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(ix) Committee on Assistant Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official9212
Date
1965 August 18-21
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1965 August 18-21
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Bishop of Algoma
Seconder
Bishop of Ontario
Prologue
The report was presented by the Archbishop of Algoma
Text
"That the report be received."
Notes
The Committee Chairman in submitting his report, reminded the House of the background of the report.
The committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops had presented their first report in Banff, 1963 (pages 10 and 11, 1963).
This report arose out of a resolution:
"That the Primate be requested to appoint a small Committee of this House to consider the episcopate in Canada, with particular relation to Suffragan, Co-adjutor and Assistant Bishops."
The Committee had also been asked "To submit a report and Canon at a special meeting of the House which shall be called by the Primate at a time and place to be decided by the Primate."
The Canon submitted sought to solve questions which remained unanswered. There were other points which had been raised on which no unanimous decision has been reached.
e.g. Should there be an Electoral College set up in the election of all Diocesan Bishops?
Can we come to a unanimous decision regarding the use of traditional episcopal signatures?
Is it true that Diocesan bishops desire more authority in the appointment and election of Assistant Bishops?
The proposed canon which follows was discussed by sections.
PROPOSED CANON ON BISHOPS
I The Anglican Church of Canada holds and teaches that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders in the Ministry of Christ's Church: Bishops, Priests (Presbyters) and Deacons; and no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon in the Anglican Church of Canada, or permitted to execute any of the offices attached to the same, except he be called, tried, examined and admitted thereunto according to the Ordinal, or has had formerly episcopal consecration or ordination in some Church whose orders are recognized and accepted by the Anglican Church of Canada.
II Before any person is consecrated to the episcopate, the Metropolitan of the Province must satisfy himself that the person possesses the qualifications for the office. The Bishop-elect must be a Priest of not less than five years standing, and thirty years of age. He must possess good character, piety, learning, a zeal for souls and prudence. He should be sound in health of body and mind.
III The constitutive elements in the making of a Bishop in the Anglican Church of Canada are:
- (a) In the ordering of a Bishop for a Diocese that has become vacant, (that is, the ordering of Diocesan Bishop), the concurrence of the Metropolitan in the arrangements for the electing body; and in the ordering of a Bishop to serve as an assistant to the Diocesan Bishop, the consent of the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province to the decision of a Synod to provide their Bishop with episcopal assistance.
- (b) Election by an absolute majority of the clergy, and an absolute majority of the Lay Delegates to Synod, voting separately, at a Synod summoned in accordance with the Canons of the Diocese on the Election of Bishops.
- (c) Free acceptance by the person elected within a space of seven days after his receiving notification of his election as Bishop.
- (d) Ratification of the election by the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province in accordance with the method of ratification prescribed in the Provincial Canons. This ratification constitutes the Bishop elect, after his Consecration, a member of the Provincial House of Bishops.
- (e) Consecration of the Bishop-elect according to the "From of Ordaining of a Bishop" by the Metropolitan, or by some bishop appointed to act in his behalf, assisted by at least two other Bishops, holding jurisdiction in two Dioceses of the Provinces other than that of the Metropolitan. If circumstances are such as to make it impossible to provide the two other Bishops from other Dioceses within the Province, it is permissible that they should be found elsewhere, but in no circumstances shall there be less than three Bishops taking part in the Consecration of a Bishop.
- (f) The registration of the Election and Consecration of the Bishop in the Registers of the Diocese, the Province and of General Synod.
IV The effects of Ordination and its obligations, are permanent, in the same way that the effects and obligations of Baptism are permanent.
- (a) The Bishop was made Deacon, and after his Consecration he still remains a servant. His Diaconate is extended and made more onerous, for he now becomes a servant of the servants of God.
- (b) He was ordained Priest. He never ceases to be a Priest. Among his clergy, he is an equal in all respects as to his Priesthood. His obligation to preach the Gospel and to minister the Sacraments of Christ never cease.
- (c) The unity of the ordained ministry lies in this common priesthood of the Gospel and Sacraments, and in the apostolate and mission of the whole Church to the world. Among the clergy and pastors of the Church, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, the "Pastor Pastorum." It appertains specially to his office to teach and uphold sound doctrine, and to banish and drive away all erroneous and strange opinions; and, himself an example of righteous and godly living, it is his duty to set forward and maintain quietness, love and peace among all men.
V All bishops are equal in regard to their consecration and office; they differ in their jurisdiction. Among Bishops we distinguish the following.
- (a) Bishops that have pre-eminence and jurisdiction not only within their own Dioceses, but throughout an Ecclesiastical Province are called "Metropolitans," and bear the title of "Archbishop." The jurisdiction is such as is defined in the Canons of the Province.
- (b) Bishops that have jurisdiction in a Diocese are called "Diocesans" or "Ordinaries."
- (c) Bishops elected to assist their Diocesan include the following classifications: Coadjutors, Suffragans with Title, Suffragans without Title.
- (d) Bishops who after resigning from their episcopal office, hold Special Licences.
VI Every Bishop has within his Diocese jurisdiction as Ordinary.
VII Every Bishop is, within his Diocese, the Principal Minister, and to him belongs the right, of celebrating the rites of Ordination and Confirmation; of Consecrating new Churches, Chapels, Churchyards and Burial Grounds; of instituting to all vacant benefices; of admitting by licence to all other vacant ecclesiastical offices; of holding visitations to the end that he may get some good knowledge of the state, sufficiency, and ability of the clergy and other persons whom he is to visit; of summoning all Synods and Diocesan Conferences; and of presiding therein, either in person or by such deputy as he may lawfully appoint.
VIII Every Bishop shall be faithful in admitting persons into Holy Orders and in celebrating the rite of Confirmation as often and in as many places as shall be convenient, and shall provide, as much as in him lies, that in every place within his diocese, there shall be sufficient Priests to Minister the Word and Sacraments to the people that are therein.
IX The authority and jurisdiction that the Bishop possesses within his Diocese are constitutional:
- (a) in being exercised under the Canons of the Diocese, of the Province and of General Synod, and
- (b) in being shared with clergy and laity elected to Synod and to serve on its Board and Committees.
- (c) In accordance with the principle of the collegiality of Bishops in maintaining a close relationship with the Metropolitan and the fellow Bishops in the Province, and with the Primate and Canadian House of Bishops, in consultation with them, on important matters of Faith and Order.
X (a) There is inherent in the Office of Bishop, as Father in God and Chief Pastor, the duty to maintain the Discipline of Christ, to hear confession, to offer advice and correction; to receive complains or charges under the Canon Law or the Moral Law.
- (b) The Bishops shall follow a course, if possible, that will avoid all notoriety, and public scandal. It lies entirely in his discretion as to whether he will permit a complainant to proceed to formal litigation in the Bishop's Court.
- (c) If a complainant is not satisfied with the Bishop's refusal to permit ecclesiastical litigation, he may carry the case to the Metropolitan.
