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24. Report of the Program Committee

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official4364
Date
1974 February 6-8
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1974 February 6-8
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Brown
Seconder
Tett
Text
That the National Executive Council authorize Audrey Shepherd to represent the Anglican Church of Canada on the National Action Committee on the Status of Women for a period of two years, and that she maintain contact with and report to the Anglican Church Women Unit of the Program Committee. CARRIED
Subjects
Shepherd, Audrey
National Action Committee on the Status of Women - Membership
Anglican Church of Canada. Women's Unit
Anglican Church Women (ACW)
Women - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Women's rights - Canada
Less detail

Anglican Church affirms its position on abortion

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official7233
Date
1989 November 3
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press release
Date
1989 November 3
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press release
Text
NEWS RELEASE
Friday November 3, 1989
12:00 noon [Toronto, Ont.]
In the light of the Government's announcement of a new Abortion Bill, the Anglican Church reaffirms its position that both the rights and needs of women, and the rights and needs of the unborn, require protection.
The Church welcomes a non-gestational approach. This accords with the Church's opposition to any arbitrary division which would make early abortion available on demand. The Church's fundamental position is that "abortion is always the taking of human life and, in our view, should never be done except for serious therapeutic reasons". However, the Church's Abortion report affirms that:
-an upper limit should be established at which "there is no reasonable prospect of viability"
- there should be a waiting period during which time counselling to women should be made available
- other alternatives to abortion explored including "social and financial supports to meet the needs of the woman, in housing accommodation, child care, employment, retraining, welfare benefits, and income support, as well as consideration of adoption of the baby expected."
The Church further affirms that there should be a conscience clause, so that "the conscientious right of health care personnel to refrain from participating in abortion procedures be guaranteed."
The Church also is "opposed in principle" to "anticipated genetic defect in the foetus as automatic grounds for abortion", because as Christians we are "called to be the voice of the voiceless and powerless (and) must speak out when those different from or less able than the norm are to be denied the full rights accorded their fellow humans".
The Church's Abortion Report also recommends legislation to "ban commercial transactions in human genetic material"; or any possibility of deliberate abortion for purposes of "foetal cell farming" for human transplants, and welcomes the recent announcement of a Royal Commission on reproductive techniques "as a vehicle to examine these concerns and develop legislative measures".
The Anglican Church sees abortion as a public justice issue, challenging Canadians to build a society that affirms human life, which values children and welcomes a new generation, and which provides legal and social protection for women caught in the trauma of problem pregnancies. Such extensive social legislation, to reduce conditions which make the choice of abortion more likely, would include:
- programs and education to combat violence against women
- more affordable housing
- pay equity for women
- a guaranteed annual income, and other financial measures
- universally accessible, publicly funded day care
- an intensified national program to collect child support payments from delinquent fathers
- better educational programs about sexuality and contraception in schools
The Church does not see abortion as simply a "woman's issue" but rather a community issue, which takes place on the battleground of women's bodies. Concerned that women are frequently forced to choose between marginalization and poverty or abortion, the Church believes that in many circumstances women are not "free" to choose to bear their children and so, because society fails to provide supportive structures, "abortion has become a means of `restructuring the woman' by emptying the womb". Many Canadian women who choose not to bear their child make their decision out of alienation and hopelessness. "True choice must involve alternatives to despair" the Report concludes.
Abortion In a New Perspective: Report of the Task Force on Abortion, is available from: The Anglican Book Centre, 600 Jarvis Street, Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2J6
For further information contact: The Reverend Michael Ingham, Principal Secretary to the Primate, 600 Jarvis Street, Toronto, Ontario, (416) 924-9192; Mrs. Diane Marshall (Family therapist, Report co-author) (416) 487-3613; Mrs. Phyllis Creighton (Research historian, Report co-author) (416) 978-2245
Subjects
Abortion - Law and legislation - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Disabled - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Sexual ethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Transplantation of organs, tissues, etc. - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Human embryo - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Human reproductive technology - Law and legislation - Canada
Human reproductive technology - Moral and ethical aspects
Medical ethics - Canada
Women's rights - Canada
Birth control - Canada
Birth control - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Contraception - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Poor women - Canada
Poverty - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Anglican Church responds to abortion legislation

