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Acts of the General Synod 1989

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official673
Date
1989 October 25-27
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 32-10-89
Date
1989 October 25-27
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 32-10-89
Mover
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Seconder
Ven. D.J. Woeller
Prologue
The Officers of the General Synod, prior to this meeting, had reviewed the Acts directed to the National Executive Council. Suggestions as to appropriate action are shown on Document #027-02-89-10.
The Acts were discussed by the National Executive Council, as follows:
Act 140 - Program Purpose and Goals for 1989-1995
No action was required.
Act 154 - Relations Between General Synod and Independent Mission Societies
Action to be taken by Partners-In-Mission and Program Committee and to be brought back to a future meeting of the National Executive Council
Act 37 - Confidentiality
Action to be taken by the House of Bishops and the Doctrine and Worship Committee. This will be discussed at the December 1989 meeting of Chancellors and Metropolitans
Act 38 - Compensation Policies and Practices
The Stipend Committee will be asked to gather responses, for placing before the National Executive Council
Act 88 - Funding Theological Education
Action to be taken by the Program, Ministry, and Stewardship and Financial Development Committees; then to be brought back to the National Executive Council
See also motion #47-10-89 (page 37).
Act 158 - Multiculturalism
See motion #46-10-89 (on page 37).
Act 97 - The Book of Alternative Services
See motion #37-10-89 (page 31).
Act 156 - Planning the Development of a New Hymn Book
The Doctrine and Worship Committee will be requested to regularly include, in its report to the National Executive Council, information on how it is dealing with this resolution
Act 112 - Surrogate Parenting
It was agreed that this resolution should be conveyed to the federal government now; and reiterated when it becomes a public issue
Act 139 - Anglican Journal Review
See Report #030-01-89-10 to the National Executive Council.
Text
That this National Executive Council approve the referrals proposed by the Officers and the action, as discussed at this meeting, regarding the disposition of the acts of the General Synod referred to this Council. CARRIED #32-10-89
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod (32nd : 1989 : St. John's, Nfld.) - Resolutions
Missions - Anglican Church of Canada
Missions - Societies, etc. - Canada
Independent mission agencies
Confidential communications - Clergy - Anglican Church of Canada
Confession - Anglican Church of Canada
Theological colleges - Canada
Theological education - Anglican Church of Canada
Hymnbooks - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Book of Common Praise. 1998
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Journal / Journal Anglican
Less detail

