.
Most Rev. G.P. Gower, Archbishop of New Westminster, is vice-chairman of the committee discussing current union schemes and intercommunion. He has been a leading figure in the protracted negotiations, looking to the union of the Anglican and United churches of Canada.
Canada's four Anglican archbishops say they will not support any segment of their church which organizes to oppose union with the United Church of Canada, the Canadian Churchman states in an article this month.
The Anglican Church's national newspaper says the four metropolitans have bluntly rejected any move to create what one called a "schismatic program" within the church.
The article says a loosely-formed group known as "Canadian Confirmed Anglicans" will seek support from Anglicans to oppose implementation of the Principles of Union drafted by the two churches.
It had been reported in a Winnipeg-based independent church paper that Anglicans will soon be asked to "sign a declaration of loyalty to the vows we have made in the faith." The church paper, The Communicator, edited by Rev. Maurice Hardman, states Canadian Confirmed Anglicans are persons "persuaded in the Catholic and Apostolic faith" who are determined to stand fast in loyalty to their ordination and confirmation vows in spite of any bureau-cratic, economic...or private pressures designed to coerce compromise."
The Communicator had suggested that some bishops, including one archbishop, were having "second thoughts" about the direction union has been taking.
Most Rev. H.H. Clark of Winnipeg, primate of the Anglican Church, said that since there were only four archbishops, there was a 25% chance he was the one to which reference was made. Archbishop Clark described an organization to oppose union, if it is formed, as "schismatic in spirit and schismatic in program."
"I still believe that our church is right to seek union with the United Church and that the Principles of Union are a right basis for working out definite plans for this union."
"If I have any second thoughts, they are about the difficulties we shall encounter in this adventure."
Most Rev. A.H. O'Neil of Fredericton, said he supported the Principles of Union when they were passed by the Anglican Church in Vancouver in 1965.
Most Rev. W.L. Wright of Sault Ste. Marie, said he is a strong advocate of Christian unity movement which, he said, will eventually triumph.
Most Rev. H.E. Sexton of Victoria, B.C., said Anglicans know there are problems to be faced in union but that an effort must be made to work them out.
"We are not in favour here (of the views) of The Communicator because we feel it is not in accord with the spirit of the day."
Approved of a recommendation that the Executive Committee of the Provincial Synod of British Columbia be asked to meet as soon as possible to give consideration to the matter of episcopal oversight of the present Diocese of Yukon; that consideration be given to a radical realignment of diocesan boundaries in the Ecclesiastical Province in keeping with present-day modes of transportation; and that if the study so recommended requires considerable time, that interim arrangements be made for episcopal ministrations in the Diocese of Yukon.
That this be received for further consideration by the National Executive Council. CARRIED
Following considerable discussion, it was moved by the Bishop of Huron, seconded by Mr. H.D. Arnold,
That the National Executive Council concurs in the request of the Executive Committee of the Department of Missions that the Executive Committee of the Provincial Synod of British Columbia be asked to meet as soon as possible to give consideration to the matter of episcopal oversight of the present Diocese of Yukon; that consideration be given to a radical realignment of diocesan boundaries in the Ecclesiastical Province in keeping with present-day modes of transportation; and that if the study so recommended requires considerable time, interim arrangements be made for episcopal ministrations in the Diocese of Yukon;
And that the National Executive Council requests the Ecclesiastical Provinces of British Columbia and Rupert's Land to give careful consideration to the possibility of an alternative plan for Episcopal Ministry for the Diocese of Yukon, other than by the election of another Bishop of Yukon;
And that the National Executive Council further requests the Ecclesiastical Provinces of British Columbia and Rupert's Land to assure themselves that there are adequate financial resources available for the support of the See of Yukon, in connection with any proposal they make for its future. CARRIED
The Bishop of Ontario presented the revision of "Guidelines" which had been presented to the House at Augusta, 1968, but which had not been dealt with at that time. This revision of the Guidelines was printed as Appendix D to the Minutes of the 1968 Augusta meeting.
The Archbishop of Algoma also presented a report on behalf of a Committee appointed by the Primate to bring Lambeth Resolutions 40 and 41 before the House. This report was brought in while the House considered "Guidelines on Bishops" because its content was pertinent.
