The right to life involves not only the right to existence but also the right to human dignity and the opportunity for healthy development; and recognizing the increasing need for assistance to people of all ages in their mutual relationships especially with the basic unit of our society -- the Family:
- (a) Requests the Government of Canada to modify the legislation relating to abortion so that consideration of health of the pregnant woman may include concern for emotional and sociological factors which bear directly upon her ability to cope with the pregnancy.
- (b) Urges government at all levels, as appropriate to strengthen legislation in support of a Family Counselling, Family Planning and Family Life Education within the school system and the community at large.
- (c) Urges all dioceses to support and assist in the development of Family Life Education programs both within the Church and in the community.
Moved by: Dr. D.H. Gould
Seconded by: Dr. J.E. Merriman
That this Resolution (on abortion), be tabled, and that the National Executive Council set up a task force of theologians, physicians, social scientists and lawyers to study the question of a definition of 'human life' in its applications to the question of medical morals and ethics on subjects such as abortion, transplantations and medical experimentation for report to the next General Synod. CARRIED
The Assessors ruled that this motion was really two motions, and at this point in the debate it was agreed that the question should be re-opened.
Moved by: Miss Betty C. Graham
Seconded by: Reverend E. Bull
That the question be re-opened. CARRIED
That this Resolution on abortion be tabled. CARRIED
That the National Executive Council set up a task force of theologians, physicians, social scientists and lawyers to study the question of a definition of `human life' in its applications to the question of medical morals and ethics on subjects such as abortion, transplantations and medical experimentation for report to the next General Synod. CARRIED
A revised motion was then introduced.
Moved by: Reverend P.R. Ellis
Seconded by: Reverend H. McSherry
Building on the work started by the meetings of General Synod in Ottawa, this 25th Session endorses the statement of the Primate's Special Study Committee on Abortion as our authoritative position, and commends the Canadian government for the changes made in the criminal code.
The revised motion was DEFEATED.
[Recorded as No. 126 in Acts of Synod, p. 72. List of Acts includes actions which are NOT resolutions/acts.]
That this Task Force request General Synod to authorize the continuance of its work for further report to the National Executive Council before the next Synod.
An amendment to this motion was:
That this Synod request the National Executive Council to reconsider the constituency and purpose of the Task Force on Human Life with the object of a report giving priority to the problems related to abortion by the November meeting of the National Executive Council.
Moved by: Archdeacon J.G. Morden
Seconded by: Mrs. Mary Fenwick
That the motion be put. CARRIED IN BOTH ORDERS.
The amendment CARRIED IN BOTH ORDERS.
The motion as amended CARRIED IN BOTH ORDERS. Act 17
THAT this General Synod, while admitting the necessity of therapeutic abortion in special circumstances, rejects the policy of abortion on demand and directs National Executive Council to petition the governments with respect hereto and take all necessary action to promote both education for family planning and measures in support of families and individuals facing serious difficulties in this area.
An amendment to this motion was
Moved by: Dr. L.L. Whytehead
Seconded by: Mr. Desmond R. Smith
That this General Synod take all necessary action to promote both education for family planning and measures in support of families and individuals facing unwanted pregnancy, such as skilled Christian counselling, and emphasize the loving concern of the Church for those involved, whatever their final decision.
An amendment to the amendment
THAT this General Synod, while admitting the necessity of therapeutic abortion in special circumstances - as spelled out in our 1967 brief to Government, commends the Government of Canada for the present law which is in accordance with this philosophy. We respectfully request that this law be rigidly enforced so that abortion on demand be not possible and take all necessary action including general distribution of our brief throughout the Church, to promote both education for family planning and measures in support of families and individuals facing serious difficulties in this area.
Motion to refer was DEFEATED IN ORDER OF DELEGATES.
Chancellor Ryan, on behalf of the Assessors, then ruled that the vote on the amendment was to be taken next.
The amendment was DEFEATED IN ORDER OF DELEGATES.
