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Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution #65-05-88
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution #65-05-88
Mover
Ven D.J. Woeller
Seconder
Dean B. Stavert
Prologue
In response to a request from the House of Bishops (February 1988), the Primate reported he had invited Mrs. P. Creighton, Mrs. D. Marshall and Dr. J. Reed to form a Task Force to prepare a contemporary statement regarding abortion.
It was agreed that we, as Christians, must work towards the creation of a society in which every human being is welcome and recognized that we must both work for change of legislation which affects social programming.
Chancellor David Wright stated that difficulties outside the Criminal Code fall within the jurisdiction of the provinces and the federal government can enter the field only through the Criminal Code, but can control processes through funding.
Text
That this National Executive Council:
1. express its heartfelt thanks to the members of the Task Force on Abortion;
2. endorses the report of the Task Force;
3. refers the report to the Primate for appropriate action. CARRIED #65-05-88
Notes
It was agreed that the Primate should send the report to appropriate people in the life of the church and the country.
The Primate, on behalf of the NEC, expressed thanks to Mrs. Creighton, Mrs. Marshall and Dr. Reed for their report.
Subjects
Abortion - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail
Date
1972 November 10
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1972 November 10
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
Toronto hospitals are performing abortions "without restriction," according to a prominent official of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Rev. Arthur Brown, rector of a large Toronto parish and a member of the National Executive Council of General Synod made the charge in connection with deliberations on a forthcoming report by a Task Force on Human Life.
The report is not expected to be completed until the end of 1973 and Father Brown said he and other pastors are impatiently awaiting it for guidance on new and complex moral situations.
He told bishops and other delegates from across Canada to the executive council that "all kinds of girls are going through our hospitals in metropolitan Toronto being aborted of pregnancies." His information, he said, comes from nurses and other hospital staff.
Father Brown claimed that staffs in some Toronto hospitals are aborting without restriction "under the guise of it being good for the total health of the mother."
Five years ago, he said, one Toronto hospital listed 28 abortions. Last year, the number was over 300, "ten times as many, or more."
He said "doctors are compromised by the destruction of human life" in this abortion situation. On becoming doctors, he said, they swear an oath to preserve life but due to the present situation "they are placed in a major compromised situation."
Father Brown said nursing staffs are upset over having to clean up after induced miscarriages and they come to him for guidance.
Archbishop E.W. Scott, primate of the Anglican Church of Canada expressed deep sympathy towards the position described by Father Brown but said the task force's report will take another year due to the complexities of the issues involved.
"It's becoming obvious that people are feeling a need for help in making decisions in these areas," Archbishop Scott said.
"Each case has to be evaluated in terms of the health of the mother and the possible health of the child, and not only on the question of the sanctity of life but also in the area of the quality of life."
Archbishop Scott emphasized that hospital boards deciding abortion cases should include persons representing moral issues as well as medical issues.
Besides abortion, the task force is studying the whole concept of when life begins and ends in relation to euthanasia, transplants, biological engineering and the vast implications of discoveries in biochemistry. Archbishop Scott said the study has become increasingly complex as it delves into the legal, medical, moral and social aspects of life. The task force is composed of lawyers, doctors, research scientists, housewives, social workers, theologians and others. It is also consulting with similarly concerned groups in the United States, Britain and other parts of the world.
A progress report will be presented to the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada at its biennial meeting next May in Regina.
- 30 -
For further information, contact:
Michael O'Meara
Director, Communications Division
924-9192 (Business)
742-8327 (Residence)
Subjects
Abortion - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Human Life
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Medical ethics - Canada
Chaplains, Hospital - Anglican Church of Canada
Brown, Arthur D. (Arthur Durrant), 1926-2011
Less detail

[Anglican Church Campaign to Increase Adoptions in Nova Scotia]

