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Anglican Communion News Service : Britain : Conference against international debt

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/article20944
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican World
Date
1996 Pentecost
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican World
Date
1996 Pentecost
Issue
82
Page
32
Notes
"A high profile international delegation visited Britain in February [1996] to join in a campaign to end international debt. The Debt Crisis Network is an alliance of 45 non-governmental organizations, 12 of which are groups with Church connections. The former President of Zambia, Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, was accompanied by the Most Rev. Khotso Makhulu, the Anglican Archbishop of Central Africa [and others] who all came to Britain to take part in a series of high-level meetings with representatives of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the UK Treasury as well as MPs, financiers and Church leaders".
Subjects
Debts, External - Africa
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Church of the Province of Central Africa
Makhulu, W.P. Khotso (Walter Paul Khotso), 1935-
Kaunda, Kenneth (Kenneth David), 1924-
International Monetary Fund
Economic justice - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Less detail

Anglican Life and Witness : a reader for the Lambeth Conference of Anglican Bishops 1998

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/catalog8447
Publication Date
c1997
Material Type
Book
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Call Number
BX 5021 L6 1998 S25
Edition
1st ed.
Place
London
Publisher
SPCK
Publication Date
c1997
Physical_Description
vii, 260 p. ; 21.5 x 13.5 cm.
Material Type
Book
Notes
"Edited by Vinay Samuel and Christopher Sugden".
"Foreword by the Archbishop of Canterbury".
Twenty six chapters written by 20 authors divided into four sections, reflecting on the Conference themes. Authors include Canadian Patick Yu.
Bibliographical endnotes with each chapter but NO index.
Contents divided into four main parts: Part One: Called to Full Humanity -- Part Two: Holding and Sharing the Faith -- Part Three: Living as Anglicans in a Pluralistic World -- Part Four: Seeking Full Visible Unity.
Contents: Foreword / George Cantuar i.e. Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury -- Authors -- Introduction dated Oxford, All Saints Day, 1996 / Vinay Samuel and Chris Sugden -- Fascism and Nationalism / Roger Griffin -- A Christian Perspective on the Family / Vinay Samuel -- Why Questions of Gospel and Culture must be included in the Preparations for Lambeth 1998 / Maurice Sinclair -- An examination of the Theological Principles affecting the Homosexuality Debate : The St. Andrew's Day Statement / Michael Banner et al. -- A Response to the St. Andrew's Statement / Patrick Yu -- Reading the St. Andrew's Days Statement / Oliver O'Donovan -- Living with HIV/Aids : A personal testimony / Gideon Byamugisha -- The Dark Side of Technology / Bernard Adeney -- The Oxford Declaration on Christian Faith and Economics -- Trade and Development Report 1996 / UNCTAD (TDR 16), Geneva, 1996 -- The Impact of the Market Economy on the Poor / Raja Chelliah -- Business and Corruption / Vinay Samuel -- Media and Modernity / Quentin Schultze -- A Christian Response to Population Issues : An Oxford Statement Resource Document -- Christian Feminism and Feminist Perspectives on Population Control / Harriet A. Harris -- Kingdom Affirmations and Commitments -- The Gospel and the Transformation of the non-Western World / Kwame Bediako -- Adolescence, Youth Ministry and World Mission / Oxford Centre for Mission Studies and Oxford Youth Works -- Dialogue in an Age of Conflict / Michael Nazir-Ali -- Accessible Liturgy / Jean-Daniel Pluss -- Reception / Henry Chadwick -- The Anglican Acceptance of Contraception / Richard Harries -- Reflection on Biblical Themes of Discipleship / David Bennett -- Take Thou Authority: an African Perspective / John S. Pobee -- Towards Reconciliation in Rwanda / Emmanuel Kolini -- Evangelical Mission Societies and the Church in India / Vinay Samuel.
Added Entry
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Sugden, Chris (Christopher Michael Neville), 1948-
Samuel, Vinay Kumar, 1939-
Adeney, Bernard
Banner, Michael
Bediako, Kwame (Manasseh Kwame Dakwa), 1945-2008
Bennett, David
Byamugisha, Gideon B., 1959-
Chadwick, Henry, 1920-2008
Chelliah, Raja (Raja Jesudoss), 1922-2009
Griffin, Roger
Harris, Harriet A.
Harries, Richard (Richard Douglas), 1936-
Kolini, Emmanuel M. (Emmanuel Musaba), 1945-
Nazir-Ali, Michael (Michael James), 1949-
O'Donovan, Oliver (Oliver Michael Timothy), 1945-
Pluss, Jean-Daniel
Pobee, John S. (John Samuel), 1937-
Schultze, Quentin J. (Quentin James), 1952-
Sinclair, Maurice W. (Maurice Walter), 1937-
Yu, Patrick (Patrick Tin-Sik), 1951-
Subjects
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Anglican Communion - History - 20th century
Fascism
Family - Religious aspects - Christianity
Christianity and culture - Anglican Communion
St. Andrew's Day Statement
Homosexuality - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
AIDS (Disease) - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
AIDS (Disease) - Religious aspects - Church of the Province of Uganda
Technology - Moral and ethical aspects
Technology - Religious aspects - Christianity
Oxford Declaration on Christian Faith and Economics
Creation - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Economic justice - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Economics - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Work - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Poverty - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Developing countries - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Business - Religious aspects - Christianity
Business ethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Mass media - Influence
Reception - Anglican Communion
Contraception - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Population - Religious aspects - Christianity
Population - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Birth control - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Kingdom of God
Christianity and culture - Africa
Youth - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Dialogue - Religious aspects - Christianity
Conflict management - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Christian union - Anglican Communion
Ecumenical movement - Anglican Communion
Authority - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Reconciliation - Religious aspects - Episcopal Church of Rwanda
Rwanda - History - Civil War, 1994
Evangelicals - India
ISBN
0-281-05099-6
Call Number
BX 5021 L6 1998 S25
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Less detail

