The report was presented by the Archbishop of Algoma
"That the report be received."
The Committee Chairman in submitting his report, reminded the House of the background of the report.
The committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops had presented their first report in Banff, 1963 (pages 10 and 11, 1963).
This report arose out of a resolution:
"That the Primate be requested to appoint a small Committee of this House to consider the episcopate in Canada, with particular relation to Suffragan, Co-adjutor and Assistant Bishops."
The Committee had also been asked "To submit a report and Canon at a special meeting of the House which shall be called by the Primate at a time and place to be decided by the Primate."
The Canon submitted sought to solve questions which remained unanswered. There were other points which had been raised on which no unanimous decision has been reached.
e.g. Should there be an Electoral College set up in the election of all Diocesan Bishops?
Can we come to a unanimous decision regarding the use of traditional episcopal signatures?
Is it true that Diocesan bishops desire more authority in the appointment and election of Assistant Bishops?
The proposed canon which follows was discussed by sections.
PROPOSED CANON ON BISHOPS
I The Anglican Church of Canada holds and teaches that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders in the Ministry of Christ's Church: Bishops, Priests (Presbyters) and Deacons; and no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon in the Anglican Church of Canada, or permitted to execute any of the offices attached to the same, except he be called, tried, examined and admitted thereunto according to the Ordinal, or has had formerly episcopal consecration or ordination in some Church whose orders are recognized and accepted by the Anglican Church of Canada.
II Before any person is consecrated to the episcopate, the Metropolitan of the Province must satisfy himself that the person possesses the qualifications for the office. The Bishop-elect must be a Priest of not less than five years standing, and thirty years of age. He must possess good character, piety, learning, a zeal for souls and prudence. He should be sound in health of body and mind.
III The constitutive elements in the making of a Bishop in the Anglican Church of Canada are:
- (a) In the ordering of a Bishop for a Diocese that has become vacant, (that is, the ordering of Diocesan Bishop), the concurrence of the Metropolitan in the arrangements for the electing body; and in the ordering of a Bishop to serve as an assistant to the Diocesan Bishop, the consent of the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province to the decision of a Synod to provide their Bishop with episcopal assistance.
- (b) Election by an absolute majority of the clergy, and an absolute majority of the Lay Delegates to Synod, voting separately, at a Synod summoned in accordance with the Canons of the Diocese on the Election of Bishops.
- (c) Free acceptance by the person elected within a space of seven days after his receiving notification of his election as Bishop.
- (d) Ratification of the election by the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province in accordance with the method of ratification prescribed in the Provincial Canons. This ratification constitutes the Bishop elect, after his Consecration, a member of the Provincial House of Bishops.
- (e) Consecration of the Bishop-elect according to the "From of Ordaining of a Bishop" by the Metropolitan, or by some bishop appointed to act in his behalf, assisted by at least two other Bishops, holding jurisdiction in two Dioceses of the Provinces other than that of the Metropolitan. If circumstances are such as to make it impossible to provide the two other Bishops from other Dioceses within the Province, it is permissible that they should be found elsewhere, but in no circumstances shall there be less than three Bishops taking part in the Consecration of a Bishop.
- (f) The registration of the Election and Consecration of the Bishop in the Registers of the Diocese, the Province and of General Synod.
IV The effects of Ordination and its obligations, are permanent, in the same way that the effects and obligations of Baptism are permanent.
- (a) The Bishop was made Deacon, and after his Consecration he still remains a servant. His Diaconate is extended and made more onerous, for he now becomes a servant of the servants of God.
- (b) He was ordained Priest. He never ceases to be a Priest. Among his clergy, he is an equal in all respects as to his Priesthood. His obligation to preach the Gospel and to minister the Sacraments of Christ never cease.
- (c) The unity of the ordained ministry lies in this common priesthood of the Gospel and Sacraments, and in the apostolate and mission of the whole Church to the world. Among the clergy and pastors of the Church, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, the "Pastor Pastorum." It appertains specially to his office to teach and uphold sound doctrine, and to banish and drive away all erroneous and strange opinions; and, himself an example of righteous and godly living, it is his duty to set forward and maintain quietness, love and peace among all men.
V All bishops are equal in regard to their consecration and office; they differ in their jurisdiction. Among Bishops we distinguish the following.
