That the National Executive Council, noting the reluctance of the Doctrine and Worship Committee to initiate Prayer Book revisions without a mandate, urges General Synod to establish a special Prayer Book Revision Committee to work with particular emphasis on the new ECUSA book, and to present to the next General Synod a new Draft Canadian Book for trial use.
That the words "the Church of England Series III" be added. CARRIED
The motion will now read:
That the National Executive Council, noting the reluctance of the Doctrine and Worship Committee to initiate Prayer Book revisions without a mandate, urges General Synod to establish a special Prayer Book Revision Committee to work with particular emphasis on the Church of England Series III and on the new ECUSA book; and to present to the next General Synod a new Draft Canadian Book for trial use.
That the motion be amended to delete the words "General Synod" and insert the words "the new Doctrine and Worship Committee" in their place. DEFEATED
In 1967 General Synod decreed that the Anglican Book Centre, a perennial money loser until that time, be given a new mandate to become self-sufficient or to shut down. At that time, the Rev. Michael Lloyd, publisher to the Anglican Church of Canadaand director of the Anglican Book Centre (ABC), recalled that "ABC owed the banks about $213,000 and General Synod another $200,000." "Today, ABC not only pays its way, but manages to return money to General Synod every year." "Along the way, ABC has become a successful publisher of books, some of which, by any Canadian standards, qualify as best sellers. In a sense, ABC owes its success as a book publisher to the BAS, something which Mr. Lloyd says he and others foresaw in the mid-1970s. `We felt that a new book of liturgy would be wanted in the next few years and we wanted this book to be produced and published here in Canada rather than us relying on it being published in Great Britain as had always been done in the past,' Mr. Lloyd recalls."
Canon Crawford and the Rev. Michael Lloyd spoke to the report which gave information on Audited Statements, the Book of Alternative Services, Computer, and Sales and Expenses.
Attached to the report were the following Guidelines for Permission to Copy Book of Alternative Services material.
Guidelines for permission to copy BAS material.
Permission may be given automatically by the Executive Secretary in the office of the Liturgical Officer (either in writing or on the telephone) when an application is made for permission to copy BAS material for use in the following circumstances:
1. for use in a special liturgy on a specific occasion, e.g. an ordination, a marriage, especially if the names of the principals and the date will be included in the printed materials;
2. for use at a workshop, training event, or residential meeting, for that occasion only;
3. for use in parishes and college chapels, during an introductory period, for six months from the date of first use.
Applicants must be warned that some parts of the BAS are copyrighted by other publishers and that they should check the footnotes and acknowledgements and seek the permission of the source publisher, if necessary.
Applicants to whom permission is given should be asked to include the following formula in their material: "Copyright c 1985 by the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada. Used with permission.
Applicants who wish to adapt material or publish their own liturgical texts containing a selection of BAS materials, or who wish to publish liturgical texts for permanent use, should be advised that their application will be referred to the General Secretary, the Director of the Anglican Book Centre, and the Liturgical Officer. Those making oral requests will be asked to submit a written application.
Tribute was paid to Michael Lloyd for his excellent management of the Anglican Book Centre; also to Paul Gibson and Robert Maclennan for their work on the Book of Alternative Services.
Note was made of the fact that Mr. Lloyd has been assisting other Anglican Book stores in Canada.
That the report of the Anglican Book Centre be received with the expression of thanks to the whole staff of the Anglican Book Centre. CARRIED
OTTAWA (June 9) -- The Anglican Church of Canada has emerged from a nine-day national meeting here with a new structure, new priorities and plans to publish a new hymn book.
The church's General Synod, a chief governing body of more than 300 lay and clergy members and bishops, also affirmed the presence and contributions of gay men and lesbians to the church and agreed to "deepen and extend" a three-year-old study of homosexuality.
General Synod heard presentations about the on-going work of healing and reconciliation within the Anglican Church for former students of native residential schools and approved a covenant drafted by indigenous people in which they express a desire to form a self-determining community within the Anglican Church.
The priorities adopted by General Synod call for the church to focus its energies on advocacy for social justice causes and on developing overseas partnerships. Related to those priorities, the church also approved a new national structure which is less legislative in tone and relies more on networking and consultation.
After a lengthy debate, Synod members authorized the church's Hymn Book Task Force to complete preparation of a new book which introduced female imagery of God, inclusive language and a broad range of musical styles. In addition to well-beloved traditional tunes, the new book includes popular folk tunes, gospel music, contemporary praise choruses and music from countries around the world.
In other business, the church agreed to extend use of its modern Book of Alternative Services for another three years and undertook to continue developing inclusive language for its rites. It also approved a motion to develop a eucharistic rite that includes "native spiritual traditions and other cultural traditions".
The General Synod also dealt with more than 60 resolutions on a wide variety of topics including matters of domestic and foreign policy, the Anglican Church's relationship with other churches, peace and environmentalism. Among these were:
- A resolution commending the federal government's commitment to devoting 0.7% of GNP to development assistance but expressing concern that foreign aid policy emphasizes Canada's economic assistance;
- One expressing "grief and outrage" at genocide in Rwanda and Burundi and regretting that governments, including the Canadian government, failed "to anticipate and prevent the evil that occurred";
- One reaffirming support of First Nations' struggles "to obtain justice regarding land claims through negotiations";
- One commending the Canadian Fisheries minister for his strong stand on conservation of East Coast fish stocks, and urging a similar stand with regards to the West Coast, and;
- One calling on the Minister of Immigration to exempt refugees and their families from paying a landing fee.
Nine ecumenical visitors from across Canada, the United States and overseas were invited to attend and reflect on General Synod as "partners" of the Anglican Church.
