That this Synod adopts the Recommendation that the A.N.C. be not reappointed on the ground that its purposes have been well accomplished and that its Recommendations can now be carried out by existing Departments of the Church's work; and further, that the hearty congratulations and thanks of the Synod be given to the Officers and Members of the Commission for the work they have done and for the great and far-reaching results that have been attached. CARRIED in both Houses.
In 1933 various articles appeared in the daily papers asking for an investigation of conditions in the penitentiaries and citing various abuses. The matter was taken up by the late General Secretary, who carried on correspondence with the various chaplains, with the Prisoners' Aid and Welfare Association in Montreal and interviewed personally several discharged prisoners in an endeavour to get some information on the subject. The late Canon Vernon headed a delegation from the Social Service Council of Canada to wait on the Premier and the Minister of Justice with recommendations on penal reform. He obtained permission from the Minister of Justice to visit the various penitentiaries in the autumn of 1933. At the last annual meeting of the Council for Social Service the following resolutions were passed:
1. There ought to be a thorough investigation and study by an independent and representative commission of all our penal and reformatory institutions, whether dominion, provincial or local, and of the entire system of dealing with delinquents and criminals.
2. Careful consideration should be given to the findings of the Royal Commission of 1914, and of the committee of 1921.
3. That the English Adult Probation System, and the so-called Borstal System, should be carefully considered with a view to their adoption in Canada.
4. And that copies of the foregoing recommendations be sent to the Premier of the Dominion, and the Minister of Justice, to the Premier and attorney-generals of the various provinces, to the Social Service Council of Canada, and to the Canadian Prisoners' Welfare Association.
We understand that conditions have improved very much in the last year, and various reforms have been instituted. The restrictions that formerly hampered the chaplains in the discharge of their duties have been lessened, and it is felt that in future a greater effort will be made to help the men to get such training and education, both mental and spiritual, while they are in the penitentiary, that will enable them to re-establish themselves when they are released.
That in the tenth and following lines all the words following "1933" down to and including "Welfare Association" be not printed in the published Report. CARRIED in both Houses.
That the Parliament of Canada be urged to put into effect in Canada a system of dealing with persons convicted of crime between the ages of 16 and 21 similar, so far as circumstances may warrant, to that known in England as the Borstal System, so that in dealing with young offenders proper segregation may be secured and the reformation of such offenders be facilitated; and that this Resolution be forwarded to the Social Service Council of Canada for action. CARRIED in both Houses.
That this Synod urges the various Provincial Legislatures to pass Statutes establishing machinery for making effective the provision now in the Federal Criminal Code respecting Probation. CARRIED in both Houses.
That this Synod refers these paragraphs of the Report of the Executive Council to each Diocese of the Church in Canada, through the Bishop of each Diocese, with an expression of hope that prayers may be offered by all, and plans made everywhere that may be most suited to conditions of each Diocese, for the Educational and Evangelistic movements proposed; that Clergy and Laity alike may study anew the presence and power of the Holy Spirit, in the Church, and its members, in the Apostles' days and our own; that by the grace of God the whole Church of God may be renewed in power for the fulfilment of her tasks and the fruitful use of her present opportunity in the world. CARRIED in both Houses.
That before the Reports of the Delegates to the Oxford and Edinburgh Conferences are published by the General Synod a Committee consisting of the Bishop of Niagara, Principals Waller and McElheran and Canon Davison be asked to edit them so as to bring the recommendations contained therein in line with the action of this Synod:
And that the resolution passed by this Synod re Life and Work and Faith and Order be printed along with these reports. CARRIED in both Houses.
That this General Synod in session assembled extends to the Rev. John Antel [sic i.e. Antle] in his retirement from "Active Service" as Skipper, Founder and Superintendent of the Columbia Coast Mission the grateful thanks of the whole Canadian Church, and prays for him at eventide calm sailing and safe anchorage, and furthermore humbly prays for his successor the Rev. Alan Greene a double portion of the same missionary zeal and enterprise in establishing the kingdom of our Lord and Master on Canada's Western Shores. CARRIED in both Houses.
