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Ecojustice Committee #005-04-02-11 : IV. Resolutions Flowing from the 12th Anglican Consultative Council, Hong Kong, September 2002

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8282
Date
2002 November 8-10
Source
Council of General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 33-11-12
Date
2002 November 8-10
Source
Council of General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 33-11-12
Mover
Mr. Matthew Kett
Seconder
Rev. Canon Dr. Bill Prentice
Text
That this Council of General Synod:
Adopt as its own the following resolutions of the 12th Anglican Consultative Council, numbered A, B, C, D1, D2, E below, that specifically relate to the work of the EcoJustice Committee (adapted as indicated in italics to fit the context of Canada and the Anglican Church of Canada).
(Note: Resolutions of the 12th Anglican consultative council, numbered A, B, C, D1, D2 and E are attached to the minutes as Appendix E.)
Friendly Amendment
The mover and seconder agreed to the wording:
Adopt as its own the following resolutions of the 12th Anglican Consultative Council, numbered A, B, C, D1, D2, E below, that specifically relate to the work of the EcoJustice Committee (adapted as indicated in italics to fit the context of Canada and the Anglican Church of Canada) and refer matters of particular Sundays to the Faith, Worship and Ministry Committee. CARRIED #33-11-12
Notes
[N.B. Italics in electronic text indicated by text enclosed in quotation marks.]
APPENDIX E
Excerpted from Document #005-04-02-11, the EcoJustice Committee report to the Council of General Synod, November 2002
Resolutions of the 12th Anglican Consultative Council, numbered A, B, C, D1, D2, E (adapted as included in italics to fit the context of the Canada and the Anglican Church of Canada):
A. A World Fit for Children
This "Council of General Synod", in response to the United Nations Special Session on Children (May 2002) and the International Decade For a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010):
1. "Commits" to support the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child by advocating in support of the following:
a) building a world free from war, exploitation, abuse and violence, in consideration of the interests of children;
b) providing affordable and accessible healthcare [i.e. health care] for all children with a particular emphasis on HIV/AIDS prevention;
c) protecting the environment for this and for future generations;
d) ending the vicious cycle of poverty, including promoting transparency in expenditure and cancellation of the debt that impedes progress for children;
e) providing free and quality education that includes education for life including lessons in understanding, human rights, peace, acceptance and active citizenship;
f) engendering a real and effective commitment to the principle of children's rights in all sectors of society, including participation in religious civic and political structures; and
g) promoting active and meaningful participation of children in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating all matters affecting the rights of the child.
1. [sic i.e. 2] "Re-affirms the action of General Synod" to promote a culture of non-violence that values love, compassion and justice and that rejects violence as a means of solving problems;
2. [sic i.e. 3] "Encourages dioceses and parishes" to use worship and study resources that relate both to current world conflict situations and to the theological and Biblical questions involved in the development of a culture of peace and non-violence;
3. [sic i.e. 4] "Commits to sign onto `A Canada Fit for Children', a declaration on the entitlements of children in Canada and the obligations of the government of Canada under the Convention of the Rights of Children" (Appendix D).
B. Patents
This "Council of General Synod":
1) views with concern the increased levels of exclusion and marginalisation of the world's most vulnerable peoples as a result of the changes in the application of international patent law, in that:
a) patents on medications, particularly those related to HIV/AIDS are making antiviral agents inaccessible in parts of the world where their availability is critical; and
b) the practice of applying for patents on genetic and biological materials means that the developing nations are finding it increasingly difficult to maintain control over their own genetic and biological resources.
2) recognising that patent rights are intended to protect legitimate commercial needs and interests, "commits to work ecumenically" to engage in advocacy to ensure that ongoing changes to patent law both at national levels, and at the level of international trade agreements (GATT - General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade / TRIPS - Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights Agreement) protect the needs and interests of vulnerable populations and of developing nations.
C. World Summit on Sustainable Development
This "Council of General Synod", following the recent World Summit held in Johannesburg, South Africa:
1. supports actions in the five key areas identified by the Summit, namely water and sanitation, energy, health, agricultural productivity, and biodiversity and ecosystem management;
2. adds its voice of concern and support to those calling for a renewed and committed international approach to the control of those processes which increase global warming and affect climate change;
3. urges "dioceses and parishes" to celebrate the Sunday nearest to 1st June, World Environment Day, as Environment Sunday in order to raise environmental awareness across the Communion.
D. 1. Debt Burden
This "Council of General Synod" notes with satisfaction that there is movement with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund that may offer some positive relief to the most heavily indebted countries; nevertheless, in view of the fact that the debt burden continues to cripple the economies and aspirations of the developing world, reaffirms its commitment to the campaign for debt relief and for a review of the conditions imposed on debtor nations.
D. 2. Funding for Disease
This "Council of General Synod", noting the continuing debt burden faced by African countries and being advised that debt relief could release an estimated $10 billion for the provision of desperately-needed medications for the treatment of HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and cholera, calls on nations and institutions to which African countries are indebted to find ways of relieving them of their debt in order that the money so released can be applied to the purchase of medications and treatment of disease on the continent.
E. Racial Justice
1. "affirms its commitment" to give increased attention to the implications of heightened bigotry and hate crimes against those designated as people of colour, indigenous peoples, and peoples of religions and ethnic origins or races, other than one's own who are currently migrating from their own countries, including refugees and asylum seekers;
2. "affirms the request of the Anglican Consultative Council to" the Anglican Peace and Justice Network and the Anglican UN Observer to prepare an overview of international implications of increased hostility and tension directed in many countries towards people of other religions, ethnic origins, colour and nationalities and to report to the Joint Standing Committee of ACC and the Primates;
3. states clearly that there should be no outcasts in our churches.
Subjects
Anglican Consultative Council. Meeting (12th : 2002 : Hong Kong, China) - Resolutions
Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010)
Children - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Child welfare - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Children's rights
Nonviolence - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Patents - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Biotechnology - Moral and ethical aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002 : Johannesburg, South Africa)
Sustainable development - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Ecology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Environmental protection - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
World Environment Day
Special Sundays
Debts, External - Developing countries - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Debt relief - Developing countries - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
World Bank
International Monetary Fund
Debts, External - Africa
Medicine, Preventive - Africa
Diseases - Africa
Racism - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Refugees - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Peace and Justice Network
Anglican Observer at the United Nations
Less detail

