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74 records – page 1 of 8.

Date
1986 November
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 65-11-86
Date
1986 November
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 65-11-86
Mover
Rev. M.C. Ingham
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Prologue
Archdeacon Hendra presented an interim report from a review group which was asked to review the Terms of Reference of ACNAC. The group has agreed that the links provided through ACNAC are valued, however it is questioning ECUSA's interest. It would be irresponsible to dissolve ACNAC without a substitute, but the group has no alternative suggestions at this time.
The Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee recommended the reinstatement of the allocation to ACNAC in the 1987 Program Budget.
Text
That this recommendation from the Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee be referred to the Program Committee for information. CARRIED #65-11-86
Subjects
Anglican Council of North America and the Caribbean (ACNAC)
Anglican Church of Canada. Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee
Less detail

ACNAC [Anglican Council of North America and the Caribbean]

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official9815
Date
1986 November
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 65-11-86
Date
1986 November
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 65-11-86
Mover
Rev. M.C. Ingham
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Prologue
Archdeacon Hendra presented an interim report from a review group which was asked to review the Terms of Reference of ACNAC [Anglican Council of North America and the Caribbean]. The group has agreed that the links provided through ACNAC are valued, however it is questioning ECUSA's interest. It would be irresponsible to dissolve ACNAC without a substitute, but the group has no alternative suggestions at this time.
The Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee recommended the reinstatement of the allocation to ACNAC in the 1987 Program Budget.
Text
That this recommendation from the Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee be referred to the Program Committee for information. CARRIED #65-11-86
Subjects
Anglican Council of North America and the Caribbean (ACNAC)
Anglican Church of Canada. Inter-Church and Inter-Faith Relations Committee
Less detail

Acts of the General Synod 1989

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official673
Date
1989 October 25-27
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 32-10-89
Date
1989 October 25-27
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 32-10-89
Mover
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Seconder
Ven. D.J. Woeller
Prologue
The Officers of the General Synod, prior to this meeting, had reviewed the Acts directed to the National Executive Council. Suggestions as to appropriate action are shown on Document #027-02-89-10.
The Acts were discussed by the National Executive Council, as follows:
Act 140 - Program Purpose and Goals for 1989-1995
No action was required.
Act 154 - Relations Between General Synod and Independent Mission Societies
Action to be taken by Partners-In-Mission and Program Committee and to be brought back to a future meeting of the National Executive Council
Act 37 - Confidentiality
Action to be taken by the House of Bishops and the Doctrine and Worship Committee. This will be discussed at the December 1989 meeting of Chancellors and Metropolitans
Act 38 - Compensation Policies and Practices
The Stipend Committee will be asked to gather responses, for placing before the National Executive Council
Act 88 - Funding Theological Education
Action to be taken by the Program, Ministry, and Stewardship and Financial Development Committees; then to be brought back to the National Executive Council
See also motion #47-10-89 (page 37).
Act 158 - Multiculturalism
See motion #46-10-89 (on page 37).
Act 97 - The Book of Alternative Services
See motion #37-10-89 (page 31).
Act 156 - Planning the Development of a New Hymn Book
The Doctrine and Worship Committee will be requested to regularly include, in its report to the National Executive Council, information on how it is dealing with this resolution
Act 112 - Surrogate Parenting
It was agreed that this resolution should be conveyed to the federal government now; and reiterated when it becomes a public issue
Act 139 - Anglican Journal Review
See Report #030-01-89-10 to the National Executive Council.
Text
That this National Executive Council approve the referrals proposed by the Officers and the action, as discussed at this meeting, regarding the disposition of the acts of the General Synod referred to this Council. CARRIED #32-10-89
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod (32nd : 1989 : St. John's, Nfld.) - Resolutions
Missions - Anglican Church of Canada
Missions - Societies, etc. - Canada
Independent mission agencies
Confidential communications - Clergy - Anglican Church of Canada
Confession - Anglican Church of Canada
Theological colleges - Canada
Theological education - Anglican Church of Canada
Hymnbooks - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada. Book of Common Praise. 1998
Surrogate motherhood - Canada
Surrogate motherhood - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Reproductive technology - Canada
Reproductive technology - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Journal / Journal Anglican
Less detail