Anglican Life and Witness : a reader for the Lambeth Conference of Anglican Bishops 1998

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/catalog8945
Publication Date
c1997
Material Type
Book
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Call Number
BX 5021 L6 1998 S25
Edition
1st ed.
Place
London
Publisher
SPCK
Publication Date
c1997
Physical_Description
vii, 260 p. ; 21.5 x 13.5 cm.
Material Type
Book
Notes
"Edited by Vinay Samuel and Christopher Sugden".
"Foreword by the Archbishop of Canterbury".
Twenty six chapters written by 20 authors divided into four sections, reflecting on the Conference themes. Authors include Canadian Patick Yu.
Bibliographical endnotes with each chapter but NO index.
Contents divided into four main parts: Part One: Called to Full Humanity -- Part Two: Holding and Sharing the Faith -- Part Three: Living as Anglicans in a Pluralistic World -- Part Four: Seeking Full Visible Unity.
Contents: Foreword / George Cantuar i.e. Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury -- Authors -- Introduction dated Oxford, All Saints Day, 1996 / Vinay Samuel and Chris Sugden -- Fascism and Nationalism / Roger Griffin -- A Christian Perspective on the Family / Vinay Samuel -- Why Questions of Gospel and Culture must be included in the Preparations for Lambeth 1998 / Maurice Sinclair -- An examination of the Theological Principles affecting the Homosexuality Debate : The St. Andrew's Day Statement / Michael Banner et al. -- A Response to the St. Andrew's Statement / Patrick Yu -- Reading the St. Andrew's Days Statement / Oliver O'Donovan -- Living with HIV/Aids : A personal testimony / Gideon Byamugisha -- The Dark Side of Technology / Bernard Adeney -- The Oxford Declaration on Christian Faith and Economics -- Trade and Development Report 1996 / UNCTAD (TDR 16), Geneva, 1996 -- The Impact of the Market Economy on the Poor / Raja Chelliah -- Business and Corruption / Vinay Samuel -- Media and Modernity / Quentin Schultze -- A Christian Response to Population Issues : An Oxford Statement Resource Document -- Christian Feminism and Feminist Perspectives on Population Control / Harriet A. Harris -- Kingdom Affirmations and Commitments -- The Gospel and the Transformation of the non-Western World / Kwame Bediako -- Adolescence, Youth Ministry and World Mission / Oxford Centre for Mission Studies and Oxford Youth Works -- Dialogue in an Age of Conflict / Michael Nazir-Ali -- Accessible Liturgy / Jean-Daniel Pluss -- Reception / Henry Chadwick -- The Anglican Acceptance of Contraception / Richard Harries -- Reflection on Biblical Themes of Discipleship / David Bennett -- Take Thou Authority: an African Perspective / John S. Pobee -- Towards Reconciliation in Rwanda / Emmanuel Kolini -- Evangelical Mission Societies and the Church in India / Vinay Samuel.
Added Entry
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Sugden, Chris (Christopher Michael Neville), 1948-
Samuel, Vinay Kumar, 1939-
Adeney, Bernard T., 1948-
Banner, Michael
Bediako, Kwame (Manasseh Kwame Dakwa), 1945-2008
Bennett, David
Byamugisha, Gideon B., 1959-
Chadwick, Henry, 1920-2008
Chelliah, Raja (Raja Jesudoss), 1922-2009
Griffin, Roger
Harris, Harriet A. (Harriet Anne), 1968-
Harries, Richard (Richard Douglas), 1936-
Kolini, Emmanuel M. (Emmanuel Musaba), 1945-
Nazir-Ali, Michael (Michael James), 1949-
O'Donovan, Oliver (Oliver Michael Timothy), 1945-
Pluss, Jean-Daniel
Pobee, John S. (John Samuel), 1937-
Schultze, Quentin J. (Quentin James), 1952-
Sinclair, Maurice W. (Maurice Walter), 1937-
Yu, Patrick (Patrick Tin-Sik), 1951-
Subjects
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Anglican Communion - History - 20th century
Fascism
Family - Religious aspects - Christianity