The report was as follows:
In concurring with Resolution 40 (Lambeth Conference, 1968) the Committee appointed by the Primate, consisting of the Bishop of Moosonee, the Bishop of James' Bay and the Archbishop of Algoma, recommend that the Canadian House of Bishops adopt Resolution 40 (Lambeth Conference, 1968) and that the same be incorporated in the Minutes of this meeting.
For the implementation of this motion, the Committee would refer to Appendix D, Section VIII, Cl. (2) on page 31, 1968 Minutes -- (Guidelines for the use of Bishops) and further that Cl. (5) Section (e) be changed to make obligatory the appointment of an Assistant Bishop as ex officio member of the Executive.
Resolution 40: "The Conference affirms its opinion that all co-adjutor, suffragan, and full-time assistant bishops should exercise every kind of episcopal function and have their place as Bishops in the councils of the Church."
The Committee recommend to the House of Bishops, the adoption of Resolution 41.
Resolution 41: "The Conference recommends that the bishops as leaders and representatives of a servant Church, should radically examine the honours paid to them in the course of divine worship, in titles and customary address, and in style of living, while having the necessary facilities for the efficient carry on of their work."
In its implementation, the Committee would suggest the dropping of diocesan signatures and meaningless titles, such as "My Lord".
"That the Committee Report relative to Resolution 40 of Lambeth be adopted."
The Bishop of Montreal suggested a helpful preamble which could be used if the Guidelines were printed and made available for use by others than members of the House.
"That the Guidelines on Bishops from the Minutes of 1967 and 1968 as amended, with the following preamble, be made available to members of the House of Bishops and to Commissioners on Church Union as an interim document. Preamble: The doctrine of episcopacy is contained in the Ordinal: what follows concerns episcope in practice."
The Guidelines as amended are printed as Appendix B to these Minutes.
GUIDELINES ON BISHOPS
Note: The doctrine of episcopacy is contained in the Ordinal. What follows concerns episcope in practice.
I The Anglican Church of Canada holds and teaches that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church: Bishops, Priests (Presbyters) and Deacons; and no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest or Deacon in the Anglican Church of Canada, or permitted to execute any of the offices attached to the same, except he be called, tried, examined and admitted thereunto according to the Ordinal, or has had episcopal consecration or ordination in some Church whose orders are recognized and accepted by the Anglican Church of Canada.
II Before any person is consecrated to the episcopate, the Metropolitan of the Province must satisfy himself that the person possesses the qualifications for the office. The Bishop-elect must be a Priest of not less than five years' standing, and thirty years of age. He must possess good character, piety, learning, a zeal for souls and prudence. He should sound in health of body and mind.
III The constitutive elements in the making of a Bishop in the Anglican Church of Canada are:
- (1) In the ordering of a Bishop for a Diocese that has become vacant (that is, in the ordering of a Diocesan Bishop) the consent of the Metropolitan to the arrangements for the electing body must first be obtained; in the ordering of a Bishop to assist the Diocesan, the consent of the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province to the election must first be obtained.
- (2) Election by the Synod or Electoral Body of the Diocese in accordance with the operative canon of the Ecclesiastical Province or Diocese concerned. Clerical and Lay Delegates shall vote separately, by ballot. Election shall require at least a majority of the votes cast by the Clergy, and by the Laity.
- (3) Free acceptance by the person elected within a space of 14 days after his receiving notification of his election.
- (4) Ratification of the election by the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province in accordance with the method of ratification prescribed in the Provincial Canons. This ratification constitutes the Bishop-elect, after his Consecration, a member of the Provincial House of Bishops, and of the Upper House of General Synod.
- (5) Consecration of the Bishop-elect according to "The Form of Ordaining or Consecrating of an Archbishop or Bishop" by the Metropolitan, or by some Bishop appointed to act in his behalf, assisted by at least two other Bishops exercising their offices in two Dioceses of the Province other than that of the Metropolitan is necessary. In no circumstances shall there be less than three Bishops taking part in the Consecration of a Bishop.
- (6) The registration of the Election and Consecration of the Bishop in the Registers of the Diocese, the Province and of General Synod.