The amendment to the amendment was then presented as a second amendment to the motion.
This amendment CARRIED IN BOTH ORDERS.
The motion, as amended CARRIED IN BOTH ORDERS. Act 18
Moved by: Mr. P.J. Andrewes
Seconded by: The Rev. R. Stockall
"That this General Synod stand for one minute of silent prayers for all those human lives which have been killed by abortion in Canada by the present state of the law".
This motion was withdrawn by the mover and seconder. In doing so, the mover said that he was responding to the personal request of the Primate, who had assured him that he had the right to put the motion if he insisted, but that several people had indicates to the Primate that it amounted to moral blackmail, would be unfair to those who disagreed, and would divide the Synod. Mr. Andrewes stated that he did not agree with these objections, but was acceding to the Primate's request.
Dean Nock, in introducing the report of the Task Force on Human Life on Abortion, noted General Synod, 1971, Resolution which called for the establishment of the Task Force, and General Synod, 1973, Resolution requesting the Task Force to produce a report for November NEC on Abortion.
The Primate introduced those members of the Task Force present: Rev. P. Chidwick - Chairman, Rev. P. Gibson, Miss Betty C. Graham, Mr. H. Allan Leal, Mr. S.E. Kingstone, Dr. C.R. Feilding, Dr. David McCallion, Mrs. Phyllis Creighton, Dr. Eugene Fairweather.
Mr. Chidwick, in his introductory remarks, noted that the Task Force will address itself in the future to such pertinent areas of concern as transplantation, cloning, euthanasia, artificial insemination by donor, and stated that the Task Force would be pleased to submit further Papers to the NEC.
Mrs. Phyllis Creighton, in speaking to the Report on behalf of the Task Force, noted three major areas to which the Task Force had given consideration; the Law, the Church's role, and the Community.
Following a period of discussion and dialogue with members of the Task Force the following action was taken.
That this National Executive Council receive the Report on Abortion of the Task Force on Human Life with appreciation to the members of the Task Force for their efforts, insights and recommendations;
That we endorse those recommendations and express the hope that the Task Force will continue its work within the original terms of reference;
And that we commend the Report to the Church, the Government and the Community for study, and that it be referred to the Program Committee to publish and implement the Report in close cooperation with the Task Force on Human Life. CARRIED
In closing, the Primate thanked the members of the Task Force for their presence, and for their generous gifts of interdisciplinary expertise represented in the Report on Abortion. Archbishop Scott paid special tribute to Mrs. Phyllis Creighton who edited and compiled the Report, and presented Mrs. Creighton with a floral token of appreciation on behalf of the members of the National Executive Council.
Toronto hospitals are performing abortions "without restriction," according to a prominent official of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Rev. Arthur Brown, rector of a large Toronto parish and a member of the National Executive Council of General Synod made the charge in connection with deliberations on a forthcoming report by a Task Force on Human Life.
The report is not expected to be completed until the end of 1973 and Father Brown said he and other pastors are impatiently awaiting it for guidance on new and complex moral situations.
He told bishops and other delegates from across Canada to the executive council that "all kinds of girls are going through our hospitals in metropolitan Toronto being aborted of pregnancies." His information, he said, comes from nurses and other hospital staff.
Father Brown claimed that staffs in some Toronto hospitals are aborting without restriction "under the guise of it being good for the total health of the mother."
Five years ago, he said, one Toronto hospital listed 28 abortions. Last year, the number was over 300, "ten times as many, or more."
He said "doctors are compromised by the destruction of human life" in this abortion situation. On becoming doctors, he said, they swear an oath to preserve life but due to the present situation "they are placed in a major compromised situation."
Father Brown said nursing staffs are upset over having to clean up after induced miscarriages and they come to him for guidance.
Archbishop E.W. Scott, primate of the Anglican Church of Canada expressed deep sympathy towards the position described by Father Brown but said the task force's report will take another year due to the complexities of the issues involved.
"It's becoming obvious that people are feeling a need for help in making decisions in these areas," Archbishop Scott said.