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official5342
Date
1967 June 19
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1967 June 19
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
Halifax, Nova Scotia - Officials of the Department of Public Welfare have expressed thanks to the Anglican Church of Canada for its cooperation in a recent campaign to increase adoptions throughout the province.
There were 46 inquiries from married couples to the provincial coordinator for adoption services following the month-long campaign, according to a statement received by the church's social service department.
It is the first example of co-operation between the Anglican Church and provincial authorities in the adoption field. Church organized officials say they hope such a campaign might also be organized in other provinces.
Anglican clergy were asked by Rt. Rev. W.W. Davis, Bishop of the Diocese of Nova Scotia, to preach on adoption, or conduct a discussion in their churches and to circulate an adoption brochure produced by several denominations.
At present, 21 of the couples that made inquiries have completed or are in the process of completing their adoption.
- 30 -
Subjects
Adoption - Law and legislation - Nova Scotia
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Anglican Church Seeks Third Option in Abortion Debate: Neither Woman nor Foetus Should be Victim, Report Says

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1843
Date
1988 May 13
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1988 May 13
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
For immediate release
Mississauga, May 13, 1988 -- The Anglican Church will today [EDITOR: Friday] attempt to define a third choice in the debate on therapeutic abortion.
A task force report to be delivered to the church's national executive council meeting here this afternoon, says: "Too often the abortion debate is couched in terms of a woman's right over her own body as against a foetus's right to life." It suggests the issue may be addressed from a new perspective in which neither the mother nor the foetus is required to serve as "victim."
"Christians hold a spectrum of personal views about the morality of abortion, from utter rejection of it to conviction that it is a personal ethical matter for a woman."
Either approach, the report suggests, is one-sided: either it ignores the cry of the unborn while trying to raise the status of women; or it remains indifferent to the plight of women while trying to protect the unborn.
The task force was convened in March to consider the Anglican Church's stance on abortion in light of the Supreme Court's decision in the Morgentaler case. That decision declared the provisions of the Criminal Code dealing with abortions to be unconstitutional. The church had previously expressed its support for the law.
The 15-page report recommends that the church continue to oppose unregulated access to abortion. The church, it says, sees abortion as "always a tragedy fraught with moral ambiguity...To resort to abortion lightly or casually is to degrade our humanity, to deny the responsibility and responsiveness of human nature."
SEEKING "TRUE" CHOICE
The report spends its greatest energy addressing the circumstances in which women "choose" abortion. In many cases, it says, the choice is hollow: When women choose to abort, it is frequently in coercive, lonely and grief-stricken circumstances where they feel completely unable to bear their child. Often the biggest problem facing the woman is her lack of a real social and economic support system. Many women who choose not to bear their children, then, make their decision out of alienation and hopelessness.
"For us as Christians, such despair cannot be left as the motive force...True choice must involve alternatives to despair."
The report says new legislation to regulate abortion should "establish procedures to make abortion available equitably across the country as a therapeutic measure for women whose pregnancies endanger their life or their physical or mental health." It says counselling should be required.
The report rejects the concept of legislating easy access to early abortion and more restricted access later in the term (after 12 weeks for example): "Abortion is always the taking of a human life and, in our view, should never be done except for serious therapeutic reasons. Any such line is arbitrary and seems to argue that the value of the foetus and the seriousness of abortion in the early stages will be discounted."
ABORTION OR POVERTY TOO OFTEN ONLY CHOICE
Noting that many women have a choice of aborting a foetus or bearing a child to live in poverty, the report urges an extensive program of social action to reduce conditions which make the choice of abortion more likely. It stresses the need for:
* more affordable housing;
* pay equity for women;
* a guaranteed annual income, and other financial measures "to secure the dignity -- indeed the survival -- of mothers and children;"
* universally accessible, publicly funded child care;
* an intensified national program to collect child support payments from delinquent fathers;
* better educational programs about sexuality, including contraception, in the schools;
* and other measures.
The council, which has been meeting since Wednesday, concludes late this afternoon.
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For further information contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communications, Anglican Church of Canada, (416) 924-9192 ext 286, (416) 335-8349 residence
Subjects
Abortion - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Sexual ethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Women - Canada
Birth control - Canada
Birth control - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Contraception - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Poor women - Canada
Poverty - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Long Range Planning Committee Report [Abortion]

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1124
Date
1980 June
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 89
Date
1980 June
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 89
Mover
Miss W. Ainsworth
Seconder
Mrs. E. Rankin
Text
That this General Synod encourage each diocese to be responsible for sending copies of resolutions passed at General Synod regarding abortion and programs of education on this topic once they are developed, to the various secular agencies involved in counselling of families and young women facing issues of abortion. CARRIED ACT 89
Subjects
Abortion - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Maternity Benefits

