"We might have a more technically correct title to this Bulletin, but we desire to distinguish it from Bulletin No. 108, to which it is a direct sequel. That Bulletin, entitled `Social Insurance and Material Aid in Canada', was published in May 1942. We publish this Bulletin to keep the clergy of our Church and other readers abreast of governmental movements towards an adequate plan of `social security' for our people." "Our Council for Social Service, acting carefully under General Synod and its Executive Council, has urged a closer co-operation of provincial and federal action, a unified plan for a minimum income for all the disabilities of life, and in appropriate matters the active participation of all in a contributory plan". "As well, however, this present Bulletin has a more practical object -- to let our clergy, particularly, know what actual measures of assistance are available for their people, for Old Age, Children, Mothers, the Family, the sick and helpless." "Dr. Charlotte Whitton, a member of our Council, has again come to our aid. The main article in the Bulletin, with its various schedules, has been supplied by her. Under her three main headings, Dr. Whitton has indicated the differences between Social Insurance (for Unemployment only, thus far), Social Assistance, and the more general (but very practical) Social Utilities from which all citizens derive help. We are indebted to her. As we go to press public announcement has been made of annual grants amounting to $30,000,000 to be made by the Federal Government to the Provinces to assist them in various improvements or additions to their health services. This is welcome news. We trust that all Provinces will participate in the responsibilities and benefits. This may prove to be a first step towards a plan for nation-wide health services on a prepaid basis". -- Editor's Note.
Contents: Editor's Note / W.W. Judd -- Social Aid in the Canadian State / Charlotte E. Whitton.
Alexander John Doull was born in Halifax to a Church of Scotland family. Orphaned within days of his birth, he received his higher education and ordination in England before returning to Canada, first to Montreal, before moving to Victoria B.C. as dean of the Cathedral in January 1910. On 25 November 1914 he was elected the first bishop of Kootenay, resigning in June 1933 to take up a position as assistant bishop and archdeacon in Sheffield before ill health compelled his resignation and return in the Okanagan Valley in 1935. "Alarmed by the vast number of non-Anglo-Saxon immigrants to British Columbia the bishop considered also that the province of Quebec was becoming injurious to Canada and he implored Anglo-Canadians to unite to counteract the influence of the French-speaking sections of the population" (p. 104). "The unemployment of the depression days was also of grave concern to him and he strongly supported the resolution brought forward at the diocesan synod (Vernon, 26-27 May 1931) which would establish movable camps as a means of relief" (p. 104). Bishop Doull attended the Lambeth Conferences of 1920 and 1930 and "was selected to serve with seventy others on the Committee for Church Union" (p. 105). "Throughout his entire ministry this matter of church union had been of utmost importance and he rejoiced when the United Church of Canada was formed in 1925, and he continued to speak for a union that would include all Christian people" (p. 106).
Author "is a daughter of Bishop Doull". -- p. 108.
"The very real suffering being endured by large numbers of Canadians" has moved the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church of Canada to "call for justice and a sharing of our resources."
In a statement sent today to the Prime Minister, Mr. Clark and Mr. Broadbent the Bishops expressed concern not only about inflation and high interest rates, but also about "Government restraints imposed on schools and universities."
The Bishops represent thirty dioceses of the Church in Canada, from coast to coast. They were meeting last week in Pierrefonds, Quebec.
The full text of their statement is enclosed.
- 30 -
600 Jarvis St.
Toronto, Ont. M4Y 2J6
The House of Bishops of the Anglican Church of Canada feels a deep concern for the welfare of Canadians at this period in our history.
We commend Federal and Provincial leaders for the new initiative to strengthen our unity as a people. However, we are increasingly disturbed by the very real suffering being endured by large numbers of Canadians who are losing their homes because of high mortgage rates. The daily struggle with inflation and high interest rates affects those least able to cope - our senior citizens and families on low income. We share a deep concern over high unemployment especially of young Canadians who are our future. Coupled with this, Government restraints imposed on schools and universities mean that fewer young people will receive the benefits of educational opportunity to prepare them for a complex society in which they will need more education, not less.
The bishops do not pretend to have answers which Parliamentarians and economists have not discovered but we do claim that the Christian gospel has insights for such a time as this; our faith predicates that Christians have the obligation to be involved in society and the Church has the duty to call for justice and a sharing of our resources in order that the greatest good for the greatest number may be secured.
We believe that we live in a fortunate land and that Christians should be foremost in supporting the unity of Canada and in sensitivity to our differences which can offer us strength and a rich mosaic of life.
We hold that every Canadian has the right to be employed and to be decently housed and that Christian people have the duty to press government to that necessary goal.
We hold the thesis that our young people are one of our greatest assets and that all of us must share the struggle to ensure the best future possible for them.
We realise the cost involved but would commend the Christian imperative to share for the general good of all.
