"Justice, Peace and Creation Team, World Council of Churches".
"April 2005". -- inside front cover.
"So as to engage the churches and the wider ecumenical family in confronting these realities, this background document explores the question of how the churches and the wider ecumenical family can respond to the human tragedies rooted in the project of economic globalization. Entitled `Alternative globalization addressing peoples and earth (AGAPE)', this document was drafted by a small group of representatives from churches and related organizations. The text is based on the finding of a series of church consultations and studies on globalization organized by the WCC and other ecumenical organizations over the period since the 1998 WCC assembly in Harare. It is hoped that this process will produce an AGAPE call to action to the next WCC assembly in Porto Alegre in 2006. .... The aim of this document is to inspire the churches and the wider ecumenical movement to continue to address current global problems so as to respond resolutely to the intolerable levels of poverty in our world". -- Foreword, p. [iii].
Contents: Foreword dated Geneva, March 2005 / Rogate R. Mshana -- The Agape challenge -- Plea for an Agape economy of life -- Just trade -- Just finance -- Transformative action and living alternatives -- Milestones on the ecumenical journey : texts decisions and actions -- Conclusion -- Appendix.
Appendix is diagram/flowchart of "The AGAPE process" on inside back cover.
"EGGYS: Reports and Background Papers is an occasional publication of the Ecumenical Global Gathering of Youth and Students. Its primary purpose is to provide youth and student movements with information and analysis on those issues which are tackled through the process of ecumenical cooperation, and which are relevant to our witness in church and society". -- back cover.
"From October 12 to 22, 1992, 10 young men and women belonging to difference ecumenical youth and student organizations, from difference parts of the world ... gathered and reflected on the theme of economics, society and alternative models." -- Intro.
Contents: Introduction / Clarissa Balan, Staff Working Group, EGGYS -- Economics, Society and Alternative Models : EGGYS Provocation Paper -- EGGYS Working Group on Economics, Society, and Alternative Models.
Paper divided into sections: Economics -- Society -- We Too Are Victims -- Our Vision, Our Hope -- Economy and Society -- Education -- Rural Work -- Urban Work -- Social Programs -- What Can We Do ? -- Not the Final Word.
"What are some of the core economic, social and political themes implicit in Native American creation theologies ? .... My own thesis is that beneath the presenting images of creation spirituality there are even deeper expressions of an indigenous economic theory, a subsequent social organization and, finally, of a political praxis which actually shapes a liberative theological project for the global indigenous community (p. 2)". The author identifies three common elements in his survey of traditional Native American "creation" theologies: "That human beings were not fashioned as the `pinnacle' of creation, but were intentionally designed to function as integral to creation; that humanity was a fragile and dependent part of creation which had to rely on other life forms for its survival, and that in the process of creation human beings were instructed in the necessary skills for survival and entrusted with preserving a balance with the natural order (p. 3)". "Creation stories contain the nucleus of culture. They contain the primal elements that give rise to economic theories, social patterns and political practices. They are the tip of the iceberg. They symbolically illustrate the deeper structures of a culture, pointing toward how a people will respond in meeting the fundamental needs of life for food, community and safety. As we have suggested, in the Western Christian experience, the creational images of humanity at the top of a spiritual food-chain, heavily invested in individualism and conditioned to triumph over both Nature and the Other created a model which found expression historically in both capitalism, colonialism and the power of privilege. On the other hand, the original myths of Native America, which we articulated in three simple descriptions of the place of humanity in creation, illustrate a very different approach. In Native America, people were only part of creation. Consequently, they were dependent on both Nature and The Other. This dependency was made manifest in an economic system based on cooperation and sharing. It culminated in a political system of direct democracy (pp. 10-11)".
"The publication of this volume is sponsored by the Ecumenical Forum of Canada". -- p. [ii].
"Among the many Canadian organizations which have taken up the cause of a just society, few have worked harder for the realization of this goal than the Canadian churches. The documents that are contained in this book are evidence of the churches' strong concern to identify and combat injustices wherever they appear in society. .... The purpose of this introduction is to give, first of all, a brief historical account of the churches' recent involvement in social issues in Canada. Secondly, it will identify the issues which are of major concern and will describe how the churches deal with these issues. Finally, an overview and analysis of the churches' position on social justice will be given". -- Intro.
