"The primacy has evolved throughout the history of the church. In 1893, the church's first primate was a diocesan bishop chosen from among the metropolitans whose only specific duties were to serve as president of General Synod and of the House of Bishops. Since that time, the office of primate has steadily grown to encompass a national episcopal ministry, in which the primate serves as a figure of unity and a reflection of the diversity, challenges and ministries of the church" (p. 8). "Misunderstandings about the primate's role are common, according to Archdeacon Paul Feheley, who has served as principal secretary to the last two primates. Anglicans on different sides of various debates will often send letters to [the Primate Archbishop] Hiltz asking for him to intervene in order to resolve an issue. But, Feheley notes, metropolitans actually have far more influence over matters than the primate. ... 'If you're looking for a whole ton of power, it's not the position to go for', he adds" (p. 8). "'Many of our early primates died from overwork', says [retired Bishop Michael] Ingham. 'The job is just too large for an incumbent to exercise responsibilities as a diocesan bishop as well. This has only become more true over time, rather than less. In 1969, General Synod adopted the model of a detached primacy, in which primates were no longer burdened by the responsibilities of a diocesan bishop" (p. 9). "[Former Primate Michael] Peers traces the seeds of reform to the 1830s, when Thomas Fuller proposed a synodical model of church government, in which dioceses would be led by a synod, or governing body of licensed clergy, lay representatives from the diocese's parishes, ex officio members, and the bishops. Over the following decades, this became the model the church follows today" (p. 9). "An 1893 [Solemn] Declaration which established the Church of England in Canada as a separate and independent body described the church as being 'in full communion' with the Church of England (as opposed to 'an integral portion'), Peers noted. ... 'In a time when there has been pressure to make the Communion more monolithic, more a single entity presided over by primates, I continue to look to this foundational document'" (p. 9). "'Our primates have been and are people of exemplary faith and integrity, asked to hold together the wide diversity of our Anglican Church of Canada with its challenges of geography, cultural and theological differences', [Bishop Linda] Nicholls says. 'Our primate is a mirror for the life of our church, and deserves our deepest commitment of prayer and support'" (p. 9).
Article includes a large colour photo of the primatial cross with caption: "The primatial cross is the only official symbol of the primate of the Anglican Church of Canada. It was presented to General Synod in 1937 after the submission of numerous designs. The cross is made of silver gilt and features the arms of General Synod and of the four original dioceses of the Canadian church".
What does the Canadian Anglican primate do ? "It's not a quick answer. A seven-page canon, or section of church law, explains the Primate's work. He's called a presiding bishop, senior metropolitan and a primus inter pares (first among equals). .... In 2010, a primatial task force reviewed this unusual role. Some parts were clarified, but in short, the group found that Canadian Anglicans wanted a spiritual leader -- a Primate who is both prophetic and caring". "'The relationship piece for me is very important', says Archbishop Hiltz. 'People always say to me, "You're our connection to the national office", so I try to be it'. He's both a spokesman and a servant". "[S]piritual care is central. Hiltz is pastor to all bishops, regardless of theological differences. At meetings of the house, he frequently sees 'one-on-ones' when he perceives a need for personal human contact". "[M]ore than half the Primate's time is spent travelling. He is often invited to diocesan synods, provincial synods and church anniversaries". "Each visit is different. Archbishop Hiltz could stay in a home or hotel. He'll be sent to square dances or to test-drive an new handbell set. He'll eat whatever is put in front of him -- from Arctic char to boiled beaver". "Archbishop Hiltz has an exhausting job. He pays the price in grey hair and health -- including nasty colds from frequent air travel. Though primates can stay until the age of 70, Hiltz, now 59, says he likely won't. He can imagine a return to his beloved local ministry for a couple of years".
Eight page insert (1-8) with May 2013 issue of Anglican Journal. Anglican Church of Canada Ministry Report. Insert produced by Resources for Mission Dept.
Originally published as "Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society" Vol. XXXIV, No. 1, April 1992.
"[By] H.R.S. Ryan".
Includes bibliographical endnotes and index.
Contents: Foreword dated 1992 / H.R.S. Ryan -- Introduction -- Synods and Their Development Prior to 1893 -- Constitutional Structures of the General Synod -- Issues in the Life of the Church -- The Basis of the Jurisdiction of the General Synod -- Notes -- Appendices -- Index -- H.R.S. Ryan [Biographical Information].