- (a) Bishops that have pre-eminence and jurisdiction not only within their own Dioceses, but throughout an Ecclesiastical Province are called "Metropolitans," and bear the title of "Archbishop." The jurisdiction is such as is defined in the Canons of the Province.
- (b) Bishops that have jurisdiction in a Diocese are called "Diocesans" or "Ordinaries."
- (c) Bishops elected to assist their Diocesan include the following classifications: Coadjutors, Suffragans with Title, Suffragans without Title.
- (d) Bishops who after resigning from their episcopal office, hold Special Licences.
VI Every Bishop has within his Diocese jurisdiction as Ordinary.
VII Every Bishop is, within his Diocese, the Principal Minister, and to him belongs the right, of celebrating the rites of Ordination and Confirmation; of Consecrating new Churches, Chapels, Churchyards and Burial Grounds; of instituting to all vacant benefices; of admitting by licence to all other vacant ecclesiastical offices; of holding visitations to the end that he may get some good knowledge of the state, sufficiency, and ability of the clergy and other persons whom he is to visit; of summoning all Synods and Diocesan Conferences; and of presiding therein, either in person or by such deputy as he may lawfully appoint.
VIII Every Bishop shall be faithful in admitting persons into Holy Orders and in celebrating the rite of Confirmation as often and in as many places as shall be convenient, and shall provide, as much as in him lies, that in every place within his diocese, there shall be sufficient Priests to Minister the Word and Sacraments to the people that are therein.
IX The authority and jurisdiction that the Bishop possesses within his Diocese are constitutional:
- (a) in being exercised under the Canons of the Diocese, of the Province and of General Synod, and
- (b) in being shared with clergy and laity elected to Synod and to serve on its Board and Committees.
- (c) In accordance with the principle of the collegiality of Bishops in maintaining a close relationship with the Metropolitan and the fellow Bishops in the Province, and with the Primate and Canadian House of Bishops, in consultation with them, on important matters of Faith and Order.
X (a) There is inherent in the Office of Bishop, as Father in God and Chief Pastor, the duty to maintain the Discipline of Christ, to hear confession, to offer advice and correction; to receive complains or charges under the Canon Law or the Moral Law.
- (b) The Bishops shall follow a course, if possible, that will avoid all notoriety, and public scandal. It lies entirely in his discretion as to whether he will permit a complainant to proceed to formal litigation in the Bishop's Court.
- (c) If a complainant is not satisfied with the Bishop's refusal to permit ecclesiastical litigation, he may carry the case to the Metropolitan.
- (d) If the Bishop has reason to believe that a Canon or the Moral Law is being infringed and no person has come forward to lay a complaint, he may direct some person to make an enquiry, and if circumstances justify it, to lay a complaint.
- (e) The Bishop may hear the case himself; he may associate others with him; he may ask some person to hear it for him. However, in no case shall a verdict be rendered but in the name of the Bishop, and by the Bishop himself. Where the verdict implies some penalty, like suspension, or deprivation, the bishop shall first consult with his Chancellor before rendering the verdict.
XI (a) According to the vows taken at his Ordination, the Diocesan Bishop must devote himself to the work of the Church of God in the Diocese. Only under the most exceptional circumstances, and on a temporary basis, may be accept any other appointment with remuneration, and that with the consent of his own Executive and the Metropolitan. This consent may be recalled by either party at any time, provided due notice is given.
- (b) Because the Diocesan Bishop may not hold two positions, (and be a "Pluralist") it is the duty of his Diocese to provide him with a Stipend and Allowances sufficient to keep him free from any financial anxiety and embarrassment.
- (c) It is the duty of the Metropolitan to make an enquiry periodically, either himself, or with the help of a Committee of the Provincial Synod, to satisfy himself that the provisions of this clause are being met in the dioceses under his jurisdiction.
XII (a) The Anglican Church of Canada recognizes no distinction between the status of Bishops that serve in dioceses receiving Grants-in-aid from General Synod, and those who do not.
- (b) The fact that part of the income of the Episcopal Fund of any diocese is derived from sources outside the Diocese does not impair the authority of the Bishop and Synod of that Diocese.
- (c) The vows of obedience which a Bishop takes at his Consecration are incompatible with any special agreements or special work that impair the integrity of the Bishop's relationship with his own Synod, the Provincial Synod and the General Synod.
XIII (a) If a Diocesan Bishop desires Episcopal Assistance and his Synod consents, and makes sufficient financial provision for one, the matter shall be laid before the Metropolitan who, in accordance with Provincial Canons, shall obtain and give the consent of the Provincial Authority to the holding of the election.
- (b) While the Provincial Authority may give or deny its consent to the election of an Assistant Bishop, it lies with the Diocesan Authority, the Bishop and his Executive, to determine the Title and Work of Assistant Bishop to be elected. This shall be done, and properly recorded in the minutes of the Executive Committee of the Diocese before the election, and announced publicly at the Elective Synod. When a person is elected Assistant Bishop, he shall be informed of the particular terms of his appointment. If he accepts the Election, it is understood that he also accepts the terms of the appointment.
- (c) These terms may thereafter be changed only with the consent of the Diocesan with his Executive, and of the Assistant Bishop himself.
- (d) If an Assistant Bishops is elected, and the Diocese has not laid down beforehand the terms of his appointment, it is understood that his position in the diocese is that of a Suffragan Bishop without Title and without a defined Jurisdiction.
- (e) The expression "terms of the appointment" is to be taken to mean:
-- (i) Status or Title of the assistant Bishop, whether Coadjutor, or Suffragan;
-- (ii) Whether responsibility for a territorial area is assigned or not, or responsibility for certain kinds or areas of work;
-- (iii) Place of residence;
-- (iv) Stipend and allowances that are to be paid at the start, on the understanding that they will be reviewed by the Executive of the Diocese and increased periodically thereafter.
XIV (a) If a Diocese requires Episcopal Assistance, but yet is unable to elect or to obtain the services of the person or persons elected, it is permissible for the Diocese to ask the Metropolitan, with or without the aid of the Provincial House of Bishops or Provincial Council, to appoint a person as its Assistant Bishop.
- (b) In the event that a Diocese assigns a power to appoint, it assigns also its power to define the terms of the appointment. Any subsequent change in the terms of the appointment, or in the status of the Assistant Bishop, require the concurrence of the Diocesan Bishop, his Executive, the Assistant Bishop himself, and of the Metropolitan.
XV STATUS AND TITLE OF ASSISTANT BISHOPS: THE COADJUTOR
- (a) The Bishop Coadjutor is an Assistant Bishop who has been already designated as the successor to the Diocesan. If, however, he has already passed the ago of 70 years when the Diocesan retires, he has become ineligible for election as Diocesan.
- (b) Since the Coadjutor is elected with right to succession, it is understood that he will be given the opportunity of coming to know the Diocese, its history and traditions, its Parishes and activities. The Coadjutor serves without restriction as to Title, or Jurisdiction in area or type of work.
- (c) His Title is. "The Coadjutor Bishop of .... (name of Diocese)".
- (d) In the exercise of the Episcopal office, he holds Confirmations, dedications and consecrations, and makes visitations, in his own right, but in consultation with the Diocesan. He ordains, makes appointments of Clergy to parishes, receives their resignations, and convenes meetings of the clergy or of the Synod and its Executive only on the express authority of the Diocesan.
- (e) In the absence of the Bishop, unless Diocesan Canons give other directions, he shall preside at Synods and meetings of the Executive Committee.
- (f) The Coadjutor ranks next in seniority to the Diocesan Bishop. He takes precedence to the Suffragan with Title at services held within the jurisdiction of the Suffragan, only if he is present as the Deputy of the Diocesan himself.
- (g) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Coadjutor, provided that the appointment shall not make it impossible for the Coadjutor to exercise his office throughout the Diocese.
XVI STATUS AND TITLE OF ASSISTANT BISHOPS: THE SUFFRAGANS, WITH OR WITHOUT SPECIAL TITLE
- (a) Among Suffragan Bishops there are to be distinguished --
-- (i) those that bear a special Title, other than that of the Diocese, and
-- (ii) those that bear the Title of the diocese, and are known as the "Suffragan Bishop of .... (name of the Diocese)".