Christianity and culture - Anglican Communion
St. Andrew's Day Statement
Homosexuality - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
AIDS (Disease) - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
AIDS (Disease) - Religious aspects - Church of the Province of Uganda
Technology - Moral and ethical aspects
Technology - Religious aspects - Christianity
Oxford Declaration on Christian Faith and Economics
Creation - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Economic justice - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Economics - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Work - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Poverty - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Developing countries - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Business - Religious aspects - Christianity
Business ethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Mass media - Influence
Reception - Anglican Communion
Contraception - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Population - Religious aspects - Christianity
Population - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Birth control - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Kingdom of God
Christianity and culture - Africa
Youth - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Dialogue - Religious aspects - Christianity
Conflict management - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Christian union - Anglican Communion
Ecumenical movement - Anglican Communion
Authority - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Reconciliation - Religious aspects - Episcopal Church of Rwanda
Rwanda - History - Civil War, 1994
Evangelicals - India
ISBN
0-281-05099-6
Call Number
BX 5021 L6 1998 S25
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Less detail

Churches challenged to put money on resolution

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/article24969
Author
Cobbey, Nan
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican Journal
Date
1998 September

The Drumbeat of life : jubilee in an African context

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/catalog3040
Author
Bakare, Sebastian, 1940-
Publication Date
c1997
Material Type
Book
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Call Number
BX 6 W77 1998 B3
Author
Bakare, Sebastian, 1940-
Place
Geneva
Publisher
WCC Publications
Publication Date
c1997
Physical_Description
ix, 52 p. ; 21 x 11.8 cm.
Material Type
Book
Notes
"[By] Sebastian Bakare".
Contents: Introduction -- The drumbeat of life -- Africa's growing churches -- Jubilee and African realities -- The ecumenical future and the churches of Africa.
"What light is shed on the eighth assembly theme "`Turn to God -- Rejoice in Hope' by African traditions, realities and experiences ? And what does this imply for the future of the Christian church and its quest for unity on the eve of a new millennium ? These are the questions addressed in this thoughtful and thought-provoking reflection by an African theologian". -- back cover.
Author is "an Anglican priest and senior chaplain at the University of Zimbabwe, Harare", later a bishop in the Church of the Province of Central Africa.
Series
Risk book series ; 80
Added Entry
World Council of Churches
Subjects
World Council of Churches. Assembly (8th : 1998 : Harare, Zimbabwe)
Christian union - Congresses
Christianity - Africa - Congresses
Jubilee (Christianity)
Debts, External - Africa
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Land tenure - Africa
Land tenure - Religious aspects - Christianity
Ecumenical movement - Africa
Christian union - Africa
ISBN
2-8254-1229-5
Call Number
BX 6 W77 1998 B3
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Less detail

