Photo by Jennifer Davies with caption: "Rev. Hubert Stevens ... of Kincolith, B.C. is vested with his blanket as he is ordained priest by Bishop John Hannen of Caledonia ... recently. Mr. Stevens, who has been a deacon in Kincolith for some time is the first Nisga'a priest in the community. Paul Stewart was ordained deacon at the same ceremony."
So far in 1970, the Primate's World Relief and Development Fund has allocated close to 600,000 dollars for victims of East Pakistan cyclone and tidal waves, Peruvian earthquakes, Rumanian floods and the Nigerian-Biafran crisis, as well as supporting a large number of development projects such as agricultural centres in developing countries and research into poverty.
The Fund was established ten years ago, primarily to coordinate disaster relief money. According to the Secretary of the Fund, the Rev. Robert D. MacRae, the fund has taken on the important role of assisting in rehabilitation and development following natural disasters and to date has spent $2.8 million collected through special appeals.
The PWRDF will give a $10,000 grant to the 2000 member Nishga (Indian) Tribal Council to assist in the financial costs of the Council's fight for aboriginal title to lands in the Nass River Valley, about 500 miles northwest of Vancouver.
The council's claim will go before the Supreme Court of Canada early in 1971.
This is the first time the Church has financially supported a court case.
The Rt. Rev. H.R. Hunt, Chairman of the Allocations Committee of the PWRDF has issued a year-end statement. He says: "Since its inception in 1959, the fund has responded through contributions from the members of the Anglican Church to various world needs in natural catastrophies, refugee and other disasters."
"The 1969 General Synod added a new dimension" says Bishop Hunt, "expanding it to include 'DEVELOPMENT' so that in its present title, PRIMATE'S WORLD RELIEF AND DEVELOPMENT FUND, it now serves all aspects of world need and opportunity in providing support to projects related to material necessities, education, human justice, social and cultural change."
Bishop Hunt says the anticipated allocations for the current year will approximate $600,000 and is evidence of the increasing concern of the Anglican Church to engage in all forms of ministry related to human need in its widest possible expression the world over.
Canadian church representatives and Native People will bring to New York, on Thursday, their struggle for a public inquiry into the actions of the Canadian subsidiary of a Connecticut-based multinational corporation.
Amax of Canada has proposed to dump 100 million metric tonnes of tailings from its molybdenum mine, into coastal waters of British Columbia over 26 years. The amount of the tailings, and their toxicity, exceed by thousands of times the amount allowed by federal regulations in Canada. Permission to exceed Government standards was granted by a special Order-in-Council of the Federal Cabinet, without discussion on the floor of Parliament, or in any public inquiry. In addition, there was no prior consultation with the Nishga Tribal Council about the ecological or sociological impact of the action. The Nishga are the Native People of the area who depend on the waters for food and their livelihood.
Several prominent environmental scientists have condemned the dumpings, and a political storm has resulted. In the face of this, the Federal Government has refused to rescind its Order, or to call a public inquiry.
In response to this situation the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada, its highest governing body, at its meetings in June last year, passed a strong resolution, ordering that "...the Primate, urge the Federal Government to withdraw its special order-in-council; that is, the 'Alice Arm Tailings Deposit Regulations, SOR 79-345,' permitting the Amax Corporation to dump its effluent into Alice Arm, and to declare a moratorium upon development of the resource until technology is developed to safely dispose of the tailings."
This has resulted in public meetings, media coverage, a petition to the Federal Government, meetings between the Nishga, Church officials and Amax management, but no public inquiry.
The Church at various levels has purchased 1,004 shares in Amax, and will appear at the Annual Meeting in New York on Thursday at 2:15 p.m. at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel to make intervention on behalf of its concerns and those of the Native People of the area, most of whom are Anglicans (Episcopalians).
The Nishga Tribal Council will hold a Media Conference on:
Two on-land spills of toxic mine tailings in less than a week, surprisingly high support at the Amax annual shareholders' meeting in New York and an interim report from the McInerney Scientific Review Panel which confirms many of the long-range fears of the Nishga Indians, environmental groups and church bodies ... a scenario which developed quickly in the past few days has prompted renewed cries for a public inquiry into the Amax Corporation's mine operation in Kitsault, British Columbia.
Archbishop E.W. Scott, Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, has sent another strong request to the Federal Government to "set up a public inquiry...as quickly as possible. In am convinced," the Archbishop continued, "such an inquiry would be in the best interests of the governments concerned, the Amax Company, the Nishga people and the general public."
The Primate's telex was sent on Tuesday, May 12th, to the Prime Minister; the Ministers of the Environment; Federal Fisheries and Oceans; and Indian and Northern Affairs.