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official2326
Date
1983 October 31-November 4
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 8-11-83
Date
1983 October 31-November 4
Source
House of Bishops. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 8-11-83
Mover
Bishop Bothwell
Seconder
Bishop Hannen
Text
That we accept this as a working paper, and if it needs to be revised, it be brought forward for further consideration at a future meeting of the House. CARRIED #8-11-83
Notes
Appendix B
MATERNITY BENEFITS FOR ANGLICAN CLERGYWOMEN
(A National House of Bishops Proposal - October 1983)
The following guidelines are presented to Dioceses to enable the development of maternity benefits for ordained women working in the Anglican Church of Canada. Dioceses are requested to keep the National House of Bishops informed about changes made in implementing these suggestions.
As a church which ordains women we have a new responsibility for ministering to those we employ, and for furnishing means of supporting their ministry. The Church welcomes the concern for women, children and family which is expressed in legislation and agreements. Nine out of ten provinces in Canada have legislation to ensure maternity leave and benefits for working women as a basic employment standard. The Federal Public Service goes well beyond provincial requirements in allowing 37 weeks leave. A number of companies include generous benefits in contracts with their employees, some providing for up to one year's leave.
The Church places a high value on the welfare of the whole family and is committed to provide leadership in upholding the quality of family life and of human development. The document outlines important aspects of what this means especially in negotiations with its female clergy.
In the Anglican Church of Canada, National Church House has led the way in adopting the provincial legislation of Ontario, with the added benefit of six weeks full pay at the beginning of maternity leave. In doing this the Church bears witness to the fuller life of community with God (Rev. 21:1-5) of whose perfect expression it represents the foretaste. (Acts 2: 42-47)
MATERNAL/PATERNAL LEAVE FOR CLERGY
1. PREGNANCY LEAVE
In accordance with the laws of each province, there shall be a flexible 16 to 18 week leave of absence for ordained women who have been employed for at least 12 months. Such persons shall be paid full salary for six weeks at the beginning of the pregnancy leave. (This includes the two-week waiting period required by the Unemployment Insurance Commission).
Unemployment Insurance will then pay 60% of average insurable earnings for the last 20 weeks of employment, to a maximum of $174 per week, for a period of 10 to 12 weeks, depending upon the provincial legislation. Due to the nature of clergy pay schemes realistic attention must be paid to car and housing allowances as well as stipend, in the light of the individual's need, the employer's financial resources, and any government regulations which may apply.
The ordained women must give at least one month's notice, in writing, of the date when the pregnancy leave will begin, together with a medical certificate, estimating the date of delivery. Subject to medical advice, a pregnancy leave shorter than 17 weeks may be chosen, but in no event shall it be shorter than six weeks.
2. PARENTING LEAVE
The mother along with the diocesan consultant* shall negotiate with the parish or other employer for an extended unpaid leave following the 16 to 18 week leave period of up to 8 weeks. Beyond that, the position and benefits will be open for negotiation with the parish, or other employer.
If both parents are clergy and choose to share an unpaid parenting leave it would be advisable for all parties to be as clear as possible about their expectations concerning leaves, pensions and other benefits and contracts.
3. ADOPTION
Leave may be given in cases of adoption of a child up to six years of age in accordance with provincial legislation. Following such leave, an extended unpaid parenting leave may be negotiated with the parish or other employer, together with the diocesan consultant. If both parents are clergy, the leave may be granted to the mother or father, depending on who is giving principal care to the child, or the parents may negotiate to share the leave period.
4. ALLOWANCE
The current provision by the parish for housing, heating, pensions, etc. shall be maintained for the duration of the initial 17 week period of leave.
5. REINSTATEMENT
Every effort shall be made to arrange for an individual who has been granted leave of absence to return to a position comparable to the position held prior to taking the leave. Pension rights and other rights shall be maintained, and normal increments shall be granted.
6. PENSION, MEDICAL INSURANCE PLANS, ETC.
Normally pension and insurance rights shall be maintained for at least the initial 16 - 18 week period, as long as the individual concerned feels able to maintain their own personal contribution toward them. If they are not able and willing to do so, and in any case if any extended leave is negotiated after the birth, pension and other contributions may have to be frozen.
REFERENCES
"Maternity Leave in Canada." published by the Intergovernmental Committee on Women in Employment, February 1980. Available from the Women's Bureau of Labour Canada, or from provincial committees Regulations of each province.
Provisions for Pregnancy Leave in effect at National Church House.
Maternal/Paternal Leave Policy for Members of the Order of Ministry, United Church of Canada.
Note: This paper is a response to a Draft Report prepared by a Task Force of the General Synod Committee on Ministry prepared by Representatives of the Anglican Clergy Women, Diocese of Niagara amended by the National House of Bishops ad hoc Task Force October 1983.
* The diocesan consultant is to be a church person who has expertise in these negotiations. The person is appointed by the bishop.
Subjects
Maternity leave - Canada
Maternity leave - Law and legislation - Ontario
Maternity leave - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Parental leave - Canada
Parental leave - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Employees
Women clergy - Anglican Church of Canada
Clergy couples - Anglican Church of Canada
Employment - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Personnel management
Less detail