Message No.3 "Report of the Committee on Method of Electing the Primate" consideration of which had been deferred until the Report should be in the hands of the members of the House, was now considered. The following Report was read by the Deputy-Prolocutor:
Committee on Method of Electing the Primate
The Committee met on Monday evening, Sept. 12th, 1927, in the City Hall, Kingston, Ont.
There were present, the Archbishops of Huron and New Westminster, the Bishops of Fredericton, Montreal, Ottawa and Saskatchewan, and Chancellor Gisborne.
The Archbishop of Huron was elected chairman of the Committee in succession to the Archbishop of Algoma.
The Chairman reviewed the work of the Committee hitherto and read the correspondence which had been handed to him by the Archbishop of Algoma. The correspondence covered a period from 1921 to the present time.
After a full consideration of the present situation and of suggested changes, the Committee passed the following resolution, viz.:
"That the Committee, after careful consideration of many points of view, both practical and historical, that have been brought before them, have come to the conclusion that they can recommend no change in the method of the election of the Primate."
The Committee now beg to submit this Report and recommend its adoption.
David Huron, Chairman; John Charles Ottawa, Secretary; Sept. 12, 1927, Kingston, Ont.
Resolved, That this House concurs in Message No.3.
No.3 Election of Primate
That the Report of the Committee on the Method of Election of Primate be adopted recommending that no change be made in the manner of the election and that the Lower House be asked to concur.
That the Lower House concurs in Message No.3 of the Upper House.
That work on behalf of Prisoners in the Province of Ontario now being carried by the Office of the Council for Social Service be referred to the Authorities of the Provincial Synod of Ontario with the request that they confer with the General Secretary of the C.S.S. upon the matter. CARRIED in both Houses.
Your Committee met and organized in November 1911.
Following up the Report of the World Conference held in Lausanne in 1930, and in compliance with recommendation 3 of the Report of the Committee on Re-union presented at the last meeting of the General Synod, your Committee appointed the following Theologians to consider the Lausanne Report -- The Archbishop of Ottawa, the Bishop of Algoma,the Bishop of Saskatoon, the Rev. Canon Abbott-Smith, Principal of the Montreal Diocesan Theological College, the rev. Dr. Carrington, Dean of Divinity of Bishop's College, Lennoxville, the Rev. Dr. Hunt, Professor of King's College, N.S., the Rev. Professor Kingston, Professor of Trinity College, Toronto, the Rev. Dr. Pilcher, Professor of Wycliffe College, Toronto, the Rev. Dr. Waller, Principal of Huron College, London, the Rev. Canon J.O. Murray, Professor of St. John's College, Winnipeg, the Ven. Archdeacon Blagrave, and the Very Rev. A.F.C. Whalley, Dean of Nova Scotia. The Archbishop of Ottawa presented the final Report of the Committee of Theologians on the 6th April, 1934, which we submit herewith.
"Report of a Committee of Theologians of the Church of England in Canada.
"To the Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of Montreal,
Chairman of the Committee on Faith and Order:
"At the meeting of the General Synod Committee on Faith and Order, held in Toronto on September 21st, 1933, the Archbishop of Ottawa gave a verbal report on his correspondence with a Committee of Theologians to whom the report of the Lausanne Conference had been referred by direction of the General Synod. The terms of reference were as follows:
"'That the Committee on Faith and Order be instructed to appoint a Committee of Theologians to assist them in the study of the Lausanne reports, and particularly as to their consistency with the standards of the Church of England in Canada'.
"From twelve Theologians with whom Archbishop Roper corresponded, some eight replies had been received, from which he had drawn up an interim report, and sent it again to them. He asked that Principal Waller might be associated with him in preparing a final draft for presentation to the Committee on Faith and Order.
"We are now able to report as follows:
"It is felt by all that the spirit of the reports is admirable, and the amount of agreement arrived at most encouraging, especially when we consider the great variety of opinion represented at the Conference at Lausanne. Great appreciation is also expressed of the fact that a report, such as that on 'The Church's Message to the World, the Gospel', should have been adopted unanimously by the whole Conference.