- (b) The Special Title indicates a special responsibility for the Parishes and Clergy of a certain part of the Diocese. This Special responsibility does not impair the authority of the Diocesan in respect to that part of his Diocese, nor on the other hand, does it restrict the Suffragan in the exercise of his office to one part of the Diocese only. The Suffragan with Title is available for duty throughout the Diocese at the direction of the Diocesan, but it will be expected that Confirmations, dedications, consecrations, the holding of retreats for and visitations of the Clergy within his jurisdiction will be left largely in his hands.
- (c) Suffragan Bishops with Title are not required to resign when the Diocesan retires or deceases.
- (d) The absence of a Special Title indicates that the Suffragan Bishop is more directly and closely assigned to the Diocesan for duty anywhere in the diocese.
- (e) In distinction to the Suffragan with Title, whose special attachment is territorial, the Suffragan without Title has an attachment that is more personal, an attachment to the Diocesan for work anywhere in the Diocese.
- (f) Suffragan Bishops do not succeed the Diocesan by right, but they may be elected to succeed, provided that they have not already reached the age of 70 years.
- (g) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Suffragan Bishop.
XVII RESIGNATIONS ON ACCOUNT OF AGE
- (a) All Bishops shall submit their resignation to the Metropolitan when they attain the age of 70 years. It shall be in the discretion of the Metropolitan, with the agreement of the Bishop concerned, to defer acceptance of the resignation for a period of up to two years.
- (b) Resignation by Metropolitans of both their Diocesan and Provincial administration shall be submitted to the Provincial House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
- (c) Resignation by the Primate of his Primatial Office shall be submitted to the Canadian House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
XVIII All Bishops, both Diocesan and Assistant, are required to fullfill the law of Residence by spending at least 9 months of each calendar year within the limits of their Diocese. They shall not so arrange their Leaves of Absence in such a way, at the end of one year and the beginning of the next that they are absent from their diocese for more than three months at a time. If the circumstances are exceptional, and the Executive of the Diocese consents, the Metropolitan may extend the Leave of Absence beyond three months.
XIX (a) All Bishops shall be entitled to six months' Leave of Absence from their Diocese with full stipend and allowances on the completion of six years of service, and thereafter six months for every six years completed.
- (b) The Leave of Absence shall not be cumulative from one six year period to the next.
- (c) Any Bishop taking Leave of Absence, shall report to his Metropolitan on the measures he is taking for his Ministry and Administration during his absence. The Metropolitan shall satisfy himself that the measures are sufficient, and shall take any necessary steps to ensure that the measures agreed to are being duly maintained by those who have accepted the responsibilities.
- (d) If a Bishop is asked to undertake some special work for the Church that requires his absence from his Diocese for a period in excess of the normal annual Leave of Absence, and the Synod or the Executive of his Diocese consents to his acceptance of this work, it shall lie with the Metropolitan and his House of Bishops to take the matter under review. They shall satisfy themselves that the Diocese in question is provided with sufficient Episcopal oversight. They shall determine how the Law that prohibits Diocesans from holding two positions and drawing two stipends (Pluralism) is to be applied to the case.
They shall consider no Diocese is due to honour the government of a Bishop whom they have not freely elected, either as the Diocesan or his Assistant Bishop, excepting in an emergency and on a temporary basis.
If they are satisfied on these and other such points, the Metropolitan and House of Bishops may grant Leave of Absence to a diocesan for a period up to 5 years, on the conditions agreed to between the Diocesan and the Provincial House of Bishops, which shall be recorded in the minutes of that House.
Such an agreement may be revised from time to time with the consent of the Metropolitan and his House of Bishops, the Diocesan and the Executive of the Diocese.
The Leave of Absence shall not be renewed after its expiry, at the end of 5 years or earlier, excepting with the consent of the Synod of the Diocese and the recommendation of the Provincial House of Bishops made to and accepted by the Canadian House of Bishops.
XX (a) Any Diocesan Bishop who has reached the age of 68 years and is within two years of his retirement, may give notice of his retirement to the Metropolitan and to the Synod or Executive of his Diocese, and require that he be provided with Episcopal Assistance. The Bishop elected on the grounds of "impending retirement" shall be a Coadjutor with right to succeed, provided that there be no Coadjutor to the Diocesan already.
- (b) If a Diocese requires Episcopal Assistance on the grounds of the disability or infirmity of the Diocesan, or of the growth of the work beyond his powers, the initiative in seeking Assistance shall lie (a) with the Diocesan with the consent of his Synod, or in the event of the Bishop's unwillingness or inability to act, (b) with the Executive Committee of the Diocese in consultation with the Chancellor, or in the failure of both to act, (c) with the Metropolitan.
- (c) If a Bishop requires Episcopal Assistance, and his Synod or Executive feels unable to make sufficient financial provision, the Metropolitan shall meet the Executive to review the matter. If he deems it wise, an appeal shall be sent forward to the Primate and General Synod for a Grant sufficient for the need.
- (d) No Grant shall be made by General Synod to a Diocese for Episcopal Assistance except on the conclusion of an agreement between the General Synod and the Diocese in which is specified the amount of the Grant, the status, title, work, place of residence and jurisdiction of the Bishop to be elected, and the duration of the agreement.
(e) Such an agreement shall have force only during the episcopate of the Diocesan Bishop, who is partner to it. The Grant may be continued only if his successor applies for it, and makes a similar agreement with General Synod. The Agreement should provide for periodic review and for the change of its terms, with the consent of both parties.
Section I was given general approval
Section II was given general approval
Section III was referred back to the committee for further consideration in the light of discussion
Section IV was approved
Section V was given general approval
Section VI to be combined with Section VII
Section VII approved in substance
Section VIII approved
Section IX - XI referred back to Committee with suggestions.
Section XII approved
Section XIII referred with suggestions to committee
The Primate indicated the hope that it will be possible for the Bishops' wives to accompany their husbands to England at the time of the Lambeth Conference and requested suggestions re wives' participation in the Conference.
The Primate described the role of Suffragan Bishops in England. He said that, in some instances, Suffragans are territorial Bishops who are active in Diocesan activities and meet as a College of Bishops, while in other situations, they work under the Diocesan's authority. The Primate said that Australia shares the same tradition, while in Africa that pattern has been to create more dioceses.
The Primate said that there is a desire to have more representation from India at the 1988 Lambeth Conference.
We recognize that the numbers and the duties and functions of Suffragan Bishops vary widely in different Provinces of the Anglican Communion.
However, in the Anglican Church of Canada, Suffragan Bishops are very few in number, and share fully in every aspect of episcopal and synodical ministry.
Therefore, the National House of Bishops requests that our Canadian Suffragan Bishops be invited to full and equal participation in the 1988 Lambeth Conference, without prejudice to other decisions about the attendance of Suffragans which may be made with regard to other Anglican Provinces. CARRIED #9-9-85
The report of the Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops (Toronto Minutes, Page 6) was presented by the Archbishop of Algoma, who moved, seconded by the Bishop of Ontario, that the report be received. CARRIED
"That this House receives with thanks the Report on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops and request the Committee to continue its Studies -- also that the question of a Coadjutor being provided (at least two years prior to the date of a Diocesan Bishop) be considered, particularly in the case of a Bishop of a Missionary Diocese. CARRIED.
Copy of the report is printed below:
COADJUTOR, SUFFRAGAN AND ASSISTANT BISHOPS
The resolution which the committee comprising the Bishop of Ottawa, the Bishop of Ontario and the archbishop of Algoma (appointed by the Primate) was asked to consider was:
"That the Primate be requested to appoint a small committee of this House to consider the episcopate in Canada with particular relation to suffragan, coadjutor and assistant bishops."
The context in which this resolution came before the House of Bishops appeared to have special relationship to the election of coadjutor, suffragan and assistant bishops in those dioceses which would need the financial support of the Church in Canada through the M.S.C.C. Although it is within the prerogative of each diocese to elect such bishops, with the concurrence of Provincial authority, your committee would go on record in emphasizing a subsequent motion of the House --"that Metropolitans be requested to consult with the M.S.C.C. if financial arrangements are required, before Synodical action is taken, in appointing bishops in missionary dioceses." The emphasis is on the word "consult" as it is felt that where episcopal and provincial action is taken to justify such appointments, the M.S.C.C. accordingly would present before the Church any increase in budget necessary for such purpose.
There is another aspect to such appointments which will need the guidance of the House of Bishops. Should there be additional dioceses established in which one diocesan bishop might be sufficient, or should the emphasis be placed upon an increase in the number of assistant bishops ? Your committee feels that the answer to this question will depend largely on the local circumstances of each individual diocese. This may call forth discussion and subsequent action from the House of Bishops, but your committee desires to draw attention to this situation. With the increased growth of population in some dioceses and the vast distances to be covered in others, the subject is one which deserves the closest scrutiny at this time in our Church development.
Again, there are some questions which may appear to possess technical, but nevertheless real implications: to what extent does an "assistant Bishop" (including coadjutor, suffragan or assistant) receive his directions from the Diocesan Bishop and/or to what extent is his position defined (following his consecration) by the Province or General Synod ?
If the Province elects such assistant Bishop, has the Province the authority to define his territorial jurisdiction ? If the national Church subscribes a large amount of money annually for increased episcopal assistance, has General Synod any authority in the function or territorial jurisdiction of the assistant bishop ?
It appears that diocesan bishops may request additional episcopal assistance after consultation with their respective Synods. How many dioceses have diocesan canons in which the initiative rests with Synod itself in petitioning for additional episcopal assistance ?
Should assistant bishops have territorial jurisdiction ? If so, do they not have the prerogative (or should they ?) to officiate at all confirmations, dedications and consecrations in such jurisdiction ?
Should an assistant bishop send in his resignation to the Executive Committee of a diocese or to his Metropolitan ? Such a question might rightly be asked in the event a coadjutor or a suffragan bishop assumes the function of the diocesan or in the event he is translated.
What regulations should govern assistant bishops in regard to residence ? Is this an internal diocesan matter to be decided between bishop and diocesan synod ? Should the place of residence be decided upon either before or at the time of election by the Provincial House of Bishops or Provincial electoral college ? Should the diocesan bishop be the final authority in making the decision ?
As the above statements and questions will provoke further debate, your committee would recommend that this be a progress report and that continued study be given to the resolution before us as submitted at the May meeting 1962.
The Archbishop of Algoma reported for the Committee stating that there is need for the terms of reference of the Committee to be enlarged. The basic question involved has to do with the nature of the episcopate. There is a great variety of concepts held throughout the Anglican Church, and there is need for reaching a common mind. This is particularly important at a time when we are having discussions on Church unity with Churches outside the historic episcopate. There are questions in the report submitted last year to which we must yet find the answers.
The Bishop of Ontario said this report will be followed up by a questionnaire to the Bishops during the next six months which will provide a basis for discussion at our next meeting. The Bishop of Ottawa spoke of the practice in some parts of the Church of having bishops in charge of parishes who are able to give episcopal assistance to their diocesans. He also questioned the use of traditional episcopal signatures and archaic forms of address.
The Bishop of Huron felt that the time has come for a commission to study the subject and bring in a proposed canon, to be submitted next year to General Synod.
The Bishop of Niagara felt that this subject is important enough to merit a special meeting of the House of Bishops.
"That the report of the Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops be received."
Moved by the Bishop of Niagara, seconded by the Bishop of Edmonton and carried:
"That the Primate be requested to extend the membership and scope of the present committee and that the committee be asked to submit a report and Canon at a special meeting of the House which shall be called by the Primate at a time and place to be decided by him (the Primate)."
The report was presented by the Bishop of Quebec, the Chairman of the Committee.
"That the report of the Primate's Committee on Native Canadians be received."
Extracts from the report are printed herewith.
"ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMITTEE
MOVING OF SUFFRAGAN BISHOP OF JAMES BAY
In consultation with the Committee, the Bishop of Moosonee applied to the M.S.C.C. and the Diocese of Quebec for financial assistance to enable the Suffragan Bishop of James Bay to be moved from Moose Factory, Ontario to Noranda, Quebec in August, 1965, to administer the Indian work in Northern Quebec. (The Bishop of James Bay is now resident at Noranda, P.Q.)
EDUCATION FOR ANGLICAN INDIANS IN NORTHERN QUEBEC
The Secretary of this Committee has kept the Primate and the Bishops of Quebec and Moosonee informed about proposals from Indian Affairs Branch regarding the use of Quebec Provincial Curriculum for all Indian children resident in that Province. The issue which is of major concern to us is as to whether the Indian children are to achieve fluency in the use of the English or French languages, or both. We believe it is important also that they retain a sufficient command of the Cree language to be able to communicate with their parents.