"Each case has to be evaluated in terms of the health of the mother and the possible health of the child, and not only on the question of the sanctity of life but also in the area of the quality of life."
Archbishop Scott emphasized that hospital boards deciding abortion cases should include persons representing moral issues as well as medical issues.
Besides abortion, the task force is studying the whole concept of when life begins and ends in relation to euthanasia, transplants, biological engineering and the vast implications of discoveries in biochemistry. Archbishop Scott said the study has become increasingly complex as it delves into the legal, medical, moral and social aspects of life. The task force is composed of lawyers, doctors, research scientists, housewives, social workers, theologians and others. It is also consulting with similarly concerned groups in the United States, Britain and other parts of the world.
A progress report will be presented to the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada at its biennial meeting next May in Regina.
The general synod of the Anglican Church of Canada meets next month at a time, in the words of its leaders, when values and issues are changing rapidly and the "very possibility of `faith' as a credible stance of life has been questioned."
The comment of the long-range planning committee in its introductions to reports to the 26th synod, meeting in Regina May 3-11, is underlined by Archbishop Edward W. Scott, primate of the church.
In a report prepared for the assembly he says if Anglicans are to respond to the demanding issues before them and to give leadership in complex situations they will need, among other things, "a greater sensitivity to the leading of the Holy Spirit" and to display "greater willingness to make hard decisions." He may expand upon this when he officially opens the assembly in St. Paul's Cathedral May 3.
About 290 members of synod, clerical and lay, from the 28 dioceses of the church will attend the sessions in Regina's Hotel Saskatchewan.
Four main topics or themes have been set out for discussion: quality of life and community, of faith, of ministry and of the church. The themes provide opportunity for debate and decision on a wide range of social problems disturbing the church and the country in the 1970s.
A preamble, prepared by Dean Herbert O'Driscoll, to a report of the long-range planning committee says:
"To some extent it could be said that the criteria of faith in previous decades were quantitative. The strength of the church tended to be judged by quantities (that is, activities, budget) and faith tended to be seen in terms of private piety and attendance at worship...
Such categories have been found, not so much to be discredited, but to be inadequate...Between us and the comparative innocence of the late '50s too much has been said, too many paperbacks written, too many tides of opinion have flowed for everything to remain as it was.
In the 1970s the many options of a plural society vary from actual alternatives to the Christian faith to a whole spectrum of attitude and styles within the Christian faith itself...
Faith is no longer a piece of familiar furniture placed securely in the living room of the mind."
The committee says further, in another report on the quality of life and community, that the rate of change in the world "continues to be a major factor in challenging individuals and institutions to be flexible."
The free-wheeling tone of the committee's observations may typify the free and frank discussion expected at this synod with members participating more fully than in the past.
Six sessions - totalling 13 hours - have been scheduled for group discussion. Each session will bear upon a particular issue. Resolutions formulated by these groups will be correlated and sent to plenary sessions for decision and policy direction. Committee reports and resolutions go directly to the plenary meetings.
The synod meets every two years. Its last meeting was in Niagara Falls, Ont., in February, 1971, when some of its sessions were held jointly with those of the general council of the United Church of Canada which also meets biennially.
It was the first time in the history of Canada's largest Protestant denominations that their highest courts had met together.
Negotiations for organic union of the churches have been under way for more than a quarter-century but no definitive move on union will be taken at this synod.
Members of synod are the 55 bishops from the four ecclesiastical provinces of Canada (Quebec and the Atlantic provinces), Ontario, Rupert's Land and British Columbia and clergy and laity chosen by the dioceses with a youth delegation of 15.
At least 25 women, seven of them from the youth delegation, are among the lay members along with eight observers from Anglican Church Women who participate in discussions but do not vote.
Among controversial topics before the synod will be that of abortion and here the views of the women are expected to be expressed freely.