"The Lausanne reports, with the exception of the first, 'The Call to Unity', and second, 'The Gospel', consist of statements both of agreements reached and of differences recorded. We find that on the whole the statements of agreement on the positive side are not inconsistent with the standards of the Church of England in Canada. We must add, however, the following criticisms made by one or more members of the sub-committee:
"1. The agreements reached are very valuable as a basis of further discussion and as an approach to ultimate unity. They allow, however, as the points of difference indicate, great variety of interpretation, and are not, therefore, in themselves as yet adequate to serve as a basis of reunion. Some of our number feel that as they stand, owing to certain omissions, the amount of agreement may be over-estimated.
"2. Some of the Committee feel that before the agreements reached can be in full accord with the Faith as we have received it, and with the conception of the Church and of the sacraments found in the Book of Common Prayer, there must be a further united study of the Incarnation, and a deeper agreement as to the full significance of this fundamental fact and doctrine of the Christian faith. They feel also that in this fuller apprehension of the Incarnation will be found the key to further agreement on the closely related doctrine of Grace, which we are glad to know is already being studied anew under the direction of the Continuation Committee.
"3. With regard to the Ministry we find some real gain in the general acceptance of the five propositions laid down in the report:
- "(1) The Ministry is a gift of God through Christ to His Church, and is essential to the being and well-being of the Church.
- "(2) The Ministry is perpetually authorized and made effective through Christ and His Spirit.
- "(3) The purpose of the Ministry is to impart to men the saving and sanctifying benefits of Christ through pastoral service, the preaching of the Gospel, and the administration of the Sacraments, to be made effective by faith.
- "(4) The Ministry is entrusted with the government and discipline of the Church, in whole or in part.
- "(5) Men, gifted for the work of the Ministry, called by the Spirit and accepted by the Church, are commissioned through an act of ordination, by prayer and the laying on of hands, to exercise the functions of this Ministry.
"We welcome the careful statement of differences in the notes added to the report. Some members of the Committee, however, feel that if ultimately one form of Ministry is to receive recognition by the whole Church, while the question of its origin may remain open, there must be agreement as to its present authority and functions.
"All of which is respectfully submitted,
(Signed) John Charles Ottawa, Chairman,
(Signed) C. Cameron Waller, Secretary".
For economic reasons changes have been made in the organization of Faith and Order. The Geneva Office has been closed, and the services of a full-time Secretary dispensed with. The Rev. Canon Hodgson, of Winchester, Acting General Secretary, gives "his services free, besides giving the General Secretary's office a home in his house". While the Hon. Alanson Houghton continues as Treasurer in New York, in order to save money through fluctuations of exchange; the Rev. Canon Tissington Tatlow, was appointed Regional Treasurer in England.
It has also been decided by a joint committee representing the Americans sections of the World Conference on Faith and Order, and the Universal Christian Council for Life and Work, that the Conferences of the two Movements be held in the same city, or in easily accessible adjacent cities, with a short interval in between for rest. That the programmes for the two Conferences be mutually arranged, and that co-ordination as to office help, administration and financial appeals as may be consistent with the recognized independence of the two organizations.
The next World Conference will be held in August 1937 at Lausanne, when the general subject will be, "The Church and the Purpose of God". The Continuation Committee urge:
1. That Conferences, "little Lausannes", should be organized in all centres representing "as many Churches and ecclesiastical traditions as possible:, in order that the fullest preparation should be made to educate Christendom for the World Conference by careful study of the subject to be discussed.
Your Committee recommends that the General Synod take action to inaugurate such Conferences.
2. That each Church should appoint delegates to the Conference in 1937 now, in order that he delegates may have ample time to prepare themselves thoroughly to forward the great work before us.
We herewith submit the financial statement.
Wilmot Niagara, Secretary.
John Montreal, Chairman.
STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS FOR FAITH AND ORDER CENTRAL COMMITTEE
[Text of financial statement NOT included in electronic database.]
That the Report of the Commission on Faith and Order be adopted. CARRIED in both Houses.