Getting ready for Lambeth 1998

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/article21724
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican World
Date
1996 Advent
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican World
Date
1996 Advent
Issue
84
Page
13
Notes
"The Europe and Asia preparatory regional meetings for Lambeth 1998 both expressed their growing concern about the devastating effects of international debt on many countries in the world."
Subjects
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Jubilee 2000
Less detail

Grace and mortgage : the language of faith and the debt of the world

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/catalog2972
Author
Selby, Peter (Peter Stephen Maurice), 1941-
Publication Date
c1997
Material Type
Book
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Call Number
BR 115 E3 S4 1997
Author
Selby, Peter (Peter Stephen Maurice), 1941-
Place
London
Publisher
Darton, Longman and Todd
Publication Date
c1997
Physical_Description
xv, 191 p. ; 21.5 x 13.5 cm.
Material Type
Book
Notes
"[By] Peter Selby".
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Bibliography : pp. [181]-187.
"[D]ebt brings about a power relationship and creates a `bond' (the word is significant) that is often unequal and constraining. That is true whether we are speaking about a personal debt, about communities in our own society with a `debt problem', or about the much remarked `international debt crisis'." p. 3. "My contention is that it is not an accident that we have lost touch with the roots of one of the most important metaphors that have been used about the person and work of Christ. For by seeing our debt to God and Christ's repayment of that debt as a spiritual truth (by which we easily mean, strangely for Christian believers, a truth that is not based in the material world) we are allowed to leave the financial world. We have made it possible for ourselves to worship God (religiously) and Mammon (economically) by simply allowing ourselves two separate kinds of language and not letting them interact in any way that would confront our dependence on the economy of credit". -- p. 6.
Foreword/ The Most Rev. Njongonkulu Winston Ndungane, Archbishop of Cape Town -- Acknowledgements -- What this book is and how it happened -- Regain your whole image -- A mountain to move -- Loving and owing -- A world in debt -- Everything, even money, has a price -- Forgotten wisdom -- The economy of freedom -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index..
Author is the Anglican Bishop of Worcester.
Subjects
Debt - Religious aspects - Christianity
Debt - Religious aspects - Church of England
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Developing countries - Religious aspects - Christianity
Debts, External - Developing countries - Religious aspects - Church of England
Economics - Religious aspects - Christianity
Economics - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Economic justice - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Economic justice - Religious aspects - Christianity
ISBN
0-232-52170-0
Call Number
BR 115 E3 S4 1997
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Less detail

The Lambeth Conference : Its Impact : A Speech to the Lambeth Degree Holders

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/article24271
Author
Peterson, John L. (John Louis), 1942-
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican World
Date
1998 Easter
Author
Peterson, John L. (John Louis), 1942-
Record Type
Journal Article
Journal
Anglican World
Date
1998 Easter
Issue
89
Page
8-10
Notes
A talk about the upcoming Lambeth Conference which makes special mention of the diversity of the Anglican Communion both cultural and theological. "This diversity is something in which we rejoice". Focuses on four particular issues: international debt, Islam, fundamentalism and homosexuality. Concludes with general remarks on communication and asks us to "commit ourselves to communicating better".
Subjects
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Lambeth Degree
Anglican Communion - 20th century
Anglican Communion - Parties and movements
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Christianity and other religions - Islam - Anglican Communion
Fundamentalism - Christianity
Homosexuality - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Communication - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Less detail

The Official Report of the Lambeth Conference 1998 : Transformation and Renewal : July 18 - August 9, 1998, Lambeth Palace; Canterbury, England