A strong bloc of women commissioners forced the abortion issue to the floor of the general council of the United Church two years ago when that church went on record as accepting abortion in certain social, economic and therapeutic circumstances. The United Church is the only Christian church to take such a stand but it does not support abortion on demand.
The Anglican Church opposes abortion and one of the questions to be posed at this synod by one committee, the task force on human life, is: "What does it mean to be human if the foetus can be aborted?"
Other questions also are posed by the task force in its report on human life and community:
"Who am I if bodily organs can be transplanted?"
"What quality of life are people living in our cities?"
"Why should anyone go to the moon when there are vast needs and agonies on the earth?"
This summary of events and decisions at General Synod, Regina, is offered by the national office and the press room staff as a "memory freshener" to delegates who will be reporting back to their diocesan executives, parish vestries, task forces and planning groups. Most of it is in point form, so that you can interpret events personally, and detail is necessarily sparse. You are free to use it, or not.
Precise details, minutes and quotes at length, will be available as soon as possible from the General Secretary's Office in the official journal of Proceedings of General Synod. Meanwhile, you can refer to the minutes supplied daily to delegates.
* * *
There were about 300 delegates present for General Synod - the 26th of the Anglican Church of Canada, and the first to be held in Saskatchewan.
The theme of the Synod was Quality - of life and community, of Faith, of Ministry, and Quality of the Church. These themes kept showing up in various ways as the delegates studied, debated, and finally voted on the issues raised throughout the sessions.
The people planning General Synod seemed to be making a real effort to make sure that all delegates had a chance to make a full contribution to the thinking and decision-making.
There were very few resolutions from the headquarters staff, which was a marked decline from previous Synods, and also the delegates spend about a third of their time in groups of about 20, discussing the major issues and feeding their resolutions into the whole Synod for final decision. Thus, most of the resolutions came straight from the discussion groups and therefore really represented the thinking of the delegates and not a process of rubber-stamping prepared reports.
In his opening address, the Primate emphasized the need for parishes and dioceses to become involved in deciding the policies of the Church, and at the same time warned delegates against the danger of trying to make decisions that they have no right to make or power to carry out. And, he reminded delegates that the Church is the body of Christ and, as such, is concerned with the totality of human experience and man's eternal destiny.
AREAS OF DECISION
Ordination of Women:
After long debate, General Synod voted to accept the principle of ordination of women to the priesthood.
- Implementation will not take place until the house of Bishops has worked out a pattern for this to take place.
- There is to be an educational program throughout the church to prepare parishes and congregations for the change.
1. A new pattern for Christian initiation which rejoins Baptism with water, laying-on of hands, followed by first communion as a single service. This seems to reflect more accurately what was done by the Church in the first three centuries and is the pattern presently followed by the Eastern Orthodox Churches.
2. An alternative form of institution and induction that demonstrates a more contemporary concept of the relationship between the rector and his parish was approved for use, subject to the approval of the Bishop of the diocese.
- This new form has been referred to the House of Bishops for study and authorization for trial use as an alternative to the present Prayer Book service. It will probably be used first in some dioceses designated as experimental areas.
- The age at which children initiated under the new form would begin to receive Holy Communion would depend on the parents and the interest of the child.
- Anyone initiated under the new form during its trial period will be recognized as a full member of the Church.
- The principle of the combined service was approved at the last General Synod at Niagara Falls in 1971.
Constitutional changes to provide for the possibility for union with other churches were given "first reading" by General Synod. They will have to be approved a second time at the next General Synod before becoming effective. This makes 1977 the earliest possible date for possible Church Union.
- Step-by-step procedures for effecting union from initial presentation of a plan until approval or rejection were approved.
1. Preparation of a plan of union and submission to General Synod.
2. Referral to diocesan synods and taking of a national referendum.
3. Majority approval is required in each diocese and the majority must be both among the clergy and lay members, voting separately. The bishop votes as a member of the clergy.
4. In the national referendum a three-quarters majority will be needed for approval, in each of bishops, clergy and laity voting separately.