The full text of the Archbishop's telex is enclosed.
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For further information, please contact:
Consultant in National Affairs
Richard J. Berryman
Anglican Church of Canada
600 Jarvis Street
Toronto, Ont. M4Y 2J6
May 12, 1981
In the light of the Amax shareholders' action last week in New York whereby 1.5 million shares were voted in favour of our resolution calling for a moratorium and full public inquiry into the Kitsault marine disposal of tailings and a further 16 million abstained; and in the light of national public opinion and the many serious doubts raised by the McInerney interim report which confirms the validity of the fears expressed by the Nishga Tribal Council re the potential damage to marine life and human health, I again urge you to set up a public inquiry under the Public Inquiries Act as quickly as possible. I am convinced such an inquiry would be in the best interests of the governments concerned, the Amax Company, the Nishga people and the general public.
From 19-27 June 2002 Canon John Erb toured a number of communities in the diocese of Caledonia, to visit churches and projects supported by the Anglican Foundation. "This fulfilled a commitment that in five years I would visit every diocese in Canada to meet the people, see the work of the AF, and present plaques where we had helped. This was it, the 30th diocese". He visited St. James Church, Vanderhoof, BC; St. Patrick's Church, Fort St. James, BC; St. Wilfrid's Church, Fraser Lake, BC; St. Clement's Church, Houston, BC; St. John the Divine, Quick, BC; St. James Church, Smithers, BC; the diocesan camp near Smithers; St. Peter's Church, Hazelton, BC; St. Matthew's, Terrace, BC; St. Bartholomew's Church and the Parliament Buildings of the Nishga Nation in Aiyanch, BC; St. Andrew's Church, Greenville, BC; St. Andrew's Cathedral, Prince Rupert, BC and St. John the Evangelist Church in Old Masset, in the Queen Charlotte Islands. Includes two pages of photos "Caledonia Album" on pp. [4-5].
In New Aiyansh, British Columbia, 70 miles by logging road from Terrace, an event will take place this spring which is both unique and significant. This is the first time in Canada that an Anglican Diocesan Synod will be held in an Indian village. The synod will be held from April 14 through April 16. This is also the first time that Indian dances, which at one time were forbidden by missionaries, will form an integral part of the synod celebrations, the first time church vestments worn during the synod services will be made from Indian blankets.
One of the clergy attending, an Indian deacon without seminary training, was selected by his people to be their natural religious leader.
The native people represent three distinct groups...the Haida...the Skeena River people and the Nishga. In 1916 these peoples were persuaded to destroy their totem poles and many of their native customs were outlawed. However, one village has recently erected a new totem pole in the churchyard. A group of 70 children and adults, many of whom are dancers, drummers and singers will perform the almost forgotten dances.
The menu for the synod includes baked salmon heads, seaweed cooked either as a vegetable or as a main course, berries, sea lion and moose meat.
The Nishga tribal council was the first in Canada to make a legal case for aboriginal rights, claiming that they owned the land before the white man arrived and had never agreed to sell or vacate them. In the meantime the issue is before the supreme court. This is bound to have an effect on all such claims by native peoples in Canada.
Church leaders are praising the interim agreement on land claims reached by the Nisga'a and the B.C. government. The Nisga'a and the Anglican Church have a unique relationship in that all Nisga'a are Anglican.
Article outlines the support the church has given to the Nisga'a over the years.
Added title at bottom of cover: Nishga land is not for sale (Revised edition).
"Revised edition, April 1980". -- inside back cover.
Published by The Nishga Tribal Council, New Aiyansh, B.C. ... Produced by Hugh McCullum, Project North, 154 Glenrose Ave., Toronto, Ont. ... Printed by Charters Publishing Co., Ltd., Brampton, Ont. First Printing April, 1976. Second Printing June, 1977". -- inside back cover.
"Here is the story of a century-long struggle; a story of the patience, persistence and single mindedness of the people of the Naas. Here is the story of the land claim that binds them together as a people and that has called from them sacrifice and personal commitment seldom seen in the history of Canada. .... This book is clearly their book, and it is a privilege to be counted among them as an adopted son of these proud Indian people of the Naas" -- Intro.
Contents: Dedication "To Bill McKay ..." -- [Endorsements entitled] Citizens Plus -- Introduction dated April 1976 / Douglas Hambidge -- The Nishga Tribal Council -- The Leadership -- The History -- The Struggle -- 1973-1976 -- The Nishga Position -- 1976-1980 -- Nishga Education -- The Unity Totem -- The Forestry -- The Fishery -- The Future -- Nishga Declaration -- Support.
Introduction by Douglas Hambidge, Anglican Bishop of Caledonia.