"The subject of immigration into Canada is a very difficult one; not simple, but extremely complex. It involves not only the problem of assimilating large numbers of aliens who do not speak English, and whose ways, ideals and outlook on life are radically, and in the case of the older ones at least, ineradicably different from our own, but also it involves another great problem, the effect of this influx of cheap, unskilled labour in to the industrial markets, and that is, perhaps, an even more difficult question that the other. Happily we have the experience of the United States to learn from. .... With the general, political and economic subject of immigration, in so far as it does not involve any moral or religious question, the Council for Social Services and the Church of England in Canada are not concerned; with certain aspects of it they are deeply interested, and it is with these that the present Bulletin deals, namely with Asiatic immigration (p. 3)."
Contents divided into sub-sections: The Limitation of Immigration -- East Indian Immigration into Canada -- The Question of Cheap Labour -- Report of the Sub-Committee -- Chinese Immigration -- Admittance of East Indians -- The Controversy Over East Indian Immigration -- Alleged Exclusion of Wives and Children -- South Africa -- Summary -- Bibliography.
"Canada needs more population in addition to that supplied through the natural increase, and therefore she needs a more generous policy on immigration. There is a need for a more rapid, steady immigration movement in order to help the population to catch up to the need for the development of our resources, and the need of greater production -- a production which will be beneficial not only to Canada, but to the Commonwealth as an entity in world affairs, and to the world at large. .... Our second proposition is that Canada needs, and we in the Church want, an increased British immigration. We want a more generous policy than the Government has thus far adopted. Why British ? Not for any narrow or self-righteous reasons but sheerly because politically and culturally the British can fit into our Canadian scene easily and can make the kind of contribution to which our destiny has called us -- a democratic, and to some degree, a Christian society: also because the British peoples fit into the industrial, agrarian and climatic set up which we have inherited or created. This is not to the prejudice of other immigration movements. .... Likewise the Church has fought the battles of minority groups -- of the Chinese residents here in Canada, denied the entry of their wives and families, of the Jews and their suffering people in Europe, of the East Indians, and of Negro students and other individuals. There has been no racial discrimination in the Church's approach to the problem of immigration". -- Foreword.
Contents: Foreword / W.W. Judd -- Part 2 : In the British House of Commons [Note: The following debate occurred in the British House of Commons, probably in Committee, in the afternoon of June 13, 1950.]
"Demographically speaking, Vancouver and Toronto are two of the most multicultural cities in the world. A key component of that diversity is a substantial population of Chinese Canadians as well as immigrants and visitors from China. According to 2019 census data, an estimated 360,000 residents in Metro Vancouver spoke Mandarin or Cantonese as their native language, or 15 % of the district's population of 2.4 million. One in five new immigrants to Metro Vancouver since 2006 speaks a Chinese language. In Toronto, there are 300,000 residents of Chinese descent who make up nearly 11 % of the city's population" (p. 1, 13). "[E]xpanding ministry in Mandarin and Cantonese can be seen as another way that the church is bringing the message of Jesus to people in their own language and in a culturally relevant manner" (p. 13). "For four years, the Rev. Marion Wong has served as Mandarin minister at St. Matthias and St. Luke Anglican Church in Vancouver" (p. 13). "Wong is a native of Hong Kong and her mother tongue is Cantonese. Her knowledge of Mandarin, however, has enabled her to reach out to church visitors from mainland China ... Mandarin is the main language spoken in mainland China and Taiwan, while Cantonese is most commonly spoken in southern China and Hong Kong. Languages and dialects in different cities and regions are often mutually unintelligible. As a result, successive waves of Chinese immigration have seen shifting approaches to Chinese ministry among Canadian Anglicans" (p. 13). The Rev. Pauline Lee, is the rector of St. Chad's Anglican Church in Vancouver which provides worship and outreach services to Chinese congregants. "Initially the church tried to combine Mandarin and Cantonese into one service using earphone translation, before separating the worship into Mandarin and Cantonese services" (p. 13).