Mushrooming questions about plant-breeders rights: Church seeks white paper, public hearings, cites danger to farming through cost increases

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1912
Date
1988 June 10
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1988 June 10
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
TORONTO, June 10, 1988 -- Legislation now before the House of Commons raises serious ethical issues and could impose extra hardship on Canadian farmers, the Anglican Church of Canada says.
Bill C-107, an act to establish "plant-breeders rights", has received first reading in the House. The church says there should be public hearings across Canada before the bill receives second reading.
In a letter to Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, the Church's general secretary lists several concerns about the legislation which would allow corporations to take out patents on plants. David Woeller says this raises important ethical questions: "Something as basic to the future of all human beings as food must be seen in a context broader than that of individual or corporate property rights and must not be decided only by plant scientists and big business."
The letter notes that this is the first time Parliament has addressed the concept of "patenting" life forms. It says once any kind of life form -- even plant life -- becomes established as a commodity to be bought and sold, it will become extremely difficult to draw the line: "The United States began with plant patenting but has moved to allow patenting for micro-organisms and animals.
"Earlier this year Harvard University was granted a patent for a mouse containing human genes ..... There is no difference between human genetic material and the genetic material of any other species."
The letter raises three additional concerns:
First it says "Bill C-107 is addressing the wrong issue". The real issue is to ensure adequate funds for agricultural research. It suggests this should be done through public funding, rather than through increasing profits to agricultural companies. It says there should be a white paper on the future of agricultural research to allow Canadians to consider this issue in its broader context.
Second, the evidence suggests that "agricultural input costs will increase substantially" as a result of the legislation".
-- there will be an immediate increase in seed costs of 10 percent, according to an estimate by the Manitoba department of agriculture;
-- several estimates predict a further rapid rise in prices, by at least 30 percent;
-- the example of pharmaceutical companies causes special concern. These companies recently received similar patent protection for prescription drugs. At that time, the federal government said price increases would not exceed the Consumer Price Index (about 5 percent). In fact, a study by the government of Ontario revealed that more than 1,000 drugs had excessive price increases over a six month period -- and some increased by more than 100 percent ! Many of the pharmaceutical companies responsible for these price increases are the same companies which seek patents on their seeds.
Third, the bill would operate to the detriment of Third World agriculture which has supplied us with much of our "germplasm" -- the genetic material of plant breeding -- free of charge. Bill C-107 flies in the face of United Nations initiatives to ensure "farmers' rights".
The letter concludes by urging the government to initiate public hearings to be held across the country before proceeding with the legislation.
-30-
For further information, contact:
Peter Hamel, National Affairs Consultant, or
David Pollock, Economic Justice Consultant,
(416) 924-9192
or Doug Tindal, Director of Communications
(416) 924-9192; residence (416) 335-8349
Subjects
Patents - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Food supply
Food supply - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Ecology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Plants, Protection of
Biotechnology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Agricultural biotechnology - Canada
Agricultural biotechnology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Agriculture - Canada
Agriculture - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Patenting of Living Organisms