General Synod in St. John's, Newfoundland

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1443
Date
1989 April 28
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1989 April 28
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
For immediate release
[Toronto] April 28, 1989 -- The Anglican Church's General Synod, its highest legislative body, will meet in St. John's, Newfoundland from June 14 to June 23, 1989. Archbishop Michael Peers will preside over his first General Synod since he was elected Primate of the church in 1986.
The Synod's 300 members, including lay persons, clergy, and bishops, will come together from across Canada to make policy for the country's third-largest denomination.
The General Synod, which meets once every three years, will hold its plenary sessions in the Thomson Student Centre of Memorial University. All sessions are normally open to the public.
Some highlights:
- resolutions related to native rights and native land claims occupy a prominent place on the agenda. The Anglican Church has the highest percentage of native members of any Canadian church. A spate of resolutions focus on support for self-government, Innu land claims, and environmental protection (in lands held or claimed by natives). One resolution says the time has come to employ civil disobedience in defence of ancestral lands. It asks General Synod "to support aboriginal people, Anglicans and others, involved in non-violent direct action, in defense of aboriginal ancestral lands and the environment."
- General Synod may consider two widely differing court cases. In one, the church is participating in a challenge to Canadian law; in the other, the church itself is being challenged.
The Anglican Church is participating with the Canadian Council of Churches in a court challenge to Canadian immigration laws. Church leaders say the law is unconstitutional because it does not guarantee refugee claimants the right to be heard.
Earlier this year, the church convened its own Supreme Court of Appeal for the first time, to hear a complaint about the experimental service book, the Book of Alternative Services (BAS). Opponents of the BAS say that only the traditional Book of Common Prayer 1962 may lawfully be used in Canadian Anglican worship. The Supreme Court is expected to deliver its verdict in mid-May.
- A task force will present recommendations to General Synod on surrogate motherhood. The task force has taken a strong stand opposing surrogate motherhood, in contrast to a recent set of recommendations from the Ontario Law Reform Commission. Task force members say the practice is offensive for several reasons, including the fact that it turns children into "commodities".
- the second draft of a pastoral guide on cults will be distributed at General Synod. The guide is intended to help parishes and individuals understand the appeal of cults and enable the church to be "a listening and upholding community of support" to the families and friends of those engaged in cult activity.
- Among the international guests at General Synod will be Ms. Vanessa MacKenzie, youth officer for the Church of the Province of South Africa. She will hear the synod deal with resolutions calling for the Canadian government to legislate complete economic sanctions against South Africa, and to provide security aid to South Africa's frontline states, particularly Angola and Mozambique.
- The General Synod will make unusually extensive use of video and computer technology to enhance the relationship between the General Synod and the church at large. Video crews will produce a daily, half-hour "highlights" program to be broadcast across Canada via satellite. An international computer network will also report regularly through the day on synod happenings, and allow computer communication users to respond.
- Although there is concern across the Anglican Communion about the ordination of women to the priesthood and to the episcopate, the issue is not expected to be prominent at General Synod. Women have been ordained in the Anglican Church of Canada since 1976, and are eligible to be elected as bishops (though none has yet been elected).
- Ecumenical guests at General Synod will include: Archbishop James Hayes, President of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops; Rabbi Howard Joseph, Canadian Jewish Congress; Ebrahim Sayed, Council of Muslim Communities of Canada; Bishop Donald Sjoberg, President of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada and President of the Canadian Council of Churches; Dr. Anne Squire, former Moderator of the United Church.
The worldwide Anglican communion will be represented by the chair of the Anglican Consultative Council, the Venerable Yong Ping Chung; and by the Rt. Rev. Clovis E. Rodriques, Bishop of Brazil.
- 30 -
For further information, contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communications, (416) 924-9192 ext. 286 (bus.), (416) 335-8349 (res.)
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod (32nd : 1989 : St. John's, Nfld.)
Indigenous peoples - Canada - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Supreme Court of Appeal
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Cults - Canada
Church and computers - Anglican Church of Canada
Television broadcasting - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Mackenzie, Vanessa, (Vanessa Mildred) 1959-
Less detail

Media kit : Surrogate Motherhood : Report of the Anglican Church's Task Force : May 2, 1989

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/catalog4244
Publication Date
1989
Material Type
Book
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Call Number
HQ 759.5 A5M4 1989
Place
Toronto ON
Publisher
Anglican Church of Canada
Publication Date
1989
Physical_Description
[2], 76 p.
Material Type
Book
Notes
Cover title.
Contents: 1. Press release entitled "Practice of surrogate motherhood unacceptable, Anglican group says; Calls for legal changes to prevent spread of surrogacy in Canada" dated 2 May 1989 -- 2. Surrogacy : The Report of an Anglican Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood" / John Baycroft, Chair.
Report later published by the Anglican Book Centre under title: "Whose child is this? : ethical, legal, and theological dangers of `surrogate motherhood'". Separately catalogued in OTCH.
Added Entry
Baycroft, John A. (John Arthur), 1933-
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Whose Child is This ?
Subjects
Surrogate motherhood
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Doctrines
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Call Number
HQ 759.5 A5M4 1989
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Less detail

Practice of Surrogate Motherhood Unacceptable, Anglican Group Says; Calls for Legal Changes to Prevent Spread of Surrogacy in Canada

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1442
Date
1989 May 2
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1989 May 2
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
Toronto, May 2, 1989 -- The practice of surrogate motherhood is offensive and unacceptable because it turns children into "commodities", an Anglican Church task force says. The report takes issue with a recent Ontario Law Reform Commission report which recommended procedures to regularize the practice.
Task force members will present their report at a news conference Tuesday, May 2 at 9:30 a.m. at 135 Adelaide Street East (Anglican Diocese of Toronto).
In surrogate motherhood, when a husband and wife cannot have children naturally, the husband may hire the services of another woman. This so-called "surrogate" mother is then artificially inseminated with the husband's sperm.
"Human beings must be treated as ends, not means," says the task force report. "The humanity of women must not be subordinated to their reproductive capacities. Nor may children be deliberately created for sale. These two grave ethical flaws are inherent in surrogate motherhood. The buying and selling of human beings, for whatever purpose, incorporates the evil present in slavery and is just as offensive."
The report recommends that contracts for surrogate motherhood be unenforceable in Canada and that provincial laws governing adoption be reviewed to ensure that adoption procedures cannot be abused to bring about surrogate motherhood arrangements. "If provincial adoption laws cannot ensure that surrogacy is banned in Canada," the report says, "we recommend that federal legislation be enacted making it a criminal offence to recommend, initiate, arrange or agree to the bearing of a child in a surrogacy arrangement for payment in cash or in kind." The several recommendations in the report will be presented for discussion in June to the General Synod, the church's highest legislative body.
The task force was authorized in May 1987 by the church's national executive council. Its members include: Rt. Rev. John Baycroft, Suffragan Bishop of Ottawa; the Rev. Bruce Alton, Trinity College; Phyllis Creighton, editor, University of Toronto Press; Marsha Hewitt, professor, Trinity College; and the Rev. Don Thompson, professor, Centre for Christian Studies.
- 30 -
For further information, contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communications, (416) 925-9192 ext. 286 (bus.), (416) 335-8349 (res.)
Subjects
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Law and legislation - Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Law and legislation - Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 52-05-88
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 52-05-88
Mover
Mrs. P. McBeth
Seconder
Mrs. M. McKeith
Text
That this National Executive Council request the Doctrine and Worship Committee to examine the literature and analyse the ethical and moral consequences of the use of scientific techniques of human reproduction and fertilization. CARRIED #52-05-88
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Fertilization in vitro, Human - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Surrogacy and Christian Marriage

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official839
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 71
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 71
Mover
Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
Seconder
Rev. M. Holmen
Prologue
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada agree that:
1. We affirm marriage, as a lifelong union in faithful love to the exclusion of all others on either side, to be a full and complete sacrament of the unity between two persons in and of itself. We support those who have entered into this covenant.
2. We understand that the procreation of children is a good that might come out of a couple's mutual love, but the absence of children in no way renders a marriage incomplete.
3. We affirm any married couple's desire for children from their union. But we ask all couples, their friends and families, to consider the reality of various limitations for example, fertility, personality, genetic impairment which may make children for them either impossible, hurtful or simply unwise. We ask our Christian communities to uphold those who are living within such limitations or restrictions.
4. We find the practice of "surrogate motherhood" to be an unacceptable means of acquiring children, whether undertaken as a financial or charitable transaction. We find that this dehumanizing practice reduces human life in the new "image of God" to a commodity. It removes the creation of new life from the sacramental relationship of woman and man in mutual love. It leaves a legacy for both birth mother and child which in all likelihood will be hurtful and destructive.
5. We express our ethical concern that the practice of "surrogate motherhood" will abuse women by denying their role as the actual bearers and mothers of children.
6. We pledge our support to couples who would wish to have children from their union but find themselves unable to do so. We pray that they will find satisfaction for this longing without resorting to any technology or practice which may ultimately be disrespectful or destructive to them, their marriage, a child, or any other person. We encourage technologies and practices which do respect each of these.
Mrs. Margaret McKeith requested that the following paragraph be added to the resolution:
"7. We affirm adoptive parents and adopted children in the life of the church as full members of the Christian family".
The mover and seconder agreed.
The Reverend Michael Rowe requested that paragraph #2 be changed as follows:
"2. We understand that the procreation of children is a good that might come out of a couple's mutual love, but the absence of children in itself does not compromise the integrity and value of a marriage".
Text
The change was accepted by the mover and seconder.
The motion now reads:
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada agree that:
1. We affirm marriage, as a lifelong union in faithful love to the exclusion of all others on either side, to be a full and complete sacrament of the unity between two persons in and of itself. We support those who have entered into this covenant.
2. We understand that the procreation of children is a good that might come out of a couple's mutual love, but the absence of children in itself does not compromise the integrity and value of a marriage.
3. We affirm any married couple's desire for children from their union. But we ask all couples, their friends and families, to consider the reality of various limitations for example, fertility, personality, genetic impairment which may make children for them either impossible, hurtful or simply unwise. We ask our Christian communities to uphold those who are living within such limitations or restrictions.
4. We find the practice of "surrogate motherhood" to be an unacceptable means of acquiring children, whether undertaken as a financial or charitable transaction. We find that this dehumanizing practice reduces human life in the new "image of God" to a commodity. It removes the creation of new life from the sacramental relationship of woman and man in mutual love. It leaves a legacy for both birth mother and child which in all likelihood will be hurtful and destructive.
5. We express our ethical concern that the practice of "surrogate motherhood" will abuse women by denying their role as the actual bearers and mothers of children.
6. We pledge our support to couples who would wish to have children from their union but find themselves unable to do so. We pray that they will find satisfaction for this longing without resorting to any technology or practice which may ultimately be disrespectful or destructive to them, their marriage, a child, or any other person. We encourage technologies and practices which do respect each of these.
7. We affirm adoptive parents and adopted children in the life of the church as full members of the Christian family. The revised motion was put and CARRIED Act 71
Subjects
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Family - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Marriage - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Children - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Surrogate Motherhood

