"This book is about the politics of hydroelectric dam construction as it concerns the Native communities which are inevitably located in the vast hinterland areas where such development takes place. The emphasis is on historic continuity. The process of hydro development in this century, and particularly the manner in which Indian and Metis people have been physically and bureaucratically from their water resources, is paralleled by the treaty and scrip processes of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.". -- Preface, p. [xi].
This book makes a "detailed examination of the experience with hydro development of three Native communities -- South Indian Lake and Chemawawin (now Easterville) in Manitoba and Cumberland House in Saskatchewan". -- inside front dust jacket blurb.
Contents: Maps -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Hydroelectric Development and Native People in Canada -- Treaties, Scrip and the Alienation of Native Lands in Western Canada -- Cumberland House and the Squaw Rapids Dam -- Easterville and the Grand Rapids Dam -- South Indian Lake and the Churchill River Diversion Project -- Conclusion -- Appendix 1: Treaty No. Five -- Appendix 2: The Forebay Agreement -- Appendix 3: Manitoba Hydro's 1969 Compensation Proposal for South Indian Lake -- Bibliography -- Notes -- Index.
The Anglican Church of Canada was active in support of the Moose Lake Indian Band with respect to the Easterville Dam.
The Anglican Church of Canada declared itself in the middle of the testy James Bay development scheme today, with the appointment of a liaison-fieldman to deal with the 6,000 Indians on the east shore and the James Bay Development Corporation.
Rev. Lynn Ross of Schefferville, Quebec, who has worked three years with the Cree people of the Ungava area, will begin research and liaison work immediately and report to a Committee of Concern representing the whole of the Anglican Church of Canada.
His assignment is "to be a communications link between the native peoples, the James Bay Development Corporation and the committee, to facilitate a process whereby the native peoples share fully in the decision-making procedures affecting the social, economic and political development of the area."
The Anglican Primate, Archbishop E.W. Scott, also is writing to the corporation to announce Mr. Ross' appointment and to arrange a meeting between the Committee of Concern and top officials of the corporation early in the new year.
The United Church of Canada is sharing in research, although it does not have congregations in the area.
"We are not just reacting negatively," Archbishop Scott said, "although we have a bias in favour of the Indians. We want our inquiry to be open and to help resolve the difficulties."
"We have seen trends develop very quickly, and we are reacting against the trends rather than against the basic idea of development."
Underlining his concern, the Primate said: "I believe that the whole 'soul of Canada' will be determined in large part by the attitudes we develop towards the aboriginal peoples of this country."
The request for help came from the Indian people, virtually all of them Anglican, to the Diocese of Moosonee at Schumacher, Ontario. The decision of the National Executive Council of the General Synod was to give full support, naming the five dioceses most closely affected: Moosonee, Montreal, Quebec, Ottawa and the Arctic, to the Committee of Concern.
Since then the Indian people have initiated court action in Quebec seeking an injunction to stop any development on the grounds that aboriginal rights have not been settled - in fact there have never been treaties signed over land or hunting rights.
The Indians argue that, at this point, the responsibility for treaties and settlements lies with the federal government and that the provincial government is merely its agent.
"We are concerned about the people," Bishop James Watton of Moosonee said. "We are talking about the responsibility of government and its agencies towards people and their environment. This scheme is a threat to the whole cultural identity of the Cree people, who have had almost no contact with our society. You can almost see the debilitating effects day by day."
Rev. Hugo Muller of Noranda, Quebec, who ministers to the eastern shore people, said: "Certainly, the Indians think the whole idea (of massive development) is evil and wrong."
Bishop N.R. Clarke of James Bay (Noranda) said: "We all realize that we can't turn back the clock. We want to draw attention to the fact that certain things are being done wrongly and are disturbing basic elements of life, culture, ecology and other factors affecting people."
"The Interchurch Inquiry into Northern Hydro Development was held: June 21-23 , June 24-25  in Cross Lake, Manitoba".
"Inquiry Panelists and Report Authors: Reverend John Aitchison, The Very Reverend Stan McKay, Helen Norrie [and] Reverend Arie Van Eek".
Includes bibliographical references.
"Hydroelectric development has sidelines Aboriginal peoples from the sustenance and beauty of the lands and waters given to them by the Creator. It is now time they re-assume their rightful place in caring for and restoring their homeland. Perhaps then, those lands and waters will bring much-needed healing to the people. Hydroelectric development on northern Manitoba rivers in the past three decades has re-engineered watersheds that were entrusted to Aboriginal peoples by the Creator. Such development, which generates 75% of the electricity produced in Manitoba, has impacted those Aboriginal peoples in ways that cut to the very heart of their existence". -- Executive Summary.