- (d) If the Bishop has reason to believe that a Canon or the Moral Law is being infringed and no person has come forward to lay a complaint, he may direct some person to make an enquiry, and if circumstances justify it, to lay a complaint.
- (e) The Bishop may hear the case himself; he may associate others with him; he may ask some person to hear it for him. However, in no case shall a verdict be rendered but in the name of the Bishop, and by the Bishop himself. Where the verdict implies some penalty, like suspension, or deprivation, the bishop shall first consult with his Chancellor before rendering the verdict.
XI (a) According to the vows taken at his Ordination, the Diocesan Bishop must devote himself to the work of the Church of God in the Diocese. Only under the most exceptional circumstances, and on a temporary basis, may be accept any other appointment with remuneration, and that with the consent of his own Executive and the Metropolitan. This consent may be recalled by either party at any time, provided due notice is given.
- (b) Because the Diocesan Bishop may not hold two positions, (and be a "Pluralist") it is the duty of his Diocese to provide him with a Stipend and Allowances sufficient to keep him free from any financial anxiety and embarrassment.
- (c) It is the duty of the Metropolitan to make an enquiry periodically, either himself, or with the help of a Committee of the Provincial Synod, to satisfy himself that the provisions of this clause are being met in the dioceses under his jurisdiction.
XII (a) The Anglican Church of Canada recognizes no distinction between the status of Bishops that serve in dioceses receiving Grants-in-aid from General Synod, and those who do not.
- (b) The fact that part of the income of the Episcopal Fund of any diocese is derived from sources outside the Diocese does not impair the authority of the Bishop and Synod of that Diocese.
- (c) The vows of obedience which a Bishop takes at his Consecration are incompatible with any special agreements or special work that impair the integrity of the Bishop's relationship with his own Synod, the Provincial Synod and the General Synod.
XIII (a) If a Diocesan Bishop desires Episcopal Assistance and his Synod consents, and makes sufficient financial provision for one, the matter shall be laid before the Metropolitan who, in accordance with Provincial Canons, shall obtain and give the consent of the Provincial Authority to the holding of the election.
- (b) While the Provincial Authority may give or deny its consent to the election of an Assistant Bishop, it lies with the Diocesan Authority, the Bishop and his Executive, to determine the Title and Work of Assistant Bishop to be elected. This shall be done, and properly recorded in the minutes of the Executive Committee of the Diocese before the election, and announced publicly at the Elective Synod. When a person is elected Assistant Bishop, he shall be informed of the particular terms of his appointment. If he accepts the Election, it is understood that he also accepts the terms of the appointment.
- (c) These terms may thereafter be changed only with the consent of the Diocesan with his Executive, and of the Assistant Bishop himself.
- (d) If an Assistant Bishops is elected, and the Diocese has not laid down beforehand the terms of his appointment, it is understood that his position in the diocese is that of a Suffragan Bishop without Title and without a defined Jurisdiction.
- (e) The expression "terms of the appointment" is to be taken to mean:
-- (i) Status or Title of the assistant Bishop, whether Coadjutor, or Suffragan;
-- (ii) Whether responsibility for a territorial area is assigned or not, or responsibility for certain kinds or areas of work;
-- (iii) Place of residence;
-- (iv) Stipend and allowances that are to be paid at the start, on the understanding that they will be reviewed by the Executive of the Diocese and increased periodically thereafter.
XIV (a) If a Diocese requires Episcopal Assistance, but yet is unable to elect or to obtain the services of the person or persons elected, it is permissible for the Diocese to ask the Metropolitan, with or without the aid of the Provincial House of Bishops or Provincial Council, to appoint a person as its Assistant Bishop.
- (b) In the event that a Diocese assigns a power to appoint, it assigns also its power to define the terms of the appointment. Any subsequent change in the terms of the appointment, or in the status of the Assistant Bishop, require the concurrence of the Diocesan Bishop, his Executive, the Assistant Bishop himself, and of the Metropolitan.
XV STATUS AND TITLE OF ASSISTANT BISHOPS: THE COADJUTOR
- (a) The Bishop Coadjutor is an Assistant Bishop who has been already designated as the successor to the Diocesan. If, however, he has already passed the ago of 70 years when the Diocesan retires, he has become ineligible for election as Diocesan.
- (b) Since the Coadjutor is elected with right to succession, it is understood that he will be given the opportunity of coming to know the Diocese, its history and traditions, its Parishes and activities. The Coadjutor serves without restriction as to Title, or Jurisdiction in area or type of work.
- (c) His Title is. "The Coadjutor Bishop of .... (name of Diocese)".
- (d) In the exercise of the Episcopal office, he holds Confirmations, dedications and consecrations, and makes visitations, in his own right, but in consultation with the Diocesan. He ordains, makes appointments of Clergy to parishes, receives their resignations, and convenes meetings of the clergy or of the Synod and its Executive only on the express authority of the Diocesan.
- (e) In the absence of the Bishop, unless Diocesan Canons give other directions, he shall preside at Synods and meetings of the Executive Committee.
- (f) The Coadjutor ranks next in seniority to the Diocesan Bishop. He takes precedence to the Suffragan with Title at services held within the jurisdiction of the Suffragan, only if he is present as the Deputy of the Diocesan himself.
- (g) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Coadjutor, provided that the appointment shall not make it impossible for the Coadjutor to exercise his office throughout the Diocese.
XVI STATUS AND TITLE OF ASSISTANT BISHOPS: THE SUFFRAGANS, WITH OR WITHOUT SPECIAL TITLE
- (a) Among Suffragan Bishops there are to be distinguished --
-- (i) those that bear a special Title, other than that of the Diocese, and
-- (ii) those that bear the Title of the diocese, and are known as the "Suffragan Bishop of .... (name of the Diocese)".
- (b) The Special Title indicates a special responsibility for the Parishes and Clergy of a certain part of the Diocese. This Special responsibility does not impair the authority of the Diocesan in respect to that part of his Diocese, nor on the other hand, does it restrict the Suffragan in the exercise of his office to one part of the Diocese only. The Suffragan with Title is available for duty throughout the Diocese at the direction of the Diocesan, but it will be expected that Confirmations, dedications, consecrations, the holding of retreats for and visitations of the Clergy within his jurisdiction will be left largely in his hands.
- (c) Suffragan Bishops with Title are not required to resign when the Diocesan retires or deceases.
- (d) The absence of a Special Title indicates that the Suffragan Bishop is more directly and closely assigned to the Diocesan for duty anywhere in the diocese.
- (e) In distinction to the Suffragan with Title, whose special attachment is territorial, the Suffragan without Title has an attachment that is more personal, an attachment to the Diocesan for work anywhere in the Diocese.
- (f) Suffragan Bishops do not succeed the Diocesan by right, but they may be elected to succeed, provided that they have not already reached the age of 70 years.
