That Resolution G, page 133 of the Convening Circular, be amended to read as follows:
"Whereas there are legislative changes contemplated in Canada in relation to abortion,
Whereas there is a need for a comprehensive study into matters relating to abortion, and
Whereas there has been no definite statement made by the Anglican Church of Canada regarding abortion,
THIS GENERAL SYNOD
1. Requests the Primate to set up a special study committee of theologians, parish clergy, obstetricians, doctors engaged in family practice, lawyers, and specialists in behavioural and medical sciences to prepare a statement on all aspects relating to abortion, and further
2. Authorizes the said committee to submit a brief in the name of the Anglican Church of Canada when opportunity is provided to do so by the Government of Canada." CARRIED in both Houses.
Nearing the end of a furlough after seven years' service as a nurse in India for the Anglican Church of Canada, Jane E. Allen of London, Ontario, returned to the sub-continent in August to assist in a long-range educational project which aims to curb the rapidly-mounting birth rate.
The ecumenical Family Planning Project, started in 1966 by the Christian Medical Association of India, is backed by the government and the Indian National Council of Churches. Expansion of the work calls for eight teams, each consisting of a doctor, nurses and social workers. They will establish birth control programs at more than 400 hospitals and medical centres affiliated with the association. Medical staffs realize that present problems stem from the population explosion and efforts at a solution must be given top priority.
Irish-born Miss Allen will work in North India as she is fluent in Punjabi as well as the Hindustani language. She will be supported financially by the Anglican Church of Canada. Prior to her furlough she had been attached to Maple Leaf Hospital at Kangra, founded by Canadian Anglicans 60 years ago.
"The government is having difficulty in getting the largely illiterate population to practice family planning," said Miss Allen. "Parents still rely on their children for support in old age as no government assistance is provided. They believe that children are the gift of God and male descendants are important, particularly to Hindus."
Miss Allen said the Lippes Loop intra-uterine device, introduced on a mass scale in 1965, has played a useful role, but care must be taken in educating people regarding its function and proper use. Conventional methods for birth control also are freely available, but family planning lags because of fear, prejudice, apathy and lack of education.
With a population of more than 500,000,000, India's birth rate stands about 41 per thousand, nearly three times as high as the current death rate which has been dramatically reduced in the last half century by improved medical services. Christian hospitals have contact with 12,000,000 people annually who would benefit from the proposed family planning program.
Miss Allen explained that each of the teams will visit two or three hospitals monthly, taking with them literature, equipment and a variety of visual aids. They will hold classes for doctors, nurses and hospital maintenance staff who will develop family planning programs under competent medical leadership.
After training as a nurse in England, Miss Allen had three years' experience in the United States before coming to Canada where she took a course at the Anglican Women's Training College here. She went to India in 1961.
Ottawa, Ontario - Abortion can be justified only when there is serious threat to the mother's life or health, the Anglican Church of Canada says in a brief presented to the standing committee on health and welfare today.
The church, while stating that it cannot agree with either the "abortion on demand" or "absolute prohibition" camps, makes proposals which depart from its long-standing tradition in opposition to abortion.
The brief states that termination of pregnancy may be a justifiable consideration when circumstances contribute to the impairment of a mother's health, reducing her ability to care for her family. It does not recognize overcrowding, insanitary housing and malnutrition as justifiable causes for abortion.
"We assert the general inviolability of the foetus and defend its right to live and develop," it states. "We lay the burden of proof to the contrary on those who wish to extinguish that right on the ground that it is in conflict with another right having a greater claim to recognition.
The brief says there is urgent need to amend Criminal Code clauses dealing with the dispensing of means and information of family planning methods and urges the government to give priority to these sections of the Code.
The brief states that prevention of unwanted pregnancies by contraceptive means is to be preferred to other alternatives. A widespread program of family life education, including family planning, must accompany any change in the Criminal Code dealing with contraception, it says.
In cases of alleged rape or incest, it should be the effect upon the mother's total health rather than the circumstances of the conception which provides a valid ground for ending the pregnancy, the brief says. It also suggests therapeutic abortions be considered by a hospital committee when diagnosis can indicate there is substantial risk of foetal abnormality. Abortion in such cases would be directed toward prevention of breakdown of the mother's health.
The brief was prepared by a team of 24 persons, composed of bishops, clergy, laymen and women, both married and unmarried. The committee, appointed by Most Rev. Howard H. Clark, primate of the church, represented a wide range of professions.
"Published by The Anglican Church of Canada Division of National and World Program".
Includes bibliography: p. 24-25.
"This edition of the 'Bulletin' makes available in one volume the recent statements of The Anglican Church of Canada with respect to abortion, divorce, marriage breakdown and responsible parenthood. Because so many people in Canada are concerned about these subjects there is a real need for each parish priest to gave ready access to the precise position taken by the Church so that he may respond to the issues with accuracy, integrity and a degree of efficiency. .... For easy reference the 1958 and 1968 statements of The Lambeth Conference with respect to Responsible Parenthood have also been included". -- Intro., p. 4.
Contents: Introduction / Robert D. MacRae -- Abortion : Brief on Abortion from The Anglican Church of Canada to The Standing Committee on Health and Welfare, House of Commons, Presented Thursday, December 14, 1967 -- Divorce : Brief of The CanadianHouse of Bishops of The Anglican Church of Canada to The Special Joint Committee of The Senate and House of Commons on Divorce, Presented on Thursday, February 23, 1967 -- Marriage Breakdown : A Statement of Several Canadian Churches to The Minister of Justice, House of Commons about Proposals to Reform The Divorce Laws, November 8, 1967 -- Responsible Parenthood : 1964 Resolution Anglican Church of Canada : 1967 Resolution Anglican Church of Canada : 1958 Statement and Resolution of The Lambeth Conference : 1968 Resolution of The Lambeth Conference -- Bibliography.