Chancellor David Jones, Chair, presented the report. He advised that, for many years, a number of provisions contained in the Declaration of Principles have been duplicated in the Constitution. The GWG presented four resolutions to General Synod 2010 to deal with this situation—one amended the Declaration of Principles, two amended the Constitution, and one amended the Rules of Order. The amendment to the Declaration of Principles must be approved at two sessions of General Synod.
That this Council of General Synod recommend Second Reading of the following resolution to General Synod 2013.
- Be it resolved that this General Synod give Second Reading to amend sections 3, 4 and 5 of the Declaration of Principles to read as follows:
-- 3. Membership
--- a) The General Synod of The Anglican Church of Canada shall be organized in three Orders: the Order of Bishops, the Order of Clergy and the Order of Laity.
--- b) Members of the Orders of Clergy and Laity shall be members of the diocesan synod, or eligible to be members of the diocesan synod, of the diocese they represent.
--- c) The number of clergy and lay members elected by each diocese shall be determined relative to the size of the diocese.
--- d) Each diocese shall elect the same number of lay members as clergy members.
--- e) Each diocese shall be entitled to elect or appoint one youth representative in addition to the clergy and lay members it is entitled to elect.
--- f) Other non-diocesan or quasi-diocesan jurisdictions in the Church may also be entitled to representation as specified in the Constitution.
--- g) The Constitution may provide for ex officio members of the General Synod.
-- 4. Sessions
--- The three Orders shall sit and vote together, except where specifically provided for in the Constitution, Canons or Rules of Order.
5. Voting by Dioceses
--- The Rules of Order shall make provision for a vote by dioceses where demanded.
Number of Clerical and Lay Members of General Synod
The Chancellor outlined the three principles of representation underlying the current composition of General Synod:
- 1. All 30 dioceses should have significant voice at General Synod regardless of size.
- 2. The number of members from each diocese should be proportional to the number of Anglicans in the diocese.
- 3. General Synod should not have so many members that it cannot function effect-ively as a forum for the exchange of views, the advocacy of positions and the formulation of policy.
Currently, the entitlement for members (both clerical and lay) is based on the number of licensed clergy in the diocese. As this is no longer a satisfactory measure of the number of Anglicans in a diocese, the Chancellor advised there is a considerable variation in licensing practices across the country.
The Chancellor provided details on the size of both the 2007 and 2010 General Synods, drawing attention to Appendix A of the GWG report, containing the Group’s 2010 proposed formula, and Appendix B, the resolution given first reading at GS 2010.
As a result of further work during the current triennium [see Appendices C, D and E of the report], the Chancellor advised that the GWG is proposing the revised formula set out in the resolution below.
That this Council of General Synod recommend to General Synod 2013 the adoption of amendments to Section 8 f) of the Constitution.
Be it resolved by this General Synod as follows:
1. Section 8 f) of the Constitution is amended to read as follows:
- Dioceses shall be entitled to elect clerical and lay members of the General Synod as follows:
- i) for dioceses having an average attendance of 2,499 persons or less, one member of each Order;
- ii) for dioceses having an average attendance between 2,500 and 4,999 persons, two members of each Order;
- iii) for dioceses having an average attendance between 5,000 and 9,999 persons, three members of each Order;
- iv) for dioceses having an average attendance between 10,000 and 14,999 persons, four members of each Order;
- v) for dioceses having an average attendance of 15,000 or more persons, five members of each Order plus one additional member of each Order for each 5,000 of additional average attendance in excess of 15,000.
- vi) the words “average attendance”, as used in this section and elsewhere in the Constitution, shall mean the average attendance for liturgical celebrations for Easter, Pentecost, the second Sunday in September and Christmas in the second and third calendar years prior to the year in which General Synod will take place, as reported by the Diocese to Church House.
2. Paragraph 9 b) of the Constitution is deleted, paragraph 9 a) is renumbered as 9 b), and the following is enacted as new paragraph 9 a):
- 9 a) As soon as practicable in the year prior to the year in which General Synod will take place, the General Secretary shall publish the number of clerical and lay members which each diocese is entitled to pursuant to paragraph 8 f).
Chancellor Jones responded to numerous questions.
It was noted that the GWG [Governance Working Group] has been in existence for three triennia (reporting to General Synod in 2007, 2010 and 2013) and that the membership of the Group has been identical for the past six years. COGS was advised that the General Secretary has assumed responsibility for future appointments to GWG.
Chancellor Jones advised that, previously, the Bishop Ordinary was also a diocesan bishop. However, as the office has become stand-alone, provision is required for the election and possible consecration of future Bishops Ordinary. Following discussions with Bishop Coffin (the current Bishop Ordinary), the Chapter and members of the Anglican Military Ordinariate, and the Primate, the GWG is proposing the adoption of Canon XXIII.