5. If approval is given by diocesan synods and the national referendum, the plan must receive final approval from General Synod.
To vote on the question of union a person must be 16 years old, baptized, an "adherent" of the Anglican Church, and ask to have his name placed on the electoral roll of a parish.
An effort to have the qualification changed from "adherent" to "communicant" was defeated. Voting in the United Church would be confined to "members" defined by Rev. George Morrison, secretary of the General Council of the United Church, as a person who has been baptized, confirmed, and has a record of attendance at Holy Communion.
The Hon. Robert Welch, Ontario provincial secretary for social development, addressed synod on the theme of Quality of Life and Community.
"While it is evident the Church is becoming increasingly concerned with the qualitative aspects of life in the community, what are we actively doing to share and pass on our religious values?"
"Of all formal organizations in society, surely the Church is the major one with the teaching and sharing of values as its primary responsibility. I would suggest to you that it is in this very area that the Anglican Church of Canada is achieving its least success."
"If we are concerned with the quality of life and community, then we must deliberately articulate those values which we believe lie behind a better life and word towards helping others to understand their implications for everyday living."
Bishop Remi de Roo, of Victoria, brought greetings from the Canadian Catholic Conference of Bishops.
- He drew attention to studies being made jointly by the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches on common prayer, pastoral matters, mixed marriages, ministry and authority, and referred to the recent joint statement on the doctrine of the Holy Eucharist.
- He said many limitations and difficulties remain before unity among the churches can be achieved, in practical, theological and psychological areas.
"I can't stress too much the importance of growth toward unity, but unity can't be established on pragmatic grounds alone, no matter how serious they may be."
"The big challenge now is for us to start working at the grass-roots level to build a constructive dialogue..."
Rev. George Morrison, secretary of the General Council of the United Church of Canada, told delegates of a trend toward regionalization within his church. "We have a highly centralized church and this is now being broken down, as I think it should," he said.
There is also a new "sense of a need for awe and wonder" and a reawakening of a sense of worship at the local level, Dr. Morrison said.
The next General Council of the United Church would be in 1975 and, he noted, the next Anglican General Synod would be in 1975 at Quebec City. There could be some opportunity for shared sessions. The United Church will be celebrating the 50th anniversary of its union in 1975.
Church in the North:
General Synod gave approval to establishment of a Primate's Council on the Church in the North. Its goal is to establish a self-determining church.
- It will consist of the metropolitan of Rupert's Land, four bishops with jurisdiction in the north, and eight other persons representing both north and south. The Primate said it was his intention to appoint a majority of the eight from the north.
- Delegates from the diocese of the Arctic tried to have three Indians and three Eskimo placed on the Council. Their amendment was defeated.
- Archbishop Frederick Jackson of Qu'Appelle said: "We're talking about a whole Church, not an ethnic church. Surely we are concerned about all the people of the north and the whites should be of as much concern to us at the natives."
- The council is to appoint a staff officer to do research and support co-ordination between northern dioceses.
- A plan for program development in the north is to be ready by 1976, with a target year of 1982 for complete self-determination for the church in the north.
1. The Church was directed to express its concern to the Quebec government regarding the James Bay Development Project. About 7,000 Cree Indians and Eskimo, mostly Anglicans, fear their hunting and trapping way of life will be destroyed by the proposed damming and diversion of rivers in the area.
BACKGROUND: The Indians of James Bay were not consulted about the proposed James Bay Development Project. They are supported in their protest by Bishop James Watton of Moosonee and Bishop Tim Matthews of Quebec. Costs of Rev. Lynn Ross, liaison man for the Committee of Concern on James Bay, are being paid by Primate's World Relief and Development Fund. An attempt to obtain an injunction to block the project now is before the courts.
2. The federal government was urged of its moral obligation to recognize and respect the aboriginal rights of the native people of Canada.
3. Canadians were urged to respect the rights of native peoples to continue their chosen way of life and to maintain and preserve their culture, traditions and language.
