"[Abstract]: This essay explores 'Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence in the Body of Christ' (MRI), an influential document issued in 1963 at the close of the Anglican Congress in Toronto. A foundational statement on mission and communion, MRI inspired both the structures and ethos of contemporary Anglicanism. However, the production of this imagined global community unwittingly contributed to the decline of Anglicanism in Canada. Drawing from Charles Taylor and Benedict Anderson, this essay will trace the reinvention of Anglicanism in Canada from the religious wing of the British Empire to a modern vision of a worldwide communion nonetheless depended on the very structures and power relations it sought to replace. As such, the decline of Anglicanism in Canada was not the product of outside forces like secularism as much as the result of a theology that failed to engage the issues facing everyday Canadians".
"An incessant search for identity has been a persistent theme in the writing of Canadian history. In the late nineteenth century, Canadian religious communities were at the forefront of any attempt to define the character of the nation and its people. The Anglican Church, however, has been singled out as a denomination that has tenaciously held to old traditions, and has thus often been portrayed as an 'anti-national' force in Canadian development, In this paper I will reject the portrayal of Anglicans as anti-national by examining the ideology of the Montreal Diocesan Theological College, the primary supplier of Anglican clergy in Montreal. By exploring the contents of the College's main publication, 'The Montreal Diocesan Theological College Magazine', I hope to demonstrate that the College community, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, firmly believed in their College's ability to play a prominent role in the future of Canada, and in Canada's destiny to achieve greatness within the British Empire. The pages of the 'Magazine' reveal that, as the College community was striving to develop an identity based on an attachment to Canadian imperialism and love for their own educational institution, their pride fueled, at the end of the nineteenth century, a missionary spirit that engulfed the College community. Missionary work, I will argue, affirmed for them both the moral legitimacy of the Montreal Diocesan Theological College and the hegemony of the British-Canadian nationality" (p. -6).
"In the minds of most Canadians, imperialism was a form of Canadian nationalism as they hoped, by sharing the responsibilities of the Empire to gain a greater role in shaping imperial policies in Canada's favour" (p. 19). "Perhaps the greatest demonstration of the imperialist sentiment was the College's unconditional endorsement of the Boer War. .... At the Diocesan Synod of 1900, the Bishop's 'spirited allusions to the war in South Africa were greeted with loud and reiterated applause, and at its close the members stood and sang the national anthem'" (p. 23). "Although Anglicans, through the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and the Church Missionary Society, and College students, through the College Missionary Society, were involved in mission activity in all parts of the world, missionary work in the Canadian north inspired a special sense of purpose and destiny among the students. Their enthusiasm for northern missionary work represented in their minds, the desire and ability to build a nation" (p. 25). "[I]n February of 1894, the 'Magazine' reported that the College adopted a crest and a motto that reflected its missionary spirit. Their new motto, 'predica Verbum -- Preach the World [sic]' serves as a lasting testament to the priority that they attached to their missionary activity" (p. 28). "The obvious spirit based on the perceived divine destiny of the College was exemplified by the excitement that surrounded the work of Richard Faries, the first graduate of the Montreal Diocesan Theological College to preach 'among the wild men of the North West Forests'" (p. 32).
Article divided into sections: The Montreal Diocesan Theological College -- Imperialism -- Missionary Outreach.
This essay was the winner of the first Millman Prize Essay Award and was completed while the author "was at McGill as a visiting student" (p. ).
That the Motion be amended by changing Section 1 to read:
"Recognizes the imperative to search for a true Canadian unity which recognizes both the needs of major cultural groupings to exist within our nation and the rights of minority groups within these cultures. CARRIED
The Motion as amended now reads
That the twenty-eighth Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada, meeting in session:
1) Recognize the imperative to search for a true Canadian unity which recognizes both the needs of major cultural groupings to exist within our nation and the rights of minority groups within these cultures;
2) Convey a message to the Prime Minister of Canada and the First Ministers of the Provinces and Territories, declaring our concern that the just language cultural and identity rights of all citizens be recognized throughout the country;
3) Appoint a task force to continue consideration and clarification of the ways by which the Anglican Church of Canada can contribute to national unity.