This Committee believes a major concern for the Anglican Church of Canada will be to provided bilingual Priests and Teachers (English and French) for predominantly French speaking areas and we ask the members of the House of Bishops to bring this to the attention of people in their dioceses in the hope that qualified volunteers may be forthcoming to meet immediate needs and we would further suggest to the House of Bishops that they may think it wise to bring this matter to the attention of General Synod.
PROPOSED CHANGES OF DIOCESAN ADMINISTRATION OF INDIAN WORK
The Committee has been consulted and kept informed of the proposed changes of Diocesan Administration of Indian and other work in northern areas, involving the Diocese of Quebec, Moosonee, Keewatin and Brandon. These proposals are being presented to the Diocesan and Provincial Synods concerned."
The Chairman in presenting his report pointed out that the requirement of bilingual teachers must be on the consciences of the bishops and that the people of the Church must be lead to see this need as one of the calls of the Church to lay people to a ministry among these people of God.
The Bishop of Ontario presented the revision of "Guidelines" which had been presented to the House at Augusta, 1968, but which had not been dealt with at that time. This revision of the Guidelines was printed as Appendix D to the Minutes of the 1968 Augusta meeting.
The Archbishop of Algoma also presented a report on behalf of a Committee appointed by the Primate to bring Lambeth Resolutions 40 and 41 before the House. This report was brought in while the House considered "Guidelines on Bishops" because its content was pertinent.
The report was as follows:
In concurring with Resolution 40 (Lambeth Conference, 1968) the Committee appointed by the Primate, consisting of the Bishop of Moosonee, the Bishop of James' Bay and the Archbishop of Algoma, recommend that the Canadian House of Bishops adopt Resolution 40 (Lambeth Conference, 1968) and that the same be incorporated in the Minutes of this meeting.
For the implementation of this motion, the Committee would refer to Appendix D, Section VIII, Cl. (2) on page 31, 1968 Minutes -- (Guidelines for the use of Bishops) and further that Cl. (5) Section (e) be changed to make obligatory the appointment of an Assistant Bishop as ex officio member of the Executive.
Resolution 40: "The Conference affirms its opinion that all co-adjutor, suffragan, and full-time assistant bishops should exercise every kind of episcopal function and have their place as Bishops in the councils of the Church."
The Committee recommend to the House of Bishops, the adoption of Resolution 41.
Resolution 41: "The Conference recommends that the bishops as leaders and representatives of a servant Church, should radically examine the honours paid to them in the course of divine worship, in titles and customary address, and in style of living, while having the necessary facilities for the efficient carry on of their work."
In its implementation, the Committee would suggest the dropping of diocesan signatures and meaningless titles, such as "My Lord".
"That the Committee Report relative to Resolution 40 of Lambeth be adopted."
"1. That these Guidelines as amended be referred to a special Task Force to be set up by the Primate and the Prolocutor consisting of bishops, priests and laymen.
2. That this Task Force be asked to report to the National Executive Council by February, 1970, on the following matters:
- a) Is a General Synod Canon on the Episcopate desirable ?
- b) If one is desirable, do these Guidelines seem adequate as a basis for such a Canon, or what other material as, for instance, from the Ordinal, should be included ?
- c) Alternatively, should there be presented to the General Synod a position paper on how the Anglican Church of Canada understands the nature and work of a bishop ?
- d) Or what alternative or additional suggestions should be made ?
3. That on the receipt of the report of the Task Force, the N.E.C. be requested to take such action on this matter as it sees fit, such as:
- a) referring the matter to General Synod
- b) authorizing the publication of a position paper
- c) any other course."
The House adjourned at 12:00 noon and resumed consideration of the motion at the next sitting at which time the motion was carried.
The fifth sitting commenced at 2:00 p.m. and resumed consideration of the Bishop of Ottawa's motion.
The Bishop of Calgary spoke to an alternative motion which he hoped to have an opportunity to present, seconded by the Bishop of Kootenay, which read as follows:
"That the Primate be asked to appoint a Committee of the House to prepare a position paper on Episcopacy based on the Guidelines of 1967 and 1968 and on the Ordering and Consecrating of a Bishop, and that this position paper be published."
The Bishop of Ottawa's motion was put to the House and carried.
The Bishop of Calgary's motion was put to the House and defeated.