Administration and Finance Committee

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official982
Date
March 1986
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
March 1986
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Dr. D.N. Maybee
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Text
That the Statement of Counsel contained in the report of the Administration and Finance Committee be included in the Minutes. CARRIED
Notes
The Statement of Counsel reads:
Primate's Consultation on Funding
The Administration and Finance Committee considered the report and resolutions from the Primate's Consultation on Funding, and wishes to advise the National Executive Council:
That the Administration and Finance Committee commends the consultative style adopted for consideration of post-A.I.M. funding requirements, and asks that such a style be kept in mind when other matters of national concern are before the Church.
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada - Finance
Primate's Consultation on Funding
Anglican Church of Canada. Administration and Finance Committee
Church fund raising - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail
Date
1987 May 13-15
2000
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 61-05-87
Date
1987 May 13-15
2000
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 61-05-87
Mover
Dr. D.N. Maybee
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Text
That Dr. Gould's paper on AIDS be circulated to the members of the National Executive Council. CARRIED #61-05-87
Notes
[Paper entitled "Eucharistic Practice and the Risk of Infection" by Dr. David H. Gould was submitted to the Doctrine and Worship Committee in April 1987. Copy of paper can be found in OTCH Vertical File "Common cup". Also published as "Resources for Liturgy" No. 12 in January 1988.]
[A new edition of this paper was produced in May 2000 by the Faith, Worship and Ministry Committee at the request of the House of Bishops meeting of 25-29 October 1999 which noted (not in the form of a resolution) on page 20 of those Minutes: "Eucharistic Practice and the Risk of Infection: Bishop Hiltz reminded the House that at its meeting in May 1999, it had reviewed and commented on the paper `Eucharistic Practice and the Risk of Infection' by Dr. David Gould. Those comments were passed on to Dr. Gould by the Faith, Worship and Ministry Committee (FWMC). Dr. Gould had since made some changes to his paper which was distributed to the House of Bishops. Bishop Hiltz, as the episcopal representative on the FWMC, reviewed the revised paper with the House. Bishop Hiltz said the paper will be put into a Ministry Mailer saying it would allow time for the members to do what they'd like with respect to communications within their dioceses about the use of the common cup. Comments on the paper were invited from the floor. There was a concern expressed about the use of actuarial tables in Dr. Gould's pamphlet. The concern was about whether or not we might be opening ourselves to legal liability ? Bishop Hiltz was asked to have a conversation with Dr. Gould about the reference to actuarial tables in the pamphlet before it is mailed out. Another comment was about the reference to AIDS being a possible disease one might get from using a common cup. In fact, the commentator observed, the person most at risk, is the individual with AIDS."]
[Text of 2000 edition of paper as follows [see also http://www.anglican.ca/faith/ministry/euc-practice-infection.htm] :
Eucharistic practice and the risk of infection
By David H. Gould, BA, MD, CM, FRCPC, FICA, A.Th.
Introduction
With the discovery of AIDS a number of fears have arisen regarding the risk of the infection being spread by the use of the "common cup" at the Eucharist. This in turn has led to a re-examination of Eucharistic practices and their potential for transmission of infection. This is not the first instance of such a concern being raised. The influenza epidemic in 1917 raised similar concerns, and the controversy has surfaced periodically since the sixteenth century.
Transmission of infection
At the outset, it is important to recognize that there are a number of general principles that govern the transmission of infection. In no case can exposure to a single virus or bacterium result in infection. For each disease there is a minimum number of the agent (generally in the millions) that must be transmitted from person to person before infection can occur. Our defenses against stray bacteria are immense and can only be overwhelmed by very large numbers of the infective agents. Each infective agent has its own virulence, and each individual has his/her own "host factors" which determine that person's susceptibility to infection. The interaction of the two determines the risk of infection for the individual.
AIDS