Contents: List of Contributors -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Section I: Poverty in Canada -- 1. The Salvation Army, 'Brief to the Special Senate Committee on Poverty' (1970) -- 2. The Eastern Canada Synod of the Lutheran Church in America, 'Report on Poverty and Christian Responsibility' (1973) -- 3. The United Church of Canada, 'The Economics of Injustice' (1975) -- Section II: Capitalism and Corporations -- 4. The United Church of Canada, 'Who's in Control ?' (1977) -- 5. Taskforce on the Churches and Corporate Responsibility, 'Decennial Revision of the Bank Act' (1978) -- 6. Roman Catholic Bishops of the Atlantic Provinces, 'To Establish a Kingdom of Justice' (1979) -- 7. The Episcopal Commission for Social Affairs, Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, 'Ethical Reflections on the Economic Crisis' (1983) -- Section III: Nuclear Energy -- 8. The United Church of Canada, 'Nuclear Power: Blessing or Blight ?' (1977) -- 9. Uranium Working Group, the B.C. Conference of the United Church of Canada, 'Ethics and Uranium Mining' (1980) -- Section IV: Northern Development and Native Rights -- 10. The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, 'Northern Development: At What Cost ?' (1975) -- 11. Project North, 'A Call for A Moratorium' (1976) -- 12. Project North, 'Before the National Energy Board in the Matter of the Norman Wells Oil Pipeline Application' (1981) -- Section V: Canada, Quebec and the Constitution -- 13. The Roman Catholic Bishops of Quebec, 'The People of Quebec and Its Political Future' (1979) -- 14. The United Church of Canada, 'Brief to the Joint Committee on the Constitution of Canada' (1980) -- Section VI: Population, Immigration and Refugees -- 15. The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, 'Brief to the Special Joint Committee of the Senate and of the House of Commons on Immigration Policy' (1975) -- 16. Inter-Church Project on Population, 'Report on the Immigration Debate' (1975) -- 17. The Refugee Concerns Project Committee, Canadian Council of Churches, 'Refugee Concerns: A Brief to the Honourable Lloyd Axworthy, Minister of Employment and Immigration' (1980) -- Section VII: Canada and the Third World -- 18. Canadian Church Leaders, 'Development Demands Justice' (1973) -- 19. Inter-Church Committee on Human Rights in Latin America, 'Submission to the Canadian Ambassador to the 36th Session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights' (1980) -- Epilogue -- 21. Canadian Church Leaders, 'Inter-Church Brief on Economic Outlook' (1978) -- Notes -- Addresses of Groups Mentioned in This Book.
"This text, suitable for individual study or group discussion, was commended to the churches by the WCC central committee in August 1992 after a three-year process of drafting by an international group of economists, theologians, ethicists and church leaders. The text identifies 'signposts' for judging how the economy works and exposing the hidden values behind economic decisions. and offers suggestions about how these insights can lead to Christian action for a greater economic justice. Study questions included". -- back cover.
Contents: Preface / Emilio Castro, General Secretary, World Council of Churches -- Introduction -- Economics and Christian Faith: Why Should They Be Taken Together, and How ? -- The World Economy Today: Issues of Concern -- Criteria Towards Economic Policy-Making -- What can we do ?: Possibilities for Action by Christians -- For Further Reading.
"By Reginald H. Fuller, Professor of New Testament Language and Literature at Seabury-Western Theological Seminary, U.S.A. and Brian K. Rice, Education Secretary, United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel".
"First printed 1966". -- verso of t.-p.
"We invite you to think with us about Christian responsibility in an affluent society. We have deliberately made this a Trans-Atlantic discussion because the benefits of prosperity and the problems of progress are so evident today in both Britain and America. .... Of necessity we are looking at two worlds -- the world of the Bible and that of the twentieth century. .... Several years of preparation and consultation have gone into the background of this biblical and sociological survey, and our enquiries gradually formulated into sequence: (1) the biblical attitudes to wealth and materialism; (2) a close look at contemporary society; and (3) a substantial critique of the affluent society, its premises, goals and achievements by use of insights provided by the biblical message". -- Preface.
Contents: Preface -- Part One: Wealth in the Bible / Reginald H. Fuller -- The Old Testament Background -- Jesus and Wealth -- The First Christian Community -- Paul and the Collection for the Jerusalem Church -- Part Two: Wealth in Modern Society -- All Good Gifts -- Prosperity is God -- Up Go the Costs -- Blessed Are the Affluent ? -- Starvation by 1980 -- Part Three: Christ in Influence / Brian K. Rice -- Index.