- (g) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Suffragan Bishop.
XVII RESIGNATIONS ON ACCOUNT OF AGE
- (a) All Bishops shall submit their resignation to the Metropolitan when they attain the age of 70 years. It shall be in the discretion of the Metropolitan, with the agreement of the Bishop concerned, to defer acceptance of the resignation for a period of up to two years.
- (b) Resignation by Metropolitans of both their Diocesan and Provincial administration shall be submitted to the Provincial House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
- (c) Resignation by the Primate of his Primatial Office shall be submitted to the Canadian House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
XVIII All Bishops, both Diocesan and Assistant, are required to fullfill the law of Residence by spending at least 9 months of each calendar year within the limits of their Diocese. They shall not so arrange their Leaves of Absence in such a way, at the end of one year and the beginning of the next that they are absent from their diocese for more than three months at a time. If the circumstances are exceptional, and the Executive of the Diocese consents, the Metropolitan may extend the Leave of Absence beyond three months.
XIX (a) All Bishops shall be entitled to six months' Leave of Absence from their Diocese with full stipend and allowances on the completion of six years of service, and thereafter six months for every six years completed.
- (b) The Leave of Absence shall not be cumulative from one six year period to the next.
- (c) Any Bishop taking Leave of Absence, shall report to his Metropolitan on the measures he is taking for his Ministry and Administration during his absence. The Metropolitan shall satisfy himself that the measures are sufficient, and shall take any necessary steps to ensure that the measures agreed to are being duly maintained by those who have accepted the responsibilities.
- (d) If a Bishop is asked to undertake some special work for the Church that requires his absence from his Diocese for a period in excess of the normal annual Leave of Absence, and the Synod or the Executive of his Diocese consents to his acceptance of this work, it shall lie with the Metropolitan and his House of Bishops to take the matter under review. They shall satisfy themselves that the Diocese in question is provided with sufficient Episcopal oversight. They shall determine how the Law that prohibits Diocesans from holding two positions and drawing two stipends (Pluralism) is to be applied to the case.
They shall consider no Diocese is due to honour the government of a Bishop whom they have not freely elected, either as the Diocesan or his Assistant Bishop, excepting in an emergency and on a temporary basis.
If they are satisfied on these and other such points, the Metropolitan and House of Bishops may grant Leave of Absence to a diocesan for a period up to 5 years, on the conditions agreed to between the Diocesan and the Provincial House of Bishops, which shall be recorded in the minutes of that House.
Such an agreement may be revised from time to time with the consent of the Metropolitan and his House of Bishops, the Diocesan and the Executive of the Diocese.
The Leave of Absence shall not be renewed after its expiry, at the end of 5 years or earlier, excepting with the consent of the Synod of the Diocese and the recommendation of the Provincial House of Bishops made to and accepted by the Canadian House of Bishops.
XX (a) Any Diocesan Bishop who has reached the age of 68 years and is within two years of his retirement, may give notice of his retirement to the Metropolitan and to the Synod or Executive of his Diocese, and require that he be provided with Episcopal Assistance. The Bishop elected on the grounds of "impending retirement" shall be a Coadjutor with right to succeed, provided that there be no Coadjutor to the Diocesan already.
- (b) If a Diocese requires Episcopal Assistance on the grounds of the disability or infirmity of the Diocesan, or of the growth of the work beyond his powers, the initiative in seeking Assistance shall lie (a) with the Diocesan with the consent of his Synod, or in the event of the Bishop's unwillingness or inability to act, (b) with the Executive Committee of the Diocese in consultation with the Chancellor, or in the failure of both to act, (c) with the Metropolitan.
- (c) If a Bishop requires Episcopal Assistance, and his Synod or Executive feels unable to make sufficient financial provision, the Metropolitan shall meet the Executive to review the matter. If he deems it wise, an appeal shall be sent forward to the Primate and General Synod for a Grant sufficient for the need.
- (d) No Grant shall be made by General Synod to a Diocese for Episcopal Assistance except on the conclusion of an agreement between the General Synod and the Diocese in which is specified the amount of the Grant, the status, title, work, place of residence and jurisdiction of the Bishop to be elected, and the duration of the agreement.
(e) Such an agreement shall have force only during the episcopate of the Diocesan Bishop, who is partner to it. The Grant may be continued only if his successor applies for it, and makes a similar agreement with General Synod. The Agreement should provide for periodic review and for the change of its terms, with the consent of both parties.
Section I was given general approval
Section II was given general approval
Section III was referred back to the committee for further consideration in the light of discussion
Section IV was approved
Section V was given general approval
Section VI to be combined with Section VII
Section VII approved in substance
Section VIII approved
Section IX - XI referred back to Committee with suggestions.
Section XII approved
Section XIII referred with suggestions to committee
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Office
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. House of Bishops. Constitution
Less detail

Minutes and Business Arising: b. Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8678
Date
1963 October 4-6
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1963 October 4-6
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Assistant Bishop of Newfoundland
Seconder
Bishop of Calgary
Prologue
The report of the Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops (Toronto Minutes, Page 6) was presented by the Archbishop of Algoma, who moved, seconded by the Bishop of Ontario, that the report be received. CARRIED
Text
"That this House receives with thanks the Report on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops and request the Committee to continue its Studies -- also that the question of a Coadjutor being provided (at least two years prior to the date of a Diocesan Bishop) be considered, particularly in the case of a Bishop of a Missionary Diocese. CARRIED.
Notes
Copy of the report is printed below:
COADJUTOR, SUFFRAGAN AND ASSISTANT BISHOPS
The resolution which the committee comprising the Bishop of Ottawa, the Bishop of Ontario and the archbishop of Algoma (appointed by the Primate) was asked to consider was:
"That the Primate be requested to appoint a small committee of this House to consider the episcopate in Canada with particular relation to suffragan, coadjutor and assistant bishops."
The context in which this resolution came before the House of Bishops appeared to have special relationship to the election of coadjutor, suffragan and assistant bishops in those dioceses which would need the financial support of the Church in Canada through the M.S.C.C. Although it is within the prerogative of each diocese to elect such bishops, with the concurrence of Provincial authority, your committee would go on record in emphasizing a subsequent motion of the House --"that Metropolitans be requested to consult with the M.S.C.C. if financial arrangements are required, before Synodical action is taken, in appointing bishops in missionary dioceses." The emphasis is on the word "consult" as it is felt that where episcopal and provincial action is taken to justify such appointments, the M.S.C.C. accordingly would present before the Church any increase in budget necessary for such purpose.
There is another aspect to such appointments which will need the guidance of the House of Bishops. Should there be additional dioceses established in which one diocesan bishop might be sufficient, or should the emphasis be placed upon an increase in the number of assistant bishops ? Your committee feels that the answer to this question will depend largely on the local circumstances of each individual diocese. This may call forth discussion and subsequent action from the House of Bishops, but your committee desires to draw attention to this situation. With the increased growth of population in some dioceses and the vast distances to be covered in others, the subject is one which deserves the closest scrutiny at this time in our Church development.
