Mr. Matthew Kett presented the report of the Eco-Justice Committee. Speaking to the issue of HIV/AIDS:
- PWRDF Executive Director, Mr. Andrew Ignatieff, told of the work of the Primate's World Relief and Development Fund in responding to the call from our partners in Africa. The Fund is also interested in working with aboriginal communities in Canada.
- Dr. Eleanor Johnson, Director Partnerships, reported that the General Synod Planning Committee had been approached to invite Stephen Lewis to speak at General Synod. The Partners in Mission Committee would like to bring the issue back to Canada and have parishes look at their response to the disease.
-The Rev. Canon Allen Box spoke of his work HOPE Africa, a social development wing of the Diocese of Capetown [i.e. Cape Town], and of the project he is involved in, which raises funds for a community in Africa where 40% of people are HIV sufferers.
-Bishop Barry Hollowell stressed that Council not forget the situation in Canada where the disease is on the increase, particularly in the prison system and in aboriginal communities. Our awareness and our ability to inform and keep information in front of people are imperative.
That the Council of General Synod commend the HIV/AIDS document originating in Southern Africa for widespread distribution and action (see Appendix 1 of the PIMC Report to Council of General Synod).
It was noted that both EcoJustice and Partners-in-Mission recommended this motion.
The mover and seconder agreed to add the words "and support the request of Partners in Mission for an educational session on HIV/AIDS at General Synod 2004" to the motion. The motion now reads
That the Council of General Synod commend the HIV-AIDS document originating in Southern Africa for widespread distribution and action (see Appendix 1 of the PIMC Report to Council of General Synod) and support the request of Partners in Mission for an educational session on HIV AIDS at General synod 2004" to the motion. CARRIED #20-05-03
"Each issue of 'The Churches Speak' begins with an introductory essay which provides an overview of the topic itself and traces its recent historical manifestations. This essay also summarize, compares, and contrasts the opinions found in the individual statements, allowing the user to place each one in the appropriate context. Each essay concludes with bibliographic citations to sources for further reading on the topic. The statements presented in each monograph are arranged into four main sections based on broad religious families or traditions: The Roman Catholic Church (which represents the single largest religious body in the United States); Protestant and Eastern Orthodox Churches; Jewish Groups; and Other Religious Bodies. Within the Roman Catholic Church section, statements are arranged chronologically by issuing date. The remaining sections are subarranged alphabetically by individual churches, religious bodies, or ecumenical organizations; the statements issued by each organization are presented chronologically within that organization. Each of the four religious family sections is preceded by a note which provides background information of the family and analysis of its perspective on the issue in question." -- Preface.
Contents: Preface / J. Gordon Melton -- Introductory Essay: The Contemporary Debate in the Churches on the AIDS Crisis -- Statements -- Index to Organizations, Statements, and Subjects.
Statements sub-divided into sections: Roman Catholic Church -- Protestant and Eastern Orthodox Churches -- Jewish Groups -- Other Religious Bodies.
OTCH Note: Protestant and Eastern Orthodox Churches section contains four Canadian and/or Anglican statements as follows: A Bi-National (Canada/United States) Consultation Statement on AIDS (1987) -- AIDS: Some Guidelines for Pastoral Care (1986) / Church of England -- Resolution on AIDS (1988), Report of the Commission on Human Affairs and Health (1988) / Episcopal Church -- Statement on AIDS (1986), Statement on AIDS (1987), AIDS in Canada (1988) / United Church of Canada.
"Published by the Provincial Office of the Church of the Province of Kenya, P.O. Box 40504, Nairobi, Kenya".
"The Pre-Lambeth Conference for Anglican Bishops and Archbishops in Africa met in Limuru, Kenya, from July 8th-16th 1987. The Conference was intended as a preparation for the 1988 Lambeth Conference of all Bishops in the Anglican Communion which will be held next July in Canterbury. Hosted by the Archbishop of Kenya, the Most Rev. Manasses Kuria, and organized by the Provincial Secretary, the Ven. John Kago, assisted by a small Provincial Committee chaired by the Rt. Rev. David Gitari, the Conference brought together 57 Bishops from nine out of the ten Anglican Provinces in Africa, eight of them Archbishops: approximately half of the entire number of Anglican Bishops on the continent of Africa. It was the first time a large number of Archbishops and Bishops from Africa had assembled on African soil to discuss things of common concern". -- Intro.