Contents of: Synods and Their Development Prior to 1893 section: Pre-Diocesan Period -- Development of Diocesan Synods -- Formation of Provincial Synods -- The Impact of Constitutional Development.
Contents of Constitutional Structures of the General Synod section: Formation of the General Synod -- Development of General Synod Constitution -- The Roles of the General Synod, the Province, and the Diocese -- Constitutional Changes Since 1967 -- The Role of Bishops.
Contents of Issues in the Life of the General Synod section: Remarriage after Divorce -- Church Union -- Internal Structural Change -- The Primacy -- Ordination of Women -- The Book of Alternative Services (BAS).
Contents of The Basis of the Jurisdiction of the General Synod section: A Summary -- The Whole Body -- Looking Forward.
Contents of Appendices: 1: Some Stages in the Progress of Separation of Church and State and Self-Government in British North America -- 2 : Anglican Dioceses in Canada [chart showing the creation date of the diocese (and other important dates)] -- 3: First Letters Patent of the Bishop of Nova Scotia (1787) -- 4: Declaration of the Synod of the Diocese of Ontario.
OTCH has 2 copies. Copy 1 is edition published by Anglican Book Centre. Copy 2 is edition published as Vol. XXXIV, No. 1, April 1992 by Canadian Church Historical Society
Bishop Michael Ingham, Chair of the Primatial Role Task Force, presented the report. He noted that a friendly amendment had been receivd and accept subsequent to the resolution's inclusion in the Convening Circular.
Committee of the Whole
Moved by: The Rt. Rev. Michael Ingham
Seconded by: The Rt. Rev. Linda Nicholls
That this General Synod move into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of the report of the Primacy Taskforce. CARRIED
Following a brief discussion, it was
That this General Synod move out of Committee of the Whole. CARRIED
That this General Synod amend Canon III as indicated in Appendix A to this Resolution (additions are in bold, deletions are in strikeout). [In electronic database bold indicated by pointed brackets i.e. ; strikeout indicated by double pointed brackets i.e.>]
CARRIED WITHOUT DEBATE IN ALL ORDERS Act 27
The text of the amendments to Canon III, presented as Appendix A to the resolution, follows:
- The Primacy
1. The Primacy
a) There shall be a Primate who shall be the presiding bishop of The Anglican Church of Canada.
b) The Primate, upon assuming office, shall be the Senior Metropolitan of The Anglican Church of Canada.
c) The Primate shall have the title .Archbishop.
2. Election to the Primacy
The Primate shall be elected in accordance with the procedures established in part II of this Canon.
> . Term of Office
a) The term of office of the Primate shall commence upon installation to the office.
b) As soon as practicable following election, but in any case not more than 90 days after the date of election, the Primate shall resign the any Episcopal or and Metropolitical offices held at the time of election to the Primacy.
c) The Primate shall hold office until:
i) attaining 70 years of age, or
ii) the effective date of a resignation accepted pursuant to section > b) of this Canon, or
iii) the adoption of a resolution declaring the Primacy vacant pursuant to section > d) of this Canon.
b) The Primate may, after consultation with the Provincial Metropolitans and the Chapter of the Anglican Military Ordinariate and subject to the provisions of financial requirements, appoint a Bishop Ordinary who shall have episcopal jurisdiction over the chaplains of The Anglican Church of Canada on duty with the Canadian Forces
> . The Office of the Primate
a) The Primate shall maintain an office at the headquarters of the General Synod of The Anglican Church of Canada.
b) The Primate may retain personal assistants after appropriate financial arrangements have been made pursuant to sections > c) and > d) of this Canon.
c) The Financial Management > Committee shall, in accordance with its budgeting procedures, determine the financial needs of the Primacy, including all salaries, office expenses, living allowances, travel expenses, entertainment allowances and other expenses.
d) The financial needs of the Primacy shall be met first from the income of any capital fund designated for such purpose and, second, from the proportional gifts that are made by the dioceses.
> . Acting Primate
During a vacancy in the Primacy or during the incapacity of the Primate, the Provincial Metropolitan senior by election, able and willing to act, shall have authority to perform all the duties of the Primacy and shall be styled .Acting Primate.
