Resolved, That the Upper House concurring, this General Synod of the Church of England in Canada heartily concurs in the principle enunciated by the Lambeth Conference of 1930, that "war as a method of settling international disputes is incompatible with the teaching and example of our Lord Jesus Christ."
The Synod calls upon the Church, through the leadership of its Clergy and the personal influence of all its members, to help in the creation of a public opinion which will organize peace, and effectually outlaw war, as being contrary to the mind of Christ and, especially under modern conditions, inhuman and devilish. It commends to the prayers and active support of all men of goodwill the League of Nations as being, in spite of its limitations, the best human instrument for preserving international peace as an ideal and a goal, and for fostering that mutual understanding and co-operative spirit among the nations, which are the primary safeguards of peace.
The Synod deplores the increase of armaments among the different nations, in violation of the solemn declaration regarding general reduction contained in the Peace Treaty. It declares the traffic in munitions of war to be a moral offence of the first magnitude; and it appeals for the hastening, by every possible means, of complete and universal disarmament. Message JJ.
That the Upper House concurs in Message JJ of the Lower House with the following amendment:
Insert the words "private and uncontrolled" in the third paragraph to read:
"It declares the private and uncontrolled traffic in munitions, etc." Message JJ-1.
That the Lower House concurs in Message JJ-1 of the Upper House. Message JJ-1-A.
In 1933 various articles appeared in the daily papers asking for an investigation of conditions in the penitentiaries and citing various abuses. The matter was taken up by the late General Secretary, who carried on correspondence with the various chaplains, with the Prisoners' Aid and Welfare Association in Montreal and interviewed personally several discharged prisoners in an endeavour to get some information on the subject. The late Canon Vernon headed a delegation from the Social Service Council of Canada to wait on the Premier and the Minister of Justice with recommendations on penal reform. He obtained permission from the Minister of Justice to visit the various penitentiaries in the autumn of 1933. At the last annual meeting of the Council for Social Service the following resolutions were passed:
1. There ought to be a thorough investigation and study by an independent and representative commission of all our penal and reformatory institutions, whether dominion, provincial or local, and of the entire system of dealing with delinquents and criminals.
2. Careful consideration should be given to the findings of the Royal Commission of 1914, and of the committee of 1921.
3. That the English Adult Probation System, and the so-called Borstal System, should be carefully considered with a view to their adoption in Canada.
4. And that copies of the foregoing recommendations be sent to the Premier of the Dominion, and the Minister of Justice, to the Premier and attorney-generals of the various provinces, to the Social Service Council of Canada, and to the Canadian Prisoners' Welfare Association.
We understand that conditions have improved very much in the last year, and various reforms have been instituted. The restrictions that formerly hampered the chaplains in the discharge of their duties have been lessened, and it is felt that in future a greater effort will be made to help the men to get such training and education, both mental and spiritual, while they are in the penitentiary, that will enable them to re-establish themselves when they are released.
That in the tenth and following lines all the words following "1933" down to and including "Welfare Association" be not printed in the published Report. CARRIED in both Houses.
That the Report of the Hymnal Committee be accepted, and that the Committee be instructed to proceed with the revision of the Book of Common Praise, and submit a draft thereof at the next Session of this Synod; provided that in the contract with the Publishers the Synod is not to become responsible for the cost of the publication of the Hymnal. CARRIED in both Houses.
That the Hymnal Committee compile a collection of Anthems and submit a report thereon at the next Session of this Synod; provided that in the contract with the Publishers the Synod is not to become responsible for the cost of the publication of such collection. CARRIED in both Houses.
Your Committee was appointed pursuant to the following resolution of Synod passed on October 1st, 1924.
"That, the Upper House concurring, a Joint Committee of both houses be appointed consisting of not less than nine members, of whom one-third shall be from the Upper House, one-third from the clerical, and one-third from the lay members of the Lower House, to enquire and report what hymns and tunes, if any, in the Book of Common Praise are seldom, if ever, used, and any information necessary and useful in case of any future action which this Synod may think to be necessary in regard to omissions, substitutions, additions or alterations, in any new edition, in case a revision should in the future be decided upon."
Two Questionnaires were sent to clergy, organists, and others, one asking for a list of hymns actually used on 52 Sundays, and the other asking that the hymns and tunes be marked XX if considered indispensible, X those in use, and O those never used. 367 hymns and tunes which would probably be considered indispensible by everyone were not included in the list.
The returns to the Questionnaires were not as numerous as might have been expected, perhaps due to wide-spread satisfaction with the book as it now stands. The records sent show that nearly every hymn and tune is in actual use in some congregations. By way of illustration, the first six showed that although in any one parish between 200 and 300 different hymns are in use in one year, only 199 of 795 remained unused when the records were combined; when 17 were tabulated only 79 remained; when 25 were tabulated 51; when 32, 47; and of these unused ones many are for "War" and special occasions. The Hymns therefore that have little or no usage are so few in number that your Committee are of opinion that it is not advisable at the present time to revise the book.
Among the hymns that obtained a low percentage of the vote are Nos. 17,52,69,90,121,123,124,126,127,180,188,231, etc.
The following tunes are not used by 10% of the congregations that report using the hymns to which they are set:
Radford, Vita Brevis, Springhill, Napanee, Vox Domini, Northreppe, Claudius Ptolemeus, Ford, Calvary, Eirene, Astra Matutina.
The following are not used by 15%:
Ave Maria, Christ Church, The Radiant Morn, Lindsay, St. Clement (67), St. Lucy, Erfurt, Stabat Mater (1), Stabat Mater (2), Missouri, Naaman.
The following are not used by 20%:
Elm, Temple, Springtime, Linton, The Lord of Might, Hestis Herodes, Credo Domine, Sanguis Christi, Heil'ger Geist, Sanctuary, Welcome Happy Morning, Edom, Houidon, O Lux Beata, Annunciation, Derry, Donum Dei, St. Sepulchre.
The following are not used by 25%:
Marlow, Crucia Umbra, Showers of Blessing, Guardant, Garden City, A Solis Ortis, Olmutz, Aurora Lucis, Cacouna, Ascension, New Calabar, Sacrifice (203).
The questionnaires no doubt did good service in inducing clergy and organists to examine carefully the contents of the hymnal; and in drawing their attention to much valuable material that they may have been neglecting possibly, thus securing a more varied use of hymns and tunes. The tabulation of the votes is open for the inspection of persons interested, and will be preserved.
In the result your Committee does not consider it wise that a revision of the Book of Common Praise should be proceeded with at the present time.
(Sgd.) David Huron, Chairman; James Edmund Jones, Secretary.
Resolved, That the Report of the Hymnal Committee of the General Synod be adopted.