The Anglican Church of Canada and the Episcopal Church in the United States will share in providing about half of the $100,000 required for the building of a training school and factory near Calcutta in India.
The combination trade school and small factory, to be owned and operated by the church in India, will accommodate about 20 students each year beginning in 1969. The school and factory will offer three years of education and training, graduating blacksmiths, fitters, machinists and lathe operators.
It is expected that the enrolment will be divided about equally between Christians and Hindus, or those of other religions.
The Canadian missionary society announced it was donating $25,000 from Anglican World Mission funds to help establish the school. the Episcopal Church in the United States has donated $24,000 to the project.
The project will be located amidst an area developed by small industries, northeast of Calcutta.
Theoretical and practical training will be offered for two years at a school at Habra, a refugee area which has grown from a village to a population of 100,000 in the past 20 years. The third and final year of the course will be spent in the production factory, to be built in Baranagore, a city of 200,000, a few miles from Habra.
The Church Missionary Society of Britain will provide an administrator for the project. It is expected that profits from the factory, once it is operating, will offset the operating costs of the school.
Personal involvement is the key to the Anglican Church of Canada's new approach to national and world outreach which it is hoped will revolutionize the man in the pew's response to the concept of total mission.
Behind the strategy is the belief that a churchgoer's interest is revitalized by participation in a project system through which his givings are channelled into clearly-designated activities at home and abroad.
The new approach had its genesis in Anglican World Mission through which the Canadian church has contributed in four years nearly $2,500,000, over and above its regular budget, for urgent projects in churches of the world's developing countries. Under AWM not only dioceses, but in many cases parishes, developed close ties with their counterparts in many African and Asian lands.
As a first step to establish a unified strategy of mission, the church plans to integrate the Anglican World Mission Fund with diocesan apportionment revenue by which its various departments, including the department of missions, are operated. It is hoped the integrated budget will be effected by 1969.
The Diocese of Toronto, the most populous of the church's 28 dioceses, not only carried out the integration this year, but went a step further by including in a unified financing program all projects to be undertaken in its own area. Support was promised for work requiring nearly $1,000,000 under the plan called Diocesan and World Outreach.
Apart from a fixed assessment levied to cover local administrative costs, parishes were given the opportunity of selecting from a diocesan project book, local, national and world projects to which 50 percent of their givings would be applied. A supervising diocesan committee handled the remainder to meet requirements of projects not assumed by individual parishes.
"Outreach is largely an educational process," says a diocesan report on the first year of the Toronto plan. "Every means at our disposal must be tried to help church members to know what they, through the church, are making possible and to arouse in them a desire to participate."
The Toronto experiment with the project system is being closely followed by other dioceses in the Canadian church. It is expected its ultimate success will lead to a new measure of interdependence throughout the church.
This group supports lay missionaries overseas and is requesting permission to approach clergy and parishes re personal visits. Concern was expressed as to how to deal with this without discouraging something which is good, while at the same time maintaining the standards of "Partnership-in-Mission" to which the provinces of the Anglican Communion are committed. The Bishops were advised that a consultation would be held by World Mission in March 1989 and that the House would be requested to nominate a representative to attend.
That Archbishop Hambidge be nominated to represent the House of Bishops at the World Mission consultation in March 1989. CARRIED
The Suffragan Bishop of Toronto suggested a change in the original motion presented by Canon J.C. Bothwell and the Ven. G.H. Johnson, and this was agreed to by the House. The motion was then presented as follows:
That this General Synod approve the administrative integration of the Anglican World Mission Fund and the Apportionment at the end of the five year period of the Fund (end of 1968), and endorses the several recommendations set forth in the document entitled "Integration of Anglican World Mission and the Apportionment" (see page 131).
That the Anglican World Mission National Committee be reconstituted by this General Synod to take responsibility for developing those special emphases and sponsoring the specific appeals for the benefit of the integrated budgets of 1969-70. CARRIED in both Houses.