In the diocese of Toronto, St. James Cathedral has become a "hub of local Mandarin ministry ... what assistant curate the Rev. James Liu calls the 'cathedral model' for ministry, also adopted by St. George on Yonge and St. Thomas's Anglican Church on Huron Street" (p. 13). The Rev. Morning Wang, assistant curate at St. George on Yonge, likens the cathedral model to a funnel that brings people from the streets into church life through the experience of the liturgy" (p. 13).
The Rev. Simon Li is the incumbent of St. John's Anglican Church in Willowdale (Toronto). The church, which "recently celebrated its 45th anniversary, is one of four Cantonese-speaking parishes in Toronto. In its early years, the only language of the parish was Cantonese. But the use of English at St. John's has increased in recent years, reflecting that while first-generation immigrants favour their mother tongue, second and third-generation descendants tend to gravitate towards English" (p. 13).
"[B]y the Rev. M. La Touche Thompson Port Chaplain of the Council for Social Service".
"Written at the request of the Editor of the Bulletin."
Contents: The Church at the Gates: Fifty Years of Service at Canada's Atlantic Ports: An Introduction / C.W. Vernon - The Church at the Gates : Fifty Years of Service at Canada's Atlantic Ports / M. La Touche Thompson.
"The work of the chaplaincy at Canada's Atlantic ports has now entered upon its fiftieth year of helpful service, the first port chaplain the Rev. T.W. Fyles having been appointed in 1833. It is a work in which the Church of England blazed the way for other communions. .... The transfer in 1920 of the responsibility for, and the supervision of, the chaplaincy work to the Council for Social Service ... had as marked an effect upon the Council itself as upon the work of the chaplaincy service. It led to the formation and development of one of the most useful branches of the Council's work, its Department for the Welcome and Welfare of the Newcomer, which in turn led to the undertaking of very definite and organized work for the welcome and welfare of the newcomer in many dioceses. It led also to the careful study by the Council of the many and complex problems of immigration". -- Intro.
Contents divided into sub-sections: Beginnings in Canada -- Reorganization -- The War -- The Council for Social Service -- The Chaplaincy in Action.
"A Conference on `Problems of International Migration and the Responsibility of the Churches' was held in Leysin, Switzerland, in June 1961, under the direction of the Division of Inter-Church Aid and Service to Refugees of the World Council of Churches. The report of this Conference `In a Strange Land', is a stimulating and challenging one both for countries sending, and for those receiving migrants. The Rev. Dr. L.F. Hatfield, formerly General Secretary of the Council for Social Service, was invited by the Conference to present a paper entitled `The Theological Implications of International Migration and Church Unity'. This paper forms the opening section of our Bulletin. A Special Committee to study the specific relevance of the Leysin Report for the Canadian community was created by the Executive of the Council for Social Service, under the Chairmanship of Dr. Hatfield. We present a synopsis of that Committee's report as the main section of this Bulletin. In an Appendix, the recommendations to Churches and Councils of Churches approved by the Executive Committee of the World Council of Churches is included, together with sections of the 1958 Lambeth Conference dealing with migration and a statement of present Canadian Government policy. The attention of parishes is drawn to the final page of suggestions as to what the people of a parish could and should do in extending a welcome and fellowship to newcomers in their community". -- Intro.
Contents: Introduction / Maurice P. Wilkinson -- The Theological Implications of International Migration and Church Unity [presented in Leysin, Switzerland, 11-16 June 1961] / Leonard F. Hatfield -- Report of Special Study Committee -- Appendix -- What Can a Church Do ?
The author serves in the Flemingdon Park Ministry in a "densely populated, low-income neighbourhood in Toronto .... Our focus is on women and youth -- over-represented and under-served in this community. The immigrant populations appear to move in and out of high-rise rental units with great frequency, and during their brief residency in our neighbourhood avail themselves of language programs and job training to help then adjust to Canada. The Anglican church -- indeed Christianity -- is not one of the faith traditions or cultural supports they either have or seek. Our ministry to them seems best accomplished through inter-agency support for literacy and employment programs, as well as interfaith co-operation in community life (p. 13)".