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/catalog3319
Publication Date
c1999
Material Type
Book : Paper
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Call Number
BX 5021 L3 1998
Corporate Author
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Place
Harrisburg PA
Publisher
Published for the Anglican Communion by Morehouse Publishing
Publication Date
c1999
Physical_Description
x, 534 p. : ill. ; 22.7 x 15.2 cm.
Material Type
Book : Paper
Notes
Editor of Report: The Rt. Rev. J. Mark Dyer. -- p. [503].
"This comprehensive volume contains the full texts from the [1998 Lambeth] Conference, including sermons and addresses, Section Reports, Inter-Faith and Virginia Reports, resolutions and the list of participants. Here, then, is the essence of the beliefs, hopes and challenges expressed by the participants of Lambeth 1998 that will reverberate throughout the Anglican Communion for years to come". -- back cover.
Contents divided into 13 main sections.
Contents: The Lambeth Call to Prayer -- [I] Introduction / George Cantuar i.e. Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury -- [II] Editors' Preface / J. Mark Dyer, Chair -- [III] The Presidential Address / George L. Carey -- [IV] The Virginia Report / Inter-Anglican Theological and Doctrinal Commission -- [V] The Reports -- [VI] Plenary Presentations -- [VII] Resolutions -- [VIII] Global Poverty and Unpayable Debt / Tony Blair -- [IX] Sermons at Special Occasions -- [X] Report of the Spouses' Conference / Eileen Carey -- [XI] Pastoral Letter to the Communion / George L. Carey -- [XII] Photographs -- [XIII] List of Participants.
Contents of The Reports section: Preface -- Called to Full Humanity: Section I Report -- Called to Live and Proclaim the Good News: Section II Report -- Called to Be a Faithful Church in a Plural World: Section III Report -- Called to Be One: Section IV Report -- Inter-Faith Report.
Contents of Plenary Presentations section: The Bible, the World and the Church I / David F. Ford -- Making Moral Decisions / Rowan Williams -- International Debt I / James Wolfensohn -- International Debt II / Njongonkulu Ndungane -- International Debt III / Peter Selby -- A Youthful Spirit / David Moxon and Lindsay Urwin -- The Bible, the World and the Church II / David F. Ford.
Contents of Sermons at Special Occasions section: Opening Service, Canterbury Cathedral, 19 July 1998 / Simon E. Chiwanga -- Homily at Ecumenical Vespers, 20 July 1998 / Edward Idris Cassidy -- Vigil of Meditation, Prayer and Washing of Feet I and II, 30 July 1998 / Jean Vanier -- The Feast of the Transfiguration, Hiroshima Day, 6 August 1998 / Susan Cole King -- Closing Service, University of Kent, 8 August 1998 / George L. Carey.
No index.
Added Entry
Dyer, Mark (James Michael Mark), 1930-2014
Blair, Tony (Anthony Charles Lynton), 1953-
Carey, Eileen, 1938-
Carey, George L. (George Leonard), 1935-
Chiwanga, Simon E. (Simon Elija), 1939-
Cole-King, Susan (Susan Mary), 1934-2001
Ford, David F. (David Frank), 1948-
Inter-Anglican Theological and Doctrinal Commission
Moxon, David (David John), 1951-
Ndungane, W.H. Njongonkulu (Winston Hugh Njongonkulu), 1941-
Selby, Peter (Peter Stephen Maurice), 1941-
Urwin, Lindsay (Lindsay Goodall), 1956-
Thirty Theses on Christian Responses to People of Other Faiths
Vanier, Jean, 1928-
Virginia Report
Williams, Rowan D. (Rowan Douglas), 1950-
Wolfensohn, James D. (James David), 1933-
Subjects
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Lambeth Conference, 1998 - Resolutions
Lambeth Conference, 1998. Spouses' Programme
Anglican Communion - Pastoral letters and charges
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
ISBN
0-8192-1797-2 (pbk)
Call Number
BX 5021 L3 1998
Location
Trinity College (Graham Library)
Less detail

