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Practice of Surrogate Motherhood Unacceptable, Anglican Group Says; Calls for Legal Changes to Prevent Spread of Surrogacy in Canada

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1442
Date
1989 May 2
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1989 May 2
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
Toronto, May 2, 1989 -- The practice of surrogate motherhood is offensive and unacceptable because it turns children into "commodities", an Anglican Church task force says. The report takes issue with a recent Ontario Law Reform Commission report which recommended procedures to regularize the practice.
Task force members will present their report at a news conference Tuesday, May 2 at 9:30 a.m. at 135 Adelaide Street East (Anglican Diocese of Toronto).
In surrogate motherhood, when a husband and wife cannot have children naturally, the husband may hire the services of another woman. This so-called "surrogate" mother is then artificially inseminated with the husband's sperm.
"Human beings must be treated as ends, not means," says the task force report. "The humanity of women must not be subordinated to their reproductive capacities. Nor may children be deliberately created for sale. These two grave ethical flaws are inherent in surrogate motherhood. The buying and selling of human beings, for whatever purpose, incorporates the evil present in slavery and is just as offensive."
The report recommends that contracts for surrogate motherhood be unenforceable in Canada and that provincial laws governing adoption be reviewed to ensure that adoption procedures cannot be abused to bring about surrogate motherhood arrangements. "If provincial adoption laws cannot ensure that surrogacy is banned in Canada," the report says, "we recommend that federal legislation be enacted making it a criminal offence to recommend, initiate, arrange or agree to the bearing of a child in a surrogacy arrangement for payment in cash or in kind." The several recommendations in the report will be presented for discussion in June to the General Synod, the church's highest legislative body.
The task force was authorized in May 1987 by the church's national executive council. Its members include: Rt. Rev. John Baycroft, Suffragan Bishop of Ottawa; the Rev. Bruce Alton, Trinity College; Phyllis Creighton, editor, University of Toronto Press; Marsha Hewitt, professor, Trinity College; and the Rev. Don Thompson, professor, Centre for Christian Studies.
- 30 -
For further information, contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communications, (416) 925-9192 ext. 286 (bus.), (416) 335-8349 (res.)
Subjects
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Law and legislation - Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Law and legislation - Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 52-05-88
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 52-05-88
Mover
Mrs. P. McBeth
Seconder
Mrs. M. McKeith
Text
That this National Executive Council request the Doctrine and Worship Committee to examine the literature and analyse the ethical and moral consequences of the use of scientific techniques of human reproduction and fertilization. CARRIED #52-05-88
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Fertilization in vitro, Human - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Surrogate Motherhood

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official838
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 70
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 70
Mover
Mrs. P. Creighton
Seconder
Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
Text
That the report of the Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood" be:
a) accepted for publication; and
b) commended to the Church and community for study and action. CARRIED Act 70
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Less detail

Surrogate Motherhood

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official910
Date
1987 May 13-15
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 60-05-87
Date
1987 May 13-15
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 60-05-87
Mover
Ms. J. McCann
Seconder
Rev. M.C. Ingham
Text
That this National Executive Council request that the Doctrine and Worship Committee examine the issue of surrogate motherhood with a view to providing the Anglican Church of Canada with research, information and guidance on this subject by the 1989 General Synod. CARRIED #60-05-87
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Surrogate Parenting

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official9261
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 72
Act 73
Act 74
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 72
Act 73
Act 74
Mover
Rev. R.S. Condo
Seconder
Rev. A.E. Gates
Prologue
Moved by: Mrs. P. Creighton
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada urge:
1. That as a matter of public policy surrogate parenting should be discouraged.
2. That surrogacy contracts should be unenforceable in Canada.
3. That the recommendations on legal aspects contained in the report (pages 8 and 9) be endorsed.
4. That the principles and recommendations in the report of the Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood", together with the resolutions of this 32nd General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada which relate to Surrogacy be the basis of any recommendations by the National Executive Council and other National Church bodies to governments when policy is being formed or legislation enacted.
5. That the above resources be commended also to the Provinces and Dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Amendment
That this General Synod endorse the recommendations on legal aspects contained in the report of the Anglican Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood" (pp. 8-9), with the exception of paragraph #4 on p. 9. CARRIED Act 72
Mrs. Creighton requested clarification about what would replace paragraph #4 and a change of wording was suggested by a member of Synod. The Chancellor was asked to determine if debate could be resumed following the Chairperson ruling the member out of order. The advice of the Chancellor was that, if the entire House voted in the affirmative, the debate could be re-opened.
Moved by: Most Rev. J.C. Bothwell
Seconded by: Very Rev. G.S. Light
That this General Synod re-open the debate. CARRIED WITHOUT DISSENT Act 73
Amendment to the Amendment
Seconded by: Rt. Rev. T.E. Finlay
That this General Synod add the following words after "surrogacy" (defining the meaning of the word):
in the provincial and territorial legislatures,
Motion to Refer
Text
That this General Synod refer the resolution, with amendments, to the Resolutions Committee. CARRIED ACt 74
Notes
(See pages 86-87, Act 112)
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod. Resolutions Committee
Less detail

Surrogate Parenting (See pages 60-62)

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official869
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 112
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 112
Mover
Mrs. P. Creighton
Seconder
Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
Text
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada:
1. Urge that as a matter of public policy surrogate parenting should be discouraged.
2. Urge that surrogacy contracts should be unenforceable in Canada.
3. Adopt recommendations 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 on legal aspects contained in the report of the Anglican Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood on pages 8 and 9.
4. Recommend to the provinces and territories that adoption laws ensure that commercial surrogacy (recommending, initiating, arranging, or agreeing to the bearing of a child in a surrogacy arrangement for payment in cash or in kind) is banned in each province and territory.
5. Agree that the principles and recommendations in the report of the Task Force on "Surrogate Motherhood", together with the resolutions of this 32nd General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada which relate to surrogacy be the basis of any recommendations by the National Executive Council and other national Church bodies to governments when policy is being formed or legislation enacted.
6. Commend the above resources also to the Provinces and Dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada. CARRIED Act 112
Notes
Due to conflict of interest, Mr. Justice Ronald Stevenson and Mr. Justice David Wright, Assessors to the General Synod, abstained from voting on the above motion.
[For earlier acts and discussion subsequently replaced by this Act see pages 60-62.]
Subjects
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Adoption - Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

6 records – page 1 of 1.