It is important to note that the breakdown of all AIDS cases in the USA by risk groups has not significantly changed since the illness was first described, showing that the disease has very limited modes of spread. Not a single family member of a person with AIDS has contacted the disease, even though occasional sharing of drinking cups, eating utensils and on occasion, toothbrushes has occurred.
Despite there now being many millions of cases of AIDS reported throughout the world, there remains no evidence of transmission by saliva, let alone any evidence of transmission by using common drinking utensils. (1) Furthermore, experimental evidence shows that wiping the chalice with the purificator reduces the bacterial count by 90 % (2).
It should also be pointed out that the AIDS virus is destroyed by exposure to air, soap, and virtually any disinfectant (including alcohol) and therefore that normal cleaning procedures if performed carefully ensure protection. This should be remembered not only in the context of the Eucharist, but also in reference to those who minister to AIDS patients (3).
In an atmosphere increasingly dominated by litigation, no one in the medical profession is going to give any absolute reassurance even when scientific data indicates that strong reassurances can be provided.
The present use of the common cup is normative for Anglican churches, and poses no real hazard to health in normal circumstances.
Other infections
It must be admitted that it is difficult to be as reassuring in regards to the use of the common cup in the case of other infectious agents as [it] is in the case of AIDS. But in the case of Hepatitis B virus -- also of concern to health care workers because it too has been isolated from saliva of persons with hepatitis -- it is possible to be reassuring. There is no evidence of any transmission by the oral administration of hepatitis-positive saliva. (4) The same is equally true of bacterial Meningitis.
What is the risk ?
Were there any significant risk to the eucharistic practices of the Anglican church for so many centuries it would seem likely that the evidence would reflect an increased risk for Anglican priests, who have been performing the ablutions for centuries. In fact the opposite is true. Nor do priests appear to have been regularly stricken with any communicable disease that could be traced to the chalice in all that time. Additionally, no episode of disease attributable to the common cup has ever been reported (5) (6). Thus for the average communicant it would seem that the risk of drinking from the common cup is probably less than the risk of air-borne infection in using a common building (7).
Were there any significant risk to the eucharistic practices of the Anglican church for so many centuries it would seem likely that insurance actuarial tables would reflect an increased risk for Anglican priests, who have been performing the ablutions for centuries. In fact the opposite is true.
Nevertheless, eucharistic ministers should be instructed in the proper way to wipe the chalice between communicants. Some procedures that are helpful include: (1) wiping the chalice on the inside of the rim as well as on the outside, (2) opening the purificator to its full size so that a clean part of the purificator is used for each communicant (it may be necessary for the minister to use more than one purificator) and (3) wiping the chalice so that the next communicant does not drink out of the same place on the cup. Similarly, chalices should be washed with soap and water following each Eucharistic liturgy.
It must be pointed out that while the relative risk is low, it is not impossible that infection could be transmitted. This is particularly true of communicants with low resistance to infection, i.e. cancer patients on immunosuppressant therapy, and persons with AIDS. Further examination of alternate Eucharistic practices is therefore warranted.
Intinction
Intinction (dipping the bread in the wine) is in use in many Episcopal Church parishes and is increasingly being suggested in Canadian Churches as well. There is, however, real concern that many of the modes of intinction used in parishes do not diminish the threat of infection, and some may actually increase it. Hands, children's and adult's, are at least as likely to be a source of infection (often more so) as lips. Retention of the wafer in the hand of the recipient then intincting it means that the wafer, now contaminated by the hand of the recipient, is placed in the wine thus spreading the infection to it. The use of an intinction chalice would make no difference in this instance.
If a priest retains the wafer, intincts it, and places it on the tongue of the communicant there is the possibility of his/her hand coming in contact with the tongue, and thereafter spreading the contamination. Meticulous technique would avoid this however, and it would seem better to trust in the technique of one individual (the priest) than in the individual techniques of the communicants should they do the intinction themselves. Therefore, this is the only method of intinction permitted in Roman Catholic parishes. (8) A separate chalice used only for intinction by the priest would be effective in this instance. For parishes using communion "stations", the priest might intinct wafers at one, while others administer the elements in the customary fashion at another.