Practice of Surrogate Motherhood Unacceptable, Anglican Group Says; Calls for Legal Changes to Prevent Spread of Surrogacy in Canada

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1442
Date
1989 May 2
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Date
1989 May 2
Source
Anglican News Service
Record Type
Press Release
Text
Toronto, May 2, 1989 -- The practice of surrogate motherhood is offensive and unacceptable because it turns children into "commodities", an Anglican Church task force says. The report takes issue with a recent Ontario Law Reform Commission report which recommended procedures to regularize the practice.
Task force members will present their report at a news conference Tuesday, May 2 at 9:30 a.m. at 135 Adelaide Street East (Anglican Diocese of Toronto).
In surrogate motherhood, when a husband and wife cannot have children naturally, the husband may hire the services of another woman. This so-called "surrogate" mother is then artificially inseminated with the husband's sperm.
"Human beings must be treated as ends, not means," says the task force report. "The humanity of women must not be subordinated to their reproductive capacities. Nor may children be deliberately created for sale. These two grave ethical flaws are inherent in surrogate motherhood. The buying and selling of human beings, for whatever purpose, incorporates the evil present in slavery and is just as offensive."
The report recommends that contracts for surrogate motherhood be unenforceable in Canada and that provincial laws governing adoption be reviewed to ensure that adoption procedures cannot be abused to bring about surrogate motherhood arrangements. "If provincial adoption laws cannot ensure that surrogacy is banned in Canada," the report says, "we recommend that federal legislation be enacted making it a criminal offence to recommend, initiate, arrange or agree to the bearing of a child in a surrogacy arrangement for payment in cash or in kind." The several recommendations in the report will be presented for discussion in June to the General Synod, the church's highest legislative body.
The task force was authorized in May 1987 by the church's national executive council. Its members include: Rt. Rev. John Baycroft, Suffragan Bishop of Ottawa; the Rev. Bruce Alton, Trinity College; Phyllis Creighton, editor, University of Toronto Press; Marsha Hewitt, professor, Trinity College; and the Rev. Don Thompson, professor, Centre for Christian Studies.
- 30 -
For further information, contact: Doug Tindal, Director of Communications, (416) 925-9192 ext. 286 (bus.), (416) 335-8349 (res.)
Subjects
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Law and legislation - Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Task Force on Surrogate Motherhood
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Law and legislation - Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Report of the House of Bishops

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official2088
Date
1988 November 16-18
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 49-11-88
Date
1988 November 16-18
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 49-11-88
Mover
Most Rev. W.H. Jones
Seconder
Rt. Rev. H.J.P. Allan
Prologue
The Primate, as President of the House, presented the report and outlined the recommendations.
Text
That this National Executive Council authorize the Primate to take the necessary steps as soon as possible to have the Report on Abortion, following minor revisions, printed in an appropriate form and made available to the church and the Canadian public. CARRIED #49-11-88
Subjects
Abortion - Canada
Abortion - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail
Date
1977 August
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 71
Date
1977 August
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 71
Mover
Prof. F. Slingerland
Seconder
Dr. D.H. Gould
Text
That the service entitled "Thanksgiving for the Birth or Adoption of a Child" submitted to this General Synod be approved for publication and experimental use in the Anglican Church of Canada where authorized by the Bishop. CARRIED ACT 71
Subjects
Liturgy - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada - Liturgy - Texts
Children - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Surrogacy and Christian Marriage