That this Council of General Synod recommend the adoption of Canon XXIII to General Synod 2013.
Be it resolved that this General Synod enact Canon XXIII and consequential amendments to the Constitution, Canon III, and the Handbook as follows:
THE BISHOP ORDINARY TO THE CANADIAN FORCES
The purpose of this Canon is to make provision for the election of the Bishop Ordinary to the Canadian Forces.
1. The Bishop Ordinary
The Bishop Ordinary has an episcopal relationship with all ordained and lay members of the Anglican Military Ordinariate.
The Bishop Ordinary is a member of the House of Bishops and General Synod.
2. Eligibility for being elected as the Bishop Ordinary
A person is eligible for election as the Bishop Ordinary if that person:
- (a) is of the full age of thirty years and less than seventy years of age;
- (b) is a priest or bishop in Holy Orders of The Anglican Church of Canada, or of a church in full communion therewith;
- (c) is faithful in the doctrines and discipline of The Anglican Church of Canada as determined and defined by the official formularies of that church;
- (d) is known and recognized as being a person of integrity and moral stature;
- (e) has those qualities and abilities of leadership, experience and learning that will enable that person to fulfill the duties of a chief pastor in the Church of God; and
- (f) acknowledges that the Bishop Ordinary must achieve and maintain the citizenship, language, security clearance and other requirements of the Canadian Forces which affect the work of the Bishop Ordinary.
3. The Search Committee
When a vacancy occurs (or is about to occur) in the office of Bishop Ordinary, and the Primate is satisfied that there is adequate financial provision for the office to be filled, the Bishop’s Council of the Anglican Military Ordinariate will create a Search Committee (see section 8 below) to:
- (a) determine any specific qualities or additional qualifications that might be required or desirable with respect to the person elected to fill the vacancy;
- (b) identify potential candidates and determine whether they are willing to stand for election;
- (c) prepare for the Electoral College a short list of electoral candidates;
- (d) assemble for the Electoral College relevant background material, references, and other information concerning the electoral candidates on the short list; and
(e) generally do all things necessary to organize the election process.
4. The Electoral College
The Electoral College (see section 9 below) will elect a person from the list of electoral candidates submitted by the Search Committee, and will send the name of the Bishop Ordinary-elect to the Primate for concurrence by the Primate and the four Provincial Metropolitans.
5. Concurrence, Consecration and Installation
Following concurrence by the Primate and the four Provincial Metropolitans, the Primate will consecrate the Bishop Ordinary-elect (if not already a bishop) and install the Bishop Ordinary in office.
6. Retirement of the Bishop Ordinary
The Bishop Ordinary must retire on reaching the age of 70.
7. Vacancy in the Office of the Bishop Ordinary
If the Bishop Ordinary dies, resigns, retires, or for any other reason the office of the Bishop Ordinary is vacant, or the Primate determines that the Bishop Ordinary is unable to act because of absence, illness or any other reason, the Primate in consultation with the four Provincial Metropolitans and the Bishop’s Council may designate a bishop in The Anglican Church of Canada willing to undertake the task as the Acting Bishop Ordinary.
8. The Search Committee
The Anglican Military Ordinariate shall enact an Ordinariate canon with respect to the composition and work of the Search Committee.
The Ordinariate canon about the Search Committee:
- (a) must provide for at least two lay members of the Search Committee;
- (b) may provide that some or all of the work of the Search Committee may be done by electronic means; and
- (c) shall not come into force or be amended without prior written approval by the Primate.
9. The Electoral College
The Anglican Military Ordinariate shall enact an Ordinariate canon with respect to the composition and procedures to be used by the Electoral College.
The Ordinariate canon about the Electoral College:
- (a) must provide for the Electoral College to include a house of laity as well as a house of clergy, and that the election of a Bishop Ordinary must be concurred in by a majority of each of these two houses;
- (b) may provide that some or all of the proceedings of the Electoral College (including voting) may be done by electronic means; and
- (c) shall not come into effect or be amended without prior written approval by the Primate.
Consequential Amendments to the Constitution, Canon III and the Handbook
The following amendments are included in the above resolution:
- Sections 33 a) vii) and 33 e) iv) are amended to change the words “Anglican Ordinariate” to “Anglican Military Ordinariate”.
- Section 33 f) iii) is amended to change the words “section 33 a) viii)” to “section 33 a) vii)”.
- Canon III is amended to change “Chapter” to “Bishop’s Council”.
- The definition of “Bishop Ordinary” in the Glossary of Terms Used in the Handbook is amended by deleting the words “appointed by the Primate”.