Again, there are some questions which may appear to possess technical, but nevertheless real implications: to what extent does an "assistant Bishop" (including coadjutor, suffragan or assistant) receive his directions from the Diocesan Bishop and/or to what extent is his position defined (following his consecration) by the Province or General Synod ?
If the Province elects such assistant Bishop, has the Province the authority to define his territorial jurisdiction ? If the national Church subscribes a large amount of money annually for increased episcopal assistance, has General Synod any authority in the function or territorial jurisdiction of the assistant bishop ?
It appears that diocesan bishops may request additional episcopal assistance after consultation with their respective Synods. How many dioceses have diocesan canons in which the initiative rests with Synod itself in petitioning for additional episcopal assistance ?
Should assistant bishops have territorial jurisdiction ? If so, do they not have the prerogative (or should they ?) to officiate at all confirmations, dedications and consecrations in such jurisdiction ?
Should an assistant bishop send in his resignation to the Executive Committee of a diocese or to his Metropolitan ? Such a question might rightly be asked in the event a coadjutor or a suffragan bishop assumes the function of the diocesan or in the event he is translated.
What regulations should govern assistant bishops in regard to residence ? Is this an internal diocesan matter to be decided between bishop and diocesan synod ? Should the place of residence be decided upon either before or at the time of election by the Provincial House of Bishops or Provincial electoral college ? Should the diocesan bishop be the final authority in making the decision ?
As the above statements and questions will provoke further debate, your committee would recommend that this be a progress report and that continued study be given to the resolution before us as submitted at the May meeting 1962.
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. House of Bishops. Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops
Less detail

(x) Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8638
Date
1964 August 27-29
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1964 August 27-29
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Bishop of Toronto
Seconder
Bishop of New Westminster
Prologue
The Archbishop of Algoma reported for the Committee stating that there is need for the terms of reference of the Committee to be enlarged. The basic question involved has to do with the nature of the episcopate. There is a great variety of concepts held throughout the Anglican Church, and there is need for reaching a common mind. This is particularly important at a time when we are having discussions on Church unity with Churches outside the historic episcopate. There are questions in the report submitted last year to which we must yet find the answers.
The Bishop of Ontario said this report will be followed up by a questionnaire to the Bishops during the next six months which will provide a basis for discussion at our next meeting. The Bishop of Ottawa spoke of the practice in some parts of the Church of having bishops in charge of parishes who are able to give episcopal assistance to their diocesans. He also questioned the use of traditional episcopal signatures and archaic forms of address.
The Bishop of Huron felt that the time has come for a commission to study the subject and bring in a proposed canon, to be submitted next year to General Synod.
The Bishop of Niagara felt that this subject is important enough to merit a special meeting of the House of Bishops.
Text
"That the report of the Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops be received."
Notes
Moved by the Bishop of Niagara, seconded by the Bishop of Edmonton and carried:
"That the Primate be requested to extend the membership and scope of the present committee and that the committee be asked to submit a report and Canon at a special meeting of the House which shall be called by the Primate at a time and place to be decided by him (the Primate)."
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. House of Bishops. Committee on Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops
Less detail

(xiii) Committee on Assistant Bishops (continued)

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official9270
Date
1965 August 18 - 21
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1965 August 18 - 21
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Bishop of Huron
Seconder
Assistant Bishop of Niagara
Text
"That the House ask the committee to offer alternatives in the new canon, i.e. diocesan election or election by an electoral college".
Notes
The matter of the use of the name of the diocese in episcopal signatures was commended to the Provincial Houses for their consideration.
Section XIV approved
Section XV referred with suggestions to Committee
Section XVI referred with suggestions to Committee
Sections XVII to XX referred with suggestions to Committee
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Insignia
Signatures (Writing) - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Office
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

(xx) Guidelines on Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8486
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Archbishop of Algoma
Seconder
Bishop of British Columbia
Prologue
The Bishop of Ontario presented the revision of "Guidelines" which had been presented to the House at Augusta, 1968, but which had not been dealt with at that time. This revision of the Guidelines was printed as Appendix D to the Minutes of the 1968 Augusta meeting.
The Archbishop of Algoma also presented a report on behalf of a Committee appointed by the Primate to bring Lambeth Resolutions 40 and 41 before the House. This report was brought in while the House considered "Guidelines on Bishops" because its content was pertinent.
The report was as follows:
Resolution 40
In concurring with Resolution 40 (Lambeth Conference, 1968) the Committee appointed by the Primate, consisting of the Bishop of Moosonee, the Bishop of James' Bay and the Archbishop of Algoma, recommend that the Canadian House of Bishops adopt Resolution 40 (Lambeth Conference, 1968) and that the same be incorporated in the Minutes of this meeting.
For the implementation of this motion, the Committee would refer to Appendix D, Section VIII, Cl. (2) on page 31, 1968 Minutes -- (Guidelines for the use of Bishops) and further that Cl. (5) Section (e) be changed to make obligatory the appointment of an Assistant Bishop as ex officio member of the Executive.
Resolution 40: "The Conference affirms its opinion that all co-adjutor, suffragan, and full-time assistant bishops should exercise every kind of episcopal function and have their place as Bishops in the councils of the Church."
Resolution 41
The Committee recommend to the House of Bishops, the adoption of Resolution 41.
Resolution 41: "The Conference recommends that the bishops as leaders and representatives of a servant Church, should radically examine the honours paid to them in the course of divine worship, in titles and customary address, and in style of living, while having the necessary facilities for the efficient carry on of their work."
In its implementation, the Committee would suggest the dropping of diocesan signatures and meaningless titles, such as "My Lord".
Text
"That the Committee Report relative to Resolution 40 of Lambeth be adopted."
Subjects
Guidelines on Bishops
Lambeth Conference, 1968 - Resolutions
Episcopacy - Anglican Communion
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

(xx) Guidelines on Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8487
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Bishop of Edmonton
Seconder
Bishop of British Columbia
Text
"That paragraph 5 (e) of Section VIII of the Guidelines read 'that the Assistant Bishop be "ex-officio" a member of the Executive Committee of a Diocese, or its equivalent'."
Notes
Consideration of the second half of the Archbishop's report dealing with Lambeth Resolution 41 was postponed until later in the meeting.
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

(xx) Guidelines on Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8488
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution

(xx) Guidelines on Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8489
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1969 November 3-7
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Bishop of Ottawa
Seconder
Bishop of Qu'Appelle
Text
"1. That these Guidelines as amended be referred to a special Task Force to be set up by the Primate and the Prolocutor consisting of bishops, priests and laymen.
2. That this Task Force be asked to report to the National Executive Council by February, 1970, on the following matters:
- a) Is a General Synod Canon on the Episcopate desirable ?
