"We might have a more technically correct title to this Bulletin, but we desire to distinguish it from Bulletin No. 108, to which it is a direct sequel. That Bulletin, entitled `Social Insurance and Material Aid in Canada', was published in May 1942. We publish this Bulletin to keep the clergy of our Church and other readers abreast of governmental movements towards an adequate plan of `social security' for our people." "Our Council for Social Service, acting carefully under General Synod and its Executive Council, has urged a closer co-operation of provincial and federal action, a unified plan for a minimum income for all the disabilities of life, and in appropriate matters the active participation of all in a contributory plan". "As well, however, this present Bulletin has a more practical object -- to let our clergy, particularly, know what actual measures of assistance are available for their people, for Old Age, Children, Mothers, the Family, the sick and helpless." "Dr. Charlotte Whitton, a member of our Council, has again come to our aid. The main article in the Bulletin, with its various schedules, has been supplied by her. Under her three main headings, Dr. Whitton has indicated the differences between Social Insurance (for Unemployment only, thus far), Social Assistance, and the more general (but very practical) Social Utilities from which all citizens derive help. We are indebted to her. As we go to press public announcement has been made of annual grants amounting to $30,000,000 to be made by the Federal Government to the Provinces to assist them in various improvements or additions to their health services. This is welcome news. We trust that all Provinces will participate in the responsibilities and benefits. This may prove to be a first step towards a plan for nation-wide health services on a prepaid basis". -- Editor's Note.
Contents: Editor's Note / W.W. Judd -- Social Aid in the Canadian State / Charlotte E. Whitton.
Alexander John Doull was born in Halifax to a Church of Scotland family. Orphaned within days of his birth, he received his higher education and ordination in England before returning to Canada, first to Montreal, before moving to Victoria B.C. as dean of the Cathedral in January 1910. On 25 November 1914 he was elected the first bishop of Kootenay, resigning in June 1933 to take up a position as assistant bishop and archdeacon in Sheffield before ill health compelled his resignation and return in the Okanagan Valley in 1935. "Alarmed by the vast number of non-Anglo-Saxon immigrants to British Columbia the bishop considered also that the province of Quebec was becoming injurious to Canada and he implored Anglo-Canadians to unite to counteract the influence of the French-speaking sections of the population" (p. 104). "The unemployment of the depression days was also of grave concern to him and he strongly supported the resolution brought forward at the diocesan synod (Vernon, 26-27 May 1931) which would establish movable camps as a means of relief" (p. 104). Bishop Doull attended the Lambeth Conferences of 1920 and 1930 and "was selected to serve with seventy others on the Committee for Church Union" (p. 105). "Throughout his entire ministry this matter of church union had been of utmost importance and he rejoiced when the United Church of Canada was formed in 1925, and he continued to speak for a union that would include all Christian people" (p. 106).
Author "is a daughter of Bishop Doull". -- p. 108.
Dean Craig presented the Memorial of the Synod of the Diocese of Ontario:
"To the Bishops, Clergy and Laity of the Church of England in Canada in General Synod Assembled:
At the Session of the Synod of Ontario held in Kingston, Ontario, May 29th and 30th, 1934, the following Report of the Diocesan Council for Social Service was adopted:
`The Diocesan Council for Social Service having noted with deep concern the problem presented by the large and growing number of young single men, generally described as the Transient Unemployed, recommends that this Synod present a strong memorial bringing this problem to the notice of the General Synod and asking it, as representing the whole Church, to press upon the Federal and Provincial Governments the urgent need of taking action to provide for these men in Employment Camps or in some other way.'
J.H.H. Coleman, Secretary; Signed, John Ontario"
That a Joint Committee representing both Houses be appointed by the Chair to draw up a resolution regarding the question of unemployment in the Dominion , and especially the transient unemployed. CARRIED in both Houses.
The following Committee was appointed: The Bishop of Ontario, Dr. Vance, Canon Gale and Magistrate Jones.
A request has been received from the Public Social Responsibility Unit to give new and increased energy to the work of economic justice in Canada.
That resolution #49 be lifted from the table. CARRIED #27-11-86
Resolution #49 reads:
That this General Synod declares unemployment, homelessness and hunger to be major concerns of the Church. We recommend to the National Executive Council that adequate staff time be allocated to assist the Anglican Church of Canada, nationally, provincially and locally to address these concerns in the following ways:
a) to work together to seek just solutions to the problems of unemployment, homelessness and hunger;
b) to work with the unemployed, the homeless and the hungry towards such solutions;
c) to work ecumenically;
d) to challenge and to work with government: federally, provincially and locally to seek a more just society.
Moved by: Dr. D.N. Maybee
Seconded by: Ven. R.T. Pynn
That the disposition of this motion be as recommended by the Officers, i.e.
That this resolution be referred to the Program Committee for consideration, appropriate action and report back to the National Executive Council
be approved. CARRIED #28-11-86
Moved by: Rev. M.C. Ingham
Seconded by: Mrs. Pamela McBeth
That the proposals from the Public Social Responsibility Unit for new work in economic justice, be approved. CARRIED #29-11-86
That the National Executive Council expresses its deep concern for those Canadians who are suffering the misfortune of unemployment; and calls upon the Dioceses of the Anglican Church and the people of the parishes to show their Christian concern and to assist in every way possible those in their communities who are unemployed. CARRIED
That mindful of the destructive effect which unemployment has upon the self respect of individuals and in concern for the preservation of human dignity, this National Executive Council requests the Unit on Public Social Responsibility to look at the subject of unemployment and its ramifications with a view to encouraging cooperative action at all levels of the public and private sectors. CARRIED
The Community Coalition on Unemployment held an inquiry into unemployment in Manitoba. "The community coalition was formed because organization were concerned about the costs of unemployment and the consequences -- especially self-esteem, family violencem suicide, mental health costs, crime, and prison costs". Canon Peter Flynn was one of the coordinators of the inquiry.
"Editor's Note: This Bulletin is largely to Clergy. We trust that, as such, it will not appear too presumptuous. It has been a growing custom for the Church, through her intercessions and messages on 'Labour Sunday' to intercede with God on behalf of the troubled groups of society and to direct the minds of our peoples to economic difficulties of the day and the Christian solution for them. This custom we believe to be wise. We give appropriate prayers from our booklet, 'Our Common Task Before the Throne' and we suggest other Collects from the Prayer Book for use that day under proper authority at altar and prayer desk. We pay a tribute to Archdeacon Fotheringham for his very pointed, suggestive sermon which issues a high challenge and at the same time sets it forth in a fine Christian spirit". -- p. .
"Today in Canada we must still preach the right of every willing man to work, even if it can be attained only by staggering employment, shortening hours, increasing the rolls of workmen, and still giving a decent living wage. There is still need, too, for Christian agitation for contributory Unemployment Insurance. The political barrier (as between Federal and Provincial Governments) which has been suddenly found in the way thereto must be broken through". -- p. 3.
Contents: Editor's Note / W.W.J. [i.e. W.W. Judd] -- Why the Church is Concerned -- The Burden of the Message for Labour Day / General Secretary -- The Spirit In The Wheels / J.B. Fotheringham -- Prayers and Litanies -- Canadians on Relief, Unemployed, Unemployable : Totals For All Canada : January, 1936.
"Prayers and Litanies" section includes prayers: For the Workers -- For Industry -- For the Unemployed -- For Social Justice -- Social Justice [Litany].
One of the most striking findings of the recent edition of the Fact Book on Poverty published by the Canadian Council on Social Development is that education is no longer a sure way for the average person to avoid poverty.