"The purpose of the Bulletin is to present to its readers various, and sometimes differing, view-points on social subjects. Its object is, therefore, information and not propaganda. The Editorial Board does not necessarily endorse all, or any, of the opinions expressed in its publications". -- p. 3.
Contents: [List of] Publications of the Council for Social Service of the Church of England in Canada Available for Distribution -- Bolshevism : A Lecture Delivered Before the Deanery of Lincoln and Welland at Welland, January 20th, 1921 / John W. Hamilton -- Social Service Notes and News.
"The time has come when we must educate, not the Socialist with a view to converting him, but the masses of the people, whose minds are open to conviction. They do not come to the churches. Then let the churches go to them. Let us organize. Let men study the conditions; let them go to the factory and the street corners; let us with all zeal and sympathy win the masses by a mutual understanding. The classes are strangers, if not enemies, and will continue to be until we make efforts to reach them, and they understand, the broader, the happier possibilities of, not a nominal, but a real Christian Society. .... Bolshevism is a danger in any country, only in so far as the Spirit of Christian fellowship has failed to permeate that country". -- pp. 17, 18.
Section on Social Service Notes and News divided into sub-sections: The Annual Meeting of the Council -- Immigration to Canada for Year 1920-1921 -- Interesting Visitors at the Office of the Council -- Reducing the Importation of Narcotics -- The Archbishop of York in the British Coal Settlement.
"Canada's involvement in the International Scene has come sharply into focus in recent months. Therefore, one of our present tasks is to define in specific terms the responsibility which Canada has, as a greatly privileged nation, towards other nations and peoples. In this task the Church must share. This Bulletin, which is in some respects a sequel to Bulletin No. 166, `The Church in the International Scene', indicates some of the areas of obligation and a few of the many opportunities for service which face our nation." "Immigration is a significant aspect of Canada's international obligations". -- Intro.
Contents: Introduction / Leonard F. Hatfield -- Canada in the World of Today / John Morgan -- Christian Responsibility and the Refugee / E.S. Reed -- Immigration and Integration / C.A. Westcutt -- Canada's Post-War Financial Assistance Abroad, 1945-57 -- Recent Additions to the Library.
That this National Executive Council commend the Canadian Government through its Minister of Immigration and Minister of External Affairs for its prompt and positive action to help the "boat people." CARRIED
"Report of the Task Force on Ethnic Ministries, Anglican Church of Canada".
Includes bibliography: p. 33.
"In May of 1970, the Program Committee of General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada established a Task Force to undertake a study of the Ethnic Groups in Canada, and the opportunities for the Church to minister to them. In a series of meetings, statistics were gathered and analysed, a picture gradually emerged of the present situation, and some strategies were identified as ways for the Church to carry out its work more effectively in this area. This report is a result of the work of the Task Force. .... The Task Force produced ten recommendations for the Church to consider in relation to future work in this area. These are included in this report for consideration by appropriate committees and persons in both diocese and parish". -- Intro., p. 4.
Contents: Introduction / Philip Jefferson -- Government Policy -- Some Cultural Dimensions to Immigration -- The Situation Past and Present -- Why Should Anglicans Care ? -- Opportunity for Ministry : Recommendations from the Task Force -- Appendix.
Contents of Appendix: 1961 Census of Religious Denominations -- Religious Affiliations and Ethnic Origin -- Ethnic Origin Statistics -- Where do Immigrants Come From ? -- Graph of Immigration -- Where do Immigrants Go ? -- Provincial Immigration Trends 1963-1969 -- Postscript from Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism Book IV -- Adequate Ministry to a Japanese family at the time of bereavement -- Ethnic Publications and Distribution -- Anglicans now living in Canada who have worked overseas -- Bibliography -- Members of the Task Force on Ethnic Ministry.
"[B]y the Rev. M. La Touche Thompson Port Chaplain of the Council for Social Service".
"Written at the request of the Editor of the Bulletin."
Contents: The Church at the Gates: Fifty Years of Service at Canada's Atlantic Ports: An Introduction / C.W. Vernon - The Church at the Gates : Fifty Years of Service at Canada's Atlantic Ports / M. La Touche Thompson.
"The work of the chaplaincy at Canada's Atlantic ports has now entered upon its fiftieth year of helpful service, the first port chaplain the Rev. T.W. Fyles having been appointed in 1833. It is a work in which the Church of England blazed the way for other communions. .... The transfer in 1920 of the responsibility for, and the supervision of, the chaplaincy work to the Council for Social Service ... had as marked an effect upon the Council itself as upon the work of the chaplaincy service. It led to the formation and development of one of the most useful branches of the Council's work, its Department for the Welcome and Welfare of the Newcomer, which in turn led to the undertaking of very definite and organized work for the welcome and welfare of the newcomer in many dioceses. It led also to the careful study by the Council of the many and complex problems of immigration". -- Intro.
Contents divided into sub-sections: Beginnings in Canada -- Reorganization -- The War -- The Council for Social Service -- The Chaplaincy in Action.
