"People are divided on nuclear power, and views range across a wide spectrum" (p. 12). "As the Fukushima incident wreaked the latest round of radioactive havoc, it's safe to say that nuclear energy operations will face greater scrutiny and tougher demands for safety precautions, which will boost costs in an already capital-intensive industry" (p. 12). Tom Adams, an independent energy analyst based in Toronto, says "'It's clear that existing nuclear technologies have no role to play in our immediate energy future in Canada, not when we have alternative options such as natural gas'. Or huge hydroelectric resources such as Labrador's Churchill Falls" (p. 12). "In Ontario, our most populous province (13.3 million and rising fast), nuclear supplies 53 per cent of electricity". Robin Forbes, manager of external communications for Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. in Mississauga, Ont. said "'That dependence factors into any questions about the future of nuclear, whether it's starting a new build or maintaining existing infrastructure', she says. 'It's simply too early to predict what the future of nuclear power will look like', says Forbes, noting, however, that the lessons learned from Japan will certainly be factored into new safety standards" (p. 12).
Includes inset statistics entitled "Nuclear energy in Canada" with breakdown for New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario.
That General Synod urge the Church at all levels - national, diocesan, parochial and personal - to examine energy issues, fostering both awareness of impending crises and responsible decision making concerning the following:
a) energy use and wastage
b) personal and corporate lifestyles
c) methods of energy conservation
d) the means of meeting energy needs
e) the appropriateness of the various energy options in the light of their cost, benefits, disadvantages and risks. CARRIED ACT 19
"Yes, it is important to reach out to those adversely affected by the declining Canadian oil industry ('Why the silence ?', March 2016, p. 4). But it is also important for us to recognize not just its contribution to climate change, but the glaring truth. For the past few years, the Canadian oil industry has been dying like a duck in a tailings pond and will continue to do so for years to come. .... What is the wisdom of investing in a dead duck ? Would it not be better for us to invest funds that will help to reskill and/or relocate workers in other employment ? There will be jobs, directly and indirectly, in alternative energy, from conservation to infrastructure to research. There will be increasing opportunities for investment in clean energy. Instead of pretending that the sky is not falling, our church investment officials need to invest with vision, following the responsible examples of the dioceses of Ottawa and Montreal".
That this National Executive Council encourage the establishment of an Office of Energy Alternatives in one or more dioceses, and if possible ecumenically, and in co-operation with governments.
The dioceses are to be selected by the Energy Sub-Committee of the Public Social Responsibility Unit, in consultation with the Program Committee Chairman, and the office may include a full time staff person for a period of three years. The Energy Sub-Committee will monitor this project and evaluate it annually. CARRIED
On behalf of the members of the National Executive Council the Primate expressed appreciation to the members of the Public Social Responsibility Unit for the work they have done.
In concluding the report of the Program Committee Bishop Clarke expressed sincere appreciation to the members of the Program staff, and to the Rev. W. Lowe who served as Acting Director of Program while the Rev. C. Raymond was on Sabbatical Leave.
The following statement was presented for consideration:
In response to the critical problem of Acid Rain and in the light of Christian theology, we support public policies that are consistent with the following guidelines:
1. Vigorous national and international action including bilateral co-operation between the governments of the United States and Canada to control acid rain.
2. Cleanup of sufficient magnitude to reduce emissions of sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen to a level necessary to protect the health of our most sensitive environments and individuals.*
3. Industrial and pollution abatement/control strategies that:
a) are environmentally sound
b) preserve existing jobs and create new ones (note amendment below)
c) encourage energy conservation and renewable energy systems.
4. Adequate funding of cleanup that will:
a) achieve by 1990 the necessary education [sic] of emissions that cause acid rain
b) distribute costs fairly among corporations, governments and consumers
c) support research into environmentally sound technologies.
5. Increased citizen participation in the legislative, regulatory, judicial and corporate accountability processes pertaining to sources and reduction of acid rain. This requires more citizen access to, and review of information regarding government and corporate cleanup plans.
6. Rigorous enforcement of clean air laws and regulations consistent with the above objectives.
* Current evidence suggests that S)2 emissions must be reduced in the United States and Canada by 50% from 1980 levels, toward reducing wet sulphate deposition to less than 18 lbs./acre/year (20 kilograms/hectare/year) to protect moderately sensitive areas and 8 lbs./acre/year (9 Kilograms/hectare/year) to protect extremely sensitive areas.
That this National Executive Council approve these Guidelines, and refer them to the Public Social Responsibility Unit for action.
Moved by: Rt. Rev. J.C. Bothwell
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. E.K. Lackey
That item 3(b) be amended to read, "seek to preserve existing jobs and create new ones. CARRIED
"I am convinced that this book deals with two interlocking concerns which constitute focal issues for Canada at this time. These are the pattern for Northern development which we adopt, and the way in which we respond to the aboriginal rights of Canada's Native peoples, particularly to land claims. The authors of this book ... have researched a number of concrete situations in Canada, where these issues are confronting different federal government departments, different provinces and territories, and a variety of corporations and tribal groups and for the first time have brought the findings together in one publication. Because of their common conviction that the issues are of vital concern, six churches in Canada -- namely the Anglican, Lutheran, Mennonite, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, and United Churches -- have supported this undertaking." -- Foreword.
Contents: Foreword / Edward W. Scott -- Introduction -- The Land : A Century of Unfinished Business -- Energy : Our Most Non-Renewable, Non-Returnable Throw-a-Way Product -- The Mushroom Society : Paternalism, Colonialism, and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development -- Beads and Blankets : A Look at Two Modern-Day Settlements in James Bay and Alaska -- The Yukon : Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow and a Growing White Backlash -- Northern Manitoba : The Saga of How the Manitoba Government and its Crown Corporation Betrayed the Native People -- Northwest British Columbia : Where Violence may be the Only Way to Make Things Change -- The Northwest Territories : Where Land is More Important than Money -- The Churches : From the Paternalism of Yesterday to the Liberation of Today -- Alternatives : A Search for New Policies of Northern Development.