IV The effects of Ordination, and its obligations, are permanent, in the same way that the effects and obligations of Baptism are permanent.
- (1) The Bishop was made Deacon, and after his Consecration he still remains a servant. His Diaconate is extended and made more onerous, for he now becomes a servant of the servants of God.
- (2) He was ordained Priest. He never ceases to be a Priest. Among his clergy, he is an equal in all respects as to his Priesthood. His obligation to preach the Gospel and to minister the Sacraments of Christ never cease.
- (3) The unity of the ordained ministry lies in this common priesthood of the Gospel and Sacraments, and in the apostolate and mission of the whole Church to the world. Among the clergy and pastors of the Church, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, the "Pastor Pastorum". It appertains specially to his office to teach and uphold sound doctrine, and to banish and drive away all erroneous and strange opinions; and, himself and example of righteous and godly living, it is his duty to set forward and maintain quietness, love and peace among all men.
V Bishops are equal in regard to their consecration and office; they differ in their jurisdiction. Among Bishops we distinguish the following:
- (1) Bishops that have pre-eminence and jurisdiction not only within their own Dioceses, but a jurisdiction throughout the Ecclesiastical Province, as defined in the Canons of that Province, are called "Metropolitans" and bear the title of "Archbishop".
- (2) Bishops that have jurisdictions throughout a Diocese are called "Diocesans" or "Ordinaries".
- (3) Bishops elected to assist the Diocesan Bishop include the following classifications: Coadjutors, Suffragans with Title, and Suffragans without Title.
- (4) Bishops who have resigned, or who are superannuated, and who have been given Special Licences, without election, to perform the duties of a Priest within a Parish, or of Assistant to the Diocesan Bishop. Such Bishops normally work on a part-time basis, and should be described as Assistants to the Bishop. If however, the Diocesan and his Executive provide a regular stipend for this Episcopal Assistance, the Bishop is rightly described as an "Assistant Bishop".
VI A Bishop in relation to his Diocese.
- (1) Every Diocesan Bishop has, within his Diocese, jurisdiction as Ordinary. He is, within his Diocese, the Principal Minister, and to him belongs the right of celebrating the rites of Ordination and Confirmation; of consecrating new Churches, Chapels and Burial Grounds; of instituting clergy to vacant charges; of admitting by licence to all other vacant ecclesiastical offices; of holding visitation that he may have knowledge of the state, sufficiency, and ability of the clergy and other persons whom he is to visit; of summoning all Synods and Diocesan Conferences; and of presiding therein, either in person or by such deputy as he may lawfully appoint.
- (2) The Bishop shall be the President of the Synod or Governing Body of his Diocese, and Chairman of its Executive Committee, either in person or by lawful delegation of his authority.
-- As President of Synod he sits both as Bishop of the Diocese, and in matters of Faith, Worship, Order and Mission as the representative of the Canadian House of Bishops.
-- Without the sanction of his Executive Committee and of the Metropolitan he may not divest himself of all responsibility for the administration of the Diocese.
- (3) The authority and jurisdiction that the Bishop possesses within the Diocese are constitutional:
-- (a) in being exercised under the Canons of the Diocese, of the Ecclesiastical Province, and of General Synod, and
-- (b) in being shared with clergy and laity elected to Synod and its Boards of Committees, and
-- (c) in his obligation to consult with the Metropolitan and fellow Bishops in the Province, and with the Primate and the Canadian House of Bishops on important matters of Faith, Worship, Order, and the Mission of the Church.
- (4) (a) According to the vows taken at his consecration, the primary responsibility of the Diocesan Bishop is the work of the Church of God in the Diocese. Only under the most exceptional circumstances, and on a temporary basis, may he accept any other appointment with remuneration, and that with the consent of his own Executive and the Metropolitan. This consent may be recalled by either party at any time, provided due notice is given.
-- (b) Because the Diocesan Bishop may not hold two appointments with remuneration it is the duty of his Diocese to provide him with a Stipend and Allowances sufficient to keep him free from any financial anxiety and embarrassment.
-- (c) It is the duty of the Metropolitan to make an enquiry periodically, either himself, or with the help of a Committee of the Provincial Synod, to satisfy himself that the provisions of clause (b) are being met in the Dioceses under his jurisdiction.
