That this National Executive Council call for a complete halt to all development of the James Bay II project until there has been a full independent and open environmental assessment, and the agreement of the aboriginal peoples of that area for this development has been received; and further
that the Anglican and Roman Catholic communities in Canada and the United States be petitioned not to purchase Hydro Quebec bonds until this has been achieved; and further
that this motion be communicated to the governments of Quebec and Canada and the appropriate committees of the Anglican Church of Canada and others as appropriate. CARRIED #71-11-91
"Presentation by Maurice Strong : Vancouver, British Columbia November 10, 1992".
"Canada at this time is in a position to make a unique contribution to fulfilling the promise of Rio by committing itself to be a model of sustainable development. It offers the prospect of revitalizing our economy, as well as our political life. It offers the prospect of uniting Canadians behind a new vision of their own future and a new generation of leadership internationally. It would open up a whole new area of opportunity for Canadian innovation, creativity, and technological and industrial leadership. It would build on the best of Canada's features and values a future in which Canadians would continue to be the most fortunate of people, in a world that they helped make more peaceful, more secure and more hopeful". -- p. 20.
Contents: O.D. Skelton Memorial Lecture -- [Strong biographical information] -- [Text of presentation].
Author was "Secretary-General of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development". -- p. [iv].
The Anglican Church has taken its opposition to the James Bay II power project to the United States, in hopes that Massachusetts will become the second state to disassociate itself from the project.
Recently, the New York Power Authority cancelled a contract to purchase power from James Bay II. Now, a bill before the Massachusetts legislature would require the state's pension fund to divest its holdings in Hydro-Quebec bonds. The Reverend Peter Hamel, the church's consultant on national affairs, will speak on behalf of the bill today [Wednesday] before the Massachusetts Joint Committee on Public Service. He was invited to participate in an intervention by the Anglican Diocese of Massachusetts.
The church's opposition to the project stems from concern about the effects of the development on the aboriginal people of the region and on the natural environment. It says there should be a moratorium on construction until a comprehensive environmental assessment of the project has been completed, and until an agreement has been reached with the Cree and Inuit.
Mr. Hamel's brief to the joint committee says the Cree and Inuit must play a full part in determining appropriate resource development in northern Quebec. Noting the fishing and harvesting of wildlife are key to the aboriginal lifestyle, the brief says: "The continued viability of the aboriginal economy should be an objective of northern development, not its price."
The Canadian church's actions have been supported by resolutions of the Episcopal Church U.S.A., and by the Diocese of Massachusetts, which has also asked the state's public utilities not to purchase power from the project.
Full text of brief available on request; for further information, contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communications.
Brief entitled "Comments in Support of Bill H 1978 Before the Massachusetts Joint Committee on Public Service at The State House Boston, Massachusetts" by the Reverend Peter Hamel, Consultant, National Affairs Anglican Church of Canada April 15, 1992. 16 pages (plus 9 pages in 6 appendices) available in General Synod Archives.
That the Moose Lake Indian Band and the Chemawawin Indian Band (Easterville) be supported in their negotiations with the Province of Manitoba and the Federal Government of Canada to resolve the flooding damages caused by the construction of the Grand Rapids Hydro Electric Dam Project in 1962, which not only caused environmental damage, but also social disruptions to the lives of the many residents of Moose Lake and Chemawawin;
that this concern be communicated to the Federal and Provincial Governments by all means at the Church's disposal. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 84
The members were requested to endorse the following motion, which will be placed before the General Synod.
Moved by: Dr. L.L. Whytehead
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. J.F.S. Conlin
That the National Executive Council, being informed that the Diocese of Brandon intends to bring a resolution to General Synod requesting the Synod's support of the Moose Lake Band in seeking damages for the flooding caused by the construction of the Grand Rapids Dam in 1962, endorses the action of the Diocese of Brandon which aims to pressure the Provincial and Federal Governments to negotiate with the Band in good faith and to reach a speedy settlement.
The Right Reverend John Conlin provided an explanation for the motion.
That two words in the above motion: namely, "pressure" and "speedy", be changed to "encourage" and "just". CARRIED #43-03-89
The motion, as amended, was put and CARRIED #44-03-89
The amended motion now reads:
That the National Executive Council, being informed that the Diocese of Brandon intends to bring a resolution to General Synod requesting the Synod's support of the Moose Lake Band in seeking damages for the flooding caused by the construction of the Grand Rapids Dam in 1962, endorses the action of the Diocese of Brandon which aims to encourage the Provincial and Federal Governments to negotiate with the Band in good faith and to reach a just settlement. CARRIED #44-03-89
That this National Executive Council express support for the Happy Valley/Goose Bay Ministerial Association in its efforts to intervene in the Federal Environment Assessments Review hearings regarding the environment impacts of low-level military flights in Labrador/Quebec, and the proposed Tactical Weapons Fighter Training Centre at Goose Bay. CARRIED #23-10-87
The following statement was presented for consideration:
In response to the critical problem of Acid Rain and in the light of Christian theology, we support public policies that are consistent with the following guidelines:
1. Vigorous national and international action including bilateral co-operation between the governments of the United States and Canada to control acid rain.