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official9060
Date
1989 November 10
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press release
Date
1989 November 10
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press release
Text
NEWS RELEASE
Friday November 10, 1989
1:00 pm [Toronto, Ont.]
The Anglican Church of Canada welcomes -- with some reservations -- the federal government's initiative in bringing forward legislation to regulate abortion in Canada. While there are important areas of concern which the Bill does not address, we would give cautious support to its provisions, as far as they go, and we express the hope that it will be open to amendment in the parliamentary process.
The Anglican Church is pleased the Bill is not based on a gestational approach, which devalues the unborn in the early stages of development. A non-gestational approach accords with the Church's opposition to any arbitrary division which would make early abortion available on demand. The Church's fundamental position is that "abortion is always the taking of a human life and, in our view, should never be done except for serious therapeutic reasons".
We think it right to try to establish a balance between the legitimate rights of women and the state's interest in the foetus.
We think it right to distinguish between contraception and abortion.
However, we question a number of matters in the legislation itself, and would raise some issues that are not included in the Bill; namely:
- we are dismayed that it includes criminal sanctions against women
- we question whether the measure will actually protect the foetus. The Bill allows its life to be taken if one physician agrees that a woman's physical, mental, or psychological health would be likely to be threatened if the pregnancy continues. The Anglican Church, in its resolutions, accepts abortion as a therapeutic measure where pregnancy endangers a woman's life or physical or mental health. But the language of "threat" provides not clear standard. Will a serious threat be required -- a balancing of rights -- or will a minor one do ? Neither the woman's rights not the foetal rights are clear.
- we would prefer the legislation to require a second and independent medical opinion
- we would prefer to see a mandatory waiting period during which counselling to women should be made available ensuring that alternatives to abortion can be explored, including social and financial supports to meet the needs of the woman, in housing accommodation, child care, employment, retraining, welfare benefits, and income support, as well as consideration of adoption of the baby expected.
- we regret there appears to be no provision for recording the reasons for which abortion is undertaken. How will legislators learn what needs to be done to remedy the conditions leading to abortion ?
- we regret there is no conscience clause protecting health care workers who do not wish to participate in abortion procedures
- we would prefer to see provisions in this, or some accompanying legislation, which would guarantee equitable access across the country to both abortion and counselling services
- we do not believe the legislation addresses the root causes of the number of abortions in Canada
Too often, women face the choice between abortion and poverty. If this is to be changed, and the number of abortions diminished, women need to be given realistic alternatives.
"True" choice will only be possible when there exists:
- adequate social and economic support structures to enable women to have their children
- programs and education to combat violence against women
- more affordable housing
- pay equity for women
- a guaranteed annual income, and other financial measures
- universally accessible, publicly funded day care
- an intensified national program to collect child support payments from delinquent fathers
- better educational programs about sexuality and contraception in schools
The Anglican Church wants to see the social context and the need for support for women to be taken seriously. This legislation puts all the responsibility on the woman herself, and on her physician. It does nothing to address the responsibility of the wider community towards children.
We urge that the Government bring in accompanying measures -- including budget commitments -- to provide the counselling, education, and preventative programs, and the social and economic supports -- such as housing assistance, day care, improved welfare benefits, and income supports -- that would ensure women have alternatives to abortion.
For these reasons we hope the legislation will be opened for amendment in the parliamentary process.
- END -
The policy of the Anglican Church of Canada on abortion is stated in:
"Abortion In a New Perspective": Report of the Task Force on Abortion and is available from: The Anglican Book Centre, 600 Jarvis Street, Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2J6
For further information contact: The Reverend Michael Ingham, Principal Secretary to the Primate, 600 Jarvis Street, Toronto, Ontario, (416) 924-9192; Mrs. Diane Marshall (Family therapist, Report co-author) (416) 487-3613; Mrs. Phyllis Creighton (Research historian, Report co-author) (416) 978-2245
Subjects
Abortion - Law and legislation - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Sexual ethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Human embryo - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Medical ethics - Canada
Women's rights - Canada
Birth control - Canada
Birth control - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Contraception - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Poor women - Canada
Poverty - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Women in the Post War World

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/article31811
Author
Hewelcke, Geoffrey
Whitton, Charlotte Elizabeth, 1896-1975
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Bulletin [Council for Social Service]
Date
1945 October 10
Author
Hewelcke, Geoffrey
Whitton, Charlotte Elizabeth, 1896-1975
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Bulletin [Council for Social Service]
Date
1945 October 10
Issue
123
Page
1-12 p.
Notes
"We are glad to present an article by Dr. Charlotte Whitton, C.B.E., church-woman and publicist, whose background in social welfare and international circles permits her to speak with authority. We commend her analysis of the position of women in the post-war world and her insistence upon the primary necessity of viewing the problems of the day, local or world-wide, from the spiritual point of view. For women, as for men, Dr. Whitton contends that personal freedom, proper and not used as `a cloke of maliciousness', can be retained only as we continue to emphasize, with all its implications radiating out into organized life, the spiritual principle in man and the universe. Her appeal is in the first instance to Church women. The article is expanded from an address given by Dr. Whitton before a public meeting sponsored by the Woman's Auxiliary in the Diocese of Niagara, under the Chairmanship of the Rt. Reverend Bishop [Lewis W.B.] Broughall. Her challenge, however, widens out to all women in Canada". -- Note.
Contents: Note / W.W. Judd -- The Churchwoman in The Nation's Life / Charlotte Whitton -- Marriages Mended / Geoffrey Hewelcke.
Article "Marriages Mended" is reproduced from "Maclean's Magazine of 15 November. "In these post-war years one of the most pressing tasks of the pastoral ministry will be that of helping to knit up many marital separations and of preventing the breaking up of many marriages. .... Clergy will have to exercise their knowledge, wisdom and sympathy in helping the unhappy people involved. Not all cases will be amenable to cure. .... The Church's ministry is one of reconciliation where reconciliation if at all possible. The very few Family Courts in Canada are doing an extremely helpful work. Where there is no such Court the clergyman is among the best qualified to help -- and where there is such a Court, he is able, often, to advise and otherwise to assist." -- Foreword, p. 10.
Subjects
Women - Canada
Family - Canada
World War, 1939-1945 - Women - Canada
Women's rights - Canada
Women - Employment - Canada
Women - Religious life
Women - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Marriage - Canada
Marriage counselling - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Domestic relations courts - Canada
Less detail