Moved by Bishop Hunt, seconded by the General Secretary G.S.,
That Resolution III be received.
That subsection 1 of Resolution III be deleted. CARRIED in both Houses.
Moved by Bishop Hunt, seconded by the General Secretary G.S.,
That Resolution III as amended be adopted. CARRIED in both Houses.
That the following proposals for the Church's observance of Canada's Centennial be received and placed before the Centenary Committee, to be authorized by General Synod, for consideration and appropriate action:
1. (Deleted by General Synod).
2. The opportunity to all church members in Canada for "thanksgiving and reaffirmation" in an 8 a.m. celebration of Holy Communion on July 1, 1967, under the authority of the Bishops in their respective dioceses, such services from coast to coast to be preceded where possible by a peal of bells. Special Centennial Day prayers and/or a Service Form, prepared under the authority of the House of Bishops, may be issued for use on this day and the Sunday following.
3. The thankoffering at the Centennial Communion Services will form the nucleus of a Centennial Fund which, augmented from other sources, will be used for various Centennial projects, such as:
(i) The establishment of gymnasia and/or community halls for the use of Indian and Eskimo young people; provision also being made for post-graduate study for Indian and Eskimo Christian leaders.
(ii) The establishment of travel grants whereby two (or more) Canadians will receive funds for a year's study abroad, and two (or more) students, chosen in successive years from Asia, Africa, Japan, etc., will come to Canada. Such grants will not be for students in Divinity alone, but also for those in the various Arts, Science, Humanities, Medicine, etc.
(iii) The provision of scholarships for the cultivation of Christian leadership in Africa, Asia and the West Indies with the hope that graduates of exceptional promise might be brought to large centres of learning for post-graduate study.
(iv) The building of a school or hospital in a new dominion (ie: a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations).
(v) The creation of a stained-glass window in memory of Canada's pioneers to be installed in a central place in Canada, possibly a cathedral. This might be done in consultation with the Canadian National Committee on Canada's Centennial.
(vi) The erection in a suitable location in Western Canada (possibly an Indian reservation in Saskatchewan) of an Anglican Church, in native design, which by its architecture would contribute to a recognition of Indian culture and tradition.
4. The formation, under the authority of the Bishops, in each Diocese of a consultant group to:
(a) obtain ideas.
(b) correlate them and pass on the best suggestions to the National Centennial Year Committee for consideration.
(c) assist, where deemed advisable, the National Committee to carry out approved Canada-wide plans at the Diocesan level.
(d) (i) develop at diocesan level a Diocesan project which will benefit, if possible, many people, and would meet an urgent need.
(ii) Project could be in the field of:
. Social Service - Hospital
. - Rehabilitation Centre for men released from prison, Alcoholics, Drug Addicts.
. Education - Local college or school
. Theological Education - Expansion of area school
. - Bursaries
. Christian Education - Development of programme, Conference Centre.
(iii) Each diocesan project would be keyed for formal opening or inauguration on July 1st, 1967.
5. The publication of a Centenary Edition of the Prayer Book following the pattern set on previous national occasions.
6. A Centennial year programme, as developed by the G.B.R.E., for the attention and participation of children and young people.
7. In recognition of the importance of the contribution of Christianity to the development of Canada's history during the past hundred years and the fact that all Communions bear witness to the Saviourhood and Lordship of Jesus Christ, it is recommended that the Anglican Church of Canada, through its Centenary Committee, assert its willingness to cooperate with other Christian bodies in Canada in such projects as are suggested by the Canadian Council of Churches' Committee on the Canadian Centenary and which are approved by the General Synod Committee.
The Venerable G.E. Hobson presented the report of the Task Force on Canadian Unity and explained the background of the motion that was presented to the House.
"That we affirm the principles underlying the motion from the Task Force on Canadian Unity and request the Nominating Committee to suggest a small task force to prepare an appropriate resolution and pastoral." CARRIED