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official839
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 71
Date
1989 June 15-23
Source
General Synod. Minutes
Record Type
Act 71
Mover
Rt. Rev. J.A. Baycroft
Seconder
Rev. M. Holmen
Prologue
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada agree that:
1. We affirm marriage, as a lifelong union in faithful love to the exclusion of all others on either side, to be a full and complete sacrament of the unity between two persons in and of itself. We support those who have entered into this covenant.
2. We understand that the procreation of children is a good that might come out of a couple's mutual love, but the absence of children in no way renders a marriage incomplete.
3. We affirm any married couple's desire for children from their union. But we ask all couples, their friends and families, to consider the reality of various limitations for example, fertility, personality, genetic impairment which may make children for them either impossible, hurtful or simply unwise. We ask our Christian communities to uphold those who are living within such limitations or restrictions.
4. We find the practice of "surrogate motherhood" to be an unacceptable means of acquiring children, whether undertaken as a financial or charitable transaction. We find that this dehumanizing practice reduces human life in the new "image of God" to a commodity. It removes the creation of new life from the sacramental relationship of woman and man in mutual love. It leaves a legacy for both birth mother and child which in all likelihood will be hurtful and destructive.
5. We express our ethical concern that the practice of "surrogate motherhood" will abuse women by denying their role as the actual bearers and mothers of children.
6. We pledge our support to couples who would wish to have children from their union but find themselves unable to do so. We pray that they will find satisfaction for this longing without resorting to any technology or practice which may ultimately be disrespectful or destructive to them, their marriage, a child, or any other person. We encourage technologies and practices which do respect each of these.
Mrs. Margaret McKeith requested that the following paragraph be added to the resolution:
"7. We affirm adoptive parents and adopted children in the life of the church as full members of the Christian family".
The mover and seconder agreed.
The Reverend Michael Rowe requested that paragraph #2 be changed as follows:
"2. We understand that the procreation of children is a good that might come out of a couple's mutual love, but the absence of children in itself does not compromise the integrity and value of a marriage".
Text
The change was accepted by the mover and seconder.
The motion now reads:
That this General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada agree that:
1. We affirm marriage, as a lifelong union in faithful love to the exclusion of all others on either side, to be a full and complete sacrament of the unity between two persons in and of itself. We support those who have entered into this covenant.
2. We understand that the procreation of children is a good that might come out of a couple's mutual love, but the absence of children in itself does not compromise the integrity and value of a marriage.
3. We affirm any married couple's desire for children from their union. But we ask all couples, their friends and families, to consider the reality of various limitations for example, fertility, personality, genetic impairment which may make children for them either impossible, hurtful or simply unwise. We ask our Christian communities to uphold those who are living within such limitations or restrictions.
4. We find the practice of "surrogate motherhood" to be an unacceptable means of acquiring children, whether undertaken as a financial or charitable transaction. We find that this dehumanizing practice reduces human life in the new "image of God" to a commodity. It removes the creation of new life from the sacramental relationship of woman and man in mutual love. It leaves a legacy for both birth mother and child which in all likelihood will be hurtful and destructive.
5. We express our ethical concern that the practice of "surrogate motherhood" will abuse women by denying their role as the actual bearers and mothers of children.
6. We pledge our support to couples who would wish to have children from their union but find themselves unable to do so. We pray that they will find satisfaction for this longing without resorting to any technology or practice which may ultimately be disrespectful or destructive to them, their marriage, a child, or any other person. We encourage technologies and practices which do respect each of these.
7. We affirm adoptive parents and adopted children in the life of the church as full members of the Christian family. The revised motion was put and CARRIED Act 71
Subjects
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Bioethics - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Family - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Marriage - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Children - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Adoption - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

12 records – page 1 of 2.