- 5. (a) The Anglican Church of Canada recognizes no distinction between the status of Bishops who serve in Dioceses receiving Grants-in-aid from General Synod, and those that do not.
-- (b) The fact that part of the income of Episcopal Fund of any Diocese is derived from sources outside the Diocese does not impair the authority of the Bishop and Synod of that Diocese.
-- (c) The vows of obedience which a Bishop takes at his Consecration are incompatible with any special agreements or special work that impair the integrity of the Bishop's relationship with his own Synod, the Provincial Synod and the General Synod.
- (6) All Bishops, both Diocesan and Assistant, are required to fulfil the law of Residence by spending at least 9 months of each calendar year within the limits of their Diocese. They shall not so arrange their Leaves of Absence in such a way, at the end of one year and the beginning of the next that they are absent from their Diocese for more than three months at a time. If the circumstances are exceptional, and the Executive of the Diocese consents, the Metropolitan may extend the Leave of Absence beyond three months.
- (7) (a) All Bishops shall be entitled to six months' Leave of Absence from their Diocese with full stipend and allowances on the completion of six years of service, and thereafter six months for every six years completed.
-- (b) The Leave of Absence shall not be cumulative from one six year period to the next.
-- (c) Any Bishop taking Leave of Absence, shall report to his Metropolitan on the measures he is taking for his ministry and Administration during his absence. The Metropolitan shall satisfy himself that the measures are sufficient, and shall take any necessary steps to ensure that the measures agreed to are being duly maintained by those who have accepted the responsibilities.
VII A Bishop in Relation to his Clergy.
- (1) Among the Clergy whose names are on his Diocesan Roll, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, and Chief Liturgical Minister.
- (2) In maintaining the Discipline of Christ among the Clergy, he shall act in the spirit of a true Father in God.
-- If complaints or accusations are brought to the Bishop about one of his clergy, he must follow a course, as far as possible that will avoid all notoriety and public scandal.
-- In considering recourse to the discipline of Canon 28 of the General Synod, the Bishop shall not proceed to definitive action without consulting his Chancellor, and/or senior and prudent clergy of the Diocese.
- (3) The Bishop shall provide retreats and conferences of the Clergy for their spiritual and intellectual renewal; and arrange for their post ordination study and training.
- (4) The Bishop shall exercise a fatherly concern for the families of the Clergy, and according to the means at his discretion gassiest them at times of their special need.
VIII The Election or Appointment of assistant Bishops, (Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops).
- (1) If a Diocesan Bishop desires Episcopal Assistance and his Synod consents, and makes sufficient financial provision for one, the matter shall be laid before the Metropolitan who, in accordance with Provincial Canons, shall obtain and give the consent of the Provincial Authority to the holding of the election.
- (2) While the Provincial Authority may give or deny its consent to the election of an assistant Bishop, it lies with the Diocesan Authority, the Bishop and his Synod or his executive, to determine the Title and Work of the assistant Bishop to be elected. This shall be done and recorded in the Minutes of the meeting before the Election, and announced publicly at the meeting of the Electing Body. The person elected shall be informed of the terms of his appointment. If he accepts the Election, it is understood that he also accepts the terms of the appointment.
- (3) These terms may thereafter be changed only with the consent of the Diocesan with his Executive, and of the assistant Bishop himself.
- (4) If an assistant Bishop is elected, and the Diocese has not laid down beforehand the terms of appointment, it is understood that his position in the Diocese is that of Suffragan Bishop without Title and definite jurisdiction.
- (5) The expression 'terms of appointment' is to be taken to mean:
-- (a) Status or Title of the assistant Bishop, whether Coadjutor, Suffragan, or Assistant;
-- (b) Whether responsibility for a territorial area is assigned or not, or responsibility for certain kinds or spheres of work;
-- (c) Place of residence;
-- (d) Stipend and allowances that are to be paid at the start, on the understanding that they will be reviewed periodically by the Executive of the Diocese;
-- (e) That the assistant Bishop be 'ex officio' a member of the Executive Committee of the Diocese or its equivalent.
IX The Status and Work of assistant Bishops.