Dean Craig presented the Memorial of the Synod of the Diocese of Ontario:
"To the Bishops, Clergy and Laity of the Church of England in Canada in General Synod Assembled:
At the Session of the Synod of Ontario held in Kingston, Ontario, May 29th and 30th, 1934, the following Report of the Diocesan Council for Social Service was adopted:
`The Diocesan Council for Social Service having noted with deep concern the problem presented by the large and growing number of young single men, generally described as the Transient Unemployed, recommends that this Synod present a strong memorial bringing this problem to the notice of the General Synod and asking it, as representing the whole Church, to press upon the Federal and Provincial Governments the urgent need of taking action to provide for these men in Employment Camps or in some other way.'
J.H.H. Coleman, Secretary; Signed, John Ontario"
That a Joint Committee representing both Houses be appointed by the Chair to draw up a resolution regarding the question of unemployment in the Dominion , and especially the transient unemployed. CARRIED in both Houses.
The following Committee was appointed: The Bishop of Ontario, Dr. Vance, Canon Gale and Magistrate Jones.
"Our first article in this Bulletin is written by Miss Charlotte Whitton, C.B.E., Executive Director of the Canadian Welfare Council. .... Miss Whitton is a valued member of this Council for Social Service. She has written this article at our request. I believe it will supply the clergy and other Church leaders with information and instructional matter to help them to discuss intelligently, first, how the governments have honestly striven to meet the problems so swiftly thrust upon them by the 'depression'; how huge that problem is; how the work will have to be more co-ordinated; how more humane and and effective measures may be taken by our municipalities and governments. .... I hope Miss Whitton's article, taken with my analysis of the Oxford Report on the Economic situation which follows, will stimulate the clergy to think of relief, dependency, suffering, frustration, as part of the whole major problem of Economic readjustment." -- Editor's Note,p. .
Contents: Editor's Note / W.W.J. -- Dependency and Relief in Canada / Charlotte Whitton -- The Economic Report from Oxford [Conference] for Canadian Church People / Canon [W.W.] Judd -- The Church and Juvenile Delinquency / Kenneth H. Rogers -- The Council's Lending Library -- An Appeal : Chinese War Sufferers.
"Dependency and Relief in Canada" divided into sections: I: The Genesis and Course of Dominion Aid -- II: The Provinces and Unemployment Aid -- III: The National Employment Commission -- IV: The Weary Pilgrimage -- V: The Conclusion of the Whole Matter.
"The Economic Report from Oxford for Canadian Church People" divided into sections: I. The Judgment of Christ -- II. Christianity and "Systems" -- III: The Way Out -- IV: The Next Christian Victories -- V: A Message to the Churches.
A request has been received from the Public Social Responsibility Unit to give new and increased energy to the work of economic justice in Canada.
That resolution #49 be lifted from the table. CARRIED #27-11-86
Resolution #49 reads:
That this General Synod declares unemployment, homelessness and hunger to be major concerns of the Church. We recommend to the National Executive Council that adequate staff time be allocated to assist the Anglican Church of Canada, nationally, provincially and locally to address these concerns in the following ways:
a) to work together to seek just solutions to the problems of unemployment, homelessness and hunger;
b) to work with the unemployed, the homeless and the hungry towards such solutions;
c) to work ecumenically;
d) to challenge and to work with government: federally, provincially and locally to seek a more just society.
Moved by: Dr. D.N. Maybee
Seconded by: Ven. R.T. Pynn
That the disposition of this motion be as recommended by the Officers, i.e.
That this resolution be referred to the Program Committee for consideration, appropriate action and report back to the National Executive Council
be approved. CARRIED #28-11-86
Moved by: Rev. M.C. Ingham
Seconded by: Mrs. Pamela McBeth
That the proposals from the Public Social Responsibility Unit for new work in economic justice, be approved. CARRIED #29-11-86
This National House of Bishops of The Anglican Church of Canada expresses to the Government of Canada its deep concern for the hardships which arise from our current economic problems, especially as they affect economically handicapped people both within our nation, and beyond.
We are convinced that many of our economic problems arise from a serious spiritual malaise. This has been created amongst those Canadians who are still relatively secure, both an unrealistic expectation of continually increasing affluence, and an unwillingness to share proportionally in the adjustments made necessary by inflation and stagnant productivity. We commend and we support the principal of voluntary restraint in income for those Canadians who are not suffering from unemployment, including ourselves.
Further, we commend the Government for its often expressed intention to continue, despite economic recession, those social service programmes which support Canadians who are unemployed or underprivileged, and we regret that there have been recent cuts in foreign aid, for however necessary they may seem to be at present, we believe strongly that these cuts are not even in our own national interests in the long run, let alone that of under-developed nations. CARRIED
Guaranteed Annual Income is under its own heading.
"Work has been a crucial component of how people in society perceive themselves and how they are perceived by others in the present age when so many people either cannot find work or cannot find work for which they are equipped, people's very souls are bruised."