- National Executive Council has been directed to develop a plan to raise new money for support of clergy working in the north and overseas.
1. ABORTION. After a two-hour debate, during which time several amendments were incorporated into the resolution, and a motion to refer for further study was defeated, passed the following:
"That this General Synod, while admitting the necessity of therapeutic abortion in special circumstances, as set out in the Brief of the Anglican Church of Canada to the Government of Canada, presented in 1967, commends the Government of Canada for the present law which is in accordance with this philosophy, and respectfully requests that this law be rigidly enforced so that abortion on demand be not possible, and directs National Executive Council to take all necessary action, including general distribution of the above mentioned brief throughout the Church, to promote both education for family planning and measures in support of families and individuals facing serious difficulties in this area."
BACKGROUND: United Church General Council meeting in Saskatoon in 1972 said that up to 12 weeks of pregnancy abortion should be a private matter between a woman and her physician.
2. SOCIAL ACTION UNIT. General Synod authorized establishment of a Social Action Unit or Department.
- It will have authority to vote shares held by the Church at shareholders meetings, and to consult with corporate directors and officers.
- The Church presently has about $28 million invested, most of it on behalf of the Church Pension Plan.
- The unit will be responsible for developing policies reflecting the Christian view of social problems.
- Examples: pollution, justice, racism, housing, equality of opportunity for minority and depressed groups.
- The Primate said the Church must become involved in policy-making at the time it is being made rather than to react negatively to a policy after it has been set.
There was a strong spiritual thread running through General Synod. This was expressed first in this resolution:
"That this General Synod recognize the need for spiritual renewal and request the House of Bishops and each delegate to General Synod to take steps to challenge our people to use all available resources to enable and support the charismatic renewal in the Church, and to discover and share our personal commitment to Jesus Christ and our relationships with each other, in order that we can minister sacrificially to the community at large."
And, for the first time, General Synod set goals for itself for the next two years:
Statement of Purpose (as approved by General Synod 1969)
"As an agent of General Synod, to share Christian insights and resources so that persons and communities may come to the fullness of life in Jesus Christ and may be enabled to fulfill their potential in a changing world."
To deepen our involvement with and commitment to the life and work of the Church in other parts of the world - as they develop their leadership and work for social good, and as they confront us with the deeper dimensions of the Gospel.
To increase the strength of Canadian dioceses in their own planning, develop[ment] and execution of programs as they work for social change, as they support parish and experimental ministries, as they seek personal and professional development and communications skills.
To raise the awareness of churchmen and other Canadians about the "concrete realities of life" in the third world and in Canada, and about the faith, life and work of the Anglican Church of Canada and to increase the commitment of Canadian Anglicans to that work, including the commitment of our money.
To sharpen the focus and effectiveness of our Christian mission, through research, through support and ecumenical and regional planning and experimentation through collaboration with other institutions and agencies.
Delegates recognized that the work of the Church in the North and overseas would cost money.
- Each diocese will be asked to set before each of its parishes the goal of sharing in the outside work of the Church in relation to the amount spent on parish expenditures.
The General Secretary advised the House that he will refer this matter to the Agenda Committee of General Synod.
"That this House requests the sub-group on Human Life concerned with abortion to be responsible for the presentation of this subject to General Synod, 1980 with up-dated information about the Canadian situation." CARRIED
Various moral issues were presented and there was evident need for a permanent Committee to deal with such matters as they arise if the Church is to give adequate and wise leadership.
Abortion - cannot be glibly accepted by demand. Concern must be shown for the quality of life as well as the sanctity of life. Mention was made of the Brief presented by the Church to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Health and Welfare in 1967, but this matter needs continual study since not only the ordinary man, but professional people in the medical world are looking for guidance from the Church.
Draftees - As men move from the United States to Canada to escape the draft, they present problems which, if they are to be solved, require us to be sure of the situation. There is a responsibility to minister to the needs of the draftees, but the area of help must be left free. It was mentioned that, contrary to the opinion of many, none of the Church's money has been used to help these men. Individual Church members have, however contributed to a special fund of the Canadian Council of Churches for this purpose. It was felt this should be made known in General Synod and the Bishop of Kootenay agreed to take this under advisement.