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official7922
Date
2001 July 4-11
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 23
Date
2001 July 4-11
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 23
Mover
Dr. David Gould
Seconder
Mrs. Anne Cruickshank
Prologue
That this Synod urges the Federal Government of Canada to resist any changes to the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement that will further restrict the right of national legislatures to place limits on the patentability of living organisms, including plant materials, believing that such limits are essential to the ability of developing nations to protect and maintain control over the genetic resources through which their populations may become self sufficient and upon which their economic futures depend.
Amendment
The mover and seconder agreed to change the words "urges" to "urge" and the word "resist" to "oppose".
The amended resolution now read --
Text
That this Synod urge the Federal Government of Canada to oppose any changes to the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement that will further restrict the right of national legislatures to place limits on the patentability of living organisms, including plant materials, believing that such limits are essential to the ability of developing nations to protect and maintain control over the genetic resources through which their populations may become self sufficient and upon which their economic futures depend.
The amended resolution was then put and CARRIED Act 23
Subjects
Patents - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Ecology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Plants, Protection of
Biotechnology - Moral and ethical aspects
Agricultural biotechnology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
Less detail

Resolutions [Plant Breeders' Rights]

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official734
Date
May 1988
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
May 1988
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Mrs. A. Newell
Seconder
Mrs. H. Woolley
Text
That the National Executive Council convey to the Government of Canada its concerns with respect to Bill C-107 regarding Plant Breeders' Rights and in particular the following concerns:
1. That a wide genetic diversity of plant stock be preserved and their availability maintained.
2. That plant breeding research and development not ignore those crops designed for relatively small markets or for regions with specific needs.
3. That the present level of funding for public research and development be increased.
4. That royalties received from publicly produced cultivar be returned to support the plant breeding program that developed the variety.
5. That the free exchange of research information be increased.
6. That excessive price increases for seeds and plant stock be avoided and that the financial needs and constraints of Canadian farmers and consumers be considered, should any increase in cost occur.
7. That government maintain a responsible presence and control over research and pricing.
8. That the 18 year patent period be reassessed and decreased.
9. That the full implications of patenting life forms be explored in depth and the ethical and legal questions addressed in greater detail.
10. That the question of ownership vis-a-vis the concentration of productive power of food resources be squarely addressed and the ethical and geo-political implications responsibly explored.
11. That efforts be made to develop new plant stocks that are less dependent upon agro-chemicals.
12. That the well-being of the natural environment be a major consideration in granting patents to any new seed stock.
13. That the needs of the Third World, in terms of food production and agricultural practices compatible to ecological and economic conditions, be responsibly considered.
14. That the issue of possible conflict of interest of patent holders be addressed. (In many cases, the same key international companies are involved in the debate over generic drugs, generic pesticides and plant breeding legislation. The question to be addressed is how appropriate is it for the same company to hold a patent on a given seed stock that requires the application of an agro-chemical patented by that company.)
15. That in granting patents for new foods stocks where possible nutritional content takes precedence over such factors as uniformity of size, ripening time, colour, etc., that is over factors that have more to do with aesthetics, convenience and efficiency than with nutrition.
16. That public and open hearings begin as soon as possible so that all sides of the debate may be heard and that the ethical, ecological, political and commercial implications of such a Bill can be more fully explored before any final action is taken.
Following lengthy discussion, it was the consensus that the above motion should be referred and it was:
That the above motion regarding Plant Breeders' Rights be referred to the Executive Director of Program, for staff work as appropriate noting the need for urgency. CARRIED #53-05-88
Subjects
Patents - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Food supply
Food supply - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Ecology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Plants, Protection of
Biotechnology - Moral and ethical aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Agricultural biotechnology - Canada
Agricultural biotechnology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Agriculture - Canada
Agriculture - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail