1. Affirm the Development Goal of the United Nations for each developed country to contribute 0.7% of its gross national product to Official Development Assistance (ODA) in developing countries.
2. Request the General Secretary to write to the Government of Canada by June 30, 2004, urging it to act on the 0.7% Development Goal, using the proposal of the Canadian Council of International Cooperation for reaching this goal by 2015:
- To increase foreign aid by 12% annually between 2009 -- an additional $750 million over the next three years to increases already planned
- To increase foreign aid by 15% between 2009-2015.
3. Affirm the challenge of the 1998 Lambeth Conference to dioceses and provinces of the Anglican Communion to provide 0.7% of their own resources to fight global poverty.
4. Request the Primate
- to encourage Anglicans to give their generous support to the PWRDF and Anglican Appeal, which together with the Partnerships budget of General Synod, represent the Anglican Church of Canada's financial commitment to supporting international development programs, fighting poverty, and strengthening international and intra-Anglican partnerships.
- to report to the Anglican Communion by August 31, 2004, through the Task Team on Poverty and Trade, on the Anglican Church of Canada's contributions to development and poverty work to help give a complete picture of the Anglican Communion's efforts to achieve Millennium Development Goals. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 28
"This pamphlet is a Canadian version of a paper originally written by Eric Jay, for Christian Aid, Britain c1975" -- p. 15.
Pamphlet jointly published by: The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund; Canadian Lutheran World Relief; The Committee on Inter-Church Aid, Refugee and World Service; The Canadian Catholic Organization for Development and Peace; and World Development, Service and Relief. -- back cover.
Contents: What is World Development ? -- Why are there rich and poor countries ? -- There is poverty in Canada too. Shouldn't charity begin at home ? -- Is the situation improving at all ? -- Wouldn't birth control solve problems ? -- Is there enough food to go round ? -- Canada became prosperous through trade. Why can't the Third World ? -- Can we afford to make trade concessions to them ? -- What about the aid which pours into the poor countries ? -- But suirely Canadian aid is very generous ? -- Canada has its own poverty problems so why should we give more aid or better trade deals to the Third World ? -- Does increased aid mean more taxation ? -- Why can't "The Arabs" pay for development ? -- How much aid is wasted through misuse and corruption ? -- Wouldn't they be better off if they hadn't seized independence so soon ? -- Can't voluntary aid organizations solve the problem ? -- Can't the public do any more ? -- If it's a moral question, why don't the churches given a lead by surrendering their wealth ? -- But isn't man's spiritual need more important to Christians than his material need ? -- If I am concerned about world development, what can I do ?
Twenty questions on world development : a Canadian perspective
1. affirms the Government of Canada's commitment contained in its statement, "Canada in the World," to making progress towards the Official Development Assistance (ODA) target of 0.7% of Gross National Product (GNP) but urges that this commitment not be qualified by the words "when Canada's fiscal situation allows it";
2. affirms that the primary purpose of Official Development Assistance is the alleviation of poverty and global injustice and welcomes Canada's commitment that 25% of its ODA will respond to basic human needs but urges that this percentage be increased to 60%;
3. expresses serious concern that Canadian foreign aid policy, as articulated in the "Canada in the World" statement, places more emphasis on Canadian economic interests than on the document's stated values and priorities (support for sustainable development, reduction of poverty; and contributing to a more secure, equitable, and prosperous world) in determining:
(i) the allocation of Official Development Assistance; and
(ii) Canada's response to human rights situations in the context of trade relationships, where traditionally Canada has not traded with countries consistently violating human rights;
4. commends the Government of Canada for its affirmation of multi-lateral approaches in solving problems in an interdependent global community and, particularly, welcomes the government's intent to press for reform in those multi-lateral institutions, such as the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, which affect the lives of people in southern countries;
5. convey these concerns and recommendations to the Government of Canada. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 73
The referred, revised resolution was returned. [See page 50]
That the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada:
1. Express to the Government of Canada its concern for the decrease in foreign aid spending;
2. Urge the Government of Canada to renew its commitment contained in its statement "Canada in the World", to make progress towards the Official Development Assistance target of 0.7% of GNP but urges that this commitment not be qualified by the words "when Canada's fiscal situation permits";
3. Urge the Government of Canada to set out a framework for reforming Official Development Assistance (ODA) focusing on the elimination of poverty and including a timetable for renewed ODA growth. CARRIED Act 75
Abstentions were noted from Chancellor David Wright, Captain Baxter Park, Captain Todd Meaker, Mr. Bryan Campbell and Canon Andrew Gates.
Message WW - That the Upper House concurring, in view of the extreme distress now prevailing in one of our neighbouring countries, namely China, this General Synod of the Church of England in Canada in regular session assembled, hereby most respectfully suggests to the Federal Government of this Dominion that its action would meet with wide-spread public support should it make the offer of a generous gift of wheat to the Red Cross Society as a token of the sympathy of the people of this country with the Government of China in its efforts to meet the needs of its people in the extremity of their trial.
Message WW1 - That the Upper House concurs in Message WW of the Lower House by changing the word "to" to "through" and adding "of Canada" after "Red Cross" so as to read: "gift of wheat through the Red Cross Society of Canada, etc."
Message WW1A - That the Lower House concurs in Message WW1 of the Upper House.
Moved by Ven. A.D. Brown, seconded by Rt. Rev. J.C. Bothwell,
That this National Executive Council support the continuing dialogue between the church, business, government and labour and name a committee to work with the Chairman of the Public Social Responsibility Unit to organize a conference with government and the "private sector" on Canadian responsibilities in the Third World. WITHDRAWN
It was agreed that requests should be channelled through the Program Committee who is asked to appoint people to represent the Anglican Church of Canada.
Following discussion it was agreed that the above motion should be re-worded and two motions developed in its place.
That (i) this National Executive Council support the continuing dialogue between the church, business, government and labour and particularly commends the model of the 1978 conference as a way of expressing our common concern in confronting issues that are enormous and complex; and
(ii) request the Primate, the General Secretary and the Chairman of the Public Social Responsibility Unit, to appoint a working group to organize such a conference focussing on Canadian responsibilities in the "Third World." CARRIED
The Canadian Council of Churches and the Inter-Church Fund for International Development have said in a report to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), that it is wrong for CIDA to support structural adjustment programs imposed by the IMF and World Bank.
A strongly-worded telex has been sent by six prominent Canadian Church leaders to the Prime Minister, the Minister of External Affairs and the Minister of Employment and Immigration.
It calls for greatly increased Federal Government action and aid for Indo-Chinese refugees, for Nicaraguan relief and for humanitarian assistance in general.
The Churchmen also urged the Government to take bold leadership at the up-coming U.N. conference in Geneva this month.
The full text of the telex is enclosed.
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For further information, please call:
Mr. George Cram
Primate's World Relief and Development Fund
Anglican Church House
600 Jarvis St., Toronto Telephone: (416) 924-9192 ext. 264
Mr. Bernard Daly
Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops
90 Parent Ave., Ottawa Telephone: (613) 236-9461
The Rev. Clarke MacDonald
Division of Mission
United Church House
85 St. Clair Ave. E., Toronto Telephone: (416) 925-5931
The Rt. Honourable Joe Clark, Prime Minister of Canada
The Honourable Flora MacDonald, Minister of External Affairs
The Honourable Ron Atkey, Minister of Employment and Immigration
As Canadian Christians concerned about critical world situations dramatically portrayed before us in the past few weeks, we urge new and significant humanitarian action by our government.
We note with dismay how small our total humanitarian aid to emergency need in 1979 will be. Less than one dollar per Canadian will be spent in total to finance our refugee resettlement programme and all CIDA emergency aid including UNHCR, UNRWA, Red Cross, etc. Urgent appeals now pending for Indochinese refugee resettlement, UNHCR and Nicaraguan relief all need increased support.
For Nicaraguan relief, churches and other non-governmental organizations are trying to respond but CIDA humanitarian assistance is completely allocated. Would you authorize a matching programme through CIDA-NGO for emergencies and increase CIDA humanitarian assistance in general to beyond the one percent of foreign aid now authorized.
For Indochinese refugees we repeat request made earlier and emphasize that your recent freeing of undesignated quota plus increase in overall target by 1,000 is not enough. A further 10,000 would have been more appropriate.
Accordingly, overseas immigration staff increases are urgently needed. Present staff cannot keep pace with ordinary demands let alone sponsorship and family reunion cases.
Canadian aid to countries that receive, house and feed refugees also should be increased.
We urge that the July U.N. Geneva Conference Canada show world leadership by taking an independent, generous and bold stand on immediate responses and on the political and economic measures needed to end the poverty, unrest, tyranny and strife that drive people from their homes.
Dr. Donald Anderson
General Secretary, Canadian Council of Churches
The Most Rev. E.W. Scott
Primate, The Anglican Church of Canada
The Rev. George Malcolm
Board of World Mission, The Presbyterian Church in Canada
Bishop Aloysius Ambrozic
Chairman, Commission for Migration and Tourism, Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops
Dr. Donald Ray
Secretary of the General Council, The United Church of Canada
Mr. George Keil
Executive Director, Canadian Lutheran World Relief
1. Endorse the KAIROS led "Just Peace ... True Security Postcard Campaign" that calls on Canada to commit itself to pursuing an Agenda for Just Peace, which will:
- Respect Human Rights: Ensure that the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its corresponding covenants are indivisible, universal and legally enforceable, and take precedence over trade and investment agreements.
- Nurture Social Security: Reorient security spending towards social security, equitable economic development, environmental protection and protection of civil liberties.
- Control Arms Exports: Place additional national controls on arms exports and promote and international treaty to prevent arms transfers to governments that show a pattern of persistent human rights violations.
- Increase Aid: Increase Official Development Assistance to 0.7% of GNP within the next 5 years, respecting the rights of peoples to determine their own development goals.
- Cancel the Debt: Immediately and Unconditionally cancel 100% of the bilateral and multilateral debts of all low-income countries, reject structural adjustment conditionality, and cancel the illegitimate debt of all developing countries.
2. Ask the General Secretary to convey these concerns by letter to the Prime Minister at the time that the commons reconvenes in the fall of 2004. CARRIED Act 73