Contents: I. A National Immigration Policy for Canada. The Church's Attitude to the Problem and the Newcomer: An address before the Provincial Synod of Ontario [11 October 1928] published at the request of a resolution passed by the Synod -- II. Immigration in Relation to Community Needs and Responsibilities: An address before the Annual Meeting of the Social Service Council of Canada at Winnipeg [3 April 1929] -- III. The Church and the Newcomer: An outline of the Welcome and Welfare Work and Empire Settlement Work of the Church of England in Canada.
"Early in January , the Canadian government pledged to welcome an additional 10,000 Syrian refugees over the next three years. .... In December , Canada had committed to resettle only 1,300 people. Immigration Minister Chris Alexander said that he expected that about 60 per cent of the 10,000 would be sponsored privately by sponsorship agreement holder organizations, which include many church groups; the remaining 40 per cent would be government-assisted refugees". "The comment caused a stir among sponsorship agreement holder groups, who told the 'Anglican Journal' that they were not consulted before the minister suggested that they should be responsible for sponsoring an additional 6,000 refugees over the next three years". Alexandra Kotyk, a member of the Sponsorship Agreement Holder Council and sponsorship director of the Toronto-based Anglican United Refugee Alliance said "To have us be part of the [government's] pledge is pretty unprecedented". "The CCR [Canadian Council for Refugees] also urged the government not to restrict its commitment to Syrian refugees to religious minorities, which it said would 'mean discrimination against Muslim refugees in need of resettlement'".
That this National Executive Council reaffirms the resolution of November 1981 respecting El Salvador; expresses its pleasure that the Minister of Immigration has announced an increase in the quota of immigrants from Central America in 1983; and requests the Primate to meet with the Prime Minister and the Minister of External Affairs in company with such members of this and other churches as he may determine, to express our deep and continuing concerns over the flagrant violations of human rights in El Salvador, and to urge our Government to take active, positive and immediate steps both at the United Nations and bilaterally with other governments to seek an embargo on all shipments of armaments to El Salvador, and to support negotiated settlements of the conflicts in Central America in every way it can including particular and public support of all other nations who are seeking such settlements especially Mexico. CARRIED unanimously.
TORONTO, July 13, 1993 -- An Anglican Church agency has joined the call for a review of Canada's refugee determination system and expressed grave concern about the government restructuring which apparently lodges refugee and immigration matters with the new ministry of public security.
The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund may be failing its obligations under international treaties to protect refugees. At the same time, there is a growth in racism and racist attacks. Treating refugees as a "public security" concern may fuel racist attitudes.
Among the causes of frustration:
Frustration with the refugee determination process has led a group of concerned Canadians, including members of a Toronto Anglican Church, to declare a "civil initiative" to protect genuine refugees threatened with deportation. They cite more than 20 cases of people who are under order of deportation and whose lives are in danger if they are forced to return home. The group says it is prepared to provide sanctuary to these people.
The Government of Canada has promised a review of these cases and stayed the deportations orders, but the process which produced the problems remain unchanged. Under the 1951 Geneva Convention and the 1967 protocol relating to the status of refugees, Canada has an obligation to protect all genuine refugees, and not to return them to areas where they are endangered.
Canadian churches have consistently criticized the refugee determination process because it provides no appeal on the merits of the case and places genuine refugees at risk. The Canadian Council of Churches even took the unusual step of initiating a court challenge to the legislation. (The Supreme Court of Canada indicated there could be problems with the constitutionality of the law, but dismissed the case for technical reasons.)
The plight of genuine refugees, now estimated to number more than 17 million around the world, is not well understood in Canada. A recent study by the Fraser Institute's National Media Archives says Canada's main television networks have distorted the facts on immigrants and refugees by portraying them in a negative light.
There is reason to fear that racism is on the increase in Canada. A Tamil refugee claimant became one of its most recent victims last month when he was attacked and severely beaten by so-called "skinheads". He remains in hospital with his left side paralyzed.
Archbishop Michael Peers, Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, notes that the move to deal with refugees under the heading of "public security" can only exacerbate racist attitudes. "Of course the government must ensure public security, he says, "but to lump genuine refugees in with criminals and spies, as if they automatically present a threat to Canadian security, is false and misleading. It encourages stereotyping and may contribute to racist behaviour".
(According to some reports, the minister for human resources, Bernard Valcourt, said Monday that his department is responsible for immigrants and refugees overall, and public security is responsible for security issues. What this means is unclear. It appears that the Immigration and Refugee Board reports to the ministry of public security.)
Archbishop Peers says he can understand the motivation of the Toronto-based coalition that has promised sanctuary to 23 refugee claimants if the government does not review their cases. "Sanctuary" is a traditional church response reaching back to early times, he notes. "In the Old Testament, there is a tradition of providing sanctuary to people threatened by vengeance. Being close to the altar offered protection until judicial procedures were available. Today that tradition is being reclaimed for the same reasons: There are in our midst people under threat of torture or death, and our law is not adequately protecting them."
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