Hendry Report Implementation. This was discussed in the Group but no action was taken by the House.
Commit on Native Canadians. Further study was given to the Report of this Committee which had been presented earlier to the House by the Bishop of Moosonee. (see x-a and the resolutions there)
The House adjourned for lunch at 12:30 p.m.
The Fifth Session Began at 2:00 p.m.
The Bishop of Kootenay completed his report on Group D, and the following motions were put.
That the House of Bishops recommends to the Upper House that it requests the Program Committee to re-establish a means for continuing study and report on moral issues as they arise. CARRIED
That the House appoint a Committee of three persons to prepare a statement to be issued by the House in relation to the abortion question; such a statement to indicate that the House cannot accept the position of abortion on demand, but affirms that a position concerning abortion must be developed respecting the sanctity of human life and concern for the quality of human life. CARRIED
(The Chairman appointed Bishops Scott, Valentine and Hunt to prepare this statement. Week-end preaching engagements and General Synod matters made it impossible for them to arrange a meeting).
"The question of abortion is one of the most deeply felt and hotly debated public issues in Canada today. The focus of the current dispute is the Criminal Code, as amended by Parliament in August 1969, but it is quite evident that the debate about abortion and the law is only one manifestation of wide philosophical, religious, and ethical rifts in Canadian culture." "The abortion controversy, then, presents an inescapable challenge to the Christian church, as a responsible teacher of faith and morals". "It is greatly to the credit of the Anglican Church of Canada that she has both seen her duty in this matter and tried to do something about it. For one thing, General Synod has repeatedly addressed itself to the question of abortion." "In the opinion of a number of critics, one major weakness of `Abortion, An Issue for Conscience' is its lack of solid philosophical and theological foundations. .... Such, in fact, is the judgment of the contributors to the present symposium, and their chief aim is to carry the philosophical and theological discussion further than `Abortion, An Issue for Conscience' manages to do. .... Of the seven contributors -- four men and three women -- all are Anglican Christians. We share a principled aversion to the acceptance of abortion as a `solution' for economic, psychological, and social problems." -- Preface.
Contents: Contributors -- Preface dated 25 April 1975 / Eugene Fairweather and Ian Gentles -- Abortion and Rights : The Value of Political Freedom / Sheila and George Grant -- The Unborn Citizen : Do We Need a Law Against Abortion ? / Ian Gentles -- The Bible and the Unborn Child : Reflections on Life Before Birth / Harley Smyth -- The Child as Neighbour : Abortion as a Theological Issue / Eugene Fairweather -- Feminism and Abortion : A Few Hidden Grounds / Marnie de Varent -- Life Before Birth : The Medical Evidence / Karen Colden.
"1st printing May 1974. 2nd printing June 1974". -- verso of t.-p.
"[E]dited by Phyllis Creighton". -- verso of t,-p.
"The report, researched and edited by Phyllis Creighton" -- Foreword.
Includes bibliography, p. 38-39.
Contents: Foreword dated December 1973 / Edward W. Scott, Primate -- Introduction -- Preamble: our faith -- Why the issue of abortion is being re-examined -- Contemporary Canadian society -- Understanding the theological and moral stand taken in 1967 -- Consequences of the 1969 law reform -- Recommendations of the Task Force -- Specific recommendations for action -- Conclusion -- Short statement -- Bibliography -- Appendix.
Appendix includes: "Paragraphs 3 to 20 of the 'Brief on Abortion from the Anglican Church of Canada to the Standing Committee on Health and Welfare, House of Commons', presented by delegation on Thursday, December 14, 1967, in Ottawa".
Appendix includes: "Task Force on Human Life: Interim Report", pp. 43-47 which makes brief reference to the questions of organ donation and in vitro fertilization.