That this National Executive Council endorse the advertising policy adopted by the Board of Trustees on November 8, 1983.
Advertisers with a product or service to sell, or an opinion to express, may purchase space to carry their messages. There are certain qualifications under guidelines established by the Board of Trustees. We accept no advertising for tobacco, small loans or lotteries. All advertising in Canadian Churchman must meet the standard of good taste.
When a proposed advertisement, appeal or insert, appears to be in conflict with a definite position of the General Synod, there will be consultation with the Chairman of the Board of Trustees before the advertisement is accepted.
"This bulletin is issued to meet a challenging situation and to illustrate, for future purposes, how the Church may effectively act in such situations. The occasion is the Sessions of a Parliamentary Committee in Ottawa studying the question of Public Lotteries, hearing deputations from many sources, and preparing to make representations to Government and Parliament concerning the matter." "Copies of the bulletin are being sent to all members of Parliament. This bulletin, however, is issued for another purpose as well. It will, we hope, help clergy and people to understand more about this menacing problem and will provide a fund of source material for parochial study groups and individual Church members. In this respect it is in succession to earlier Bulletins, and to Annual Reports dealing with the subject." -- Foreword.
Contents: Foreword / W.W. Judd -- Concerning Public Lotteries -- Pertinent Books in the Council's Library.
Concerning Public Lotteries consists of the following sections: I : A Brief from the Council for Social Service [dated 24 February 1954 and signed: Robert Jefferson, Bishop of Ottawa, and W.W. Judd, General Secretary] -- II : From the Christian Social Council of Canada [signed by the Rev. H.E. Wintemute and the Rev. F.N. Poulton] -- III : From the Diocesan Council for Social Service, Diocese of Newfoundland [dated 12 March 1954 and signed by the Very Rev. R.S. Rayson and Mr. Eric Cook] -- IV : Gambling [A statement submitted by the Reverend T.F. Summerhayes, formerly Secretary of the Toronto D.C.S.S.].
Reporting on behalf of the Committee, Archdeacon Crawley said that a delegation from the Committee met with the House of Bishops, and that the Holy Week Services will be available for Holy Week, 1982,. He reported, also, that the House of Bishops had extended an invitation to discuss an Alternative Services book and which rites should be included.
That this National Executive Council concur in the recommendation of the Doctrine and Worship Committee that no action be taken on the resolution on lotteries without a full-scale study of the subject, and that a full-scale study be authorized, preferably on an ecumenical basis. CARRIED
"This Bulletin reflects the opinion of the Council as to the urgency of facing the matter of gambling today. Gambling is increasing. The public mind, the Church mind, should be made alert to the dangers. The problem of public sweepstakes and lotteries on a large scale which is before the Federal Parliament is an indication of the special interests which have been urging this step and a reflection of the loose, widespread opinion in Canada which, not having thought much about it, desires another form of excitement. ... We have so written, and so arranged this Bulletin, as to offer easy analysis for, and outlines of, sermons or addresses. With its numerous paragraph headings it should be helpful for Study Group purposes by the A.Y.P.A., Men's Clubs and others. In Part II several items and opinions are given for use as illustrations and two or three comprehensive summaries follow." -- Editorial Note.
"Never before in the history of the Council has the library been made use of by clergy and the Church leaders to such an extent as in the past eight months. In the fields of welfare and Christian sociology we have added a hundred volumes of the newest and best publications. It is right up to date !" -- The Council's Lending Library, p. 15.
Contents: Editorial Note / W.W.J. -- Part I: The Menace of Gambling / W.W. Judd -- Statement on Gambling and Lotteries : Reprinted from "Social Welfare", March, 1938, official organ of the Social Service Council, of Canada, Toronto -- Pronouncement, Church of England in Canada [re Sweepstakes for Hospitals] -- Sweepstakes Not Favored by Hospitals : Statement Issued by Canadian Hospital Council -- Part II: Compendium -- Part III: The Council's Lending Library.
"The Menace of Gambling" divided into sections: I: Introductory -- II: What is Gambling ? -- III: Areas of Gambling -- IV: "Getting Something for Nothing" -- V: Loss in Production: Gangsterdom -- VI: Gambling and Economic Injustice -- VII: Moral and Spiritual Values.