> . Resignation from Office
a) The Primate may submit notice of intention to resign from the office of Primate to the Provincial Metropolitan senior by election.
b) The > Metropolitan shall, after consultation with the other Metropolitans and with the Prolocutor and Deputy Prolocutor of the General Synod, jointly with the Primate determine the date on which the Primate‘s resignation should take effect.
c) The Primate shall then submit to the > Metropolitan , and the > Metropolitan shall accept, a resignation to take effect on the date determined pursuant to section 9 b).
d) The > Metropolitan shall report the resignation to the Council of the General Synod and to the Order of Bishops of the General Synod.
e) The title of the Primate after ceasing to hold office shall continue to be .Archbishop.
> . Incapacity of the Primate
a) The incapacity of the Primate to carry out the functions of the Primacy for reason of illness or otherwise shall be established:
- i) by the deed of the Primate to that effect addressed to the Provincial Metropolitan senior by election, or
- ii) by a Certificate of Incapacity addressed to the Provincial Metropolitan senior by election, and signed by four Diocesan Bishops of The Anglican Church of Canada and one of:
--a) The Provincial Metropolitans,
-- b) The Chancellor of the General Synod, or
-- c) The Prolocutor of the General Synod.
b) Where the incapacity of the Primate has been established by the deed of the Primate to that effect, the Primate may resume the functions of the Primacy by giving notice of intention to do so to the Acting Primate.
c) Where the incapacity of the Primate has been established by a Certificate of Incapacity, the Primate may resume the functions of the Primacy by giving to the Acting Primate notice of intention to do so, and
- i) a certificate establishing the capacity of the Primate to resume the functions of the Primacy, signed by the persons who signed the Certificate of Incapacity, or their successors in office, or
- ii) a certified copy of a resolution of the Council of the General Synod, or of the General Synod, directing that the Primate may resume the functions of the Primacy.
d) After the incapacity of the Primate to carry out the functions of the Primacy, has been established under section 8 10 a) of this Canon, the Primacy may be declared vacant:
- i) by special resolution of each of the Council of the General Synod and the Order of Bishops, or
- ii) by special resolution of the General Synod.
II - Election Procedures
> . Procedural Guidelines
The Council of the General Synod shall establish procedural guidelines for the conduct of the election of a Primate but this Canon shall have precedence over anything contained in the guidelines as established.
> . Eligibility
All bishops of The Anglican Church of Canada who are members of the Order of Bishops of the General Synod in accordance with the Constitution of the General Synod shall be eligible for election to the Primacy.
> 13. General Synod to Elect
The Primate shall be nominated and elected by the General Synod of The Anglican Church of Canada in accordance with this Canon.
> . Time of Election
a) Where a vacancy in the Primacy occurs less than 12 months before a regular session of the General Synod, the General Synod shall elect a Primate during such regular session at a time fixed by the Acting Primate.
b) Where a vacancy occurs more than 12 months before a regular session of the General Synod, unless the Council of the General Synod directs otherwise, the General Synod shall elect a Primate at a special session held at a time and place fixed by the Acting Primate in consultation with the Council of the General Synod.
> . Meeting of the Order of Bishops
The Order of Bishops shall meet not earlier than one hundred and twenty days and not later than thirty days before the date fixed for the election of the Primate and shall nominate three or more bishops for the office of Primate.
> . Notice to the Orders of Clergy and Laity
Immediately following the meeting of the Order of Bishops, the General Secretary of the General Synod shall send to all members of the Orders of Clergy and Laity the names of the nominees together with such biographical information about each nominee as is required by the guidelines established under section 9 11.
> . President
The Prolocutor of the General Synod or, in the absence of the Prolocutor, the Deputy Prolocutor shall preside during the election of the Primate by the General Synod.
> . Celebration of Holy Communion
On the day appointed for the election, the General Synod shall convene for a celebration of Holy Communion.
> . Report of the Credentials Committee
Upon conclusion of the celebration of Holy Communion, the Credentials Committee shall report as to the standing of all persons present and as to the presence of a quorum of the General Synod.
> . Withdrawal of the Order of Bishops
A quorum of the General Synod being present, the Order of Bishops shall withdraw and sit apart from the other Orders.