- b) If one is desirable, do these Guidelines seem adequate as a basis for such a Canon, or what other material as, for instance, from the Ordinal, should be included ?
- c) Alternatively, should there be presented to the General Synod a position paper on how the Anglican Church of Canada understands the nature and work of a bishop ?
- d) Or what alternative or additional suggestions should be made ?
3. That on the receipt of the report of the Task Force, the N.E.C. be requested to take such action on this matter as it sees fit, such as:
- a) referring the matter to General Synod
- OR
- b) authorizing the publication of a position paper
- c) any other course."
The House adjourned at 12:00 noon and resumed consideration of the motion at the next sitting at which time the motion was carried.
Notes
The fifth sitting commenced at 2:00 p.m. and resumed consideration of the Bishop of Ottawa's motion.
The Bishop of Calgary spoke to an alternative motion which he hoped to have an opportunity to present, seconded by the Bishop of Kootenay, which read as follows:
"That the Primate be asked to appoint a Committee of the House to prepare a position paper on Episcopacy based on the Guidelines of 1967 and 1968 and on the Ordering and Consecrating of a Bishop, and that this position paper be published."
The Bishop of Ottawa's motion was put to the House and carried.
The Bishop of Calgary's motion was put to the House and defeated.
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Office
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Guidelines on Bishops
Guidelines for the Use of Bishops
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod. Constitution
Anglican Church of Canada. National Executive Council
Less detail

(xxxvi) Canon on Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8548
Date
1968 October 20-24
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1968 October 20-24
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Assistant Bishop of Niagara
Seconder
Bishop of Qu'Appelle
Prologue
The Assistant Bishop of Niagara presented a report of work done by a small committee working in conjunction with the Bishop of Ontario on the latter part of "Guidelines", (printed in Appendix D of the 1967 Minutes) which had not, up to this point, received the consideration of the House. Once again there was insufficient time to consider them in detail. It was agreed that the proposed amendments be placed on the Agenda for the next meeting and given priority treatment.
Text
"That the report of the committee on the proposed Canon on Bishops, be received and printed as amendments to the 'Guidelines for the Use of Bishops' as printed in Appendix D in the 1967 Minutes of the House of Bishops."
Notes
The amendments are printed in Appendix D to these Minutes.
APPENDIX D "GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF BISHOPS"
Clauses of "Guidelines for the Use of Bishops" (See Appendix D of the Minutes of the House of Bishops, 1967, pp. 30-36) as revised by a special committee and presented to the House in October, 1968. These revisions replace what follows the conclusion of Clause VI of the "Guidelines" on page 33 of the 1967 Minutes.
VII A Bishop in Relation to his Clergy
(X 1965 much changed) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text of the new clause VII and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
- (1) Among the Clergy whose names are on his Diocesan Roll, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, and Chief Liturgical Minister.
- (2) In maintaining the Discipline of Christ among the Clergy, he shall act in the spirit of a true Father in God.
-- If complaints or accusations are brought to the Bishop about one of his clergy, he must follow a course, as far as possible that will avoid all notoriety and public scandal.
-- In considering recourse to the discipline of Canon 28 of the General Synod, the Bishop shall not proceed to definitive action without consulting his Chancellor, and/or senior and prudent clergy of the Diocese.
- (3) The Bishop shall provide periodic retreats and conferences of the Clergy for their spiritual and intellectual renewal; and arrange for their post ordination study and training.
- (4) The Bishop shall exercise a fatherly concern for the families of the Clergy, and according to the means at this discretion assist them at times of their special need.
VIII The Election or Appointment of assistant Bishops, (Coadjutor, Suffragan and Assistant Bishops)
(XIII 1965) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text of the new clause VIII and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
- (1) If a Diocesan Bishop desires Episcopal Assistance and his Synod consents, and make sufficient financial provision for one, the matter shall be laid before the Metropolitan who, in accordance with Provincial Canons, shall obtain and give the consent of the Provincial Authority to the holding of the election.
- (2) While the Provincial Authority may give or deny its consent to the election of an assistant Bishop, it lies with the Diocesan Authority, the Bishop and his Synod or his Executive, to determine the Title and Work of the assistant Bishop to be elected. This shall be done and recorded in the Minutes of the meeting before the Election, and announced publicly at the meeting of the Elected Body. The person elected shall be informed of the terms of his appointment. If he accepts the Election it is understood that he also accepts the terms of the appointment.
- (3) These terms may thereafter be changed only with the consent of the Diocesan with this Executive, and of the Assistant Bishop himself.
- (4) If an assistant Bishop is elected, and the Diocese has not laid down beforehand the terms of appointment, it is understood that his position in the Diocese is that of Suffragan Bishop without Title and definite jurisdiction.
- (5) The expression 'terms of appointment' is to be taken to mean:
-- (a) Status or Title of the assistant Bishop, whether Coadjutor, Suffragan, or Assistant;
-- (b) Whether responsibility for a territorial area is assigned or not, or responsibility for certain kinds or spheres of work;
-- (c) Place or residence;
-- (d) Stipend and allowances that are to be paid at the start, on the understanding that they will be reviewed periodically by the Executive of the Diocese;
-- (e) Whether the assistant Bishop is to be 'ex officio' a member of the Executive.
IX The Status and Work of assistant Bishops
(XV 1965) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text of the new clause IX and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
A. The Coadjutor
- (1) The Bishop Coadjutor is an assistant Bishop who has been already designated as the successor to the Diocesan. Any person who has already passed the ago of 70 years when the Diocesan retires, is ineligible to act as Diocesan.
- (2) Since the Coadjutor is elected with right to succession, it is understood that he will be given the opportunity of coming to know the Diocese, its history and traditions, its Parishes and activities. The Coadjutor serves without restriction as to Title, or Jurisdiction in area or type of work.
- (3) His Title is. "The Coadjutor Bishop of .... (name of Diocese)".
- (4) In the exercise of the Episcopal Office, he holds Confirmations, dedications and consecrations, and makes visitations, in his own right, but in consultation with the Diocesan. He ordains, makes appointments of Clergy to parishes, receives their resignations, and convenes meetings of the clergy or of the Synod and its Executive only on the express authority of the Diocesan.
- (5) In the absence of the Bishop, unless Diocesan Canons give other directions, he shall preside at Synods and meetings of the Executive Committee.
- (6) The Coadjutor ranks next in seniority to the Diocesan Bishop. He takes precedence to the Suffragan with Title at services held within the jurisdiction of that Suffragan, only if he is present as the Deputy of the Diocesan himself.
- (7) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Coadjutor, provided that the appointment shall not make it impossible for the Coadjutor to exercise his office throughout the Diocese.
- (8) No Bishop should be named Coadjutor who has the prospect of serving in that capacity for over three years.