Contents of "Part II: A Compendium": Irish Hospital Sweepstakes -- When the Gambling Spirit Wins -- Proper Speculation vs. Gambling -- Legalizing Gambling -- Professional Gamblers Are Outlaws -- Gambling in the Churches -- Bingo, Illegal -- Gambling in Churches: ... Games in Churches -- Licit and Illicit: ... Discuss Chicago Plan -- An Excellent Summary -- A Challenge from England -- Gambling and Religious Tradition.
"Bulletin No. 96, on `Gambling', had a wider circulation than any we have issued with the exception of No. 103 which dealt with the Malvern Conference. The subject must gave been interesting and the Bulletin must have been helpful to clergy and others. The supply has long been exhausted. For this reason we issue another dealing with the same subject.
There is another reason.
During the war some forms of gambling have involved more and more people. These included lotteries and games of chance, most of them arranged for patriotic purposes. Most of these were illegal and carried -- carried on in defiance of the Criminal Code of Canada. .... Some people and some group do not want it stopped ! Careful thought, therefore, should be given by the Canadian people as a whole and stern measures should be taken by those whose duty it is to see that the law is obeyed. Already, too, pressure has been brought to bear on Government to amend the Code, to extend the opportunities of gambling. (See Resolution of Executive Council and C.S.S., 1945, quoted later in this Bulletin.) The pressure is not occasional: it is persistent !
Citizens generally and their representatives in Parliament and in Legislature should be conscious of the grave menace to the moral fibre of our people and aware of the many other social and economic disasters which will ensue if such a spirit triumphs. To inform our Church people and other readers of these dangers, often unrecognized by them, we publish this Bulletin. The leading article will, we trust, be helpful to our clergy in their teaching. The Compendium which follows it draws lessons from the past in our country and abroad. The experience of others over the years, indeed over the centuries, should help us to estimate the dangers of gambling to persons, families and societies, and should point out the fallacies of the many weak arguments advanced by the unthinking people who participate in the practice.
We are grateful to the Reverend Summerhayes for his article and for most of the work of publishing this Bulletin. Mr. Summerhayes, now retired, was until recently Secretary of the Toronto Diocesan Council for Social Service". -- Foreword.
Contents: Foreword / W.W. Judd -- Part I : Gambling: Law Versus License / T.F. Summerhayes -- Part II : A Compendium -- Pertinent Books in the Council's Library -- Recent Books in the Council's Library.
Contents of Part II: A Compendium include: I: Recent Pronouncements, Church of England in Canada -- II: Concerning Gambling in Churches / Dr. Heywood, Bishop of Ely, 1936 -- Religious Sanctions / W.W. Judd -- Gambling and Religious Traditions / C.E. Silcox -- III: From the Annual Report of the General Secretary of the Christian Social Council of Canada / W.J. Gallagher, January 1946 -- IV: Gambling in General : Areas of Gambling / W.W. Judd. -- Another Attempt at Ottawa: From an Editorial from the Toronto Daily Star May 14, 1946.
This General Synod, assembled in triennial session, having on record Resolutions and other statements made from time to time by the General Synod and other synodical and legal courts of the Church of England in Canada against any extension of gambling opportunities;
Hereby records its opinion that any such extension will be detrimental to the moral, social and economic well-being of the Canadian people,
And calls upon the members of the Church by witness and action to oppose such extension both directly and by their own action in opposing such projects in all organizations with which they are associated, and in withholding patronage from all other undertakings;
The Synod expresses the hope that if efforts in this direction are made, the Members of Parliament will refrain from extending in any way the legalized facilities for gambling and will seek to preserve the sole jurisdiction of the Federal Parliament in Criminal Law which the British North America Act provided should be the same for the whole Dominion of Canada.
This Synod also records its strong conviction that the present sub-section of the Criminal Code which grants exemption for the conduct of lotteries and games of chance for religious and charitable purposes should be repealed. CARRIED in both Houses.
That the Brown/Parsons motion re lotteries, which General Synod referred to the National Executive Council, be referred to the Doctrine and Worship Committee. CARRIED
The motion reads:
That this General Synod is strongly opposed to the scandal of National and Provincial lotteries as being contrary to God's law, and that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Prime Minister and to the Governments of those Provinces and Territories which sponsor them.