Contents: Executive Summary dated Winnipeg, Manitoba 2001 -- Introduction -- The Costs of Doing Business -- The Northern Flood Agreement: An Enduring Covenant -- Master Implementation Agreements -- Metis, Off-Reserve People, Fox Lake First Nation, South Indian Lake -- Gender Perspectives -- The Public Context -- Future Developments -- Conclusion -- Appendix 1: Summary of Recommendations -- Appendix 2: Mandate of Inquiry -- Appendix 3: List of Presenters -- Appendix 4: Biographical Notes on Commissioners -- Appendix 5: Statement of Manitoba Church Leaders, May 25, 1999 -- Notes -- Bibliography.
That the Moose Lake Indian Band and the Chemawawin Indian Band (Easterville) be supported in their negotiations with the Province of Manitoba and the Federal Government of Canada to resolve the flooding damages caused by the construction of the Grand Rapids Hydro Electric Dam Project in 1962, which not only caused environmental damage, but also social disruptions to the lives of the many residents of Moose Lake and Chemawawin;
that this concern be communicated to the Federal and Provincial Governments by all means at the Church's disposal. CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE Act 84
The members were requested to endorse the following motion, which will be placed before the General Synod.
Moved by: Dr. L.L. Whytehead
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. J.F.S. Conlin
That the National Executive Council, being informed that the Diocese of Brandon intends to bring a resolution to General Synod requesting the Synod's support of the Moose Lake Band in seeking damages for the flooding caused by the construction of the Grand Rapids Dam in 1962, endorses the action of the Diocese of Brandon which aims to pressure the Provincial and Federal Governments to negotiate with the Band in good faith and to reach a speedy settlement.
The Right Reverend John Conlin provided an explanation for the motion.
That two words in the above motion: namely, "pressure" and "speedy", be changed to "encourage" and "just". CARRIED #43-03-89
The motion, as amended, was put and CARRIED #44-03-89
The amended motion now reads:
That the National Executive Council, being informed that the Diocese of Brandon intends to bring a resolution to General Synod requesting the Synod's support of the Moose Lake Band in seeking damages for the flooding caused by the construction of the Grand Rapids Dam in 1962, endorses the action of the Diocese of Brandon which aims to encourage the Provincial and Federal Governments to negotiate with the Band in good faith and to reach a just settlement. CARRIED #44-03-89
That the National Executive Council of the Anglican Church of Canada supports the following motion passed by the 23rd Synod of the Diocese of Yukon held in Whitehorse, Yukon in September 1980 and its support for this motion be communicated to the British Columbia Hydro and Power authority:
That the Diocese of Yukon which has jurisdiction over the whole Stikine River Watershed requests the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority to stop all exploration work on the proposed Stikine-Iskut Dam sites until the following conditions are fulfilled:
1) that land claims are settled to the satisfaction of the Tahltan people;
2) that a complete (life) cycle of all salmon species has been studied by agencies other than B.C. Hydro and its consultants, and the Federal Department of Fisheries be satisfied that these species will not be harmed by these proposed dams;
3) that unanalysed data from all preliminary studies done to date by B.C. hydro and its consultants on the Stikine-Iskut watershed be made public;
4) that all information regarding the project description be made public including monies spent to date, number of men presently employed on studies and exploratory work, and work plans for the next year.
After discussion the motion was put and CARRIED with abstentions.
The Primate suggested that this Council appoint a resolutions Committee so that the effectiveness of the National Executive Council may be enhanced.
The Primate introduced representatives from the Council and brief addresses were given by Mr. S. Beardy, Mr. Norman Wesley and Mr. Dale Ahenakew. Grave concern was expressed regarding proposed damming of the Severn River system by Ontario Hydro.
That this NEC of the Anglican Church of Canada reaffirm its support to Canada's Aboriginal People where resource development is proposed that infringes and threatens the existence of Aboriginal People; and
That this NEC of the Anglican Church of Canada support the position of: 1. The Coalition of Severn River Chiefs in their struggle to have the Severn River system designated as a dam-free zone.
2. The Moose Factory First Nation on hydroelectric development, proposed by Ontario Hydro's development plan contained in their document "Providing the Balance of Power" in the Moose River drainage basin; and
furthermore, that this NEC communicate this resolution to Ontario Hydro and authorize the Council for Native Ministries and the Public Social Responsibility Unit to work with the Dioceses of Keewatin and Moosonee in implementing this policy. CARRIED #05-05-90
"Religious and indigenous leaders from Canada have urged U.S. President Barack Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper to begin negotiations that would 'right historic wrongs' and promote 'water stewardship' in the Columbia River Treaty" which was signed in 1964. "The treaty -- which religious and native leaders say ignores the rights of Columbia Basin tribes in the U.S. and the First Nations in Canada -- is up for renegotiation". "The Anglican Church of Canada's National Indigenous Anglican Bishop Mark MacDonald was among the signatories to the letters. Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, chair of the Okanagan Nation Alliance, noted that construction of the dams not only had a grave impact on fisheries but also 'devastated our lands' and destroyed culture and communities".