- (1) The Bishop Coadjutor is an assistant Bishop who has been already designated as the successor to the Diocesan. Any person who has already passed the age of 70 years when the Diocesan retires, is ineligible to act as Diocesan.
- (2) Since the Coadjutor is elected with the right to succession, it is understood that he will be given the opportunity of coming to know the Diocese, its history, and traditions, its Parishes and activities. The Coadjutor serves without restriction as to Title, or Jurisdiction in area or type of work.
- (3) His Title is, "The Coadjutor Bishop of .... (name of Diocese)".
- (4) In the exercise of the Episcopal Office, he holds Confirmations, dedications and consecrations, and makes visitation, in his own right, but in consultation with the Diocesan. He ordains, makes appointments of Clergy to parishes, receives their resignations, and convenes meetings of the clergy or of the Synod and its Executive only on the express authority of the Diocesan.
- (5) In the absence of the Bishop, unless Diocesan Canons give other directions, he shall preside at Synods and meetings of the Executive Committee.
- (6) The Coadjutor ranks next in seniority to the Diocesan Bishop. He takes precedence to the Suffragan with Title at services held within the jurisdiction of that Suffragan, only if he is present as the Deputy of the Diocesan himself.
- (7) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Coadjutor, provided that the appointment shall not make it impossible for the Coadjutor to exercise his office throughout the Diocese.
- (8) No Bishop should be named Coadjutor who has the prospect of serving in that capacity for over three years.
B. The Suffragan, with or without Special Title
- (1) Among Suffragan Bishops there are to be distinguished-
-- (a) those that bear a special Title, other than that of the Diocese, and
-- (b) those that bear the Title of the Diocese, and are known as the "Suffragan Bishop .... (name of the Diocese)".
- (2) The Special Title indicates a special responsibility for the Parishes and Clergy of a certain part of the Diocese. This Special responsibility does not impair the authority of the Diocesan in respect to that part of his Diocese, nor on the other hand, does it restrict the Suffragan in the exercise of his office to one part of the Diocese only. The Suffragan with a Title is available for duty throughout the Diocese at the direction of the Diocesan, but it will be expected that Confirmations, dedications, consecrations, the holding of retreats for and visitations of the Clergy within his jurisdiction will be left in his hands.
- (3) The absence of a Special Title indicates that the Suffragan Bishop is more directly and closely assigned to the Diocesan for duty anywhere in Diocese.
- (4) Suffragan Bishops are not required to resign when the Diocesan retires or deceases.
- (5) Suffragan Bishops do not succeed the Diocesan by right, but they may be elected to succeed, provided that they have not already reached the age of 70 years.
- (6) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Suffragan Bishop.
C. The Assistant Bishop, or the Assistant to the Bishop
- (1) In addition to Coadjutor and Suffragan Bishops there are also Assistant Bishops.
-- A person appointed with the Title Assistant Bishop is normally already a bishop, and the procedure in his appointment varies. When it is to be by diocesan election the regulations outlined in Clause VIII, shall apply.
-- When Assistant Bishops or Assistants to the Bishop are appointed rather than elected, their nomination lies with the Diocesan Bishop who shall act with the consent of, and on terms agreed to, by the Diocesan authorities (the Executive or the Synod) and by the Metropolitan.
- (2) Assistant Bishops may serve part time or full time, according to their agreement with the Bishop and Executive, but if they with to hold any other appointment in addition to the Bishopric they must obtain the consent of the Diocesan.
- (3) Superannuated Bishops may be appointed Assistant Bishops on a part time basis only. (See Clause V, (4).)
- (4) The appointment of an Assistant Bishop terminates when the Diocesan Bishop dies or retires.
- (5) If a Diocese requires Episcopal assistance, but is unable to obtain the necessary majorities of Clergy and Laity for election, or is unable to obtain the consent of the person who is elected, the Diocese
-- (a) may set up a special Electoral College, not otherwise provided for but not excluded by Diocesan Canons, in consultation with the Metropolitan, or
-- (b) may ask the Metropolitan to appoint a person as its assistant Bishop.
- (6) If a Diocese requires Episcopal assistance either permanently or temporarily, the initiative in seeking assistance shall lie
-- (a) normally with the Diocesan with the consent of his Synod or Executive Committee, or
-- (b) with the Executive Committee of the Diocese in consultation with the Chancellor, or
-- (c) with the Metropolitan.