Contents: Welcome dated 8th July 1987 / Manasses Kuria -- Introduction -- Keynote Address / Samuel Van Culin -- Summaries of Discussions and Resolutions -- The Debate on Polygamy -- Resolutions Passed concerning Polygamy -- Resolutions Passed concerning AIDS -- Conference Papers -- Church, Community and State / J.H. Okullu -- The Critical Issues / A.K. Kiriro -- AIDS / W. Koinange -- The Ground on Which We Stand: The Theological Basis for our Action in Advocacy / Kwasi A. Thornell -- Conclusions -- Appendix 1: 1978 Lambeth Conference: Resolutions 20, 21 and 22 on the Ordination of Women -- Conference List.
OTCH Note. The Most Rev. Michael Peers, Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, was a guest at the Conference and appears in a photograph on p. 3.
Originally published in German as: AIDS : Eine Krankheit verander die Welt : Daten, Fakten, Hintergrunde. Frankfurt: Verlag Otto Lembeck, 2003.
Includes bibliography: p. 110-118.
This book "is an offering to churches and the world -- a significant and vital addition to the continuum of knowledge -- that will greatly assist churches to be effective and efficient in the struggle to overcome HIV/AIDS. It is a compilation of historical, scientific and statistical material aimed at providing churches and their partners with a better understanding of the dynamics of HIV/AIDS as well as current information to aid in collaborative efforts at answering the challenge of the disease. .... On a practical level this response is deliberately multi-faceted and interactive, encouraging churches and Christian service organizations to build and support coalitions dedicated to overcoming this epidemic". -- Preface.
Contents: Preface / Samuel Kobia, General Secretary, World Council of Churches -- Introduction / Sonja Weinreich and Christoph Benn --.Natural history and HIV transmission -- Global, regional and country-specific spread of HIV/AIDS -- Vulnerable population groups -- Gender equity -- Children -- Young people -- Socio-economic context -- Stigma and discrimination --Human rights -- People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) -- Prevention -- Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) -- Care -- Antiretroviral therapy -- HIV/AIDS on the international agenda -- Advocacy and lobbying -- Culture and tradition -- Churches, theology and HIV/AIDS -- Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS -- Literature.
"This book comprises the 2005 Massey Lectures, `Race Against Time', broadcast in November 2005 as part of CBC Radio's `Ideas' series".
Contents: Preface -- Acknowledgements -- I: Context: It Shames and Diminishes Us All -- II: Pandemic: My Country is On Its Knees -- III: Education: An Avalanche of Studies, Little Studying -- IV: Women: Half the World, Barely Represented -- V: Solutions: A Gallery of Alternatives in Good Faith -- Glossary.
Author is Canadian and the UN Secretary-General's special envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa, a commissioner on the World Health Organization's Commission on Social Determinants of Health, and director of the Stephen Lewis Foundation.
Includes bibliographical references (p. -187).
"On the afternoon of a hot southern African summer day in the capital city of Zimbabwe, some 1000 participants at the eighth assembly of the World Council of Churches engaged in a deliberative session on `Ubuntu and the African kairos'. It was 8 December 1998, the 50th anniversary of the founding of the WCC. A local Zimbabwean theatre group enacted a powerful political drama entitled `A Journey of Hope'. This was the beginning -- or launch -- of a pilgrimage of conversion, commitment, and above all accompaniment. It was agreed that the focus on Africa would be one of wholehearted support for the churches and peoples of the continent. There would be an emphasis on transformation of Africa's social, political and economic systems in order to create a just society in which women and young people, too, would participate fully. Peace and reconciliation would be sought between people and communities. Everything within the church's power would be devoted to help contain and overcome the scourge of HIV and AIDS. Good governance, ethical values and stewardship would be emphasized. And the churches affirmed the rights of African children to hope for a bright future which, with all their strength and ability, they would help to create". -- back cover.