B. The Suffragan, with or without Special Title
(XVI 1965) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text of the new clause IX and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
- (1) Among Suffragan Bishops there are to be distinguished --
-- (a) those that bear a special Title, other than that of the Diocese, and
-- (b) those that bear the Title of the Diocese, and are known as the "Suffragan Bishop...........(name of the Diocese)".
- (2) The Special Title indicates a special responsibility for the Parishes and Clergy of a certain part of the Diocese. This Special responsibility does not impair the authority of the Diocesan in respect to that part of his Diocese, nor on the other hand, does it restrict the Suffragan in the exercise of his office to one part of the Diocese only. The Suffragan with a Title is available for duty throughout the Diocese at the direction of the Diocesan, but it will be expected that Confirmations, dedications, consecrations, the holding of retreats for and visitations of the Clergy within his jurisdiction will be left largely in his hands.
- (3) The absence of a Special Title indicates that the Suffragan Bishops is more directly and closely assigned to the Diocesan for duty anywhere in the Diocese.
- (4) Suffragan Bishops are not required to resign when the Diocesan retires or deceases.
- (5) Suffragan Bishops do not succeed the Diocesan by right, but they may be elected to succeed, provided that they have not already reached the age of 70 years.
- (6) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Suffragan Bishop.
C. The Assistant Bishop, or the Assistant to the Bishop
(See old VIII, 6) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text of the new clause IX and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
- (1) In addition to coadjutor and suffragan bishops there are also Assistant Bishops.
-- A person appointed with the Title Assistant Bishop is normally already a bishop, and the procedure in his appointment varies. When it is to be by diocesan election the regulations outlined in Clause VIII, shall apply.
-- When Assistant Bishops or Assistants to the Bishop are appointed rather than elected, their nomination lies with the Diocesan Bishop who shall act with the consent of, and on terms agreed to, by the Diocesan authorities (the Executive or the Synod) and by the Metropolitan.
- (2) Assistant Bishops may serve part time or full time, according to their agreement with the Bishop and Executive, but if they wish to hold any other appointment in addition to the Bishopric they must obtain the consent of the Diocesan.
- (3) Superannuated Bishops may be appointed Assistant Bishops on a part time basis only. (See Clause V, (4).)
- (4) The appointment of an Assistant Bishop terminates when the Diocese Bishop dies or retires.
- (5) If a Diocese requires Episcopal assistance, but is unable to obtain the necessary majorities of Clergy and Laity for election, or is unable to obtain the consent of the person who is elected, the Diocese
-- (a) may set up a special Electoral College, not otherwise provided for but not excluded by Diocesan Canons, in consultation with the Metropolitan, or
-- (b) may ask the Metropolitan to appoint a person as its assistant Bishop.
- (6) If a Diocese requires Episcopal assistance, either permanently or temporarily, the initiative in seeking assistant shall lie
-- (a) normally with the Diocesan with the consent of his Synod or Executive Committee, or
-- (b) with the Executive Committee of the Diocese in consultation with the Chancellor, or
-- (c) with the Metropolitan.
- (7) If a Bishop requires Episcopal assistance, and his Synod or Executive cannot or will not make sufficient financing provision, the Metropolitan may meet the Executive to review the matter, and if he deems it wise an appeal shall be sent forward to the Primate and General Synod for a grant for this purpose.
X Resignations on Account of Age
- (1) All Bishops shall submit their resignations to the Metropolitan when they attain the age of 70 years.
(XVII 1965) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text opposite paragraph (2) and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
- (2) Resignations by Metropolitans of both their Diocesan and Provincial administration shall be submitted to the Provincial House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
(XX 1965) [in October 1968 House of Bishops hard copy Minutes this note in parentheses is in the margin of the text opposite paragraph (3) and refers to the 1965 edition of the Guidelines]
- (3) Any Diocesan Bishop who has reached the age of 68 years and is within two years of his retirement, may give notice of his retirement to the Metropolitan and to the Synod or Executive of his Diocese, and require that he be provided with Episcopal Assistance. The Bishop elected on the grounds of "impending retirement" shall be a Coadjutor with right to succeed, provided that there be no Coadjutor to the Diocesan already.
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Office
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Retirement
Guidelines for the Use of Bishops
Guidelines on Bishops
Less detail

(xxxvii) Canon on Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official8595
Date
1967 August 15-18
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1967 August 15-18
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Bishop of Ontario
Seconder
Archbishop of Fredericton
Text
"That the proposed Canon on Bishops, with amendments, passed by the House be printed in the Minutes." The Proposed Canon is printed as Appendix D to these Minutes.
Notes
APPENDIX D
"GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF BISHOPS"
Canon on Bishops, as presented by the Special Committee in August, 1967
I (I 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
The Anglican Church of Canada holds and teaches that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church: Bishops, Priests (Presbyters) and Deacons; and no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest or Deacon in the Anglican Church of Canada, or permitted to execute any of the offices attached to the same, except he be called, tried, examined and admitted thereunto according to the Ordinal, or has had episcopal consecration or ordination in some Church whose orders are recognized and accepted by the Anglican Church of Canada.
II (II 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
Before any person is consecrated to the episcopate, the Metropolitan of the Province must satisfy himself that the person possesses the qualifications for the office. The Bishop-elect must be a Priest of not less than five years' standing, and thirty years of age. He must possess good character, piety, learning, a zeal for souls and prudence. He should be sound in health of body and mind.
III The constitutive elements in the making of a Bishop in the Anglican Church of Canada are:
(III 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) In the ordering of a Bishop for a Diocese that has become vacant (that is, in the ordering of a Diocesan Bishop) the consent of the Metropolitan to the arrangements for the electing body must first be obtained; in the ordering of a Bishop to assist the Diocesan, the consent of the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province to the election must first be obtained.
- (2) Election by the Synod or Electoral Body of the Diocese in accordance with the operative canon of the Ecclesiastical Province or Diocese concerned. Clerical and Lay Delegates shall vote separately, by ballot. Election shall require at least a majority of the votes cast by the Clergy, and by the Laity.
- (3) Free acceptance by the person elected within a space of 14 days after his receiving notification of his election.
- (4) Ratification of the election by the Metropolitan and Bishops of the Province in accordance with the method of ratification prescribed in the Provincial Canons. This ratification constitutes the Bishop-elect, after his Consecration, a member of the Provincial House of Bishops, and of the Upper House of General Synod.
- (5) Consecration of the Bishop-elect according to "The Form of Ordaining or Consecrating of an Archbishop or Bishop" by the Metropolitan, or by some Bishop appointed to act in his behalf, assisted by at least two other Bishops exercising their offices in two Dioceses of the Province other than that of the Metropolitan is necessary.
- In no circumstances shall there be less than three Bishops taking part in the Consecration of a Bishop.
- (6) The registration of the Election and Consecration of the Bishop in the Registers of the Diocese, the Province and of General Synod.
IV The effects of Ordination, and its obligations, are permanent, in the same way that the effects and obligations of Baptism are permanent.