Pain, hope, shame and joy : life amongst the bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official7133
Date
1998 August 7
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press release
Date
1998 August 7
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press release
Text
By Michael Peers
TORONTO (7 August 1998) -- From Lambeth Conference, Canterbury, Kent, England.
For the last three weeks I've been living among 750 Anglican bishops gathered at the University of Kent in Canterbury, England, for the Lambeth Conference, an event that happens only once every ten years. We've spent most of our time in bible study, prayer and worship, but we've also considered issues that are important in the life of Canada, and of the world.
News reports about the Lambeth Conference have tended to focus on the controversial resolution regarding human sexuality (about which more in a moment). Indeed, if you were to read reports in the English press, they'd have you convinced we spoke of nothing else ! Here are [a] few significant points from the rest of the agenda.
Agonizing decisions will increase
Among this newspaper's readers today are some who are confronting agonizing decisions about medical treatment for loved ones who are no longer capable of making decisions for themselves. At what point, if ever, should the goal of medical treatment shift from prolonging life, to easing the transition from life to death ? The number and complexity of these decisions is likely to increase radically in the next ten years, spurred on both by the aging of the population, and by continuing advances in medical technology.
In an area in which we acknowledge there are few easy answers, Lambeth's contribution has been to offer some ethical guidelines -- signposts, if you will, by which people confronting stark choices about life and death may be helped to determine their personal directions and paths.
As Christians, we affirm as a first principle that life is a gift of God and has intrinsic sanctity, significance, and worth. The Lambeth Conference has drawn a distinction between active and passive responses to issues at the end of life. We believe it is not consistent with Christian faith to take any action which is intended to cause the death of another, even one who is suffering in a painful terminal illness. On the other hand, it may be consistent with Christian faith to enable someone to die with dignity by "withholding, withdrawing, declining or terminating excessive medical treatment." These latter responses are not viewed as euthanasia in our precise definition.
Admittedly, the distinction is a subtle one, but so are the decisions with which many are struggling. I hope Lambeth's exploration of the issues will help those making such choices to explore their own convictions.
News from home
About the only Canadian news to make in into the English press over the past few weeks was the historic signing of the treaty between the Nisga'a people and the governments of British Columbia and Canada. It came as Lambeth was urging compliance with the United Nations universal declaration of human rights, in part as a way of supporting the claims of indigenous peoples. A portion of the Lambeth report reads:
"In every case indigenous peoples are disproportionately poor, have little access to a good education and health care, suffer from higher death rates, and in Australia and the United States are often prone to alcohol and drug addiction. In every case, the plight of these people is given a very low profile. They are ignored and their needs are given low priority. They are not treated as 'neighbours', let alone 'brothers or sisters'.
The Anglican Church has been closely involved with the Nisga'a people, giving modest but unwavering support. Both John Hannen, the bishop of Caledonia, and I have been formally invested as Nisga'a chieftains. News of the signing in this context came as a moment of pride and joy. We share the hope of the Nisga'a and political leaders, that this signing signals the beginning of reconciliation.
Lifting an intolerable burden
Over the past 20 years, some of the poorest countries in the world have been hit by a double whammy. Interest rates on their debts have risen sharply and, at the same time, the prices they can get for their products have fallen.
Changing political realities often lend a cruel twist to international debt. In South Africa, for example, debt repayment is the second largest expenditure in the government budget (after education). Ironically, the debt was incurred by the apartheid regime and its proceeds largely went to paying for the racist oppression of the people who are now paying it off ! The situation is not unique to South Africa.
Overall, for every dollar we in the developing world send overseas as aid, eight dollars comes back as interest, according to the international development organization, Christian Aid. At the same time, the president of the World Bank, Jim Wolfensohn, told the Lambeth Conference that more than 3 billion people now live on less than $2 a day. The World Bank has conceded the point that this ballooning debt, by any realistic standard, can never be repaid -- and that it is one of the most serious barriers to development.
A coalition of Christian and development groups is urging that the debt of the poorest countries be cancelled by the year 2000. For Christians, this initiative is bound up with the Biblical concept of "Jubilee", a time of forgiveness and restoration. For Canadians generally, forgiving the debt of the poorest countries would have a modest economic impact on us, so that the growing disparity between rich and poor at least has a moment when the bottom moves slightly closer to the top.
In Canada, as in most countries of the world, we recognize that a person crushed by debt is unproductive. It is to our advantage that a means be provided to lift that unequal burden, and so our laws provide the option of bankruptcy, allowing the individual to make a fresh start. Similarly, a fresh start is urgently needed on the international scene. Canadians should support the international campaign for debt cancellation.
Upholding virtue or promoting hatred ?