Hands are at least as likely to be a source of infection (often more so) as are lips.
A further consideration with the practice of intinction is that is is only feasible when wafers are used. More and more churches are starting to recognize the sacramental value of the one loaf of bread that is then divided for distribution. Intinction would not be a tenable option in these circumstances.
Other dangers
Indeed from the foregoing it seems obvious that another risk of infection occurs when the priest breaks the bread should his/her hands be contaminated. The ritual of the washing of the priest's hands at the offertory is therefore more than symbolic. It has been suggested that the lavabo basin be large, contain some liquid soap in addition to an adequate quantity of water, and that a proper towel be provided so that a more thorough hand washing can occur. A 30-second hand wash will eliminate 95 % of all bacteria. Any other administrants of the bread should also be included, and altar guild members and others who handle wafers in preparation for the Eucharist should take similar precautions.
When communicating the ill in hospital many of these considerations would not apply. Wafers would ordinarily be used, and where the illness is infectious the patient would be communicated last using intinction by the priest (as per the BCP rubric, p. 583). Conversely, when the ill person is debilitated or otherwise susceptible to infection, normal prudence would dictate that he/she receives first.
Communion in only one kind (the bread) is the best option for those fearful of the cup.
Conclusion
Therefore it would seem that communion in only one kind (the bread) is the best option for those fearful of the cup -- both from the standpoint of preventing the spread of infection, and from the theological perspective. Nor should there be any discouragement directed to those who choose to do so. In fact, the priest should periodically instruct people "If you have the 'flu, a cold, or a cold sore, please don't drink from the cup or dip the wafer into it". This should be done either through the bulletin or verbally at regular intervals. An action, which might be suggested for communicants receiving the bread only, is to take or touch the base of the chalice as they normally would, but simply not sip from it. The words of administration should be used, even when wine is not consumed. Some communicants might prefer to cross their hands over their chest as a sign to pass them by.
It must be stressed however that the present use of the common cup is normative for Anglican churches, follows the practice of the universal church from its beginnings until well into the middle ages, and poses no real hazard to health in normal circumstances.
REFERENCES
1. CDC: Recommendations for preventing transmission of infection with human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus in the workplace NWMR 1985; 34 (Nov 13): 681-695.
2. B.C. Hobbs, J.A. Knowldon & A. White. "Experiments on the Communion Cup". Journal of Hygiene, Vol. 65 (1967): 37-48.
3. Some have trusted in the fact that the silver or gold in chalices has a weak antiseptic quality, however studies have shown that the effect is too minor to significantly reduce bacterial counts in the wine. Similarly, the concentration of alcohol in wine used at communion has an inadequate antiseptic effect.
4. Glaser & Nadler, Archives of Internal Medicine Vol. 145: 1653, 1985.
5. O. Noel Gill. "The Hazard of Infection from the Shared Communion Cup" [Review]. Journal of Infection, Vol. 16, No 1 (January 1988): 3-23.
6. Anne LaGrange Loving. "Holy Communion and Health -- is there a Risk ?" Journal of Environmental Health, July-August 1997.
7. Bishop of Huron, Report to the Primate and House of Bishops regarding Cross Contamination via the Common Cup. (a report on proceedings of a multidisciplinary consultation in the Diocese of Huron).
8. CCCB Paper "Communion From the Cup": 1996.
9. See the rubrics to the Communion of the Sick. BCP page 584. This doctrine is to be traced to the Patristic period and St. Augustine's words, Crede et manducasti, `Believe and thou hast eaten' (In Joann. xxv. 22).
Caring for the well-being of communicants
- Wash hands before handling wafers or bread for the Eucharist.
- Wash the chalice in soap and water after the Eucharist.
- Advise communicants not to intinct if they have any infection.
- Eucharistic Assistants should wipe inside and outside the rim and rotate the chalice between communicants.
- For those at special risk, the use of the bread alone is safest.
Subjects
AIDS (Disease) - Religious aspects - Anglican Church of Canada
Lord's Supper - Communion in both elements - Anglican Church of Canada
Intinction - Anglican Church of Canada
Common cup - Anglican Church of Canada
Less detail