One of these visitors, Bishop Dinis Sengulane of the Diocese of Lebombo in Mozambique, spoke at a service at Christ Church Cathedral [written Cathedral Christ Cathedral], calling on the church and on all Canadians to denounce gun ownership and the shipment of arms to war-torn countries.
Bishop Sengulane is internationally-known for his role in bringing about a negotiated end to civil war in Mozambique.
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For more information, contact: Doug Tindal, Cellular : (416) 540-3653 or Sam Carriere, Media Relations, General Synod: 416-924-9199, ext. 256
Winnipeg, April 6, 1989 -- The Anglican Church's Supreme Court of Appeal has concluded its hearings here this morning.
The Court was convened on Tuesday for the first time in history to hear arguments about the validity of the church's Book of Alternative Services (BAS). Opponents of the BAS argue that only the Book of Common Prayer (BCP) contains valid forms of liturgy (worship services) for Canadian Anglicans.
The Court received written submissions from 20 "intervenors" in the case. Ten of the intervenors made oral presentations to the Court.
The validity of the BAS was challenged by Mr. Donald J. MacLean, of Regina. He initially launched a civil suit challenging the lawful status of the Bishop of the Diocese of Qu'Appelle. At stake may be the authority of bishops whose consecration was conducted with liturgy from the BAS and the validity of the ordination of priests who were ordained under the BAS. Mr. MacLean halted his civil suit when the church decided to hear the case in its own court.
Lawyer Criticizes Client
In a dramatic development Wednesday morning, Mr. MacLean's lawyer publically disassociated himself from comments Mr. MacLean had made to media representatives. Mr. MacLean questioned whether certain members of the Court were impartial.
His lawyer, Mr. Frederick Dunbar, told the Court he was distressed by Mr. MacLean's comments and sought to withdraw from the case. However, he said other colleagues had persuaded him that it would be inappropriate to withdraw halfway through the case.
Marriage Validity Upheld
One of the doctrinal questions before the Court is whether marriages performed with a service from the BAS are valid. Speculation in the Court and in the media reports often focussed on this aspect, possibly causing concern among Anglicans. A survey last year found that most marriages are now based on BAS texts in more than 60 percent of congregations.
At the conclusion of its sitting, the Court responded to this concern with a statement upholding the validity of these marriages. The statement reads:
Because of statements made during the course of these proceedings, concern about the validity of marriages celebrated according to the forms in the Book of Alternative Services has been expressed in the media and may have caused some anxiety.
On this issue the members of the Court wish it to be known that in their opinion these marriages are valid.
The Court's judgement is not expected before the first of May, because bishops in the church have the right to submit comments on the case until the end of April. The General Synod, the church's highest legislative body, convenes in mid-June. It is expected the Court will wish to have a judgment ready for General Synod.
The General Synod authorized its Doctrine and Worship committee in 1983 to prepare a book of alternative services "and to present the complete material to the National Executive Council for permission to publish for use, where authorized by the Diocesan Bishop, at least until the 32nd General Synod" [in 1989]. In a subsequent meeting (May 1984) the National Executive Council received the completed BAS and authorized its publication.
Mr. MacLean argued that this authorization is insufficient because the BCP is established by canon (church) law as "the authorized Book of Common Prayer". The BAS, he argues, would also have to be authorized by canon -- a complex procedure which requires approval in two successive General Synods. The General Synod meets only once every three years.
Court Members, Assessors
The nine members of the Court are selected according to criteria established in the Anglican Church's "canon law". It calls for three bishops, three clergy, and three lay members. The Court is also assisted by four "assessors", or advisers, two of whom are legal scholars, and two of whom are theologians.
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For further information, contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communication (416) 924-9192 ext. 286; (416) 335-8349 (residence)
A Thesis submitted to Boston University School of Theology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Doctor of Theology 2000.
Bibliography: p. 270-286.
"Confronted by questions of relevance and identity, the Anglican Church of Canada initiated a process of liturgical revision in 1985. The dissertation argues that, at the end of this process with the publication of the Book of Alternative Services in 1985, the Anglican Church of Canada had both a reconstituted liturgical text and a transformed definition of church. The dissertation builds on scholarly investigations, and it bridges the pastoral and scholarly gap in the historical development of the Anglican Church of Canada. To date no other study has attempted to close this gap by examining the Book of Alternative Services." "The dissertation set out to determine whether or not the Book of Alternative Services was 'tinkering with Cranmer' or whether the book reflected a distinctiveness in the continuing liturgical tradition of the Anglican Church of Canada. The latter has been confirmed by demonstration. Further study may well want to focus upon the integration of the Book of Alternative Services into the church's life and its impact upon the church's understanding of ordained ministry and church architecture". -- Abstract.
Contents: Acknowledgements -- Glossary -- Abstract -- Introduction -- The Anglican Church of Canada in Turmoil -- Prayer Book Revision in Canada 1893-1985 -- Liturgical, Theological and Social Assumptions Regarding Baptism -- Liturgical, Theological and Social Assumptions Regarding the Holy Eucharist -- Conclusion -- Appendix 1: Significant Events in the Life of the Anglican Church of Canada. -- Appendix 2: Solemn Declaration (1893) -- Appendix 3: Sessions of the General Synods since 1983 -- Appendix 4: Pastoral Letter, September 1985 -- Bibliography.
Author is a priest of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Copy of an "Open Letter" originally published by Bishop Robert Crawley of the Anglican Catholic Church of Canada in the September 1992 issue of "The Rock" commenting on the current state of the Anglican Continuing Churches and in particular their relation to the International Bishops' Conference on Faith and Order.