Contents: Dedication [to Dr. Aaron Tolen] -- Preface / Samuel Kobia -- A Letter to My Ancestors / Mercy Amba Oduyoye -- Journey of Hope to a New Africa -- The Origins of Pan-African Ecumenism -- Forgiveness and Healing of Memories -- Reconstruction of Africa -- Health and Spirituality of Africa -- The Quest for Justice and Human Dignity -- Renewing African Ecumenism -- New Ecumenical Thresholds -- The Gift of African Women -- Appendix One: African Ecumenical Covenants -- Appendix Two: Statements on Africa from WCC Central and Executive Committees -- Acknowledgements -- Abbreviations and acronyms -- Bibliography.
"Mercy Amba Oduyoye, from Ghana, founded the Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians and is the first African woman from south of the Sahara to have served as deputy general secretary of the World Council of Churches. The essays in this volume describe the key contributions she has made to African theology in our time, and then apply her insights to issues of scripture, health and poverty, and women as peacemakers". -- back cover.
Contents divided into five main parts: Celebrating Mercy Amba Ewudziwa Oduyoye -- African Women, the Bible and Health -- Women as Traditional Healers in Africa -- African Women's Experiences of Health and Healing, Endurance and Peacemaking -- Postscript.
Contents: Acknowledgements -- Preface / Elizabeth Amoah -- Introduction : "Treading Softly but Firmly": African Women, Religion and Health / Isabel Apawo Phiri and Sarojini Nadar -- Part I: Celebrating Mercy Amba Ewudziwa Oduyoye -- 1. Beads and Strands: Threading More Beads in the Story of the Circle / Musimbi R.A. Kanyoro -- 2. Mercy Amba Oduyoye: Wise Woman Bearing Gifts / Letty M. Russell -- 3. Let's Celebrate the Power of Naming / Nyambura J. Njoroge -- Part II: African Women, the Bible and Health -- 4. "Texts of Terror": The Conspiracy of Rape in the Bible, Church, and Society: The Case of Esther 2:1-8 / Sarojini Nadar -- 5. Women and Health in Ghana and the Trokosi Practice: An Issue of Women's and Children's Rights in 2 Kings 4:1-7 / Dorothy B.E.A. Akoto -- Part III: Women as Traditional Healers in Africa -- 6. Dealing with the Trauma of Sexual Abuse: A Gender-based Analysis of the Testimonies of Female Traditional Healers in KwaZulu-Natal / Isabel Apawo Phiri -- 7. Adinkra !: Four Hearts Joined Together: On Becoming Healing-Teachers of African Indigenous Religion/s in HIV and AIDS Prevention / Musa W. Dube -- 8. Women as Healers: The Nigerian (Yoruba) Example / Dorcas Olubanke Akintunde -- Part IV: African Women's Experiences of Health and Healing, Endurance and Peacemaking -- 9. Women, Poverty, and HIV in Zimbabwe: An Exploration of Inequalities in Health Care / Sophia Chirongoma -- 10. Women and Peacemaking: The Challenge of a Non-Violent Life / Susan Rakoczy -- 11. Stand Up and Walk, Daughter of My People: Consecrated Sisters of the Church / Sr. M. Bernadette Mbuy Beya -- 12. From Mere Existence to Tenacious Endurance: Stigma, HIV/AIDS and a Feminist Theology of Praxis / Denise M. Ackermann -- 13. Navigating Experiences of Healing: A Narrative Theology of Eschatological Hope as Healing / Fulata Lusungu Moyo -- Part V: Postscript -- 14. Daughters of Ethiopia: Constructing a Feminist Discourse in Ebony Strokes / Ogbu U. Kalu -- Contributors.
"This book is the first of a two-part series which deals with the African churches and HIV/AIDS. The second part, 'Acting in Hope: African Churches and HIV/AIDS 2', is also published as a Risk Book". -- Acknowledgements.