Anglican Award of Merit

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official915
Date
November 1986
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 17-11-86
Date
November 1986
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 17-11-86
Mover
Dr. D.N. Maybee
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Text
1. That there be established an Anglican Award of Merit in recognition of the Christian witness of lay people, not necessarily members of the Anglican Church of Canada.
2. That the General Secretary of General Synod be designated Warden and Registrar of the Award and chairman of a committee appointed by the National Executive Council to recommend annually to the Council potential recipients of the Award.
3. That the National Executive Council, on nomination of the committee, determine the number of awards to be made annually.
4. That a suitable certificate and medal be given to each recipient. CARRIED #17-11-86
Subjects
Anglican Award of Merit
Anglican Church of Canada - Awards
Less detail

Anglican Consultative Council 7

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1933
Date
1987 October 19-21
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 09-10-87
Date
1987 October 19-21
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 09-10-87
Mover
Most Rev. J.C. Bothwell
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Prologue
Mrs. Patricia Bays joined the meeting to report on the Anglican Consultative Council when its seventh meeting was held in Singapore. The three Canadian representatives were the Most Rev. Douglas Hambidge, the Very Rev. Walter Asbil and Mrs. Bays.
Some items discussed at ACC-7 were:
- The Ordination of Women
- Membership on the Anglican Consultative Council
- Rapid Growth and New Religious Movements
- Many items under the heading "Christianity and the Social Order"
- Authority in the Anglican Communion
Archbishop Hambidge said the comments and opinions of the Anglican Church of Canada's representatives are listened to and are valued. They have a very important role to play in the life of the Anglican Consultative Council.
One important session was Mission and Ministry where the ordination of women was discussed.
A level of dissatisfaction throughout the whole Council was caused by the lack of adequate early information concerning the projected expenses and budget to be incurred by the Council.
Authority - Unity
It was out of the drawing up of an Inter-Anglican Budget that the question of centres of authority arose. For example, with ARCIC-I who speaks for the Anglican Communion ? How far can we admit diversity in the Communion ?
Instruments for maintaining unity in the Anglican Communion are:
- the Archbishop of Canterbury
- the Lambeth Conference
- the Anglican Consultative Council
- the meeting of Primates.
There are various centres of authority in the Anglican Communion; the question is how do they relate to each other ?
Regret was expressed that the National Executive Council would not have enough opportunity to discuss this section of ACC-7.
Text
That the Primate and Prolocutor appoint a task force and ask the Executive Director of Program to provide staff assistance to prepare for a serious and disciplined discussion at the national House of Bishops in February 1988 and the National Executive Council in May 1988 on the problem of authority in the Anglican Communion, not neglecting the theological dimensions, but with emphasis on producing practical proposals for Lambeth. CARRIED #09-10-87
Notes
NOTE: The Anglican Consultative Council was dealing with CENTRES of authority, NOT authority itself.
"Many Gifts, One Spirit" - the official report of ACC-7 was distributed to all members of the National Executive Council.
Subjects
Authority (Religion) - Anglican Communion
Anglican Consultative Council. Meeting (7th : 1987 : Singapore)
Less detail

Appointment of a New General Secretary

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official942
Date
November 1986
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 71-11-86
Date
November 1986
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 71-11-86
Mover
Most Rev. M.G. Peers
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Prologue
Archbishop Peers read a memorandum from the General Secretary stating that the General Secretary would be celebrating his 65th birthday in 1987 and was therefore submitting his resignation to become effective during the latter part of 1987.
Text
That this National Executive Council undertake the following action:
1. Receive and deal with the resignation of the General Secretary.
2. Appoint a Search Committee with the following terms of reference:
(a) To review the position description of the General Secretary and make any necessary changes.
(b) To advertise the position in appropriate newspapers and periodicals.
(c) To receive applications, obtain references, arrange interviews and make a short list.
(d) To make a recommendation or recommendations to the National Executive Council of a suitable candidate or candidates, along with additional information about the candidate or candidates.
3. Decide the time for the appointment of a new General Secretary. CARRIED #71-11-86
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada. General Secretary
Less detail

Chancellor of General Synod

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official1834
Date
1986 November
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 70-11-86
Date
1986 November
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution 70-11-86
Mover
Most Rev. M.G. Peers
Seconder
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Text
That this National Executive Council expresses its deep and heartfelt thanks to Reginald Soward for his long and exceptional service to the General Synod as its Chancellor. CARRIED with Applause #70-11-86
Subjects
Soward, Reginald H. (Reginald Harvey), 1907-2001
Anglican Church of Canada. General Synod. Chancellor
Less detail

Church House Property Report

http://archives.anglican.ca/en/permalink/official2117
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Date
1988 May
Source
National Executive Council. Minutes
Record Type
Resolution
Mover
Ven. R.T. Pynn
Seconder
Dr. D.N. Maybee
Text
That this NEC discussion of the Report on the Use of Church House Property be conducted "in camera", with the exception of Mr. Ted Field, property consultant, Officers of General Synod and selected members of national staff. CARRIED #44-05-88
Notes
The discussion was then conducted "in camera". (Only members of the National Executive Council and other participants, as defined in Section 35(b) of the Constitution, will receive this section of these minutes.)
Subjects
Anglican Church of Canada - Headquarters
In camera meetings
Less detail

74 records – page 1 of 8.