In substitution for (2), the following Resolution:
That this General Synod request the National Executive Council to set up a Task Force for the study of this need;
and also for the study of the Lambeth Resolutions on World Mission and the Project System in Resolution 67 (Lambeth Report, page 46), and in Section III, paragraph 6, page 167 [sic i.e. page 146] of the Report;
and that this Task Force be asked to report to the National Executive Council with recommendations. CARRIED in both Houses.
[Text of Resolution 67 ( Lambeth Report, page 46):
Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence
67. (a) The Conference records its gratitude for the concept of Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence in the Body of Christ, and for the renewed sense of responsibility for each other which it has created within our communion.
(b) The Conference believes that a developing M.R.I. has a vital contribution to make to our relationships within the whole Church of God. It therefore summons our Churches to a deeper commitment to Christ's mission through a wide partnership of prayer, by sharing sacrificially and effectively their manpower and money, and by a readiness to learn from each other.
(c) The Conference urges that serious attention be paid to the need for co-operation, at every level of Anglican and ecumenical life, in the planning, implementing, and review of all work undertaken, along the line set out in the Report of Section III (para 6 on p. 146).
(d) The Conference believes that the time has come for a reappraisal of the policies, methods, and areas of responsibility of the Anglican Communion in discharging its share of the mission of Christ and that there is a need for a renewed sense of urgency.
Text of Section III (para 6 on p. 146) of "The Lambeth Conference 1968: Resolutions and Reports":
Inasmuch as Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence in the Body of Christ (M.R.I.) has proved to be a great inspiration and blessing, the concept and programme should be continued. In particular, the project system should be pursued, subject to the following comments:
(a) Each Church must be free to decide to what extent it is appropriate to its own needs.
(b) Project programmes should be realistic in scale, flexible in operation, and in harmony with accepted criteria.
(c) Account should be taken in all building projects not only of the original capital cost but also of the continuing cost of maintenance.
(d) Support of the local ordained ministry should be a first charge of the local Church and not normally included in a Directory of Projects. The Directory, however, might be used to facilitate the interchange of personnel between regional Churches on a short-term basis.
(e) Regional Churches should be encouraged to appoint someone from their own membership, or to invite the Secretary General to send a representative, competent to help them in deciding on priorities among projects and in the effective planning, conduct, and evaluation of those selected.]
That, whereas the Executive Council and Board of Management of M.S.C.C. in Joint Session at Ottawa in 1961 has taken the following action:
"Without jeopardizing the present overseas commitments of The Anglican Church of Canada in the following Provinces and Dioceses of the Anglican Communion:
The Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon
The Holy Catholic Church in Japan
The Archbishopric in Jerusalem
The Church of Uganda Ruanda [sic i.e. Rwanda] Urundi
The Church of the Province of the West Indies
The Diocese of Hong Kong
The Diocese of Accra
The Diocese of Malaya and Singapore, and
The Diocese of Madras in the Church of South India.
It is recommended that the Executive Committee of the Department of Missions of The Anglican Church of Canada be empowered to receive and consider, within the limitations of its Annual Budget appropriations, such appeals for personnel and funds for work in the Anglican Communion as are directed to the Department of Missions of The Anglican Church of Canada by the Advisory Council on Missionary Strategy of the Anglican Communion."
It is therefore recommended that as funds become available in the next triennium, the Department of Missions give priority in its overseas commitments to accepting increased appeals from the Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon; The Church of Uganda Ruanda Urandi, and the Church of the Province of the West Indies for the following purposes:
(i) To provide assistance in the training and support of national clergy and lay workers.
(ii) To recruit and train overseas personnel in response to requests from overseas Diocesan Bishops.
(iii) To provide financial assistance for capital needs in the areas of church extension and theological education. CARRIED in both Houses.
Program committee has prompted National Executive Council (NEC) to reaffirm the principle that, when budget cuts are made, funding cuts to overseas partners should not be greater than cuts to Canadian work.