(IV 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) The Bishop was made Deacon, and after his Consecration he still remains a servant. His Diaconate is extended and made more onerous, for he now becomes a servant of the servants of God.
- (2) He was ordained Priest. He never ceases to be a Priest. Among his clergy, he is an equal in all respects as to his Priesthood. His obligation to preach the Gospel and to minister the Sacraments of Christ never cease.
- (3) The unity of the ordained ministry lies in this common priesthood of the Gospel and Sacraments, and in the apostolate and mission of the whole Church to the world. Among the clergy and pastors of the Church, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, the "Pastor Pastorum". It appertains specially to his office to teach and uphold sound doctrine, and to banish and drive away all erroneous and strange opinions; and, himself an example of righteous and godly living, it is his duty to set forward and maintain quietness, love and peace among all men.
V Bishops are equal in regard to their consecration and office; they differ in their jurisdiction. Among Bishops we distinguish the following:
(V 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) Bishops that have pre-eminence and jurisdiction not only within their own Dioceses, but a jurisdiction throughout the Ecclesiastical Province, as defined in the Canons of that Province, are called "Metropolitans" and bear the title of "Archbishop".
- (2) Bishops that have jurisdiction throughout a Diocese are called "Diocesans" or "Ordinaries".
- (3) Bishops elected to assist the Diocesan Bishop include the following classifications: Coadjutors, Suffragans with Title, and Suffragans without Title.
- (4) Bishops who have resigned, or who are superannuated, and who have been given Special Licences, without election, to perform the duties of a Priest within a Parish, or of Assistant to the Diocesan Bishop. Such Bishops normally work on a part-time basis, and should be described as Assistants to the Bishop. If however, the Diocesan and his Executive provide a regular stipend for this Episcopal Assistance, the Bishop is rightly described as an "Assistant Bishop".
VI A Bishop in relation to his Diocese.
(VI 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) Every Diocesan Bishop has, within his Diocese, jurisdiction as Ordinary. He is, within his Diocese, the Principal Minister, and to him belongs the right of celebrating the rites of Ordination and Confirmation; of consecrating new Churches, Chapels and Burial Grounds; of instituting clergy to vacant charges; of admitting by licence to all other vacant ecclesiastical offices; of holding visitations that he may have knowledge of the state, sufficiency, and ability of the clergy and other persons whom he is to visit; of summoning all Synods and Diocesan Conferences; and of presiding therein, either in person or by such deputy as he may lawfully appoint.
- (new) (2) The Bishop shall be the President of the Synod or Governing Body of his Diocese, and Chairman of its Executive Committee, either in person or by lawful delegation of his authority.
- As President of Synod he sits both as Bishop of the Diocese, and in matters of Faith, Worship, Order and Mission as the representative of the Canadian House of Bishops.
- Without the sanction of his Executive Committee and of the Metropolitan he may not divest himself of all responsibility for the administration of the Diocese.
(IX 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (3) The authority and jurisdiction that the Bishop possesses within the Diocese are constitutional:
-- (a) in being exercised under the Canons of the Diocese, of the Ecclesiastical Province, and of General Synod, and
-- (b) in being shared with clergy and laity elected to Synod and its Boards and Committees, and
-- (c) in his obligation to consult with the Metropolitan and fellow Bishops in the Province, and with the Primate and the Canadian House of Bishops, on important matters of Faith, Worship, Order, and the Mission of the Church.
(XI 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (4) (a) According to the vows taken at his consecration, the primary responsibility of the Diocesan Bishop is the work of the Church of God in the Diocese. Only under the most exceptional circumstances, and on a temporary basis, may he accept any other appointment with remuneration, and that with the consent of his own Executive and the Metropolitan. This consent may be recalled by either party at any time, provided due notice is given.
-- (b) Because the Diocesan Bishop may not hold two appointments with remuneration it is the duty of his Diocese to provide him with a Stipend and Allowances sufficient to keep him free from ay financial anxiety and embarrassment.
-- (c) It is the duty of the Metropolitan to make an enquiry periodically, either himself, or with the help of a Committee of the Provincial Synod, to satisfy himself that the provisions of clause (b) are being met in the Dioceses under his jurisdiction.
(XII 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (5) (a) The Anglican Church of Canada recognizes no distinction between the status of Bishops who serve in Dioceses receiving Grants-in-aid from General Synod, and those that do not.
-- (b) The fact that part of the income of the Episcopal Fund of any Diocese is derived from sources outside the Diocese does not impair the authority of the bishop and Synod of that Diocese.
-- (c) The vows of obedience which a Bishop takes at his Consecration are incompatible with any special agreements or special work that impair the integrity of the Bishop's relationship with his own Synod, the Provincial Synod and the General Synod.
(XVIII 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (6) All Bishops, both Diocesan and Assistant, are required to fulfil the law of Residence by spending at least 9 months of each calendar year within the limits of their Diocese. They shall not so arrange their Leaves of Absence in such a way, at the end of one year and the beginning of the next that they are absent from their Diocese for more than three months at a time. If the circumstances are exceptional, and the Executive of the Diocese consents, the Metropolitan may extend the Leave of Absence beyond three months.
(XIX 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (7) (a) All Bishops shall be entitled to six months' Leave of Absence from their Diocese with full stipend and allowances on the completion of six years of service, and thereafter six months for every six years completed.
-- (b) The Leave of Absence shall not be cumulative from one six year period to the next.
-- (c) Any Bishop taking Leave of Absence, shall report to his Metropolitan on the measures he is taking for his ministry and Administration during his absence. The Metropolitan shall satisfy himself that the measures are sufficient, and shall take any necessary steps to ensure that the measures agreed to are being duly maintained by those who have accepted the responsibilities.
VII A Bishop in Relation to his Clergy.
(X 1965 much changed) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) Among the Clergy whose names are on his Diocesan Roll, the Bishop is Chief Pastor, and Chief Liturgical Minister.
- (2) In maintaining the Discipline of Christ among the Clergy, he shall act in the Spirit of a true Father in God.
- If complaints or accusations are brought to the Bishop about one of his clergy, he must follow a course, as far as possible, that will avoid all notoriety and public scandal.
- If the charge is such that falls under the General Synod Canon on Discipline, and the Bishop's fatherly advice has failed to correct the matter, the Bishop shall seek the advice of his Chancellor, and other senior and prudent clergy before taking definite action in accordance with Canon 28 of the General Synod.
- (3) The Bishop shall provide for periodic retreats and conferences of the Clergy for their spiritual and intellectual renewal; for post ordination study and training of clergy in the first five years of their ministry, and of all clergy according to their need of it.
- (4) The Bishop shall exercise a fatherly concern for the families of the Clergy, and according to the means at his discretion assist them at times of their special need.
VIII The Election of Assistant Bishops.