"The purpose of the Bulletin is to present to its readers various, and sometimes differing, view-points on social questions. The object is, therefore, information and not propaganda. The Editorial Board does not necessarily endorse all, or any, of the opinions expressed in its publications". -- p. 3.
"There are many very grave problems vexing society at the present moment. .... Not the least important and serious is the question of divorce, which is fast approaching a crucial stage, and is calling upon the state and the church to make momentousdecisions. The whole question is at one and the same time curiously complex and equally curiously simple. The simplicity of the question lies in the undisputed fact that the Christian Church has never at any time recognized divorce and flatly refuses to do so now. For the Christian Church divorce simply does not exist. For a divorced person to remarry is, in the view of the Church, deliberately to enter into adultery, and so to live in flagrant sin, which debars such a one from the spiritual ministrations of the Church" (p. 3). "[W]e must search a little deeper and try to find the underlying causes that lead to these results .... First, there is undoubtedly a certain not wholly clear and demonstrable biological connection between divorce and the birth-rate. .... The second cause may be found in the growing emancipation of women (p. 7). .... The third cause must unfortunately be found in the undoubted decay of religion in vast numbers of people, and the loss of control over the mass of the populace by the church. .... And lastly there would seem to be a clear and unmistakable laxity of morals becoming prevalent (p. 8)".
Contents: Divorce -- Social Service Notes and News.
Main section on Divorce divided into sub-sections: [Introduction] -- The Doctrine of the Church -- The Social Problem -- Divorce at the Present Time -- The Causes for Divorce --The Evil of Divorce -- The Church's Teaching of Responsibility -- The Situation in Canada -- Appendix.
Social Service Notes and News divided into sub-sections: Appreciation from the G.W.V.A.[Great War Veterans' Association] -- Welcome and Welfare Work at a Quarantine Station -- The Annual Meeting of the Council -- Welcoming and Advising the Newcomer.
"St. Patrick's, Edmonton, AB. Diocese of Edmonton. Donations from Anglicans are making it possible for senior newcomers to Canada to attend language and computer classes in order to integrate and fully participate in Canadian society. These classes also provide a setting for lively social interaction that lighten the loneliness and isolation that many newcomers feel upon arrival in a new country". [Text of entire article.]
Contents: [List of] Publications of the Council for Social Service of the Church of England in Canada Available for Distribution -- The Girl Guide Movement in Canada / Mrs. M.C. Payne -- Some Ways in Which Readers of the Bulletin May Help with the Empire Settlement Work of the Council for Social Service.
"In taking up the subject of the Girl Guide Movement in Canada and its effect on the adolescent girl, we are dealing with a subject which is of widespread interest. In all classes of the community, in all churches, girls' work has come more and more to the front. Its object is to train our girls not only to take the places of the present leaders, and to guide them into larger fields of usefulness, but primarily `to prepare them to be future mothers of our race' [text in single quotes in italics in original]. No time can be considered too long, no work too heavy, no effort too widespread, to train, strengthen and advise our girls, during the period of early and late adolescence". -- p. 3.
Author described as "of the staff of the Council for Social Service of the Church of England in Canada".
Whereas the Government of Canada is redefining the nation's responsibility to her citizens and the people of the world in a new immigration law;
Whereas the responsibility of the Department of Immigration ceases when the immigrant reaches his place of settlement and from this point the successful and happy integration of the newcomer is dependent upon the assistance he is given by, and the acceptance he receives from, his community, e.g. the church, voluntary agencies, Department of Education, Department of Manpower and Immigration, local housing board, etc.; and
Whereas the immigrant, often coming from a country where he has reason to distrust employers or government officials or others, finds it difficult to know whom to trust,
This General Synod
Draws to the attention of each parish across Canada three specific opportunities and areas of responsibility, namely:
(a) Establishment of relationship of warmth and trust with each newcomer within which his concerns may be met more readily;
(b) Assumption of community leadership in organizing and conducting language courses in cooperation with the Department of Education;
(c) Knowledge of how to use, and refer immigrants to, adequate counselling services in the community. CARRIED in both Houses.