- (7) If a Bishop requires Episcopal assistance, and his Synod or Executive cannot or will not make sufficient financing provision, the Metropolitan may meet the Executive to review the matter, and if he deems it wise an appeal shall be sent forward to the Primate and General Synod for a grant for this purpose.
X Resignations on Account of Age.
- (1) All Bishops shall submit their resignations to the Metropolitan when they attain the age of 70 years.
- (2) Resignations by Metropolitans of both their Diocesan and Provincial administration shall be submitted to the Provincial House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
- (3) Any Diocesan Bishop who has reached the age of 68 years and is within two years of his retirement, may give notice of his retirement to the Metropolitan and to the Synod or Executive of his Diocese, and require that he be provided with Episcopal Assistance. The Bishop elected on the grounds of "impending retirement" shall be a Coadjutor with right to succeed, provided that there be no Coadjutor to the Diocesan already.
The Archbishop of Algoma presented the latter half of his report dealing with Lambeth Resolution #41
Moved by the Archbishop of Algoma, seconded by the Bishop of James' Bay:
"That Recommendation #41 of Lambeth with the 'implementation' suggested in the report be accepted."
"That the motion of the Archbishop of Algoma and the Bishop of James' Bay be tabled with the report of Lambeth Resolution #41."
The motion of the Bishops of Calgary and Edmonton was passed 18-15
[Text of Resolution 41 and note as found on page 12 of these Minutes:
Resolution 41: "The Conference recommends that the bishops as leaders and representatives of a servant Church, should radically examine the honours paid to them in the course of divine worship, in titles and customary address, and in style of living, while having the necessary facilities for the efficient carry on of their work."
In its implementation, the Committee would suggest the dropping of diocesan signatures and meaningless titles, such as "My Lord".]
The resignation of Archbishop Sexton had been submitted to take effect on December 31, 1968 and the Bishop of New Westminster had been elected and enthroned as Archbishop of New Westminster and Metropolitan of British columbia.
It was suggested that the Primate request the Division of Communications to send information concerning the election of new Bishops and the dates of the respective consecrations to all the active Bishops of the Church.
"That this House send its greetings to archbishop Sexton wishing him God's richest blessings in his retirement."
A letter had been received from the General Secretary of General Synod on behalf of N.E.C. forwarding suggestions from the Commission on the Primacy with a request for the comments of the House. The Primate introduced the subject but discussion was delayed until the next session. (Continued in Item xxx.)
"That the communication from the General Secretary containing suggestions on the Primacy be received."
The proposals from the Commission on the Primacy were as follows:
1. There shall be a Primate who shall be the presiding bishop of the Anglican Church of Canada, and who, on assuming this office, shall be the senior Metropolitan of the Anglican Church of Canada, with the title of Archbishop.
2. The Primate shall be identified and canonically established as chief pastor to the whole Church.
3. He shall be charged with giving leadership in initiating and developing the policy and strategy of the Church, including the implementation of decisions of General Synod throughout the whole Church.
4. He may take order for the Consecration of Bishops, when duly elected, if such provision is made by any of the Synods of the several Ecclesiastical Provinces.
5. He shall maintain his office at the national headquarters of the Church, presently in Toronto, Ontario, and shall be considered to be the chief executive officer of the national staff; he may delegate such authority and responsibility to other executive staff, including any personal assistants who may be appointed by him after provision of financial requirements.
6. The Administration and Finance Committee shall determine annually the financial needs of the Primate, including all salaries, office expenses, living allowance, travel expenses, entertainment allowance, and other attendant expenses; funds above those provided from the income of any capital fund shall be obtained through the General synod Apportionment or Assessment.
7. If considered advisable by the House of Bishops and the clergy concerned clerical members of the national staff and overseas personnel may be licensed by the Primate, to enhance the pastoral relationship with such persons; a relationship may be established, by agreement of the Bishops, with clergy who are placed on the "House of Bishops' List".
8. The Primate shall (a) preside over the House of Bishops;
- (b) preside over the Upper House;
- (c) preside over the General Synod in joint session;
- (d) preside over the National Executive Council;
- (e) be ex officio a member of all Committees and Commissions.