Colophon: Printed in Great Britain for Hodder and Stoughton Limited, St. Paul's House, Warwick Lane, London, E.C.4, by The Faith Press.
"Edited by Dr. Percy Dearmer, Canon of Westminster".
"The issue, indeed, is simple. The motives and methods of human life are not sufficiently moralised: it was to moralise the machinery of production, to limit the power of selfishness, that Wilberforce and Shaftesbury were working a century ago; and the whole world now enjoys what Christians then won: but in many ways industry and business, and family life, and civic and political activity, need further moralisation. Money -- the necessary use of tokens of exchange -- has been overlooked in its moral aspect (in spite of what Christ said about it) .... And, alas, there was one aspect of human life which was not understood a hundred years ago; and to this our present miseries are mainly due. The very word 'international' had then only just been coined by Jeremy Bentham. The whole conception of moralising international relations was in its infancy. So the world went on to its doom. So, because the nations and their representatives have not yet learnt the elements of international behaviour, we stand at this moment of writing on the brink of irretrievable disaster. It is in a very real sense true that only Christ can save the world from ruin to-day. Are we prepared to let his spirit save the nations from themselves ?" -- Preface, p. 10-11.
Contents: Preface By the Editor / Percy Dearmer -- Introductory: "Christ or Chaos ?" -- 1. Vindication / E.A. Burroughs -- 2. The Demands of the Ordinary Man / Albert Mansbridge -- Part I: The Present Chaos -- 1. The Intellectual and Moral Confusion / W.R. Matthews -- 2. The Confusion in Literature / Richard Ellis Roberts -- 3. The Social and Economic Confusion / P.T.R. Kirk -- 4. The Confusion in International Relations / J. Howard B. Masterman -- Part II: What Christianity Is -- 1. The Secret of Christ / Charles E. Raven -- 2. Christ's Conception of the Kingdom of God / Arthur Herbert Gray -- 3. The Original Fellowship Idea of the Christian Church / Joseph Wellington Hunkin -- 4. The Christian View of Man as Social / S.J. Bezzant -- 5. Christianity and History: -- a) General Development / Malcolm Spencer -- b) Social Progress and the Continental Churches / A.E. Garvie -- c) The Stockholm Conference / G.K.A. Bell -- 6. Uniting the Christian Forces / Edward S. Woods -- 7. What the Church is Doing: Social Activities / S.E. Keeble -- Part III: The Christian Solution -- 1. Personal and Family Life / A.A. David -- 2. Education / Charles Grant Robertson -- 3. The Social and Economic Order -- a) The Basis of Exchange / Hewlett Johnson -- b) Civic and Industrial Reform / J. Morgan Rees -- c) Individual Function and the Community / E. C. Urwin -- d) Labour and Leisure / A. Maude Royden -- e) The Rebirth of the Village / W. Beach Thomas -- 4. The State and Constructive Citizenship / W.G.S. Adams -- 5. The World of International Affairs -- a) Christianity and the League of Nations / Lord Dickinson -- b) The Crisis and the East / J.B. Raju -- c) Disarmament / Cosmo Gordon Lang -- d) A Christian Peace Policy / E.N. Porter Goff -- 6. Is There an Alternative ? -- a) Scientific Humanism and Religions of Life / H.G. Wood -- b) Industrial Secularism / Maurice B. Reckitt -- c) Communist Secularism / Nicolai A. Berdiaeff -- 7. The Church in the World: Failures and Opportunities / F.R. Barry -- 8. The Conclusion of the Matter / William Temple -- Index.
Colophon: Printed in Great Britain by The Camelot Press Ltd., London and Southampton". -- verso of t.-p.
"My intent is not to provide a social handbook, an economic blueprint, or a political manual that pretends to give all the answers. Rather, I attempt to outline a Christian view of social, economic, and political responsibility that will enable us to respond to the crisis of our times with hope and vision. I do so from the conviction that the message of God's creation and Christ's incarnation is good news and of crucial significance for our everyday life (p. 15)". "I am convinced that together we must work out this ministry of reconciliation in our personal and public life: in the way we act economically and politically, in the way we view and treat the poor and the powerless, in the way we approach disarmament and development, and in the way we structure our economic enterprises and social movements. We must do that by trying to provide alternative visions and strategies that will replace the materialistic ideologies of Marxism and capitalism. In all areas of life we must seek to be faithful to God" (p. 16) -- Intro.