Just what did Lambeth say about human sexuality ? There are two parts to any message: the actual content, and the way the message is perceived. In its content, the Lambeth resolution on human sexuality:
- "upholds faithfulness in marriage between a man and a woman in lifelong union;
- "commits [the bishops] to listen to the experience of homosexual people. We wish to assure them that they are loved by God and that all baptised, believing and faithful persons, regardless of sexual orientation, are full members of the Body of Christ";
- rejects "homosexual practice as incompatible with Scripture", but "calls on all our people to minister pastorally and sensitively to all irrespective of sexual orientation and to condemn irrational fear of homosexuals, violence within marriage and any trivialisation and commercialisation of sex";
- "cannot advise the legitimising or blessing of same-sex unions, nor the ordination of those involved in such unions".
The perception of this message varies from those who receive it with joy as a vindication of traditional Christian teaching and those who find it a devastating betrayal of the gospel of love.
Canada's 1995 General Synod acted to "affirm the presence and contributions of gay men and lesbians in the life of the church and condemn bigotry, violence and hatred directed toward any due to their sexual orientation". This message obviously contains a considerably stronger affirmation of gay and lesbian Christians than the Lambeth text. Even so, much of the content of the Lambeth statement, strictly speaking, is broadly in accord with the current policy of the Anglican Church of Canada. (Canada's policies remain in force since the Lambeth Conference has only advisory, not legislative authority.)
However, I must disassociate myself from any who perceive this action as a "victory". Canadians generally will have been scandalized by some of the reported comments, as were Canadian bishops here. The debate was marked at times by outright condemnation of homosexual persons, sometimes phrased in viciously prejudicial language. This is not consistent with the gospel of Jesus Christ as I understand it.
I have already joined with many other bishops in writing a pastoral letter to gay and lesbian Anglicans. It reads, in part, "We pledge that we will continue to reflect, pray, and work for your full inclusion in the life of the church ... We will call on the entire Communion to continue (and in many places, begin) prayerful, respectful conversation on the issue of homosexuality. We must not stop where this Conference has left off. You, our brothers and sisters in Christ, deserve a more thorough hearing than you received over the past three weeks. We will work to make that so."
Moment of transfiguration
The most moving moment came for me yesterday [Thursday] as I attended a worship service led by the church in Japan, on the anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
As we entered the service, we received copies of an apology from the Japanese church for its complicity in wartime aggression. With wonderful generosity and hospitality, the Japanese church had invited an English priest to preach. The Rev. Susan Cole-King told how her father, then bishop of Singapore, was imprisoned and tortured by the Japanese military in 1943. The church's apology had brought her a deep sense of reconciliation. (She also reminded us Westerners of our own complicity in the devastation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and urged us to continue working for the eradication of nuclear weapons.)
For me, the service evoked two intensely personal memories. The first occurred in my early childhood, in Vancouver, when one of my playmates and his family abruptly disappeared without notice. Much later, I later came to understand why there were always pieces of Japanese decorative arts in my living room; they were among the belongings my father, in the name of the government of Canada, had helped to confiscate. The second memory is more recent. It concerns my experience, five years ago, of apologising on behalf of our church for the abuses suffered by native people in the residential schools we administered. It was a moment of great pain, but it was the beginning of liberation.
In the middle of the Japanese service I wept as I relived those moments. The church is an imperfect reflection of God's reign; a deeply flawed institution. Far too often, it has brought pain instead of healing. And yet, as the Japanese Church showed, it is also a place where we can be open to transformation. When the gospel reaches into our lives, and challenges us, it can enable us to face very difficult truths and to both seek -- and bestow -- forgiveness.
Archbishop Michael Peers is the Primate of Canada. The full text of Lambeth Conference reports and resolutions can be found at www.lambethconference.org.
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Subjects
Lambeth Conference, 1998
Peers, Michael G. (Michael Geoffrey), 1934-
Euthanasia - Moral and ethical aspects
Euthanasia - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Nishga Indians
Indians of North America - British Columbia - Claims - Anglican Church of Canada
Native peoples - Canada - Anglican Church of Canada
Indigenous peoples - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Debts, External - Developing countries
Debts, External - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Jubilee (Christianity)
Economic justice - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Sex - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Homosexuality - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Homosexuality - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Same sex unions - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Homosexuality - Biblical teaching
Ordination of gays - Anglican Communion
World War, 1939-1945 - Religious aspects - Holy Catholic Church in Japan
Japanese Canadians - Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
Apologies - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Reconciliation - Religious aspects - Anglican Communion
Less detail

12 records – page 1 of 2.