(XIII 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) If a Diocesan Bishop desires Episcopal Assistance and his Synod consents, and makes sufficient financial provision for one, the matter shall be laid before the Metropolitan who, in accordance with Provincial Canons, shall obtain and give the consent of the Provincial Authority to the holding of the election.
- (2) While the Provincial Authority may give or deny its consent to the election of an Assistant Bishop, it lies with the Diocesan Authority, the Bishop and his Executive, to determine the Title and Work of the Assistant Bishop to be elected. This shall be done and properly recorded in the minutes of the Executive Committee of the Diocese before the election, and announced publicly at the meeting of the Electing Body. When a person is elected Assistant Bishop, he shall be informed of the particular terms of his appointment. If he accepts the Election, it is understood that he also accepts the terms of the appointment.
- (3) These terms may thereafter be changed only with the consent of the Diocesan with his Executive, and of the Assistant Bishop himself.
- (4) If an Assistant Bishop is elected, and the Diocese has not laid down beforehand the terms of his appointment, it is understood that his position in the Diocese is that of Suffragan Bishop without Title and without defined jurisdiction.
- (5) The expression "terms of the appointment" is to be taken to mean:
-- (a) Status or Title of the Assistant Bishop, whether Coadjutor, or Suffragan;
-- (b) Whether responsibility for a territorial area is assigned or not, or responsibility for certain kinds or areas of work;
-- (c) Place of residence;
-- (d) Stipend and allowances that are to be paid at the start, on the understanding that they will be reviewed by the Executive of the Diocese periodically thereafter.
(XIV 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (6) If a Diocese requires Episcopal Assistance, but yet is unable to obtain the necessary majorities of Clergy and Laity for election, or is unable to obtain the consent of the person who is elected, the Diocese
-- (a) may set up an Electoral College in consultation with the Metropolitan, or
-- (b) may ask the Metropolitan to appoint a person as its Assistant Bishop.
IX The Status and Work of Assistant Bishops.
A. The Coadjutor
- (1) The Bishop Coadjutor is an Assistant Bishop who has been already designated as the successor to the Diocesan. Any person who has already passed the age of 70 years when the Diocesan retires, is ineligible to act as Diocesan.
- (2) Since the Coadjutor is elected with right to succession, it is understood that he will be given the opportunity of coming to know the Diocese, its history and traditions, its Parishes and activities. The Coadjutor serves without restriction as to Title, or Jurisdiction in area or type of work.
- (3) His Title is, "The Coadjutor Bishop of .... (name of Diocese)".
- (4) In the exercise of the Episcopal Office, he holds Confirmations, dedications and consecrations, and makes visitations, in his own right, but in consultation with the Diocesan. He ordains, makes appointments of Clergy to parishes, receives their resignations, and convenes meetings of the clergy or of the Synod and its Executive only on the express authority of the Diocesan.
- (5) In the absence of the Bishop, unless Diocesan Canons give other directions, he shall preside at Synods and meetings of the Executive Committee.
- (6) The Coadjutor ranks next in seniority to the Diocesan Bishop. He takes precedence to the Suffragan with Title at services held within the jurisdiction of that Suffragan, only if he is present as the Deputy of the Diocesan himself.
- (7) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Coadjutor, provided that the appointment shall not make it impossible for the Coadjutor to exercise his office throughout the Diocese.
- (8) No Bishop should be named Coadjutor who has the prospect of serving in that capacity for over three years.
B. The Suffragan, with or without Special Title
(XVI 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (1) Among Suffragan Bishops there are to be distinguished --
-- (a) those that bear a special Title, other than that of the Diocese, and
-- (b) those that bear the Title of the Diocese, and are known as the "Suffragan Bishop .... (name of the Diocese)".
- (2) The Special Title indicates a special responsibility for the Parishes and Clergy of a certain part of the Diocese. This Special responsibility does not impair the authority of the Diocesan in respect to that part of this Diocese, nor on the other hand, does it restrict the Suffragan in the exercise of his office to one part of the Diocese only. The Suffragan with a Title is available for duty throughout the Diocese at the direction of the Diocesan, but it will be expected that Confirmations, dedications, consecrations, the holding of retreats for and visitations of the Clergy within his jurisdiction will be left largely in his hands.
- (3) The absence of a Special Title indicates that the Suffragan Bishops is more directly and closely assigned to the Diocesan for duty anywhere in the Diocese.
- (4) Suffragan Bishops are not required to resign when the Diocesan retires or deceases.
- (5) Suffragan Bishops do not succeed the Diocesan by right, but they may be elected to succeed, provided that they have not already reached the age of 70 years.
- (6) It is permissible for the Diocesan, with the consent of his Synod or Executive to confer one other remunerative appointment on the Suffragan Bishop.
X Resignations on Account of Age.
(1) All Bishops shall submit their resignations to the Metropolitan when they attain the age of 70 years.
(XVII 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (2) Resignations by Metropolitans of both their Diocesan and Provincial administration shall be submitted to the Provincial House of Bishops, and shall be governed by the same regulations.
(XX 1965) [Text printed in parentheses appears in margin opposite the text below and refers to Sections in earlier editions of Guidelines]
- (3) Any Diocesan bishop who has reached the age of 68 years and is within two years of his retirement, may give notice of his retirement to the Metropolitan and to the Synod or Executive of his Diocese, and require that he be provided with Episcopal Assistance. The Bishop elected on the grounds of "impending retirement" shall be a coadjutor with right to succeed, provided that there be no Coadjutor to the Diocesan already.
- (4) If a Diocese requires Episcopal Assistance on the grounds of the disability or infirmity of the Diocesan, or of the growth of the work beyond his posers, the initiative in seeking Assistance shall lie
-- (a) with the Diocesan with the consent of his Synod, or in the event of the Bishop's unwillingness or inability to act,
-- (b) with the Executive Committee of the Diocese in consultation with the Chancellor, or in the failure of both to act,
-- (c) with the Metropolitan.
- (5) If a Bishop requires Episcopal Assistance, and his Synod or Executive feels unable to make sufficient financial provision, the Metropolitan shall meet the Executive to review the matter. If he deems it wise, an appeal shall be sent forward to the Primate and General Synod for a Grant sufficient for the need.
- (6) No Grant shall be made by General Synod to a Diocese for Episcopal Assistance except on the conclusion of an agreement between the General Synod and the Diocese in which is specified the amount of the Grant, the status, title, work, place of residence and jurisdiction of the Bishop to be elected, and the duration of the agreement.
- (7) Such an agreement shall have force only during the episcopate of the Diocesan Bishop, who is partner to it. The Grant may be continued only if his successor applies for it, and makes a similar agreement with General Synod. The Agreement should provide for periodic review and for change of its terms, with the consent of both parties.
Subjects
Episcopacy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Bishops - Office
Guidelines on Bishops
Guidelines for the Use of Bishops
Coadjutor Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Suffragan Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Assistant Bishops - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. House of Bishops. Constitution
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