"The church in Africa is called upon to live out the positive attitude toward travellers that is found in African societies. It must express solidarity with people living with HIV. It must engage in accompaniment. It must travel with people living with HIV and be sensitive to their rights and needs. Crucially, it must break down barriers between 'us' and 'them'. A church 'with friendly feet' walks alongside those affected by HIV. It courageously proclaims that it is a church living with HIV and AIDS. It refuses to throw stones (John 8:1-11) and recognizes that the gospel compels us Christians to love without limits". -- Intro.
Contents: Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- The Church in Africa: An Overview -- A Weakened Response to HIV/AIDS -- Churches with Friendly Feet -- Churches with Anointed Hands -- Conclusion.
Author "serves as Theology Consultant for the Ecumenical HIV and AIDS Initiative in Africa (EHAIA)." -- back cover.
The Advent 1996 issue of the International Anglican Family Network "tells of just a few of the projects, linked with churches, which are trying to alleviate the suffering and halt the spread of the disease. In this terrible situation there are signs of hope." Article includes reports from 12 different countries.
"As late as the 1988 Lambeth Conference, bishops from Africa were denying that there was a disease called AIDS". The situation has changed now and the Cape Town joint meeting passed a resolution "that calls for a universal response to AIDS". Several African churches, including those of Uganda and Tanzania have developed AIDS education and prevention programs.
Archbishop Ndungane was commissioned at the recent Primates' Meeting to facilitate a workshop on AIDS "in order that a strategic plan for sub-Saharan Africa may be developed". The Primates Meeting resolved "that the church's first priority is to adopt a holistic and effective approach to HIV/AIDS". This statement announces that the workshop will take place in Gauteng, South Africa, 13-16 August 2001 and outlines the eight objectives in developing an integrated strategic plan.
The author describes the actions of Anglicans in Africa to break the silence surrounding AIDS. In August 2001 the All African Anglican AIDS Workshop met in South Africa. The Conference of Anglican Provinces of Africa (CAPA) has endorsed the Action Plan from the Workshop and announced plans to hire a Coordinator to work within CAPA on "AIDS-related programmes by pursuing strategic planning, collaborative partnerships and the implementation of responses to develop the capacity of the Provinces". Provinces are urged to remember those who have died from AIDS on November 2nd, All Saints Day. A Conference for Church Leaders, living with HIV/AIDS is planned for Zimbabwe in 17-25 November 2001, led by the Rev. Gideon Byamugisha, from Uganda, who is himself living with AIDS. The secular world, increasingly hosted by churches and other religious institutions observes World AIDS Day on 1 December.
Twenty-two members of the Commission from every corner of the Anglican Communion gathered at the Kempton Park Conference Centre in South Africa for the first meeting of the Inter-Anglican Standing Commission on Mission and Even. The group heard presentations about the reality of AIDS in South Africa and heard that "last year 250,000 South Africans died from AIDS. This number will double in six years". The group published a document entitled "A Call" and invited all dioceses, parishes and local churches, to consider the document and send their responses to the Mission Department of the Anglican Communion Office. [Full text of document reproduced here.]
Also includes an "HIV/AIDS -Factfile" and brief reports from USPG supported health projects in Malawi, South Africa and Zambia.
Archbishop of Carey, the Most Rev. George Carey, and his wife Eileen, visited the London Lighthouse and CARA, an church run AIDS charity. Dr. Carey said that "AIDS is one of the most important issues facing the Anglican Church worldwide today."
The author, Archbishop of Cape Town and Primate of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa, reflects on the recent AIDS 2002 Conference in Barcelona Spain. "The key challenges are to change behavioural patterns and to eradicate the stigma that makes it so difficult for people to seek the help they need. Above all we dare not lose hope. We cannot allow ourselves to be paralysed by despair". After reviewing governmental and NGO actions and strategies, he goes on to say: "I offer a committed strategic `Partnership for Life' on behalf of the more that 70 million Anglicans worldwide, who have commissioned me to drive a programme that is working towards a `Generation without AIDS'. We do not have huge amounts of money but we do reach deep into every community. We are often located where there is no Post Office or electricity and we acknowledge our own responsibility in the AIDS arena. I extend my hand and heart to government in this partnership. The leaders of this nation must collaborate, and speak as one, and together build on the dreams and hopes for our people. We must eliminate the fear fuelled by misinformation and dithering about response and responsibility. We must unite in a stand for hope".