Contents: Dedication -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- From personal commitment to public confession -- From economic distortion to shalom -- Toward responsible development -- Toward new initiatives -- From christian reflection to neighbourly service -- From ways of death to ways of life -- From political opportunism to public justice -- What Canadian leaders say -- Appendix: Guidelines for Citizens for Public Justice -- Notes -- Bibliography.
"Owing to the great importance of the Report of the Archbishops' Fifth Committee of Inquiry on Christianity and Industrial Problems, the Editorial Board has decided to reprint certain sections of it, the present Bulletin comprising the third chapter of the Report. It is hoped that in this way those who have not already studied the whole document may have an opportunity of appreciating in part the thought and method of the original, and may be led to a careful consideration of the whole. Arrangements have been made by the Board whereby the Report in full may be purchased from the Upper Canada Tract Society, 2 Richmond Street E., Toronto, for 35 cents, post paid. The Editorial Board desires to express its appreciation of the courtesy of the Bishop of Winchester, Chairman of the Committee in England, and of the S.P.C.K., the publishers, for permission to reprint in Canada" -- [Foreword], p. 3.
"Four great principles stand out clearly from His teaching. God is our Father and all men are our brethren. The Kingdom of God is at hand. Life is the measure of true value. All disciples are stewards" (p. 3). "There is to be a Christian Society, a People of God, a Church, which shall be the salt, the leaven of human life. But this Society is rather the means of realising the Kingdom than the Kingdom itself" (pp. 3-4). "To what extent have the social implications of the teaching of the New Testament been developed by the Christian thought of succeeding ages ? The question is not easily answered" (p. 5). "The characteristic of mediaeval thought on social relationships -- the thought not only of the `thinkers' but of some part at least of the practical order -- was the attempt to regard all economic conditions as a sub-department of the grand interest of human life -- religion. The essence of the difference between these ideas and modern economic opinion is the disappearance of that characteristic" (p. 15). "[B]y the middle of the seventeenth century several causes had combined to depose, first religious, and then moral, considerations from their position of theoretical pre-eminence as the standard by which economic transactions were to be tried" (p. 17). "Can we now begin to answer the question: how could the [nineteenth century] age tolerate those abuses, which are sickening even to read of ? How could men who were really religious, men sincerely patriotic and personally benevolent, how could men even of common sense defend as a quite natural state of things such facts as children of six kept at work in factories from 5 a.m. to 9 p.m., girls under eight crawling through coal seams eighteen inches high, boys of four sent up flues seven inches square, in `a country renowned for its humanity' ?" (pp. 20-21). "When all these currents of thought are taken into account it becomes intelligible how good men could tolerate appalling social conditions. ... But all of them, and society as a whole, were the victims of the divorce of economics from ethics. Moreover, economics was not merely non-moral, it was even non-human, and therefore narrow and misleading even in the economic sphere. Nowadays we begin to see this, and our task is first to accept the modern economists' work in putting their science on a broader human basis, and then to keep economics in its proper place as subordinate study in a wider social conscience" (pp. 24-25). "As to this present time, the stern teaching of the war has undoubtedly had a tremendous effect in awakening the social conscience of Christians. All are resolved that the sacrifice of our best men shall not have been in vain, and that among the fruits of it must be a new and better order in which justice and friendship shall reign. All Christians are convinced that this new order is impossible apart from the principles of Christ and the power of His Spirit" (p. 28).
Contents divided into sub-sections: The Teaching of the New Testament -- The Fathers and the Mediaeval Church -- The Influence of the New Political Economy -- Recent Developments.
Bulletin No. 35, "Christian Principles and Their Social Application", April 1920, contains an abridgement of the second chapter of the same report.
A collection of "exhaustive documentation of statements from churches and church agencies worldwide over the last thirty years dealing with a range of socio-ethical issues. These texts are analyzed both in terms of the positions taken and in terms of the kinds of theological warrants appealed to in support of the positions taken" -- Preface.
Statements organized into nine sections: "1. Apartheid and Racism"; "2. Economic Development and Unemployment"; "3. Ecology"; "Nuclear Armaments (Peace and War)"; "5. Divorce, Remarriage, and Polygamy", "6. Abortion"; "7. Genetic Engineering"; "8. Social Justice" and "9. Socio-Political Ideologies".
Appendices list sections e.g. "D. Nuclear Armaments" and then list specific appeals e.g. "Appeal to creation/natural law" and alphabetical list of churches/denominations who have used this argument/appeal in their statement.
Includes statements from the Anglican Church of Canada and other churches of the Anglican Communion.