2. Cleanup of sufficient magnitude to reduce emissions of sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen to a level necessary to protect the health of our most sensitive environments and individuals.*
3. Industrial and pollution abatement/control strategies that:
a) are environmentally sound
b) preserve existing jobs and create new ones (note amendment below)
c) encourage energy conservation and renewable energy systems.
4. Adequate funding of cleanup that will:
a) achieve by 1990 the necessary education [sic] of emissions that cause acid rain
b) distribute costs fairly among corporations, governments and consumers
c) support research into environmentally sound technologies.
5. Increased citizen participation in the legislative, regulatory, judicial and corporate accountability processes pertaining to sources and reduction of acid rain. This requires more citizen access to, and review of information regarding government and corporate cleanup plans.
6. Rigorous enforcement of clean air laws and regulations consistent with the above objectives.
* Current evidence suggests that S)2 emissions must be reduced in the United States and Canada by 50% from 1980 levels, toward reducing wet sulphate deposition to less than 18 lbs./acre/year (20 kilograms/hectare/year) to protect moderately sensitive areas and 8 lbs./acre/year (9 Kilograms/hectare/year) to protect extremely sensitive areas.
That this National Executive Council approve these Guidelines, and refer them to the Public Social Responsibility Unit for action.
Moved by: Rt. Rev. J.C. Bothwell
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. E.K. Lackey
That item 3(b) be amended to read, "seek to preserve existing jobs and create new ones. CARRIED
That this General Synod being aware that relationship between man and environment is undergoing profound changes in the wake of modern scientific and technological development,
Noting that these technological developments can involve man in great danger if not properly controlled; that polluted air, water and soil, wasteful soil erosion, objectionable disposal of waste materials, and uncontrolled noise may result in hazards to man;
Concerned about the fact that air, water, and soil conditions affect for good or bad every person living on the whole earth,
Convinced that increased attention to problems of human environment is essential for sound world wide economic and social development,
Expresses strong hope that countries will co-operate internationally to share knowledge on environmental pollution as well as the responsibility for its control,
(1) the Canadian Government to support international efforts to improve the world environment and in particular to participate actively in the International Conference on Human Environment proposed to be held during 1972 under the auspices of the United Nations;
(2) the Canadian Government, in co-operation with the provinces, to agree on standards or objectives in order to control pollution of air, water, and soil;
(3) the Canadian Government to make adequate grants for research on more effective and more economical methods of pollution control;
(4) the Canadian Government, in co-operation with the Provincial Governments, to strengthen and enforce legislation for the abatement and control of pollution by co-ordinated action;
(5) the Canadian Government to continue to give substantial financial assistance to provinces and municipalities who now carry the burden of costly pollution controls;
(6) the Provincial Governments and the Federal Government, as far as applicable, to take and maintain an up-to-date inventory of the extent of pollution in natural resources;
(7) the Provincial Governments and the municipalities to provide facilities and encourage personnel who operate pollution control plants (waste water disposal plants) to acquire adequate training;
(8) all governments, federal, provincial and municipal, to provide educational materials to the public on all aspects of pollution and its control;
(9) ourselves, as Anglicans, collectively and individually:
(i) to follow up our words with action at the municipal level where attitudes are formed and action originates;
(ii) to find out about the state of pollution in our local areas - who is doing what; who should do what; and what am I doing;
(iii) to find out how industry and municipal government can co-operate better in order to produce the standard we know is a responsible one in agricultural, industrial, and domestic pollution, and urge them to do it;
(iv) to act by initiating dialogue on pollution; preaching about pollution; reading about pollution; talking about pollution; writing letters to members of parliament about pollution; supporting the good efforts that are being made to enforce existing laws on pollution; showing that as Christians, we, as individuals, are concerned about the world around us and that the beginning be made on MY street. CARRIED in both Houses.
In support of the question of pollution, the Synod was addressed by Mr. Stanley Burke CBC news commentator and by Mr. Jeff Mains and Mr. Tony Barratt of "Pollution Probe."
That the following be included after the words "Alice Arm" at the end of the first section of the resolution:
"and to declare a moratorium upon development of the resource until technology is developed to safely dispose of the tailings."
The Amendment was accepted by the mover and seconder of the motion.
The motion now reads:
"That the 29th General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada, through the Primate, urge the Federal Government to withdraw its special order-in-council; that is, the "Alice Arm Tailings Deposit Regulations, SOR 79-345", permitting the Amax Corporation to dump its effluent into Alice Arm, and to declare a moratorium upon development of the resource until technology is developed to safely dispose of the tailings.
And further, that this Synod requests the Primate, in co-operation with the Diocese of Caledonia to initiate discussions between the Federal Government, the Province of British Columbia, the Nishga Tribal Council, and the Amax Corporation, in order to determine the terms on which the Amax Corporation might proceed, giving due consideration to the need for effective environmental protection and the need for the participation of the Nishga People in the developmental process.