"We, the Anglican Communion across Africa, pledge ourselves to promise that future generations will be born and live free from AIDS". "Over 35 leaders, among them Provincial Secretaries and AIDS Co-ordinators from all the 12 African Provinces and the Diocese of Egypt, attended the weeklong workshop at the Ankrah Foundation in Mukono [from 26 January to 1 February 2003]."
BBC reporter Siobhann Tighe interviewed the Most Rev. Njongonkulu Ndungane, Archbishop of Cape Town, about the Anglican Church's fight against HIV and AIDS in the African continent. In his comments, Archbishop Ndungane also discusses the importance of Ubuntu. "We've got to rediscover human values. After all Africans have a high doctrine of humanity. The whole philosophy of being human is couched in that wonderful African concept of UBUNTU: I am because we belong together."
"On Dec. 1 , World AIDS Day, the PWRDF [Primate's World Relief and Development Fund] committed itself to deepening its engagement in the struggle against HIV and AIDS through the launch of a new integrated initiative called `Partnership for Life ... for a generation without AIDS'. Through this initiative, PWRDF will be testifying to the truth about HIV/AIDS in our communities and throughout our world. We hope that you will work with PWRDF to open the hearts and minds of congregations in communities across Canada to involve them in a process of education, prayer, reflection, social action, and generous support of PWRDF funded programs challenging the spread of HIV/AIDS in Canada yet mostly throughout eastern and southern Africa." Article describes the four major areas of work within the initiative and gives a number of statistics about AIDS e.g. "In the past year, an estimated three million people have died of AIDS (the population of Toronto)". Author is the Director of the Primate's World Relief and Development Fund.
The theme of the next (13th) meeting of the Anglican Consultative Council to be held in Nottingham, England, in 2005 will be "Living Communion". The author experienced that communion in a recent visit to Swaziland where a delegation visited St. Margaret of Scotland parish. The Rev. Ooma Marumbela, one of the first two women deacons in Swaziland, runs a centre for orphaned children whose parents have usually died of complications of HIV and AIDS. "Swaziland has the highest HIV and AIDS infection rate in the world. The country faces many challenges with its government, with gender issues and the devastating impact of poverty".
See also article "Prayers for Swaziland .." on pp. 4-5 of this issue.
Issue of IAFN Newsletter included as part of the Anglican World for Trinitytide 2004. An editorial and series of short reports from different agencies and countries assessing and looking back on "changes to family life over the decade" since the 1994 launch conference of the International Year of the Family in Malta. "The articles tell of the increasing number of single parent families and of projects to help them. Another development is the changing role of parents. In Africa, Myanmar and Sri Lanka, as well as in Western countries, some men are becoming more involved with the care of their children and more women are becoming breadwinners -- modifying the traditional demarcation of roles. The global nature of change is again highlighted in the article from Myanmar/Burma, which notes the pressures of modern technology on children, with videos and Superman replacing the transmission of values through storytelling. In Papua New Guinea, the influence of cultural change has resulted in improvements in education and literacy but also noted is an increase in violence within the family. In some countries, changes affecting families reflect the aftermath of civil violence. An article tells of the signs of hope in Rwanda, despite the horrors of the genocide. .... In Northern Ireland, too, there are signs of optimism despite the bitter legacy of the troubles. A major theme underlying many of the changes is the spread of HIV/AIDS. This was raised at the initial IYF [International Year of the Family] conference, but the extent and consequences of the pandemic have vastly intensified during the ten years, bringing heartbreak and poverty to many. The death toll affects all generations of the family, with grandparents having to care for orphans and losing the support of their children in their old age." "The final section of the newsletter tells of action taken by Governments to help families. A point made by many at the Malta conference was that Governments needed to recognise the importance of families as the basic unit of society and do more to help them. It is clear that further Government action is needed, but articles tell of steps forward.