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official838
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 70
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 70
Mover
Mrs. P. Creighton
Seconder
Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
Text
That the report of the Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood" be:
a) accepted for publication; and
b) commended to the Church and community for study and action. CARRIED Act 70
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Less detail

Surrogate Motherhood

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official910
Date
1987 May 13-15
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 60-05-87
Date
1987 May 13-15
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 60-05-87
Mover
Ms. J. McCann
Seconder
Rev. M.C. Ingham
Text
That this National Executive Council request that the Doctrine and Worship Committee examine the issue of surrogate motherhood with a view to providing the Anglican Church of Canada with research, information and guidance on this subject by the 1989 General Synod. CARRIED #60-05-87
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Surrogate Parenting

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official9261
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 72
Act 73
Act 74
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 72
Act 73
Act 74
Mover
Rev. R.S. Condo
Seconder
Rev. A.E. Gates
Prologue
Moved by: Mrs. P. Creighton
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada urge:
1. That as a matter of public policy surrogate parenting should be discouraged.
2. That surrogacy contracts should be unenforceable in Canada.
3. That the recommendations on legal aspects contained in the report (pages 8 and 9) be endorsed.
4. That the principles and recommendations in the report of the Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood", together with the resolutions of this 32nd General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada which relate to Surrogacy be the basis of any recommendations by the National Executive Council and other National Church bodies to governments when policy is being formed or legislation enacted.
5. That the above resources be commended also to the Provinces and Dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Amendment
That this General Synod endorse the recommendations on legal aspects contained in the report of the Anglican Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood" (pp. 8-9), with the exception of paragraph #4 on p. 9. CARRIED Act 72
Mrs. Creighton requested clarification about what would replace paragraph #4 and a change of wording was suggested by a member of Synod. The Chancellor was asked to determine if debate could be resumed following the Chairperson ruling the member out of order. The advice of the Chancellor was that, if the entire House voted in the affirmative, the debate could be re-opened.
Moved by: Most Rev. J.C. Bothwell
Seconded by: Very Rev. G.S. Light
That this General Synod re-open the debate. CARRIED WITHOUT DISSENT Act 73
Amendment to the Amendment
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. T.E. Finlay
That this General Synod add the following words after "surrogacy" (defining the meaning of the word):
in the provincial and territorial legislatures,
Motion to Refer
Text
That this General Synod refer the resolution, with amendments, to the Resolutions Committee. CARRIED ACt 74
Notes
(See pages 86-87, Act 112)
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod. Resolutions Committee
Less detail

Surrogate Parenting (See pages 60-62)

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official869
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 112
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 112
Mover
Mrs. P. Creighton
Seconder
Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
Text
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada:
1. Urge that as a matter of public policy surrogate parenting should be discouraged.
2. Urge that surrogacy contracts should be unenforceable in Canada.
3. Adopt recommendations 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 on legal aspects contained in the report of the Anglican Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood on pages 8 and 9.
4. Recommend to the provinces and territories that adoption laws ensure that commercial surrogacy (recommending, initiating, arranging, or agreeing to the bearing of a child in a surrogacy arrangement for payment in cash or in kind) is banned in each province and territory.
5. Agree that the principles and recommendations in the report of the Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood", together with the resolutions of this 32nd General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada which relate to surrogacy be the basis of any recommendations by the National Executive Council and other national Church bodies to governments when policy is being formed or legislation enacted.
6. Commend the above resources also to the Provinces and Dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada. CARRIED Act 112
Notes
Due to conflict of interest, Mr. Justice Ronald Stevenson and Mr. Justice David Wright, Assessors to the General Synod, abstained from voting on the above motion.
[For earlier acts and discussion subsequently replaced by this Act see pages 60-62.]
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Adoption - Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

11 records – page 1 of 2.