> . Voting and Election in the Orders of Clergy and Laity
a) When the Order of Bishops has withdrawn, the Orders of Clergy and Laity shall proceed immediately to vote by ballot on the nominations made by the Order of Bishops.
b) Votes shall be taken by Orders and, subject to sections > and > , shall continue until there is an election.
c) After the second and each subsequent vote:
i) the name of any nominee who has received fewer than 10 per cent of the votes cats in the Order of Clergy and fewer than 10 per cent of the votes cast in the Order of Laity, or
ii) if all nominees have received at least 10 per cent of the votes in both Orders, the name of the nominee who received the fewest votes in the aggregate, shall be removed from the ballot before the next vote, until only two nominees remain.
d) An election occurs when a nominee receives a majority of the votes of:
i) the members of the Order of Clergy present, and
ii) the members of the Order of Laity present.
e) Upon an election occurring, the Order of Bishops shall be notified.
> . Further Nominations
a) Either the Order of Clergy or the Order of Laity may, at any time after the second vote is taken, by resolution request further nominations from the Order of Bishops.
b) Upon receipt of such a request, the Order of Bishops shall submit one or more additional nominations.
> . Resolutions
a) resolutions shall be presented in writing to the President.
b) No debate shall be permitted on any resolution or ballot.
> . Failure of Orders of Clergy and Laity to Elect
a) When, after the number of nominees has been reduced to two,
i) an election has not occurred after three successive votes, and
ii) no request for additional nominations has been made, the Order of Bishops shall be notified that the Orders of Clergy and Laity are unable to elect.
b) When the Order of Bishops is notified that the Orders of Clergy and Laity are unable to elect, the members of the order of Bishops shall proceed to vote on the two remaining nominees and an election occurs when one of the nominees receives a majority of the votes of the members of the Order of Bishops present.
> . Declaration of Election
When an election occurs, the Order of Bishops shall return and sit with the Order of Clergy and Laity and >
The Primate reflects on the beginning of the new year, 10 years since the beginning of the new millennium, and 15 years (on 18 January) since his consecration as a bishop. "At my consecration, I remember Archbishop Michael Peers pointing out that in episcopal ministry one experiences a shift from a depth of pastoral relationships within a parish family to a breadth of pastoral relationship within a diocesan family and in the wider circles of the Church." "And now two and a half years into the ministry of primacy, I appreciate Michael's point even more. For now I travel from coast to coast to coast and throughout the world representing our beloved Church. ... I've learned that an important part of this ministry is sharing stories of faithful witness across the country". Primate lists thirteen short observations and concludes "In so much that I see and hear I am moved to say with St. Paul, 'I thank my God in all my remembrance of you .. thankful for our partnership in the gospel from the first day until now' (Philippians 1:3-5)".
"As the outgoing primate, my primary task is to call the church to prayer. In the first instance, I ask you to pray for the bishops and for wisdom in discerning whom they will nominate for the primacy. Pray for those who wrestle with that invitation and for those who accept it. Pray, too, for their families and for their dioceses". "He or she is called to an office of huge responsibility yet great privilege: leading our church in God's mission in these times; visiting all of our dioceses and territories; pastorally caring for our bishops and nurturing them for their apostolic leadership; working in a particularly close relationship with the national Indigenous Anglican bishop; representing our church throughout the Anglican Communion; strengthening our relations with over churches, particularly in Canada; writing and speaking prophetically to the issues of our times; forging relationships with people of other faith traditions and all people of goodwill dedicated to the building of a truly just, healthy and peaceful world".
Primate Fred Hiltz was installed as the 13th primate of the Anglican Church of Canada on 25 June 2007. "And here we are, 12 years later ... In these few weeks that take us into General Synod, I have much work to do by way of my own preparation -- spiritual, pastoral and administrative. It seems that there is so little time for reflection, but in the moments I seize, my heart overflows with gratitude. In the first instance, my gratitude is to God. I could never, ever have imagined the joys and blessings of being called to the ministry of primacy". "It has been a great privilege to gather the national House of Bishops for spring and fall meetings". "I am thankful for those with whom I have been surrounded in my work as chair of General Synod and its council. It has been an awesome challenge to chair three meetings of General Synod -- 2010 in Halifax, 2013 in Ottawa and 2016 in Toronto. My fourth and last will be in 2019 in Vancouver". "I am also thankful for the invitation of the National Indigenous Anglican Bishop to be a guest