This section shall not be considered to preclude the possibility of others presiding over the above bodies, from time to time.
9. He may speak in the name of the Church, after consultation with the National Executive Council or General Synod.
10. He shall be detached from specific diocesan and/or Provincial duties and responsibilities upon his election as Primate; i.e., he shall resign his see and relinquish his Provincial duties, if any.
11. The Primate shall hold office until he resigns or reaches the age of 70, at which time the office shall be filled, pro tem, by the senior Provincial Metropolitan.
12. Present canonical provisions for the resignation of and for filling the office of Primate shall apply and be reworded as necessary (see Canon III).
13. Other constitutional and canonical changes shall be made as required to implement these Proposals.
The proposals were dealt with one by one.
Proposal 1 was approved.
Proposal 2 -- Moved by the Bishop of Ontario, seconded by the Archbishop of New Westminster and carried:
"That we recommend that Proposal 2 be removed because, as it is presently understood, the office of chief pastor pertains to the Bishop of the Diocese."
Proposal 3 was approved.
Proposal 4 -- Moved by the Bishop of Brandon, seconded by the Bishop of Ontario:
"That the Primate may be the chief Consecrator at the Consecration of Bishops if such provision is made by any Synods of the several Ecclesiastical Provinces."
(This motion later was withdrawn.)
Moved by the Bishop of Huron, seconded by the Bishop of Nova Scotia:
"That the Primate may be the chief Consecrator at the Consecration of Bishops and that we suggest to the Provinces that they make provision for the Primate to alternate with the Provincial Metropolitan in acting as Chief Consecrator."
This was received as an alternative motion.
An amendment to the motion of the Bishop of Brandon was moved by the Bishop of Kootenay, seconded by the Bishop of Calgary:
"That we recommend the deletion of Proposal 4 pending the receipt of the report of the Committee on the structure of the Church concerning Ecclesiastical Provinces."
On the withdrawal of the motion of the Bishop of Brandon this amendment became an alternative motion.
A further alternative motion was moved by the Bishop of Ottawa, seconded by the Bishop of Newfoundland:
"The House of Bishops expresses its judgment that the Primate should normally be the Consecrator of Bishops."
The Chairman ruled that the several motions and amendments were alternative motions. The three alternative motions were put to the House in the following order -- the motions of the Bishop of Huron, the Bishop of Kootenay and the Bishop of Ottawa.
The Bishop of Huron's motion was defeated.
The Bishop of Kootenay's motion was carried, i.e., "That we recommend the deletion of Proposal 4 pending the receipt of the report of the Committee on the structure of the Church concerning Ecclesiastical Provinces."
The Bishop of Ottawa's motion was lost.
The Bishop of Brandon then moved an amended form of the motion of the Bishop of Ottawa, seconded by the Bishop of Calgary, which carried:
"That we recommend to the Committee on Structure of the Church that a study be made of the possibility of Canada being only one Province (Ecclesiastical) with the Primate as the Metropolitan." (For 15 - Against 8).
Proposal 5 -- The Bishop of Ontario moved an amendment to the proposal, seconded by the Coadjutor Bishop of Rupert's Land:
"That the words 'and Pastor' be inserted after 'officer', line 3, and the word 'executive' in line 4, be deleted."
This motion was later withdrawn.
Moved by the Bishop of Huron, in amendment, seconded by the Bishop of James Bay:
"That everything following 'Ontario' be deleted."
This amendment was lost, 10 to 11. The Bishop of Ontario's motion was then withdrawn.
Moved by the Bishop of Saskatoon, seconded by the Bishop of Montreal and carried:
"He shall maintain his office at the national headquarters of the Church and shall be charged with giving leadership, through the national staff and other agencies of the Church, in initiating and developing the policy and strategy of the Church, including the implementation of decisions of General Synod throughout the whole Church."
Proposal 6 was accepted.
Proposal 7 -- Moved by the Bishop of Brandon, seconded by the Bishop of Athabasca and carried:
"That the House agrees to the idea of Proposal seven and recommends that a procedure such as outlined in Canon XXI be followed as it refers to Chaplains in the Forces."
Proposal 8 -- Moved by the Bishop of Ontario, seconded by the Bishop of Yukon:
"That we recommend deletion of Clause 'a' of Proposal 8."
Moved by the Bishop of Newfoundland, seconded by the Bishop of Ontario and carried:
"That the House of Bishops inform the Commission on the Primacy that the House wishes to give further consideration to the Primate necessarily presiding over this House."
Proposal 9 -- No comment.
Proposal 10 -- Moved by the Bishop of Newfoundland, seconded by the Bishop of Cariboo and carried unanimously.
"That the House of Bishops recommends in regard to Proposal 10 that the House of Bishops of the Province of Ontario be asked to explore the possibility of providing an alternative solution by means of a small diocese or Collegiate Church within that Province. The House of Bishops further recommends that the present arrangement with the Province of Rupert's Land and with N.E.C. be extended until such time as a decision is reached."
A meeting of this body was held in England in June at which all Provinces of the Church were represented except China. The Primate reported on the matter of the sending of cards to Chinese bishops to say that they were remembered in the prayers of the Diocese on specific days. Because of possible undesirable results of such correspondence on the whole it was considered that it is better that this should not be done.
The Primate referred to the action of the Lambeth Consultative Body with respect to the appointment of Bishop Dean as Executive Officer of the Church. Bishop Dean's name had been prominent in discussion of suitable persons. It had been agreed that the position should be filled by appointment by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the light of the discussions. The Archbishop had then appointed Bishop Dean. The Primate was joined by all members of the House in extending congratulations and every good wish to Bishop Dean in his new responsibility. Arrangements are being made in the Province of British Columbia to enable Bishop Dean to retain his See, and therefore his membership in the Canadian House of Bishops during his term as Executive Officer. Bishop Dean spoke with great appreciation of this arrangement and requested the continuing prayers of the members of the House.
The Bishop of Niagara pointed out that not all arrangements regarding the office of Executive Officer are settled, among them the provision of moving expenses.
"That $3,000 be made available from the Appleford bequest to cover the moving expenses of Bishop Dean as he moves to England to take up his duties as Executive Officer of the Anglican Communion."
The Archbishop of Algoma reported for the Committee stating that there is need for the terms of reference of the Committee to be enlarged. The basic question involved has to do with the nature of the episcopate. There is a great variety of concepts held throughout the Anglican Church, and there is need for reaching a common mind. This is particularly important at a time when we are having discussions on Church unity with Churches outside the historic episcopate. There are questions in the report submitted last year to which we must yet find the answers.
The Bishop of Ontario said this report will be followed up by a questionnaire to the Bishops during the next six months which will provide a basis for discussion at our next meeting. The Bishop of Ottawa spoke of the practice in some parts of the Church of having bishops in charge of parishes who are able to give episcopal assistance to their diocesans. He also questioned the use of traditional episcopal signatures and archaic forms of address.
The Bishop of Huron felt that the time has come for a commission to study the subject and bring in a proposed canon, to be submitted next year to General Synod.
The Bishop of Niagara felt that this subject is important enough to merit a special meeting of the House of Bishops.
"That the report of the Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops be received."
Moved by the Bishop of Niagara, seconded by the Bishop of Edmonton and carried:
"That the Primate be requested to extend the membership and scope of the present committee and that the committee be asked to submit a report and Canon at a special meeting of the House which shall be called by the Primate at a time and place to be decided by him (the Primate)."
"Realizing the urgent needs of the Church throughout the world indicated in the statement on Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence in the Body of Christ, presented at the recent Anglican Congress, and desiring to see the Canadian Church make a worthy response without delay, the Members of this House of Bishops pledge themselves to contribute 5% (five per cent) of their salaries for 1964, as an initial donation." (This amount to be additional to their present Church contributions). CARRIED unanimously
"That the House of Bishops requests the Registrar of General Synod to prepare a permanent Register of the Canadian Episcopate showing date and place of Consecration and the names of consecrating Archbishops and Bishops, such Register to be kept in the office of the General Secretary of General Synod.
Further, that at all future consecrations the Archbishop consecrating shall send a copy of the Act of Consecration to the Registrar for insertion in the Register."